初一英语期末复习与模拟试题冀教版 初一英语期末复习与模拟试题冀教版 英语期末复习与模拟试题
【本讲教育信息 本讲教育信息】 本讲教育信息
一. 教学内容: 期末复习 二. 重点、难点:
  1. forget n 忘记 (
  1)forget+n. 忘记某事。 Sorry, I forgot your name. 对不起,我忘记了你的名字。 (
  2)forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事。 I forgot to sweep the floor 我忘记扫地了。 (
  3)forget doing sth 忘记做过某事。 I forgot telling him. 我忘记已经告诉过他了。
  2. pass传递 pass表“传递,传达”。作及物动词,后可接双宾语。 (
  1)pass sb. sth. =pass sth to sb. 把某物传给某人 Pass me the book, please pass the book to me. Please pass me a glass of tea. 请递给我一杯茶。 注意:当所递的物用it代替时,必须用pass it to sb的形式。如 Pass it to me, please.请把那个递给我。
  3. make v制造. 使…… (
  1)make a boat造船;make a road筑路 (
  2)make sb. do sth使某人做某事。如 The teacher made me do it again. 老师让我再做一遍。 (
  3)make+名词或代词+形容词。如; Make the world beautiful. 让世界变得更美丽。 Let’s make our country stronger. 让我们使我们的国家变得更强大。
  4. What a cold snowy day! 今天多么冷,雪又多么大! 这是一个感叹句。感叹句表示说话时的惊异、喜悦、气愤等情绪,这类句子通常是用 what或how引起的. what用来感叹一个名词,不管名词前有没有形容词修饰或者名词是可数 名词还是不可数名词;how用来感叹形容词,副词或动词。如: What a fine day it is! 多好的天气啊! What good news it is! 多好的消息呀! How beautiful these flowers are! 这些花多漂亮啊! How fast they are working! 他们干得真快啊! 在使用感叹句的时候,将被感叹的部分提前置于what或how之后,句子其余的部分用正 常语序,有时可以省略句子的主谓语。如:
How beautiful! 真美! What a lovely day! 多好的天气!
  5. 1ittle与a little;few与a few (
  1)few,a few后加可数名词的复数形式。few表示否定。几乎没有……;a few表示肯 定,有一点,有几个……。 He has few friends here. 他这儿几乎没有朋友。 (
  2)little,a little 后加不可数名词。little 表示否定,几乎没有……;a little 表示肯定, 有点儿……。如: Don’t worry. There’s a little time left 别担心. 还有点时间。
  6. (
  1)else adj. 别的,其他的。如: What else do you want? 你还要别的什么东西? Nothing else happened. 没有其他的事发生。 (
  2)else adv. (用在疑问副词后)另外,其他地。如: Where else did you go last Sunday? 上星期天你还去过什么地方吗? (
  3)else可在其后加’s构成所有格。如: That must be someone else’s coat, it isn’t mine 那一定是别人的大衣,它不是我的。 辨析:other与else other修饰名词,位于名词之前。 What’s that in your other hand? 你另一只手里拿的是什么? (
  4)else修饰不定代词、疑问代词或疑问副词,必须位于这些词之后。 Do you have anything else to say? 你还有别的事情要说吗? Where else did you go? 你还去了别的什么地方?
  7. learn 学,学习 (
  1)learn 学,学习。如: She learned English from a Chinese teacher. 她是从一位中国教员那儿学的英语。 learn…from …向……学习 It is necessary for us to learn from each other. 我们相互学习是必要的。 辨析:learn与know learn表示“听说,得知”,强调从不知到知的变化。 know表示“知道,懂得”,强调直接地知道,带有经常性。 (
  2)learn vi学;学习 The boy learns fast and well 这男孩学得又快又好。 (
  3)learn听说;了解到(of,about) I’m sorry to learn of his illness. 我听说他生病了我很难过。 辨析:learn,study与work

  1)learn指从研究、练习或他人的教授中获得知识或技能。 (
  2)study指努力读书、研究学习。 (
  3)work指劳动,亦可指学生的学习。
  8. (
  1)open v. 打开;开始;开业;开张。 open a window 打开窗户 open a library开放图书馆 (
  2)open n 开着的;开阔的;开业的。如: All the doors are open. 所有的门都开着。 an open letter 一封公开信
  9. sometime, sometimes, some time, some times (
  1)sometime可与过去时或将来时连用,表示(过去或将来)某个时候,指的是时间 点。 some time是个名词短语,是指“一些时间,一些时候,相当长的时间”,指的是时间 段。 (
  2)sometimes是一个表示时间频率的副词,意为“有时候”,其语法特点相当于often, always。 some times意为“几次”,times作“次数”讲,是可数名词。 比较下列各句: I will stay here for some time. 我要在这儿待一段时间。 This call box was built sometime last year. 这个电话亭是去年的某个时候建的。 He sometimes sends an e-mail to me. 他有时给我发封电子邮件。 Repeat it some times, or you’ll forget it. 多重复几遍,否则你该忘了。 Let’s have a meeting sometime next week. 咱们下周找个时间开个会吧。
  10. be going to与will的用法。
  1)一般将来时态表示将来某一时间发生的动作或状态, 通常用助动词shall或will加动词 原形构成。第一人称用助动词shall,第二、三人称用will。一般将来时态常与一些表示将来 的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow,next week,in two days/months/weeks We shall/will help the farmers to pick apples next week. 我们下周将帮助农民摘苹果。 She’11 buy some beef and pork tomorrow morning. 明天上午她要买一些牛肉和猪肉。 Will you leave three days later? Yes, I will. 3天后你要离开吗?是的,我会。
  2)表示将要发生的动作或情况,还可以用其他的结构。 (
  1) going to+动词原形构成一般将来时, be 表示计划或根据某些现象或征兆预测不久 即将发生的事情。常与表示将来的时间状语连用。 We are going to visit our friends next Sunday. 下星期日我们打算拜访我们的朋友。 It is going to rain. 天要下雨了。
在be动词后加上not可变为否定式,把be动词提前可变为疑问句式。 Are you going to see a film this weekend? 这个周末你们去看电影吗? Yes, we are(going to see a film)是的,我们去。 No, we are not(going to see a film)不,我们不去。 Are you going to play football? 你要踢足球吗? (
  2)在运用时注意以下几点 ①动词的形式由主语决定; ②be going to后必须用动词原形; ③有be going to的句子的否定句形式为“主语+be+not+going+to+动词原形”;一般 疑问句形式为“be+主语+going to+动词原形”;特殊疑问句形式为“特殊疑问词+一般 疑问句”。如: I am going to play card this afternoon. 今天下午我要玩牌。 Are you going to travel to Beijing? 你打算去北京旅行吗? He isn’t going to have meat for supper. 他晚餐不打算吃肉。
  3)有些动词的现在进行时可以表示将要发生的动作,表示计划或安排即将发生的事, 这类动词有:go,come,leave,start,arrive,spend,sail,meet,等。 The bus is coming. 公共汽车就要来了。 Are we all going? 我们都要去吗?
  4)基本用法: (
  1)表示现在打算在最近或将来做某事,这打算往往是事先考虑好的。如: She is going to say nothing. 她什么也不打算说。 (
  2)表示说话人根据已有的迹象认为可能要发生某事。 We’re going to win, I think. 我想我们要赢。 (
  3)表示即将发生的情况或出现的某种状态。如: What are you going to be when you grow up? 你长大后想做什么?
【模拟试题】 模拟试题】
I.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 ( 分 I.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词.(5分) 根据句意及汉语提示完成单词
  1. Be (安静的)! I want to read a book.
  2. At the (底部)of the bottle there is some water.
  3. Tom (吃)two apples yesterday.
  4. Look! Some (孩子们)are flying kites.
  5. We (到达)at the school at 9:00 o’clock last week. II.单项选择 25分 单项选择( II.单项选择(25分)
  1. Are you doing homework? A. your B. yours C. you
  2. He is a friend of my . A. brother B. brothers C. brother’s
  3. Mr. Read is . A. an english B. Englishman D. your’s D. brothers’s C. a Englishman D. English

  4. There a pen , a ruler and two books on the desk. A. is B. are C. aren’t D. am
  5. I usually play basketball Wednesday afternoon. A. on B. in C. at D. tell
  6. Do you enjoy the piano? A. play B. playing C. played D. plays
  7. Here are two pens. One is . The other is . A. his; my B. my; his C. his; mine D. mine; her
  8. Here is a pen you. A. to B. for C. on D. up
  9.I will shopping tomorrow. A. go B. goes C. going D. to go
  10. Uncle Wang for Beijing next week. A. is leaving B. leaves C. leave D. left
  11. Look ! They are playing soccer . A. happy B. happily C. sad D. unhappy
  12. There a meeting this afternoon. A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. are
  13.Taking a walk after supper is good your health. A. at B. for C. in D. with
  14. This math problem is . I can do it . A. easy; easily B. easy; easy C. easily; easy D. easily; easily
  15. What did you do last night? I TV with my family. A. watch B. am watching C. watches D. watched
  16. They Miss Brown at the airport when she arrives this afternoon. A. will meet B. have met C. meet
  17. I don’t understand the story though there are new words in it. A. a few B. few C. many D. several
  18. How often are the Olympic Games held? four years. A. Every B. Each C. In D. For
  19. Jim, can you help me to wash the dishes? Sorry, Dad. I to the shop. A. go B. went C. am going D. have been
  20. There is going to a sports meeting next week. If it , we’ll have to cancel it. A. be; will rain B. have; will rain C. be; rains
  21. We haven’t decided if . A. will we take a field trip B. we take a field trip C. we’ll take a field trip
  22. I hope Tina to my birthday party on time next Wednesday. A. to come B. come C. came D. will come
  23. You’ll go swimming this Saturday, won’t you?
. I have to work this Saturday. A. Yes, I will. B. Yes, I don’t C. No, I won’t
  24.Please keep your room clean next time, Sam. OK, I ,Mum. A. do B. don’t C. will D. won’t
  25. I don’t know if it tomorrow. If it , I will stay at home. A. will rain; rains B. rains; will rain C. will rain; will rain III.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空(10分 III.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空(10分) 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空
  1. (walk) is good for health.
  2. Santa Claus gave us some (scarf)
  3. She enjoys (listen) to English songs.
  4. We have fun (speak) Chinese.
  5. Today is a (wind) day.
  6. My parents often make me (do) some housework.
  7. The boys are playing(happy).
  8. Do you want (be) a bus driver?
  9. Last Sunday I (buy) a scarf for my mother.
  10.This book isn’t yours. It’s(me) IV.句型转换(20分)
  1. They had fun in the park.(改为同义句) They in the park.
  2. He is going to have a party next Sunday.(改为一般疑问句) he a party next Sunday?
  3. They are going to visit Beijing.(改为否定句) They Beijing.
  4. Last year Mr Wang went to New York City.(就划线部分提问) did Mr Wanglast year?
  5. I often help parents do housework on Sundays. (改为同义句) I often parents housework on Sundays.
  6. He does his homework in the evening. (改为否定句) He his homework in the evening.
  7. He is ready for the Christmas. (改否定句) He the Christmas.
  8. He didn’t come here because he was ill. (就划线部分提问) he here?
  9. Jenny eats jam every morning.(用tomorrow morning 替换every morning) Jenny jam tomorrow morning.
  10. I clean my room twice a week. (就划线部分提问) you clean your room? V.情景对话 选择最佳答案补全对话(
  10) V.情景对话, 选择最佳答案补全对话(
  10) 情景对话 Black is a teacher. He has a headache and goes to see a doctor.(B: Black ; D: doctor)
D: Come in. Please sit down. B: Thank you, doctor. D: __1__ B: Doctor, I have a headache …..a bad headache. D: I see.__2__ B: I’m a teacher. D: A teacher ….um…..Do you smoke? B: Yes, I do. About fifteen cigarettes a day. D: 3 I mean, do you take any exercise? Do you play tennis? Do you swim? B: No , I don’t have the time.4 D: Now listen, please. You’ve got two problems,
  5.
 

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