重庆大学 硕士学位论文 计算机辅助英语口语课堂合作学习实证研究 姓名:田小丽 申请学位级别:硕士 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 指导教师:邹晓玲 20070409
MA Dissertation
ofChongqing University
中文摘要


众所周知,英语是当今世界上最流行的语言.随着全球化的不断发展,英语 在国际交流中所发挥的作用越来越重要.世界贸易组织的加入和2008年申奥成功, 更加促进了英语学习在中国的普及与发展.然而,教学观察发现:学生在口语学 习方面大多经历了一个从火热到冰冷的过程.初学时,多数同学对口语都十分感 兴趣,但随着时间的推移,便慢慢地失去了兴趣,在课下甚至在课堂上也不再开 口练习英语了.其转变的原因既有英语教学方法的问题,也有学习环境的问题, 导致学生们在课堂上得不到足够的时间合作练习与交流,课外也缺少真正的交际 环境.这就要求教师不断探求新的学习方法,以帮助学生提高英语口语能力.此 外,随着科学技术的发展,英语教师越来越多地面临着如何将新技术融入英语口 语教学以提高大学生英语口语能力的挑战.因此,本论文通过理论和教学实践验 证,对英语口语课中计算机辅助合作教学的作用进行了探讨,证明计算机辅助合 作学习确实是提高大学生英语口语能力的一种实用而且有效的方式. 基于此,本文在2006年9月至2007年1月选取非英语专业本科两个班进行 了关于口语课中利用计算机辅助合作教学的实验.该实验提出了关于口语课中利 用计算机辅助合作教学的如下假设:
  1.通过计算机辅助合作教学,学生的口语水平有所提高.
  2.计算机辅助合作环境下,学生将进行真正的口语交际.
  3.计算机辅助合作环境下,学生将获得更多更好的口语输出.
  4.计算机辅助合作环境下,学生更积极主动地练习口语.
  5.计算机辅助合作环境下,口语课堂更能体现出以学生为中心的主旨. 该研究使用了考试成绩分析数据,问卷调查,采访等研究工具.研究结果表 明,实验班和控制班的口语成绩有显著差异.这表明利用计算机辅助合作教学有 助于提高学生的口语能力.研究发现,在提高学生口语能力的同时,用计算机辅 助合作教学还有助于推进学生的自主学习,增强学生的自信心,提高学生练习口 语的兴趣.问卷调查和采访的结果显示,计算机辅助教学,更体现了以学生为中 心口语课堂,使学生与学生的合作更为积极.在此基础上,本文尝试着对口语课 以及进一步的研究提出了一些建议.
关键词:计算机辅助合作学习,合作学习,英语口语能力,英语口语课
ABSTRACT
It is known to all that English is the most popular language in the world.As the development ofthe
globalization,English becomes more and more important
over
and useful
for conununication all
the world.The
popularity
of English
language
in China is
stimulated wim China'S entry into the World Trade Organization(WTO)and the
successful bid to host the Olympic Games in the year 20
  08.However,according to the observation in the
language
teaching,most
students
have
experienced
a
transformation
from''passionate''to''indifferent''in oral English learning.At the beginning of the learning,most students
are
quite
interested in and seldom
oral practice,as time goes by,mey speak out
gradually decrease their interest in it
reason
of,even
in
class.The main
learning
for this transformation is both the result in
English
teaching method
and the
to
atmosphere, which
students
not
having
enough time
practice
and
communicate collaboratively in class and lacking the real communicative out of
atmosphere
of science new
class.Therefore,language
thcir oral
teachers are
expected
to find new methods to help
students improve
and
English skills.Moreover,with the development
teachers are
technology,English
increasingly
challenged
to
integrate
technology witlI new methods to facilitate oral English teaching and develop students' oral
competence.This thesis,based
how computer
on
the theoretical research collaborative
and teaching experiment,
this
investigates
supported
learning(cscL)meets
challenge,proves that this method is really practical
and
useful to develop students'oral
English ability.
In the study,an experiment,using the CSCL method to facilitate the teaching in
non-En鸢ish majors'oral class,Was January 20
  07.This study
in oral English closes:
carried out in two classes from September 2006 to
use
addresses the following hypothesis regarding the
ofCSCL

  1.Students will
inake much
progress in their
oral English through CSCL.

  2.Students will make genuine
  3.Students
CSCL
oral communication in CSCL
environment.
will have more engagement
and more and
better oral production in
environment.
will be

  4.Students
more
motivated
and
autonomous
to
speak
in
CSCL
environment.

  5.The Oral
classes
are
more learner-centered in CSCL environment.
II
Data疗om examination soor嚣.questionnaires and interviews
study.Results indicate
a
age
employed in the
significant
difference between outcomes of the
experimental
class and the control class.The study suggests that using CSCL to facilitate the learning and teaching in oral English dasses leads to better English.It also find that the method confidence
call
performance
of students using oral
promote students'autonomy,build up students'
in practice oral English.The results of the
and agouse students'interest
and interviews
questionnaires
used
in
the
study
show
that
CSCL
is
more age
learner-centered
also
and makes
students
collaborating more actively.Brief
suggestions
given on
oral class teaching methods
and potential
for further study.
Key words:computer
supported
collaborative
learning,collaborative
learning,oral
English competence.oral English dass
ⅡI
独创性声明
本人声明所呈交的学位论文是本人在导师指导下进行的研究工作及取 得的研究成果.据我所知,除了文中特别加以标注和致谢的地方外,论文
中不包含其他人已经发表或撰写过的研究成果,也不包含为获得重庞太堂
或其他教育机构的学位或证书而使用过的材料.与我一同工作的同志对本 研究所做的任何贡献均已在论文中作了明确的说明并表示谢意.
学位论文作者签名.影瓜巧
签字日期.
砷年6月7日
学位论文版权使用授权书
本学位论文作者完全了解
重庞太堂
有关保留,使用学位论文的
规定,有权保留并向国家有关部门或机构送交论文的复印件和磁盘,允许 论文被查阅和借阅.本人授权
重麽太堂
可以将学位论文的全部或部
分内容编入有关数据库进行检索,可以采用影印,缩印或扫描等复制手段 保存,汇编学位论文. 保密( 本学位论文属于 不保密(
).
),在
年解密后适用本授权书.
(请只在上述一个括号内打"√")
学位论文作者签名:
导师签名:力招波 导师签名:彳涉‖.
签字日期:俨7年'月7日
签字日期:1神年6月,
  7.El
Chapter One

  1.1 The importance of oral English
Introduction
Oral English,used to express feelings and also serving of social communication,is
ail
as an
important instrument
one
important component of English
language,because
of the purposes of learning speaking,one
a
language
is to communicate with
others.Generally
must
speak first in starting the communicative
process.The speaker
the form of sounds.
mostly expresses his/her ideas orally and sends
out his/her ideas in
When
oral We
or
the
listener
hears them,he/she
comprehends
a
them
and
reacts to the
speaker in
nonverbal
language.In language
plays
this way
communication process is completed.From it,
can see
that oral
is important in
language learning.
interrelated wim
correct
Moreover,it also
an
important role in developing listening,reading,writing
and translating abilities in English study,for these abilities are closely
one
another.
For
example,if
a
person
call
speak fluent
English with
pronunciation and intonation
and
knows how to express himself/herselfin
a
proper
ways,
it would be much easier for hinl/her to understand others than
person who speaks wim
many pronunciation mistakes.Further,if
are
one
is good at expressing his/her ideas,there through
more
chances
to
communicate
one
with
others,and learn from others
communication,during which more information and
may learn more about idioms,new words,obtain
about culture
or
knowledge
other things.All these
it is
no
are
very
helpful to developing reading,writing and
to say that oral English
translating abilities.So
exaggeration
performs outstanding functions in English learning.
Can also
be
seen
The importance of oral English
in many other
aspects.With
the
development
of
science and technology,the
world is becoming smaller and smaller.
Both collaboration and communication between regions
increasingly pervasive.People in the world
and countries
have become
communicate with
each other for economic, of
a
political,scientific,cultural and other purposes.The orientation
language learning and teaching has political needs.As China world family,English is China'S successful always been its economy
country
towards and the
subject
to
social,economic
its steps to
strengthens
and accelerates
a
join
enjoying
the unique status as
a
worldwide
language
in China
becoming
member
of the
WTO
and hosting the Olympic
Games in the year of 2008
accentuate
the popularity of English
graduates
can
language
in China.
Mastering oral English implies that college
communicate
with foreigners
at work and have
more chance
to succeed.Global
competition,which is in the
as a
WTO
today
or
in the Olympic Games in 2008,serves
test of
the efficacy need for
improving oral English language learning for college students in China.

  1.2 Research problem With the
other deepening of role of
economic reforms and the
increasing of
a
exchanges
with
countries,the
English
to
is changing from being
a
language
merely for growth of
China.
understanding other cultures
being
a
tool
of communication.This
on
communicative
functions imposes
higher requirement
oral
English education of
not
However,students'low proficiency in
English does
match with the high
requirement.Although
structures to
some students in universities have learned
enough
words and
make
many sentences,and they Can get high
marks in written
are
examinations,
can
they
this
are
still very poor at expressing themselves in
can
English.What
the reasons for
teachers
situation?What
teachers do to solve the problems?In what way
involve
students
into active pmetice oforal English?
From observations,interviews with the teachers
and
students
and
her own teaching
not like to show
practice.the author has noticed that most students are very shy and do their opinions before the whole
each test.They
can
class,although
tllcy
can
easily achieve
high scores
in
write down their ideas but cannot speak out freely in class.This
conlnlon
l【illd of situation is quite following aspects:
among college
students and
is mainly shown in the
(
  1)When speaking in
front of the whole
class,many students
feel very
strained,
wim the nlind becoming completely blank and everything learned disappearing.which makes them rather
anguished.
cannot find
(
  2)Students
proper opportunities
to practice their oral
English.Once
are
they
do not perform well in class,they dare not to
practice
it
anymore.They
or
afraid
ofmaking mistakes in oral English and lack confidence in themselves.
But when
or
students are speaking
in English with their
nervous
fi-iends
classmates in pairs
groups,they feel more
confident,less
and more natural.Therefore,they hope
to have the
chance to
talk with their fellows.However,in most vases.the
a
common
are
problem
is
that
the teacher is dealing with
avoid interaction with the
are
passive class,where
to
students
unresponsive and
teacher.They hesitate
answer the they
teacher's questions because they
afraid of losing face if making
mistakes,and
passively receive what is taught by teachers instead of being actively
involved in their
2
own
sense
of
language
input.The
SO?called'communicative'classes
content call hardly
are
not
'communicative'at a
  11.In addition,the teaching
for
meet students'needs
communication;students
are
sick of invariable contents in text SOⅡley are not do not find proper topics to change
interested in widespread
speaking,bccause mey
say.Therefore,there
this situation
can SO
is
acceptance of the need to find ways to
that
communicative classroom environment Can be ereated,interaction
oral learning oral
be promoted,and
on
Can be maximized.Just for
a
this reason'the author carries out the study
English teaching from
new
perspective--cemputer
supported collaborative
on
learning(CSCL,hereafter)in
improvement in this area.
This research reports
on
oral classes,for the purpose of shedding light
the
a
study of collaborative
communication
designed
in oral class
mediated potential
by computer among non-English of CSCL to foster interaction
maj
 

相关内容

计算机辅助英语口语课堂合作学习实证研究

   重庆大学 硕士学位论文 计算机辅助英语口语课堂合作学习实证研究 姓名:田小丽 申请学位级别:硕士 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 指导教师:邹晓玲 20070409 MA Dissertation ofChongqing University 中文摘要 摘 要 众所周知,英语是当今世界上最流行的语言.随着全球化的不断发展,英语 在国际交流中所发挥的作用越来越重要.世界贸易组织的加入和2008年申奥成功, 更加促进了英语学习在中国的普及与发展.然而,教学观察发现:学生在口语学 习方面大多经历了一 ...

大规模计算机辅助英语口语测试效果实证研究

   Wo l  o 4 2 o     e e a S r lNo 1 3 r N .   0 9 f n rl e i   . 3   d G   a 大规模 计算机 辅助英语 口语 测试 效果实证研 究   李玉平  提要 :本文是大规模 计算机辅 助英语 1语测试效果的 实证研 究报告 。本研 究中的机助 1语测 试依 据人本 主  : 2 : 2 义心理 学理论 , 通过 多感官刺激和人性化考试设置为受试者创 造较 为真实且轻松 的语 言交际环境。文章从受  试 者角度对 大规模 1语机 ...

硕士:大学英语课堂教师提问实证研究

   武汉理工大学硕士学位论文 中文摘 要                        当前,大部分中国学生仍然主要是在课堂上从教师那里学习英语,英语仍然      被当作一门外语来对待,因此,在英语教学中,在促进英语学习效果的过程中, 教师的课堂引导方式便显得十分重要。而在各种各样的引导方式中,课堂提问便 是其中一个值得注意的方面。 作为一种教学策略,      提问的频率,提问对学习过程的 潜在影响等己引起许多 学者的关注,并着力去研究提问方式与外语学习成效的关系。在外语教学中, 提 问能给 ...

新课程理念下初中英语课堂小组合作学习实施策略

   新课程理念下初中英语课堂小组合作学习实施策略 长期以来,由于班级学生人数较多,以集体授课为主的班级授课制就成为英语课堂教学的主要组织形 式。班级授课制虽然在知识传授方面有容量大、花费时间少等优越性,但其单一的教学组织形式束缚着学 生语言实践活动的全面发展,制约着学生语言运用能力的提高。在课堂上,容易出现“教师讲、学生听” 的灌输式教学,而忽视对学生语言行为的训练,这样很容易使学生成为语言知识的被动接受者,也很难主 动参与课堂活动,课堂气氛沉闷;单一的教学组织形式不能灵活地开展各种较为真实的语 ...

大学英语听说课堂中的合作学习

   大学英语听说课堂中的合作学习 赵文佳 (贵州大学外国语学院,贵州贵阳550025) 摘要:合作学习是以现代社会心理学、教学社会学、认 知心理学、现代教育教学技术学等为理论基础的一种教学理 论和策略。本文着重论述了合作学习的理论基础和活动形式。 活 关键词:大学英语听说课堂合作学习 理论基础 动形式 一、引言 中小学教学”。 合作学习理念认为。学习是满足个体内部需要的过程。对 于教学来讲.合作学习的假定是:“只有愿意学,才能学得好。” 只有满足学生对归属感和影响力的需要.他们才会感到学习 是有 ...

海外老师谈英语口语学习需要注意的几点

   北外刘润清教授寄语英语专业的同学 爱思英语编者按:下文的作者是北京外国语大学 刘润清教授,寄语所有英语专业的朋友。 静下心来,看完本文,尤其注意大学这看似漫长 实则短暂的几年时光中,刘润清教授是如何提高英语 水平的。诚然,刘教授当年经历的教学法、师资、学 习环境已经经历了较大的变革,但不变的是学习英语 的过程,若想追寻的大师的足迹,必须抛却浮躁,脚 踏实地地走上这条漫长的学习道路(当然,对于广大 英语爱好者来说, 这篇文章也具有极高的指导意义) : 我在中学学的是俄语,1960 年报考北京外 ...

英语口语

   1. I'm not myself 我烦透了! 2、Don't bother me!别烦我! 3、Give me five more minutes please。再给我五分钟时间好吗? 4、How did you sleep?你睡的怎么样? 5、Don't hog the bathroom!别占着卫生间了! 6、Don't hog the shower.别占着浴室了! 7、Don't hog my girlfriend.别缠着我的女朋友了! 8、Get outta there!快出来! 9 ...

英语口语

   27 每天读一遍,坚持27 27天,你的英语水平就可以达到跟美国人交流的 水平啦! 来源: 王涛的日志 What are you trying to say?(你到底想说什么?) Don't be silly.(别胡闹了。 ) How strong are your glasses?(你近视多少度?) Just because.(没有别的原因。 ) It isn't the way I hoped it would be.(这不是我所盼望的。 ) You will never guess.( ...

英语口语

   你到底想说 What are you trying to say ?(你到底想说什么?) silly.( Don't be silly.(别胡闹了。 ) glasses?(你近视多少度?) How strong are your glasses?(你近视多少度?) because.(没有别的原因。 Just because.(没有别的原因。 ) be.( 不是我所盼望的。 It isn't the way I hoped it would be.(这不是我所盼望的。 ) guess.(你永远 ...

英语口语

   1. Have a nice day. 祝你今天愉快 2. So far, so good. 目前为止一切都好 3. Take it or leave it. 要就要,不要就拉倒 要就要, 4. Keep it up! 继续努力,继续加油 继续努力, 5. Good for you. 好啊!做得好! 好啊!做得好! 6. Time flies!时光如梭 ! 7. Time is money. 时间就是金钱 8. That's life. 这就是人生 9. Now you're talking ...

热门内容

英语句子结构

   英语句子结构 音素?词汇?表达法?句子成分?段落?文章 注意: 主语的形式:名词,代词,the+形容词,the+分词,不定式,动名词,疑问句+不定式,For+ 名词或宾格的代词+不定式(for him to study mathematics),介词短语(from eight to tweleve),名词从句. 谓语:由简单动词或动词短语构成.(助动词或情态动词+主要动词) 英语中常用某些动词 名词代替表动态的位于动词,以表生动. 宾语的形式:基本和主语的形式一致.多了一个副词(My fri ...

小学英语教师的课堂非言语行为对教学的影响

   浅谈身势语在小学英语教学中的运用艺术 吉林舒兰白旗中心校 曹杨 摘要: 摘要 :身势语作为无声语言的主体,在人际交流中起着重要的 作用。了解身势语的特点及功能,对于提高和完善外语教学,特 别是作为基础阶段的小学英语教学有着极大的意义。 关键词: 关键词:身势语、非言语交际、小学英语教学 人类进行交流,表达思想,传递信息,主要依靠的是 言语手段,包括书面语言和口头语言,而非言语手段在人际 交流中也起着重要作用。身势语作为非言语交际手段的主 体,它借助于人体各个部位:面部、手、肩、脚等和与话语 ...

机械专业与模具工程英语词汇

   机械专业与模具工程英语词汇 金属切削 metal cutting 机床 machine tool 金属工艺学 technology of metals 刀具 cutter 摩擦 friction 联结 link 传动 drive/transmission 轴 shaft 弹性 elasticity 频率特性 frequency characteristic 误差 error 响应 response 定位 allocation 机床夹具 jig 动力学 dynamic 运动学 kinemati ...

八年级上英语 9-12期末复习

   新目标八年级英语上期末复习资料( 单元短语、句子) 新目标八年级英语上期末复习资料(9-12 单元短语、句子) 第九单元复习 I. 应掌握的词组: 应掌握的词组: 1. ping-pong player 乒乓球运动员 2. a great Chinese ping-pong player 中国杰出的乒乓球运动员 3. start hiccupping 开始打嗝 4.too… to…太…….而不…… 5.write music 谱写曲子 6.a movie star 电影明星 7. learn ...

高考英语写作专题 如何写好简单句

   高中英语辅导网 http://www.yingyufudao.com/ 高考英语写作专题 如何写好简单句 英语 5 种基本句型 1.S(主) + Vi.(不及物动词) 谓) 主 (不及物动词) (谓 ( 常见的不及物动词有:appear, apologize, arrive, come, die, disappear, exist, fall, happen, rise, laugh, smile, live, study, arrive, cry, 1isten, walk. S(主语) ...