计算机专业英语
词汇, Ⅰ. Vocabulary(词汇,30 分) 词汇
(一).Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese(写出下列词组的汉语 汉语。)(10 分,每题 1 分) 汉语
  1、 central processing unit(CPU)
  2、 white box testing
  3、 hard disk 白盒测试 硬盘 管理信息系统 中央处理器

  4、 management information system
  5、 electronic commerce
  6、 cursor 光标 软件工程 电子商务

  7、software engineering
  8.credit card
  9. menu bar 信用卡 菜单栏

  10.machine language
机器语言
(二).Fill in the blanks with the corresponding English abbreviations.(根据汉语写出相应的英语缩写 英语缩写。) (10 分,每题 1 分) 英语缩写
  1.结构化查询语言
  3.超文本链接标示语言
  5.单文档界面
  7.集成开发环境
  9.数据库管理系统 SQL HTML SDI IDE DBMS
  2.广域网 WAN
  4.文件传送[输]协议 FTP OOP

  6.面向对象编程

  8.传输控制协议/网际协议 TCP/IP
  10.电子数据交换 EDI
(三)Match the following words and expressions in the left column with those similar in meaning in the right column.(将左 将左 列的词汇与右列相应的汉语匹配。 列的词汇与右列相应的汉语匹配。10 分,每空 1 分
  1. application software
  2. machine language
  3. structured programming
  4. functional testing
  5. memory
  6. relational database
  7. firewall
  8. software testing
  9. hacker
  10. image
  1. b
  2. c
  3. e
  4. g
  5. f
  6. h a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. 图像 应用软件 机器语言 软件测试 结构化程序设计 内存 功能测试 关系数据库 黑客 防火墙

  7. j
  8.
  9. d i

  10. a
1
阅读理解, Ⅱ. Comprehension(阅读理解,40 分) 阅读理解
(一)Fill in the blanks with suitable words or expressions from the list given below, and change the form where necessary. (从下面方框中选择合适的词或表达,以其适当的形式填空。15 分, 每空 3 分) 从下面方框中选择合适的词或表达,以其适当的形式填空。 方框中选择合适的词或表达 toolbar menu bar ruler title bar incorporate into
( )
Microsoft Word XP is the current Window version of Word, and documents created in Word XP can be easily incorporated into Excel, Power Point and Access files. In the interface of Word, the title bar displays the name of the current application and name of the current document; the menu bar lists the names of the menus available; the toolbar gives the user quick access to frequently used editing functions; the ruler enables the user to change left and right margin. Passage A The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer systems. Among other things, its configuration determines whether a computer is fast or slow in relation to other computers. The CPU is the most complex computer system component, responsible for directing most of the computer system activities based on the instructions provided. As one computer generation has evolved to the next, the physical size of the CPU has often become smaller and smaller, while its speed and capacity have increased tremendously. Indeed, these changes have resulted in microcomputers that are small enough to fit on your desk or your lap. The CPU comprises the control unit and the arithmetic / logic unit (ALU). The control unit is responsible for directing and coordinating most of the computer systems activities. It determines the movement of electronic signals between main memory and the arithmetic/logic unit, as well as the control signals between the CPU and input/output devices. The ALU performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions ? that is, it adds, subtracts, multiplies, divides, and does comparisons. These comparisons, which are basically “less than”, “greater than”, and “equal to”, can be combined into several common expressions, such as “greater than or equal to”. The objective of most instructions that use comparisons is to determine which instruction should be executed next. (二)Tell whether the following statements are true(T) or false(F) according to the passage A.(根据上文的内容判断下列句 ( 子的正误。 子的正误。5 分,每题 3 分) 每题
  1. With the development of computer, the physical size of the CPU has often become bigger and bigger. (F )

  2. The movement of electronic signals between main memory and the ALU as well as the control signal between the CPU and input /output devices are controlled by the control unit of the CPU.
  3. The CPU comprises the control unit and memory. (T ) ( F)

  4. The control unit performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions. ( F )
  5. The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer systems. ( T)
Passage B In order to solve a computational problem, its solution must be specified in terms of a sequence of computational steps, each of which may be performed by a human or a digital computer . If you want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to program. The task of developing programs for the solution of computational problems is referred to as programming. Computer programming is the process of planning and creating a sequence of steps for a computer to follow. In general, this process will help us resolve a problem, which is either too tedious or difficult to work out otherwise . So programming is breaking a task down into small steps. Programming is sometimes contrasted with coding. Coding generally refers to the writing of programs for given program specification, while programming includes the task of preparing the program specification as well as that of writing the program. The
2
text of a program is sometimes referred to as code, and lines of program text are referred to as lines of code, especially in the case of machine-language programs. The term coder is used to describe a person engaged exclusively in implementing program specifications prepared by others. What's actually involved in programming - the actual process of writing programs? Here's a quick overview of the process: ? Write a program. ? Compile the program. ? Run the program. ? Debug the program. ? Repeat the whole process until the program is finished. (三) choose the best answer according to the passage B.(根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。10 分,每题 2 分) 三 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案
  1.If you want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to A. calculate B. program C. add D. subtract A for a computer to follow. B .

  2. Computer programming is the process of planning and creating a sequence of A. steps B. process C. lines D. graphics D D. person B .

  3. The term coder is used to describe A. machine B. computer C. keyboard

  4. In order to solve a computational problem, you can let a person or a A. machine B. computer C. keyboard D. mouse C
to do it.

  5. Which of the following is not the stages of programming?
A. Write a program. B. Debug the program. C. Print the program. D. Compile the program.
翻译, Ⅲ.Translation. (翻译,30 分) 翻译
(一) Translate the following sentences into Chinese.(将下列句子翻译成汉语。20 分,每题 5 分) 一 (将下列句子翻译成汉语。
  1. There are several applications called Web browsers that make it easy to access the World Wide Web, two of the most popular being Netscape Navigator and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer.
有一些叫做网络浏览器的应用软件,使用它能够很容易的访问万维网,其中两个较流行的是 Netscape Navigato
和 Microsoft’s Internet Explorer.
  2. SQL Server is designed to allow thousands of users to access the database at the same time and is a true client/server database system. SQL 服务器用于允许成前上万的用户同时访问数据库,是一个真正的客户端/服务器端的数据库系统。
  3. Thus a management information system collects, transmits, processes, and stores data on an organization's resources and programmes. 管理信息系统基于企业的资源和程序搜集、传输和存储数据。
  4.Some applications, such as Word, allow for several windows in a special mode called MDI in which you can open multiple documents within the same application. 一些应用软件,例如 Word,允许几个窗口同时在一个叫做 MDI 的模式下存在,你能够在一个软件中打开多个文档。 (二) Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(将下段文章翻译成汉语。10 分) 二 (将下段文章翻译成汉语。
A high-level language is an artificial language with which we can write various instructions. This is possible not because computer processors are now so technologically advanced that they can ‘understand’ these languages. You should translate from programming languages into machine language which can be understood by the computer processors. Compilers can accomplish this task. This does mean that a high-level language program is not directly executable: it must be compiled to produce processor program, which is executable.
高级语言是一种人造语言,使用它我们可以写不同的指令。这成为可能不是因为计算机处理器如今是如此的技术先进以 至于它们可以理解这些语言。你需要将这些语言翻译成计算机处理器能够理解的机器语言。编译器能够完成这项工作。这 就意味着高级语言程序不是直接可执行的:它必须被编译生成处理器程序,这些程序是可执行的。
3
 

相关内容

计算机专业英语翻译

   高新电脑学校 ?? 计算机组装与维护 课件制作:孙波 IT CFAC gaoxindiannaoxuexiao 国家计算机教育认证 计算机英语 计算机英语词汇对译 K 千,存储空间的容量单位, kilobyte,1K=1024 字节。 M 兆,megabyte,1M=1024K。 G 吉,gigabyte,1G=1024M。 T 太,1T=1024G。 PC personal computer 个人计算机 IBM International Business Machine 美国国际商用机器 ...

计算机专业英语

   《计算机专业英语词汇》 编辑本段 A Active-matrix 主动矩阵 Adapter cards 适配卡 Advanced application 高级应用 Analytical graph 分析图表 Analyze 分析 Animations 动画 Application software 应用软件 Arithmetic operations 算术运算 Audio-output device 音频输出设备 Access time 存取时间 access 存取 accuracy 准确性 ...

计算机专业英语

   中等职业教育“十一五”规划教 材 计算机专业英语 杨利 方风波 科学出版社 主编 目录 第1章 第2章 第3章 第4章 第5章 第6章 第7章 第8章 计算机专业英语简介 计算机专业英语的词汇学习 屏幕英语 计算机说明书 计算机专业论文 网络英语 计算机专业英语试题汇编 阅读材料 第1章 计算机专业英语简介 1.1 计算机专业英语与普通英语的异同 " 1.1.1为什么要学习计算机专业英语 1.1.1为什么要学习计算机专业英语 " 1.1.2计算机专业英语与普通英语的相同点 1.1.2计算机 ...

计算机专业英语教程

   计算机专业英语教程 2010.5.1 Computer science major course Computer English Chapter 1 The History and Future of Computers As a computer science student,we should study English hard This book is very important to us Key points: useful terms a ...

计算机专业英语汇总

   1. file n. 文件;v. 保存文件 2. command n. 命令,指令 3. use v. 使用,用途 4. program n. 程序 5. line n. (数据,程序)行,线路 7. display vt. 显示,显示器 8. set v. 设置,n. 集合 9. key n. 键,关键字,关键码 10. list n. 列表,显示,v. 打印 11. by prep. 凭,靠,沿 12. press v. 按,压 14. format n. 格式 15. change v ...

计算机专业英语翻译

   计算机专业英语词汇 PC personal computer 个人计算机 IBM International Business Machine 美国国际商用机器公司的公司简称,是最早推出的个人 计算机品牌。 Intel 美国英特尔公司,以生产 CPU 芯片著称。 Pentium Intel 公司生产的 586 CPU 芯片,中文译名为“奔腾”。 Address 地址 Agents 代理 Analog signals 模拟信号 Applets 程序 Asynchronous communica ...

计算机专业英语翻译

   初学者的 BIOS 1.介绍 1.介绍 在基本输入输出系统(BIOS)是一个在 PC,它是基于主板上的芯片存储程序 本质集。它作为一间计算机的硬件和操作系统的媒介。如果没有 BIOS 中,电脑 的操作系统将没有办法沟通,或利用,对硬件的控制。 换句话说,在 BIOS 是任何计算机的重要组成部分。如果它的选项设置不当, 可能会减缓的 BIOS 多达 40%的个人电脑了。不幸的是,新的处理器和主板芯片 组的发布,BIOS 选项继续变得更加混乱。因此,许多经验丰富的技术人员仍然 感到困惑的术语股价 ...

计算机英语模拟试题

   计算机英语模拟试题 计算机英语模拟试题 模拟 ( 10=10) 一,将下列英文词组翻译成汉语. 1×10=10) 将下列英文词组翻译成汉语. 1 menu bar 2 magnetic disk 3 integrated circuit 4 data type 5 relational database 6 virtual machine 7 digital signal 8 reputable site 9 Web browser 10 reference model 将下列词语翻译成英文 ...

计算机专业英语大全计算机专业英语大全

   计算机专业英语整理 中英文术语对照 absence 缺席 access 访问存取通路进入 achieve 实现完成 acquire 获得 adjacency list method 邻接表表示法 adjacency matrix method 邻接矩阵表示法 algorithm 算法 allocate 留下分配 ...

计算机专业英语

   A 算盘 抽象数据类型 抽象 抽象工具 Access(微软的数据库系统) 存取时间 (一个进程的)激活 活动服务器界面 角色 Actors 实参 actual parameter access time activation(of a procedure) Active Server Pages,ASP abacus abstract data type abstraction abstract tools Ada(一种基于 pascal 的程序设计语言) 自适应词典编码 适配器模式 (存储 ...

热门内容

八年级英语工作总结

   2010-2011 学年度第二学期 八年级英语教学工作总结 根据本学期教学工作计划安排及学生的实际,目前教学工作已结 束,现就本学期教学工作总结如下: 认真学习体现以素质教育为目标的新课程理念及学校工作计 划,认真研究教材。 教学过程中,注意抓常规教学,以学生为主体,面向 全体学生组织教学,注意培养学生的听说读写的能力,充分利用早读 时间,要求学生大声朗读课文。 抓词汇和句型学习,经常进行听写训练, 提高学生对记忆单词和句型的能力;另外从开学初就开始初狠抓英语 课文背诵。课堂内外多听多说英语 ...

牛津英语7B期末测试卷

   初中英语辅导网 http://www.yingyufudao.cn/ 初一第二学期期末调研测试英语卷 听力部分 (20 分) 一,听力选择 A) 对话理解 听下面 5 段对话.从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出符合对话内容的最佳 选项.(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分;每小题读两遍) 1. A. B. C. 2. A. B. C. 3. A. B. C. 4. A. B. C. 5. A. B. C. B) 听句子,选择正确的应答 6. 7. 8. 9. A. She is ...

李阳疯狂英语900句(2)

   Measuring And Comparing 形容物品、度量、比较 301.What's the height of the building?这座楼有多高? 302.How much does the elephant weight?这个大象有多重? 303.What's the color of your new dress?你的新衣服是什么颜色的? 304.What's the size of your shoes?你的鞋多大尺寸? 305.My brother is twice as ...

小学英语语法知识点汇总

   小学英语语法知识点汇总 转载自网络 (一)小升初英语语法 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾, 加-es, bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 如: 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾, y 为 i, 再加-es, family-families, strawberry-strawberries 变 ...

2012新东方考研英语基础翻译内部资料

   新东方在线考研翻译基础班讲义 主讲: 主讲:唐静 课程简介 以讲解翻译基础知识为主,基本不涉及考研翻译的真题. 但是,真题很重要,有必要在强化训练中完全掌握真题. 课程大纲 第一章 考研翻译基础知识 一 翻译的定义 二 翻译的标准和翻译的方法 三 翻译的基本过程 四 考研翻译的核心解题策略 第二章 翻译技巧:词法翻译法 一 词义选择和词义引申 二 词性转换 三 增词法 四 省略法 第三章 翻译技巧:句法翻译法 一 名词性从句的翻译 二 定语从句的翻译 三 状语从句的翻译 四 被动结构的翻译 ...