《计算机专业英语阅读》试题 计算机专业英语阅读》
2010 年 7 月

  3.彩色图形适配器
  4.进程控制块
  5.通用串行总线
题 号 得 分





总 分

  6.面向对象编程
  7.集成开发环境
  8.结构化查询语言
  9.数据库管理系统

得 分
评卷人 一、词汇测试题(每小题 1 分,共 30 分) 词汇测试题(
  10.多文档界面


封 (一).Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese(写出下列词组的汉语 共 汉语)(共 汉语 线 15 分,每题
  1.5 分) ( 内 (
  1. address bus 不 (
  2. instruction register (
  3. operating system 要 and select the last file in the group.
  4. Software engineering ( 答
  5. Database System created and/or modified.
  6. electronic commerce ( 题
  7. data warehouse type, choosing the size, and writing the description.
  8.Property Window (
  9.instruction cycle use on a keyboard
  10.computer virus ( (二).Fill in the blanks with the corresponding English abbreviations.(根据汉语写出相应 ( 的英语缩写 英语缩写。) (共 15 分,每题
  1.5 分) 英语缩写 共 (
  1.随机存储器
  2.直接存储器访问 dot pitch. )
  10.Factors that influence the quality of a monitor are screen size, resolution, and )
  9.Spreadsheets can also be printed in graph format. )
  8. Planning is the first step in designing and creating a professional-looking document. )
  7. Ergonomic keyboards relieve stress that can be incurred from repeated and/or longtime )
  6. Designing the table structure includes naming the fields, identifying the data )
  5.When viewing files as large icons, you can see the date and time the file was )
  4. select a group of adjacent files, select the first file and then hold down the Shift key To )
  3.DOS is a multitasking operating system. )
  1. PPM refers to the number of pages that a printer prints per minute. )
  2.The ASCII code is the most widely-used standardized coding system. 得 分 评卷人 二、判断题(每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 判断题




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not always the storage format. Most data files, particularly if they contain numeric data, are not stored in ASCII format. Executable programs are never stored in ASCII . 得 分 评卷人 三、完型填空题(每空 1 分,共 25 分) 完型填空题( The ASCII character set uses just 7 bits for each character. There are several larger character sets that use 8 bits, which gives them 128 additional . The extra characters are used to represent non-English characters, graphics symbols, and mathematical
  1. Software testing, which is defined as the execution of a program to find its a vital part of the software 密 mainly, they are expected result with the 封 performed to 线 problems with the structure of a program . Debugging is the process of analyzing and locating bugs when software does not behave as expected. Software 内 software testing is a much more means of identifying , is symbols. Several companies and organizations have proposed for these 128 characters. The DOS operating system uses a superset of ASCII called extended ASCII or high ASCII. A more universal standard is the ISO Latin 1 set of characters, which is used by many operating systems, as well as Web browsers. Another set of codes that is used on large IBM computers is EBCDIC. code, format, default, extensions, files, acronym, transfer, standard, characters, Interchange, Answer: 不 black box testing output 要 Answer: 答 faults internal valid bug thorough reveal lifecycle
  3. The Operating System The operating system is a of system programs that, when executed, controls the of the computer. Sophisticated operating systems increase the and
  2. ASCII ASCII is the for American Standard Code for Information . ASCII is a for representing English characters as numbers, with each letter assigned a number from 0 to 127(decimal). For example, the ASCII code for uppercase M is 77 (decimal). Most computers use ASCII codes to represent text, which makes it possible to data from one computer to another. Text files stored in ASCII format are sometimes called ASCII . Text editors and word processors are usually capable of storing data in ASCII format, although ASCII format it consequently decrease the of using a computer. Operating systems provide a software, on top of which other programs, called programs, can run. The application programs must be written to run on of a particular operating system. Your choice of operating system, therefore, determines, to a great extent, what applications you can. For PCs, the most popular operating systems are DOS, 0S/2, and, but others are , such as Linux.
. There are different types of testing, or functional testing, which tests whether the input; and is the
(or glass box testing) which is
.Therefore, debugging supports testing other than replacing testing.
white box testing

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platform, operation, set ,top , run ,available, Windows ,efficiency, cost, application,
independent commercial networks began to grow. Choose the best answer according to Passage.( 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。 ) ( 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。
Answer:

  1. How many computers were connected to the initial Internet in 1969? ( A. Ten
  2. Only ( B. Four C. Twenty D. Three
)
) could use the early Internet.
A. computer experts, engineers, scientists, and librarians 得 分 密 Passage 1 封 The Internet, then known as ARPANET, was brought online in 1969, which initially connected four major computers at universities in the southwestern US . The early Internet was used by computer experts , engineers, scientists, and librarians. There was nothing friendly about 内 it. There were no home or office personal computers in those days, and anyone who used it, whether a computer professional or an engineer or scientist or librarian, had to learn to use a very 不 complex system. The Internet matured in the 1970's as a result of the TCP/IP architecture. As the commands 要 for E-mail, FTP, and telnet were standardized, it became a lot easier for non-technical people to learn to use the nets. It was not easy by today' s standards by any means, but it did open up use of the Internet to many more people in universities in particular. Other departments besides the 题 libraries, computer, physics, and engineering departments found ways to make good use of the nets -- to communicate with colleagues around the world and to share files and resources. In 1991, the first really friendly interface to the Internet was developed at the University of Minnesota. The University wanted to develop a simple menu system to access files and information on campus through their local network. Since the Internet was initially funded by the government, it was originally limited to research, education, and government uses. Commercial uses were prohibited unless they directly served the goals of research and education. This policy continued until the early 1990's, when 评卷人 四、阅读选择题(每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 阅读选择题( B. any experts, engineers, scientists, and librarians C. computer experts, engineers, scientists, and students D. experts, engineers, and scientists in universities in US
  3. The Internet became a lot easier for non-technical people to learn and use because of the common ( ) B. protocols C. topologies D. architecture
线
A. commands

  4. The first really friendly interface to the Internet appeared with the introduction of a system for files and information access. ( A. computer B. operating C. menu ) D. application )

  5. Which statement is not true according to Passage C? (
A. Many more people in universities began to use the Internet in the 1970s, but it wasn't as user-friendly as today's standards. B. The restrictions to commercial uses changed as the independent commercial networks were not funded by the government. C. Commercial uses were allowed for the early Internet if they directly served the goals of research and education. D. The early Internet was logged in from home or office personal computers. Passage 2 On Oct. 12, 1989, some Chinese scientists were working at the computers to look for the information they needed. Suddenly they saw a lot of very bright spots crossing and the computers were working much slower. To find out what was happening they stopped their work to check some parts of the computers. To their horror, they found out that most of their stored

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information was got rid of by computer viruses (病毒) ! Obviously all these computers had been infected by computer viruses. It is said that the computer viruses were made by a group of young men fond of playing tricks. They all had excellent education. They created the viruses just to
D. The viruses will come to a new computer after staying in the old one for some time.
得 分
评卷人 五、翻译题(共 15 分) 翻译题(
show their intelligence (才智). These kinds of computer viruses are named Jerusalem viruses. These viruses can stay in computers for a long time. When the time comes, they will attack the computers by lowering the functions, damaging their normal programs or even getting rid of all the information. We now come to know that Jerusalem viruses often attack computers on Fridays and that they are spreading to a lot of computers. Among the countries that suffered computer viruses last year are Britain, Australia, Switzerland and the U. S. But till now, how to get rid of 密 the terrible viruses remains a problem.
Data is transferred via the data bus. When the CPU fetches data from memory, it first outputs the memory address on its address bus. Then memory outputs the data onto the data bus; the CPU can then read the data from the data bus. When writing data to memory, the CPU first outputs the address onto the address bus, then outputs the data onto the data bus. Memory then reads and
Choose the best answer according to the passage.(根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。) 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案。 根据上文的内容选择正确的答案 封
  6.The group of young men created the viruses to A. test their good ability 线 B. damage all the computers C. play a trick on operators of the computers 内 D. tell the world that they were intelligent
  7.According to the passage, computer viruses seem to 不 A. exist in any computers B. have been in nature for years 要 C. be difficult to get rid of at present D. be able to be got rid of in the near future 答
  8.The most serious damage caused by the viruses is that A. the computers affected by the viruses can no longer be used 题 B. all the information stored in the computers is gone C. the normal programs are damaged D. the computer's functions are lowered
  9.Jerusalem viruses often attack computers on __ A. Saturdays C. Fridays B. Sundays D. Mondays stores the data at the proper location. The processes for reading data from and writing data to the I/O devices are similar

  10.According to the passage which of the following is true? A. Scientists are trying to find a way to get rid of the viruses. B. The Jerusalem viruses are a great harm to human health. C. Last year four countries found their computers were infected by viruses.
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