Glossary adj=adjective; adv=adverb; n=noun; v=verb; inf=informal; pl=plural; abbr=abbreviation A
A share (n.) an ordinary share that does not give the owner the right to vote on company i [例] Our company will issue A shares on market. abroad [ ??????? ]?(adv.) to/in another country国外的 [例] The sales director is abroad on business trip. [同义词] overseas, in foreign parts, out of the country
absence [ ??????? ] (n.) time/period away from work缺席 [例] The absence of the chief director of the meeting is somewhat a pity. [同义词] nonattendance, nonappearance absent [?????????] (adj.) not present, not at work缺席的 [例] Please let your section head know if you are likely to be absent for a longer period [同义词] away, off, missing absenteeism [???????????????] (n.) regular absence from work旷工 [例] If motivation decreases, absenteeism is likely to increase. absorb [ ??????? ] (v.) integrate a smaller item into a larger whole兼并、担负(费用 [例] Head Office has absorbed the losses of our French subsidiary.
absorption costing a way of pricing goods by allowing for all costs relating to production [例] Our company mainly use absorption costing to set the sale price of products abstract [?????????? ] (n.) short version of a longer document摘要 [例] Please brief your staff the abstract of the prevailing government regulations [同义词] summary, synopsis, digest
accepting house = (US) accepting bank an organization, often a merchant bank, that promise access [ ???????]
  1. (n.) entry to something通道 [例] We have access to classified information. [同义词] entrance, passage
  2. (v.) gain entry into computer data files获取计算机数据(文件) [例] They shouldn’t have been able to access this file. [同义词] output
account [ ??????? ] (n.) record of financial transactions帐户 [例] In our bank, if no transaction takes place in 2 years, your personal account will be account executive (n.) an advertising executive who looks after a particular client [例] Jack is the account executive of this advertising company. accounts payable a list of amounts owned to a business to suppliers of goods and services
[例]
add an entry to accounts payable
accountancy [ ??????????? ] (n.) work of an accountant会计工作 [例] At the end of a year, the accountancy of a big company is always very burdensome
accountant [ ???????????] (n.) person qualified to keep a company’s accounts会计师 [例] To be a good and competent accountant, accounting principles should be strictly foll accounts [ ???????? ] (n. pl) financial records of a business帐目 [例] The bank would like to see the accounts. accruals [?????????] (n. pl) money owed which is due at a later date 增长额,利息 [例] The accruals you owe him will be due next week. achieve [ ??????? ] (v.) succeed in doing something完成 [例] The two parties achieved final agreements in mutual benefits. [同义词] accomplish, complete, finish
achievement [???????????? ] (n.) the successful completion of something ,something succes [同义词] accomplishment, completion, perfection acknowledge [ ????????? ] (v.) confirm that something has arrived确认收悉 [例] We acknowledge receipt of the shipment. [同义词] admit, accept acknowledgement [ ????????????? ] (n.) confirmation that something has arrived收条 [例] After you have received the mail, please return your acknowledgement by fax [同义词] acceptance acquire [???????? ] (v.) buy, obtain购得、占有 [例] We acquired a company, shares, etc. [同义词] obtain, get, procure acquisition [ ??????????? ] the act of acquiring 收购 [例] The good news from TCL: the acquisition of Schneider! [同义词] merger, takeover acting [ ???????] (adj.) working in the position of someone for a short time代理的 [例] an acting manager active money (n.) money that is being used by the public as opposed to money left in bank [例] The inflation increases active money . activity [?????????? ] (n.) type of business业务 [例] Our main activity is export /import trade. [同义词] business
act of God (n.) an unexpected or unavoidable event such as a storm , a flood , and earthqu
[例] We will include the term of act of God in this insurance policy to against some unce [同义词] force majeure actual [ ???????? ] (adj.) real实际的 [例] Our actual results were better than forecast.
actual loss (n.) the real cost of something as opposed to a sum of money stated on paper [例] In the recession, for the latest fiscal year, our actual loss is much greater than t [相关词汇] paper loss
actuals (n.) goods that can be purchased and used , as opposed to goods traded on a future [例] The merchant is especially interested in the trading of futures , not actuals [同义词] physicals adapt (to ) [ ???????] (v.) to make suitable to or fit for a specific use or situation [例] the ability to adapt quickly to a new situation [同义词] adjust addendum [??????????] (n.) an extra section that is attached to ,or follows , a letter [例] write an addendum to a report [同义词] appendix address [ ?????? ] (v.)
  1.deal with 处理 [例] address public concerns
  2.give speech to 演说 [例] address audience on a business project
adjourn [ ??????? ] (v) to stop (a court case, a meeting , etc.)for a time before beginnin [例] The board meeting has been adjourned to an uncertain date. [同义词] postpone adjust [ ??????? ] (v) to settle an insurance claim 理算保险索赔 [例] After the car accident, he made an insurance claim that will be adjusted soon
1037 stration [ ??????????????? ] (n.) organization and control of a company经营 [例] The administration power of a company also shows the internal control of the company [同义词] management admin (n.) abbreviation for administration 经营、管理 administer [??????????? ] (v.) organize, control: 管理 [同义词] manage adopt [ ?????? ] (v.) choose, decide on采用 [例] We adopted a new strategy.
advance [ ???????? ] (n.) money paid before it is due, or for work only partially complete [例] Yesterday I received an advance on my monthly wage. (v)
  1. to increase 提高
[例] On bull market , shares are advancing rapidly. [同义词] increase
  2.to pay something before it is due 预付 [例] The publishing house advanced me on royalties.
advance bill (n.) a bill of exchange that has been written before the goods have been sent [例] Dear customer, we will send you the advance bill for that batch by air express mail adverse balance (n.) an amount of debt shown on an account赤字 [例] With the rapid growth of our turnover, our adverse balance will be eliminated very [同义词] deficit advertise [?????????] (v.) announce something is for sale做广告 [例] The soap is advertised on TV for its special flavor. [同义词] announce ad (n, inf) short for advertisement ad valorem (adj.) of tax that is calculated as a percentage of the value of the goods [例] VAT is a kind of valorem tax.
advertisement [ ??????????????] (n.) notice/announcement that something is for sale [例] If you want your house sold, you should have put your advertisement in a more popula advertiser [ ?????????? ] (n.) person/company which advertises广告商 [例] Advertisers use various ways and media to promote their products. advertising [?????????????] (n.) the business of designing ads广告业 [例] She’s in advertising. advice [???????? ] (n.) recommendation (s) about what you should do建议、通知(书 [例] His advice was to close the factory. [同义词] counsel, recommendation, opinion
advice note (n.) a note to the receiver of goods from the sender that gives details of the [例] Before you deliver the goods, please fax us an advice note for our confirmation advise [???????? ] (v.) recommend what should be done建议、通知 [同义词] counsel, recommend, suggest
after-sales service (n.) service offered by a supplier to a customer to maintain or repair [例] Nowadays many enterprises began to compete in the field of after-sales service
affiliate [ ??????????] (n.)a person or an organization that is attached to a larger organ [例] That company is an affiliate of a prestigious holding group. [同义词] member (v.) to attach ( a person or an organization) to a larger organization 附属于
[例]
The business is affiliated to TCL Group.
afmd (abbr.) aforementioned 上述的 [例] You can refer to afmd post address for the dispatch.
aftermarket [`????????????] (n.) a situation where a newly issued security is traded befor [例] Buy shares on a healthy aftermarket.
after sight (adv) written on a bill of exchange to show that the bill should be paid withi [例] The bill should be paid at 60 days after sight. against all risks (adv.) (of a marine insurance policy) providing insurance for all types [例] We insuranced the cargo against all risks. agenda [??????????] (n.) order of topics to be discussed at a meeting会议议程 [例] The first topic on the agenda is salaries.
agent [ ???????? ] (n.) person who represents a company代理(商) [例] Our company’s agent in Middle East has developed a widespread and mature business t [同义词] representative, deputy
agiotage [ ?????????? ] (n.) the business of buying and then later selling foreign currenc [例] That guy makes a big fortune by agiotage. [同义词] arbitrage airline [ ??????? ] (n.) a business providing a system of scheduled air transport [例] United Airlines air time (n.) time given to advertise on TV or radio电视(收音)广告节目时间 [例] The air time of this new product will be prolonged for 10 seconds. allocate [?????????? ] (v.) give money or other resources in certain proportions分配 [例] In the budget we allocated most of the money to marketing. [同义词] assign, designate, allot
allotment [ ????????? ] (n.) the distribution of new company shares to the people who have [例] Allotment has been made by random draw because of oversubscription. allowance [??????????] (n.) something, such as money, given at regular intervals or for a [例] An expenses allowance is paid monthly to each trainee. amalgamation [??????????????? ] (n.) a type of reorganization where two or more companies [例] The amalgamation of the three companies strengthened the corporation. [同义词] combination, merger ambition [??????????] (n.) strong desire to succeed in life or in a job雄心 [例] My sister has an ambition and desires to get MBA.
[同义词]
aspiration, desire, yearning
amenity [ ????????? ] (n.) a feature that increases attractiveness or value, especially of [例] a sunny apartment with amenities including air conditioning [同义词] facility, convenience
amortize [?????????????????????????] (v.) to pay off a debt by saving money on a regular b [例] The repayment of the bond is amortized in 5 years. analyse [ ???????? ] (v.) study in detail分析 [例] We analysed the accounts. analysis [ ??????????] (n.) detailed study, investigation分析 [例] The analysis report shows clear logics and integrity. analyst [????????? ] (n.) person who analyses分析家 [例] His intelligence and diligence made him an excellent and acute marketing analyst annual [???????? ] (adj.) yearly年度的 [例] the annual accounts [同义词] yearly
annual general meeting (n.) (AGM) a meeting of all the shareholders in a company年度股东大 annul [ ????? ] (v.) to cancel something or stop it from being legally effective [例] The contract was annulled. [同义词] nullify
annulment [?????????] (n.) the act of canceling something or stopping it from being legall [例] The disagreement of two parts resulted in the annulment of the contract sig antedate [ ?????????? ] (v.) to put an earlier date (on a document, letter, cheque [例] To make this cheque legal, you should antedate it by 7days. [同义词] backdate
anti-dumping (adj.) of ways in which a country protects its economy by preventing other co [例] anti-dumping laws
apology [ ????????? ] (n.) an acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a faul [例] a letter of apology appeal [ ???????]
  1. (n.) being attractive吸引力 [例] This product has appeal for young people. [同义词] attraction, charm
  2. (v.) be attractive to吸引人的 [同义词] attract, allure
appendix [ ????????? ] (n.) a collection of supplementary material, usually at the end of [例] to use an appendix for any information [同义词] addendum apply [????????] (v.) ask for something (in writing)(书面的)申请 [同义词] We applied for a loan. applicant [?????????? ] (n.) person who applies申请人 [例] The applicant shows outstanding advantages among the candidates pool. application [ ???????????? ] (n.) act of applying申请 application form (n.) pre-printed form to make a request for a job申请表 [例] Please fill in this application form at first. appoint [???????? ] (v.)choose someone for a job任命 [例] We have decided to appoint a new sales manager. [同义词] assign, designate appointee [??????????] (n.) person chosen for a position or job被任命者 [例] He is lucky to be the appointee of this project. appointment [ ??????????? ] (n.)
  1. choice of someone for a new job任命 [例] The appointment of area financial controller implies he has been promoted.
  2. arrangement for a meeting约定(会议) [例] We fixed an appointment at four o’clock. appraisal [???????????] (n.) calculation of the value of somebo
 

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