剑桥商务英语 BEC 高级图表作文常用表达 对于线性图表的描述
  1. 对于上升趋势的描述: to increase/ go up/ to jump/ to soar/ to leap/have an upward trend/ surge
  2. 对于上升到某个位置的描述: to peak at/ to the peak of/ reaching/ to climb to+具体数
  4.对于下降趋势的描述: to fall/ decrease/ go down/ collapse/ decline/ slide
  5. 对于下降到某个位置的描述:to the bottom of/ reaching the bottom of 具体数据。 7 对于平稳的趋势的描述:有一个稳定的过程:a stable period can be seen to hardly change/ have little change/ keep steady/ level off/ remain constant/ stay the same
  8. 程度较大: Considerably/ dramatically/ greatly/ markedly/ obviously/ quickly/ rapidly/ sharply/
  9.程度较小: Slightly/ gradually/ slowly/ steadily
  10. 先上升后下降的句型: ...... increased slowly during…… and …… but fell sharply in ……. A steady fall in …… during …… and …… followed the sharp increase in …….
  11. 先下降后上升的句型: …… fell before …… began to make a recovery …… …… continue the recovery, climbing to …… …… dropped during …… but increased again in …… …… fell and then pick up during …… …… collapsed before rising to ……at the end of …… 12 起伏波动的句型:…… fluctuated sharply all through …… 13 波动不大的句型:… hardly changed through the period between ……and ……
/
柱状图形的描述 转换为线形图形的描述 饼状图形的描述
  1.对于百分比进行描述所使用的句型: …… % the …… is/has/have/are …… …… accounts for ……% of the total …… takes up ……% in the whole chart 趋势的比较
  2.表示相似的句型 (实例) : Both share prices rose sharply in January. Neither company has made a profit yet. Like X, Y fell in June. X rose just as sharply as Y.

  3.表示差异的句型(实例): X fell sharply whereas/while Y remained steady. X fell quickly compared to Y. Unlike Y, X rose by 10%. X rose far more dramatically than Y.
  4.表示倍数的句型: the …… doubled/tripled in …… compared with those in ……
  5.客观比较的句型: …… is …… in contrast to …… 补充一点点: 一. 主章开头 图表类型:table; chart; diagram; graph; column chart; pie graph 描述:show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal; represent,uphold 内容:figure; statistic; number; percentage; proportion。 表示范围:from…to… between…and… for …to …多长时间直到 三。常用词 significant changes 图中一些较大变化/ noticeable trend 明显趋势/ distribute 分布,区别 pronounced 明显的/ pronounced 明显的/ forecast n. 先见,预见 v. 预测 原则: A.不可能写的很好,关键是要很稳地写清楚。 B.概括一些内在关联性或原因推测作为总结
  1. As is shown by the graph/in the table。。(概述图表) As is shown by the graph,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years. 2… amount to … (数量总计) All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 2
  00.
  4. … increase from … to … (数量增减) A. 这个工厂生产的彩电已由 1986 年的 5000 台增加到 1990 年的 21000 台。 The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 19
  90. B.参加者的人数增加到 30 万。 The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons = increased , reaching 300000 persons).
  5.(be)three times as + 形容词 + as 总产量 total output 钢的年产量 the annual output of 上升 17% rise by 17per cent steel 日产量 the daily output 导致产量下降 result in a diminished output 现在我们地区的粮食产量相当于 1970 年的 3 倍。 The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 19
  70.

  6.Compared with … , …
与去年相比,今年 13 项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。The factory has an output of 9 million
cigarettes daily. Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent. 最近几年来这个地区的棉花产量有了迅速增长。 The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years. 7“结尾”段落中常用的句型:
  1. In my opinion, …
  2. Personally, I …
  3. In short (= In brief), …
  4. In conclusion, …
  5.As far as I’m concerned, …
  6. To conclude , it seems clear that … 至于说到我,我赞成前一种观点。所以,我的结论是,只要我们坚持正确的东西,改正错 误的东西,我们就一定能成功。 As far as I’m concerned ,I’m in favour of the former view. Therefore, my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong.
同学们在选用描述图表变化的动词、名词,介词词组,形容词和程度副词方面要注意是否 准确到位和形象。 以下一些词汇大家重点揣摩: spiral upward / the demand for talents (fair ) spiraled upward / / experience an explosive growth / an acceleration / swell / manage a modest ( marginal ) gain / on the rise / on the ascendance / wane / shrink / slump / fall off / drop off / take a dip / take a nose dive / trend (tide ) / sth. continued its upward / downward trend. / reach the plateau / the bottleneck / sth. level off / sth. remains steady / stable / unchanged / constant / stay the same / There was a slight drop( fall ) between 2000 / and 2005 / hugely / sharply / dramatically / drastically / substantially / steeply / incredibly / massively / surprisingly / alarmingly / distressingly / slightly / steadily / gradually / marginally / moderately / gently / reach a ( the ) peak / the highest point / A record number of students / reach the nadir / reach the bottom / the rock bottom / experience a moderate fluctuation / swing / 另外,大家仔细研究我下面提供的五种描述图表的句型,在考试的时候要会灵活使用。 This bar chart describes significant changes in the ownership of houses in a big city in China. It can be seen from the chart that a very noticeable trend from 1990 to 2000 was the dramatic increase in the private ownership of houses as opposed to the huge drop in the state ownership of houses. In 1990, three out of four houses were state-owned. However, by 2000, the percentage of the ownership of private houses has soared to 80%.
The above chart reveals that the huge expansion in the private house ownership has been accompanied by a corresponding fall in the state ownership of houses in a span of a decade. As is suggested (unfolded / demonstrated / illustrated / mirrored) in the above chart, with the sharp rise in the private ownership of houses; the state ownership of houses has dramatically (substantially / alarmingly) dropped in a passage of a decade. According to the above chart, there has been a drastic growth in the private ownership of houses, while the state ownership of houses has shrunk steeply over the past decade. From the above chart, we can see distinctly that the private ownership of houses has witnessed an huge rise as distinct from ( as opposed to / in contrast to / in comparison with ) the drastic decrease in the state ownership of houses in a matter of a decade. 英语图表写作套句精选
  1.the table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to…… 该表格描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。
  2.the bar chart illustrates that…… 该柱状图展示了……
  3.the graph/ diagram provides some interesting data regarding…… 该图为我们提供了有关……有趣数据。
  5.the pie graph depicts (that)…… 该圆形图揭示了……
  6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of…… 这个曲线图描述了……的趋势。
  8.the tree diagram reveals how…… 该树型图向我们揭示了如何……
  9.the data/statistics show (that)…… 该数据(字)可以这样理解……
  10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…… 这些数据资料令我们得出结论……
  17.this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from……to…… 该表格描述了……年到……年间 a 与 b 的比例关系。
  18.the graph,presented in a pie chart, shows the general trend in…… 该图以圆形图形式描述了……总的趋势。
  19.this is a column chart showing…… 这是个柱型图,描述了……
  20.as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the flutuation of…… 如图所示,两条曲线描述了……的波动情况。
  21.over the period from……to……the……remained level. 在……至……期间,……基本不变。
  23.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998…… 1995 年至 1998 三年里……
  25.the number of……remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year)。 ……月(年)至……月(年)……的数量基本不变。

  28.the figures peaked at……in(month/year) ……的数目在……月(年)达到顶点,为……
  29.the percentage remained steady at…… 比率维持在……
  30.the percentage of……is sightly larger/smaller than that of…… ……的比例比……的比例略高(低)。
  31.there is not a great deal of difference between……and…… ……与……的区别不大。
  32.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of…… 该图表表明……的数目增长了三倍。 33……decreased year by year while……increased steadily. ……逐年减少,而……逐步上升。
  34.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%]. ……的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点,为……百分点。
  35.the figures/situation bottomed out in…… 数字(情况)在……达到底部。
  36.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough. 数字(情况)达到底部(低谷)。
  37.a is ……times as much/many as b. a 是 b 的……倍。
  41.there is an upward trend in the number of…… ……数字呈上升趋势。
  42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from……to…… ……到……发生急剧上升。
  43.from……to……the rate of decrease slow down. 从……到……,下降速率减慢。
  44.from this year on,there was a gradual declinel reduction in the……,reaching a figure of…… 从这年起,……逐渐下降至……
  47.there are a lot similarities/differences between……and…… ……与……之间有许多相似(不同)之处
  49.the difference between a and b lies in…… a 与 b 之间的差别在于…… 50……(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in…… ……年……急剧上升
来源:考试大-商务英语考试
 

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