剑桥少儿英语
第一级
课 堂 笔 记
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Unit 1 What's your name?
  1. What's your name (please)? My name is Andy / Liu / Dehua. I am Andy / Liu / Dehua. 英文名首字母大写;汉语名姓首字母大写,名首字母大写.
  2. 介绍朋友:I am → I'm be 动词 am are is (是,在) he is → he's she is → she's 记忆歌:我用 am it is → it's 你用 are we are → we're is 跟着他,她,它 they are → they're 复数一律用长 are
  3. How old are you? I am 7(Yours old).
  4. Boy's name: Ted Jeff… Girl's name: Kelly Meg…
  5. ① come [km] 来 →(反) go [o] 去 ② Let's play. 让我们玩. △ Let's = Let us + do (动词原形). ③ It's time to get up. △ time [tim] 时间 get up 起床 It's time to do.
  6.* Mr. [mist] 先生 + 姓氏 (在学校中有"老师"的意思. ) Miss [mis] 小姐 + 姓氏 (在学校中有"老师"的意思. ) You are… 你是…….
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  7. 标点符号不同 汉语 英语 … 省略号 …… 书名号 《 》 无书名号,或用斜体字 顿号 , 无顿号,用逗号"," 句号 . .
  8. Come in, please. 请进. close →(反) open Go to school. 上学. don't = do not 不要 be late [leit] 晚的,迟到 learn [l:n] 学习,学会 again and again ['ein] 一次又一次地
  9. What's your name? (你的) My name is… I am… What's his name? (他的) His name is… He is… What's her name? (她的) Her name is… She is…
  10. 语音 a []: Dan bag mat cap e [e]: Ben pen leg neck Unit 2 What's this?
  1. What's this? this →(反) that What's that? =>It's a …(当该句用于询问字母时,答句中 无"a" ,即 It's "B".) What's this in(△用) English? It's a …
  2. ① letter ['let] 字母,信 letter"A" ② jump [mp] v. 跳 ③ Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg [ei] [bi:] [si] [di:] [i:] [ef] [i:] Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn [ei] [i] [ei] [kei] [el] [em] [en]
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Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt [u] [pi:] [kju:] [:] [es] [ti:] Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz [ju:] [vi:] ['dblju:] [eks] [wi] [zi:][zed] 元音字母:a e i o u 剩下的都是辅音字母. 元音字母:a, e, i, o, u.元音最重要,没有元音就不能构成单词. 音节:有一个元音音素叫一个音节. 开音节:以元音字母和不发音的字母"e"结尾的音节. 闭音节:以辅音字母结尾的音节. *元音字母在开音节和闭音节中的发音规则: a e i o u 开音节 [ei] [i:] [i] [u] [ju:] 在开音节单词中元音发 本身音. [i] 闭音节 [] [e] [] [] 字母 c 的发音规则: [k] 在 c 后面遇到 a, o, u,发[k]. c [s] 在 c 后面遇到 i, e, y,发[s],如 nice [nis]. △ have [hv] do [du:] who [hu:] to [tu:] 单词的辩音问题: ⑴ A: take B: lake C: name D: lamp ⑵ A: me B: she C: we D: Meg ⑶ A: Bill B: mine C: lip D: tip ⑷ A: code B: nod C: top D: mop ⑸ A: duck B: cup C: cube D: club 字母的辩音问题: ① A B C D ③ G J A k ② F E L M ④ Q W U P a: mat man lamp hand bag cat e: lemon leg desk pen pencil Ben Bill fish i: Kim o: dog box sock clock u: bus cup duck buck
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  3. 缩写字 CCTV 中国中央电视台 VOA 美国之音/声 BBC 英国广播公司 PC 个人电脑 AM am 上午 PM pm 下午 UN 联合国 SOS 求救信号 DC 公元 CD 光盘 BC 公元前 WTO 世界贸易组织 PRC 中华人民共和国 USA 美利坚合众国
  4. which [wi] 哪一个 right [rit] 右边;正确的,对的 too [tu:] 也(句末) (与 to, two 是同音异形词) handbag 手提包 schoolbag 书包
  5. 句子 陈述句 This is a bag. 变疑问句把脖子提到前面去 Is this a bag? Yes, it is. That is a book. Is that a book? No, it isn't. 一般疑问句用 yes 或 no 来回答:Yes, it is.或 No, it isn't..答句的最 后一个词用问句的第一个词. Unit 3 What colour do you like?
  1. colour (color) ① v.(动词) 涂颜色 Colour the book blue. ② n.(名词) 颜色 orange yellow black red pink green white brown blue purple indigo grey(gray)
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△ dark [d:k] 深色的 light [lit] 浅色的 I like (颜色) black. I don't like white. look vi.(不及物动词) 看 + at e.g.: Look at Miss Yang. what about 怎么样
  2. 对话 A: What's this (in English)? B: It's a/an book. A: What colour is it? B: It's blue. A: Do you like blue? B: No, I don't. A: What colour do you like? B: I like…
  3. they → them 他们 发出动作:they 承受动作:them I've got… = I have got… lots [lts] of 许多 a lot of 许多
  4. 颜色的用法:① be ~: It's pink. ② ~ n.: It's a pink shirt.
  5. shoes pencil umbrella banana book apples bike flowers cat clock tree bee pen dog mouse umbrella ['mbrel] 雨伞 an clock [klk] 钟
  6. A and B make C. (A, B, C = colour) Red and green make black. 红和绿形成黑.
  7. and 用最后两者之间. Unit 4 How many ducks are there?
  1. how many ① (多少) ,可数名词的数量 ② + 可数名词 (pl.) 复数
  2. 可数名词单数→复数
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⑴ 在词尾加 s. pen → pens ⑵ 以 s, x, ch, sh 结尾的词加 es. bus → buses box → boxes watch → watches brush → brushes ⑶ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的词,变 y 为 i,再加 es. (y → ies) baby → babies boy → boys ⑷ 以 f, fe 结尾的词, f, fe 为 v, 变 再加 es. (f →ves) (fe → ves) leaf → leaves knife → knives ⑸ 以辅音加 o 结尾的词(外来词,缩写词除外)加 es. negro ['neru] → negroes hero ['hiru] → heroes potato → potatoes tomato → tomatoes mango → mangoes 一个黑人英雄坐在土豆地里,手里拿着西红柿吃芒果,多有意 思.(es) 下列词除外, photo → photos kilo → kilos ⑹ 特殊变化: ① oo → ee foot → feet tooth → teeth goose → geese ② a→e man → men woman → women ['wimin] ③ mouse → mice louse → lice ④ sheep → 不变 deer → 不变 people → +s peoples 民族 不变 people 人 fish → 不变或加 es fish 或 fishes ⑤ child → children ox → oxen
  3. 有 have 某人有某物 there be 某处有某物 there is (are) + 存在物 + [存在的地点] There is a pen on the desk. 桌子上有笔. There are two boys in the classroom. 教室里有两个男孩.
  4. be →is 可数单数/不可数 →are 可数复数 △ 如果存在物是多种东西时,按"就近"原则选 be.
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  5. 复数一定是可数名词,不可数名词没有单复数之分.
  6. butterfly ['btfli] 蝴蝶 bear [b] 熊 hippo ['hipu] 河马 ……的…… 加"'s" e.g.: Miss Yang's… beautiful ['bju:tfl] 美丽的 homework 家庭作业
  7. sh [] she shoe ch [] chick chair ① look vi + at + 物 look! ② here [hi] 在这里 →(反) there [e(r)] 在那里 ③ I don't know. 我不知道. know → no (同音异形) ④ count [kunt] 数数 ⑤ 数字:one → ten eleven twelve 13 → 19 ~ teen (thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen) Unit 5 Have you got any fish?
  1. ① have [hv] 有 I have a book. have got 有 I have got a book. ② some [sm] 一些 I have got some books. any ['eni] 一些 Have you got any books? some 用于肯定句;any 用于疑问句,否定句. ③ fish [fi] 鱼 可数名词 条数:复数不变 fish → fish 种类:复数变 fish → fishes 不可数名词:鱼肉
  2. riding go bike riding. (ride →riding) go v. ?ing go fish →go fishing 在 go 后面把动词变成 ?ing 形式,表示去做…….
  3. radio ['reidiu] 收音机
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picture ['pik] 图片,照片 camera ['kmr] 照相机 bookcase [bukeis] 书柜,书架 colour ①颜色 ②深颜色 colour + sth + 颜色 oo [u] ① foot [fut] [u:] ② food [fu:d]
  4. Are you boy? Yes, I am. No, I'm not. Is this a pencil? Yes, it is. No, it isn't. Can you sing? Yes, I can. No, I can't. Do you like green? Yes, I do. No, I don't. Have you got a fish? Yes, I have. No, I haven't. 一般疑问句需要用 yes 或 no 来回答. 在回答一般疑问句时,答句的最后落脚点与问句的开头词是同 一类词. Unit 6 Has he got a teddy bear?
  1. 单三形式:单数的第三人称或第三人称单数形式 第一人称→我,我们 第二人称→你,你们 第三人称→他,他们 人名和物名(我的书) 单三主语有:she, he, it, Rose(单独的人名) the book(物名)等. 如果句子中出现单三形式,have → 变 has She has got a book. 她有一本书. She has a book. 例如(e.g.) :第一人称 I have got a chair. →变问句 Have you got a chair? Yes, I have. / No, I haven't. →变否定句 I haven't got a chair.
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第三人称 She has got a book. 她有一本书. →变问句 Has she got a book? 她有一本书吗? Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't. →变否定句 She hasn't got a book.
  2. teddy bear ['tedi] [b] 泰迪熊(玩具) I have got a teddy bear. He has got a teddy bear. Has he got a teddy bear? ? Yes, he has. No, he hasn't. but [bt] 但是 ?and coconut ['kuknt] 椰子 computer ['kmpju:t] 电脑 too 用于句末,表示"也" . e.g.: I'm a boy, he's a boy too.
  3. 助动词 do Does who's got = who has got bat [bt] 蝙蝠,球棒 肯定式 I have a book. = I have got a book. 否定式 I don't have a book. = I haven't got a book. 助动词(否定式) do not = don't does not = doesn't 肯定式 She has a book. = She has got a book. 否定式 She doesn't has a book. = She hasn't got a book. ↓(还原)只能一个词表示单三 She doesn't have a book. = She hasn't got a book. 用于单三否定时,doesn't 和 has 都表示单三,所以 has 应还原 为 have,即:has 变 have,使句子中只有一个词表示单三. ① We have got some flowers. We have some flowers. 否 We haven't got any flowers. We don't have any flowers.
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② She has got a bike. She has a bike. 否 She hasn't got a bike. She doesn't have a bike.
  4. an apple a red apple u [] cupboard ['kbd] 壁橱 number [nmb] Unit 7 Our family

  1. our [u] 我们的 (同音异形 hour [u] 小时 an hour 因为 h 不发音,所以用 an) family ['fmili] 家庭 families (pl.) 家人(多) family (pl.) father ['f:] mother ['m] brother ['br] sister ['sist] uncle [nkl] aunt [:nt] This is my family. This is my father, he is…years old.
  2. 数字:eleven twelve 13~19 -teen [ti:n] 20, 30…90 -ty hundred ['hndrd] 一百(前加 one 或 a) 11~19 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen 20~90 twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety
  3. family photo ['futu] 全家福 (photo → photograph) look + at + 物
  4. grand [rnd] (隔一辈) grandmother = grandma grandfather = grandpa
  5. be for 是给……的 The book is for Fed.
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  6. hip [hip] (欢呼声) hooray ['hu:rei] (欢呼声) go away 出去 ① holidy ['hldei] 假日 ② song [sη] 歌曲 ③ lovely ['lvli] 可爱的 ④ guitar [i't:] 吉它 ⑤ help [help] 帮助 help sb. do sth I help Miss Tang learn English. help sb. to do sth I help Miss Tang to learn English.
  7. o [] box sock dog [u] nose those close
  8. 人名后 + 's 表示:……的 e.g.: Tom's family. Unit 8
  1. revision: ⑴ What's your name? ⑵ ⑶ Who is the winner?
⑷ ⑸ ⑹ ⑺ ⑻ ⑼ ⑽
My name is… I'm… How old are you? I'm…years old. How many pencils are there in the pencil-box. There's
  1. There are
  2. What's this? It's a… How old is your father? He's
  36. What colour is it? It's… What colour(s) are they? They are… How many people are there in your family? What are these? They're… Which is the pen? This is the pen. Have you got a…? Yes, I have. No, I haven't. Has he got a…? Yes, he has. No, he hasn't.
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⑾ This is a pen. → (变复数形式) These are some pens.
  2. turtle [t:tl] 乌龟 present ['preznt] 礼物 park [p:k] 公园 telephone ['telifun] 电话 doctor [dkt] 医生 watermelon ['w:tmeln] 西瓜 cherry ['eri] 樱桃 grape [reip] 葡萄
  3. i ?开 [i] bike five ?闭 [i] big wh ?[w] white ?[h] + o who whose row [ru] n. 横排 What row are you in? I am in Row One. v. 划(船) Row a boat. merry ['meri] 快乐的 Merry Christmas 圣诞节快乐 Unit 9 What's your favourite fruit?
  1. ① favourite [fei'vreit] adj. 最喜爱的 My favourite food. n. 最喜欢的(人或物) My favourite is my mother. 我最喜欢的人是妈妈. 前面用"某人的" e.g.: your favourite book ② fruit [fru:t] 水果 ③ food [fu:d] 食物 ④ drink [iηk] n. 饮料 drink some drink 喝点饮料 v. 喝 drink some milk 喝点牛奶
  2. fruit: 可数) watermelon apple pear pineapple coconut ( : banana grape lemon orange mango plum peach cherry kiwi [ki'wi:] 弥猴桃 strawberry food:(可数) :hamburger sandwich hotdog cake sausage ['ssei] egg biscuit pie (不可数) :beef rice bread pizza noodles ice cream fish meat
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drink:(不可数) tea milk water coffee : juice [u:s]果汁 7-up 饮料 coke 可口可乐 lemonade [lem'neid] 柠檬汁
  3. 句型: ① What's your favourite food? (代表类别) ② My favorites food is beef.(不可数) My favorites food is burgers.(可数名词复数)(pl.) ③ I like… (pl.) ④ Apples are my favourite fruit.
  4. let's = let us let's + do go out 出去 come in 进来 there be: 有 there are / is 有 lots of = a lot of 许多 beautiful ['bju:tfl] 漂亮的
  5. fruit un (不可数名词) fruits (种类)
  6. long [lη] 长的 →(反) short [:rt] 短的 like + n.(形式) I like Miss Yang. + to(do) (原形) I like to run. + doing I like running. go to school 上学 at 7:00(时刻) at 12:30
 

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