《剑桥少儿英语一级》备考知识点
上册
Unit 1 What's your name? What's your name (please)? My name is Andy / Liu / Dehua. I am Andy / Liu / Dehua. How old are you? I am 7(Yours old). Unit 2 What's this? What's this? this →(反) that What's that? =>It's a …(当该句用于询问字母时,答句中无"A" ,即 It's "B".) 颜色的用法:① be ~: It's pink. ② ~ n.: It's a pink shirt. 句子 陈述句 This is a bag. 变疑问句把脖子提到前面去 Yes, it is. Is this a bag? That is a book. No, it isn't. Is that a book? 一般疑问句用 yes 或 no 来回答:Yes, it is.或 No, it isn't..答句的最后一个词用问句的第一个词. Unit 3 What colour do you like? 颜色的用法:① be ~: It's pink. ② ~ n.: It's a pink shirt. Unit 4 How many ducks are there? how many ①(多少) ,可数名词的数量 ② + 可数名词 (pl.) 复数 可数名词单数→复数 ⑴ 在词尾加 s.pen → pens ⑵ 以 s, x, ch, sh 结尾的词加 es. bus → buses ; → boxes ; box watch → watches ; brush → brushes ⑶ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的词,变 y 为 i,再加 es. (y → ies) baby → babies; boy → boys ⑷ 以 f, fe 结尾的词,变 f, fe 为 v,再加 es. (f →ves) (fe → ves) leaf → leaves; knife → knives ⑸ 以辅音加 o 结尾的词(外来词,缩写词除外)加 es. negro ['neru] → negroes hero ['hiru] → heroes potato → potatoes tomato → tomatoes mango → mangoes 一个黑人英雄坐在土豆地里,手里拿着西红柿吃芒果,多有意思.(es) 下列词除外,photo → photos kilo → kilos ⑹ 特殊变化: ① oo → ee foot → feet tooth → teeth goose → geese ② a→e man → men woman → women ['wimin] ③ mouse → mice ;louse → lice ④ sheep → 不变 ; deer → 不变 people → +s peoples 民族 不变 people 人 fish → 不变或加 es fish 或 fishes ⑤ child → children ox → oxen 有 have 某人有某物 某人 there be 某处有某物 某处 there is (are) + 存在物 + [存在的地点] There is a pen on the desk. 桌子上有笔.
第 1 页 共 5 页 Copyright @ Jo, CISISU July 2010
《剑桥少儿英语一级》备考知识点
There are two boys in the classroom. 教室里有两个男孩. Unit 5 Have you got any fish? ① have [hv] 有 I have a book. ; have got 有 I have got a book. ② some [sm] 一些 I have got some books. ;any ['eni] 一些 Have you got any books? some 用于肯定句;any 用于疑问句,否定句. Unit 6 Has he got a teddy bear? 单三形式:单数的第三人称或第三人称单数形式 第一人称→我,我们;第二人称→你,你们;第三人称→他,他们 人名和物名(我的书) 单三主语有:she, he, it, Rose(单独的人名) the book(物名)等. 如果句子中出现单三形式,have → 变 has She has a book. 她有一本书. 例如(e.g.) :第一人称 I have got a chair. →变问句 Have you got a chair? Yes, I have. / No, I haven't. →变否定句 I haven't got a chair. 第三人称 She has got a book. 她有一本书. →变问句 Has she got a book? 她有一本书吗? Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't. →变否定句 She hasn't got a book. Unit 7 Our family revision: ⑴ What's your name? My name is… / I'm… ⑵ How old are you? I'm…years old. ⑶ How many pencils are there in the pencil-box. There's
  1./ There are
  2. ⑷ What's this? It's a… ⑸ How old is your father? He's
  36. ⑹ What colour is it? It's… What colour(s) are they? They are… ⑺ How many people are there in your family? ⑻ What are these? They're… ⑼ Which is the pen? This is the pen. ⑽ Have you got a…? Yes, I have. / No, I haven't. Has he got a…? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn't. ⑾ This is a pen. → (变复数形式) These are some pens. Unit 9 What's your favourite fruit? favourite [fei'vreit] adj. 最喜爱的 My favourite food. n. 最喜欢的(人或物) My favourite is my mother. 我最喜欢的人是妈妈. 前面用"某人的"e.g.: your favourite book Unit 10 Do you want an orange or a pear? too 也 There's an egg, too. (句末) also 也 They also love me. (句中 be ~ ~ v.) too 用于句末;also 用于句中,用在 be 动词后面,实动词前面,一句当中动词最重要. I am a teacher, too. / I am also a teacher. / I also like English. ⑷ a, an 一个 a 用在辅音音标开头词前 an 用在元音音标开头词前 a pear;a university [ju:ni'v:sti] 大学; an apple;an hour [u] 小时
第 2 页 共 5 页 Copyright @ Jo, CISISU July 2010
《剑桥少儿英语一级》备考知识点
Unit 13 What's for breakfast?
  8. What's for breakfast on…? Monday 星期一 Tuesday 星期二 Wednesday 星期三 Thursday 星期四 Friday 星期五 Saturday 星期六 Sunday 星期日 => ① 首字母大写 ② 无冠词 the ③ on ~ 在……④ What day is it today? 今天星期几? It's Sunday. 今天星期日 => What's for breakfast on Monday? I have burger .. for breakfast on Monday. . . . Unit 14 By bus or by bike?
  7. 特殊疑问句,需要用具体内容来回答. 殊疑问句,需要用具体内容来回答. 结构:以 wh~ 开头(特殊疑问词) + 一般疑问句 + ? 题型:就划线部分提问. 答题步骤:① 找到划线部分对应的特殊疑问词. (寻找) 如:My name is Angel. → (what) 特殊疑问词有 what 什么 (代事物) ;who 谁 (代人物) whose 谁的 (代人物的) ;where 哪里 (代地点) when 什么时候 (代时间) ;which 哪一个 (代特征) why 为什么 (代原因) ;how 怎样 (代方式) ② 将原句变成一般疑问句. (改变) ③ 两者加合(疑问词 + 一般疑问句) ,去掉划线部分. e.g.: I go to school by bus. ① how② Do you go to school by bus? ③ How do you go to school? The book is on the desk. where Is the book on the desk? Where is the book? Unit 15 We love animals. love [lv] v. 喜爱;like v. 喜欢 ① ~ + n.(单/复数) e.g.: I like / love books.;I like / love the book. ;I love / like Miss Yang. ② ~ + doing I like / love playing football. to do I love / like to play football. ① ② ③
下册
Unit 1 What's your name? I can see hens on the farm. (A: in B: at C: on) 表示"在农场上"最佳介词"on" . farm → farmer ;What's on the farm? → There are many animals. Unit 3 Where's the cat? 表示位置的介词:in, on, under, behind, between(两者之间) ;next to(挨着……), in front of(范围之外的前边) ;in the front of(范围之内的前边), Unit 4 Please have some cake. 祈使句 特点:① 无主语② 动词原形开头③ 表示了对对方的命令,意愿,请求
第 3 页 共 5 页 Copyright @ Jo, CISISU July 2010
《剑桥少儿英语一级》备考知识点
Go out. Don't stand up. Unit 5 This is our house. How many rooms are there in your house? 你家有多少间房间? 有: there be 句式翻译成(有) .存在句(某地有某物) have = have got (有生命类的东西) (某人有物) There is a book on the desk. 桌子上有一本书. There are ten girls in the classroom. 教室里有十个女生. → there is 单数/不可数(就近原则) There are 复数 ; E.g. There are 5 rooms in my house. 我家有五间房间. Unit 10 Our beautiful garden. our [u] 我们的 Miss Yang is our teacher. Ms.杨是我们的老师. 同音异形词 hour 小时 an hour 一小时 冠词:a / an 一个 the this 特指用 the the that the these the those an hour 名词前用 a / an 与开头字母是否发音有关系. a university ['ju:nivsiti] 大学 冠词用 a Where are you? I'm in the classroom. here, there 前无介词 I'm here. 我在这. / He is there. 他在那儿. look at… 看…… look at him 主格:发出动作的人 I, you, he, she, we, they, it. 宾格:承受动作的人 me, you, him, her, us, them, it. Unit 13 Can you do it? can 能 (情态动词) ① + do (原形) : I can read English. 我能读英语. (动词原形) ② 变疑问句: (can 提前) :Can you read English? ③ 变否定句:can + not => can't:I can't read English. ④ 回答:Yes, I can. / No, I cant. Unit 16 What are you doing here? 时态:动作(不同的时间发生的不同的动作) 一,现在进行时:此时此刻正在发生的动作. be + v.-ing (be + 动词的 ing 形式) e.g.: Rita is singing. Rita 正在唱歌. 二,一般现在时:目前一段时间内经常发生的动作. do: I go to school at 7:
  00. does: she goes to school at 7:
  00. 三,一般将来时:在未来可能要发生的动作(将要) (打算要) . ① be going to(将要) do(动作原形) We are going to play. 我们将要玩. ② will do(动作原形) We will play. 我们将要玩.
第 4 页 共 5 页 Copyright @ Jo, CISISU July 2010
肯定:Stand up. 否定:Don't 开头
《剑桥少儿英语一级》备考知识点
be going to: 主语做好准备. will: 一种"将要"的趋向.
第 5 页 共 5 页
Copyright @ Jo, CISISU
July 2010
 

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