剑桥少儿英语第一级
课 堂 笔 记
上 册
Unit 1 What's your name?
  1. What's your name (please)? My name is Andy / Liu / Dehua. I am Andy / Liu / Dehua. 英文名首字母大写;汉语名姓首字母大写,名首字母大写。
  2. 介绍朋友:I am → I'm be 动词 am are is (是,在) he is → he's she is → she's 记忆歌:我用 am it is → it's 你用 are we are → we're is 跟着他、她、它 they are → they're 复数一律用长 are
  3. How old are you? I am 7(Yours old).
  4. Boy's name: Ted Jeff… Girl's name: Kelly Meg…
  5. ① come [k?m] 来 →(反) go [?o] 去 ? ② Let's play. 让我们玩。 △ Let's = Let us + do (动词原形). ③ It's time to get up. △ time [t?im] 时间 get up 起床 It's time to do.
  6.* Mr. [mist?] 先生 + 姓氏 (在学校中有“老师”的意思。 ) Miss [mis] 小姐 + 姓氏 (在学校中有“老师”的意思。 ) You are… 你是……。
  7. 标点符号不同 汉语 英语 … 省略号 …… 书名号 《 》 无书名号,或用斜体字 顿号 、 无顿号,用逗号“,” 句号 。 .
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  8. Come in, please. 请进。 close →(反) open Go to school. 上学。 don't = do not 不要 be late [leit] 晚的,迟到 learn [l?:n] 学习,学会 again and again [?'?ein] 一次又一次地
  9. What's your name? (你的) My name is… I am… What's his name? (他的) His name is… He is… What's her name? (她的) Her name is… She is…
  10. 语音 a [?]: Dan bag mat cap e [e]: Ben pen leg neck Unit 2 What's this?
  1. What's this? this →(反) that What's that? =>It's a …(当该句用于询问字母时,答句中 无“a” ,即 It's “B”.) What's this in(△用) English? It's a …
  2. ① letter ['let?] 字母,信 letter“A” ② jump [??mp] v. 跳 ③ Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg [ei] [bi:] [si] [di:] [i:] [ef] [?i:] Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn [ei?] [?i] [?ei] [kei] [el] [em] [en] Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt [?u] [pi:] [kju:] [?:] [es] [ti:] Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz [ju:] [vi:] ['d?blju:] [eks] [w?i] [zi:][zed] 元音字母:a e i o u 剩下的都是辅音字母。 元音字母:a, e, i, o, u。元音最重要,没有元音就不能构成单词。 音节:有一个元音音素叫一个音节。 开音节:以元音字母和不发音的字母“e”结尾的音节。
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闭音节:以辅音字母结尾的音节。 *元音字母在开音节和闭音节中的发音规则: a e i o u 开音节 [ei] [i:] [?i] [?u] [ju:] 在开音节单词中元音发 本身音。 [i] 闭音节 [?] [e] [?] [?] 字母 c 的发音规则: [k] 在 c 后面遇到 a, o, u,发[k]。 c [s] 在 c 后面遇到 i, e, y,发[s],如 nice [n?is]。 △ have [h?v] do [du:] who [hu:] to [tu:] 单词的辩音问题: ⑴ A: take B: lake C: name D: lamp ⑵ A: me B: she C: we D: Meg ⑶ A: Bill B: mine C: lip D: tip ⑷ A: code B: nod C: top D: mop ⑸ A: duck B: cup C: cube D: club 字母的辩音问题: ① A B C D ③ G J A k ② F E L M ④ Q W U P man lamp hand bag cat a: mat e: lemon leg desk pen pencil Ben i: Kim Bill fish o: dog box sock clock u: bus cup duck buck
  3. 缩写字 CCTV 中国中央电视台 VOA 美国之音/声 BBC 英国广播公司 PC 个人电脑 AM am 上午 PM pm 下午 UN 联合国 SOS 求救信号 DC 公元 CD 光盘 BC 公元前
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WTO 世界贸易组织 PRC 中华人民共和国 USA 美利坚合众国
  4. which [wi?] 哪一个 right [r?it] 右边;正确的,对的 too [tu:] 也(句末) (与 to, two 是同音异形词) handbag 手提包 schoolbag 书包
  5. 句子 陈述句 This is a bag. 变疑问句把脖子提到前面去 Yes, it is. Is this a bag? That is a book. No, it isn't. Is that a book? 一般疑问句用 yes 或 no 来回答:Yes, it is.或 No, it isn't.。答句的最 后一个词用问句的第一个词。 Unit 3 What colour do you like?
  1. colour (color) ① v.(动词) 涂颜色 Colour the book blue. ② n.(名词) 颜色 orange yellow black red pink green white brown blue purple indigo grey(gray) △ dark [d?:k] 深色的 light [l?it] 浅色的 I like (颜色) black. I don't like white. look vi.(不及物动词) 看 + at e.g.: Look at Miss Yang. what about 怎么样
  2. 对话 A: What's this (in English)? B: It's a/an book. A: What colour is it? B: It's blue. A: Do you like blue? B: No, I don't. A: What colour do you like? B: I like…
  3. they → them 他们 发出动作:they 承受动作:them
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I've got… = I have got… lots [l?ts] of 许多 a lot of 许多
  4. 颜色的用法:① be ~: It's pink. ② ~ n.: It's a pink shirt.
  5. shoes pencil umbrella banana book apples bike flowers cat clock tree bee pen dog mouse umbrella ['?mbrel?] 雨伞 an clock [kl?k] 钟
  6. A and B make C. (A, B, C = colour) Red and green make black. 红和绿形成黑。
  7. and 用最后两者之间。 Unit 4 How many ducks are there?
  1. how many ① (多少) ,可数名词的数量 ② + 可数名词 (pl.) 复数
  2. 可数名词单数→复数 ⑴ 在词尾加 s。 pen → pens ⑵ 以 s, x, ch, sh 结尾的词加 es。 bus → buses box → boxes watch → watches brush → brushes ⑶ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的词,变 y 为 i,再加 es。 (y → ies) baby → babies boy → boys ⑷ 以 f, fe 结尾的词, f, fe 为 v, 变 再加 es。 (f →ves) (fe → ves) leaf → leaves knife → knives ⑸ 以辅音加 o 结尾的词(外来词、缩写词除外)加 es。 negro ['ne?r?u] → negroes hero ['hi?r?u] → heroes potato → potatoes tomato → tomatoes mango → mangoes 一个黑人英雄坐在土豆地里,手里拿着西红柿吃芒果,多有意 思。(es) 下列词除外, photo → photos kilo → kilos ⑹ 特殊变化: ① oo → ee foot → feet tooth → teeth goose → geese ② a→e man → men woman → women ['wimin]
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③ mouse → mice louse → lice ④ sheep → 不变 deer → 不变 people → +s peoples 民族 不变 people 人 fish → 不变或加 es fish 或 fishes ⑤ child → children ox → oxen
  3. 有 have 某人有某物 there be 某处有某物 there is (are) + 存在物 + [存在的地点] There is a pen on the desk. 桌子上有笔。 There are two boys in the classroom. 教室里有两个男孩。
  4. be →is 可数单数/不可数 →are 可数复数 △ 如果存在物是多种东西时,按“就近”原则选 be。
  5. 复数一定是可数名词,不可数名词没有单复数之分。
  6. butterfly ['b?t?fl?i] 蝴蝶 bear [b??] 熊 hippo ['h?ip?u] 河马 ……的…… 加“'s” e.g.: Miss Yang's… beautiful ['bju:t?f?l] 美丽的 homework 家庭作业
  7. sh [?] she shoe ch [?] chick chair ① look vi + at + 物 look! ② here [hi?] 在这里 →(反) there [?e?(r)] 在那里 ③ I don't know. 我不知道。 know → no (同音异形) ④ count [k?unt] 数数 ⑤ 数字:one → ten eleven twelve 13 → 19 ~ teen (thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen) Unit 5 Have you got any fish?
  1. ① have [h?v] 有 I have a book. have got 有 I have got a book.
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② some [s?m] 一些 I have got some books. any ['eni] 一些 Have you got any books? some 用于肯定句;any 用于疑问句,否定句。 ③ fish [fi?] 鱼 可数名词 条数:复数不变 fish → fish 种类:复数变 fish → fishes 不可数名词:鱼肉
  2. riding go bike riding. (ride →riding) go v. ?ing go fish →go fishing 在 go 后面把动词变成 ?ing 形式,表示去做……。
  3. radio ['reidi?u] 收音机 picture ['pik??] 图片,照片 camera ['k?m?r?] 照相机 bookcase [bukeis] 书柜,书架 colour ①颜色 ②深颜色 colour + sth + 颜色 oo [u] ① foot [fut] [u:] ② food [fu:d]
  4. Are you boy? Yes, I am. No, I'm not. Is this a pencil? Yes, it is. No, it isn't. Can you sing? Yes, I can. No, I can't. Do you like green? Yes, I do. No, I don't. Have you got a fish? Yes, I have. No, I haven't. 一般疑问句需要用 yes 或 no 来回答。 在回答一般疑问句时,答句的最后落脚点与问句的开头词是同 一类词。 Unit 6 Has he got a teddy bear?
  1. 单三形式:单数的第三人称或第三人称单数形式 第一人称→我,我们 第二人称→你,你们 第三人称→他,他们 人名和物名(我的书) 单三主语有:she, he, it, Rose(单独的人名) the book(物名)等。
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如果句子中出现单三形式,have → 变 has She has got a book. 她有一本书。 She has a book. 例如(e.g.) :第一人称 I have got a chair. →变问句 Have you got a chair? Yes, I have. / No, I haven't. →变否定句 I haven't got a chair. 第三人称 She has got a book. 她有一本书。 →变问句 Has she got a book? 她有一本书吗? Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't. →变否定句 She hasn't got a book.
  2. teddy bear ['tedi] [b??] 泰迪熊(玩具) I have got a teddy bear. He has got a teddy bear. Has he got a teddy bear? ? Yes, he has. No, he hasn't. but [b?t] 但是 ?and coconut ['k?uk?n?t] 椰子 computer ['k?mpju:t?] 电脑 too 用于句末,表示“也” 。 e.g.: I'm a boy, he's a boy too.
  3. 助动词 do Does who's got = who has got bat [b?t] 蝙蝠,球棒 肯定式 I have a book. = I have got a book. 否定式 I don't have a book. = I haven't got a book. 助动词(否定式) do not = don't does not = doesn't 肯定式 She has a book. = She has got a book. 否定式 She doesn't has a book. = She hasn't got a book. ↓(还原)只能一个词表示单三 She doesn't have a book. = She hasn't got a book. 用于单三否定时,doesn't 和 has 都表示单三,所以 has 应还原 为 have,即:has 变 have,使句子中只有一个词表示单三。
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① We have got some flowers. We have some flowers. 否 We haven't got any flowers. We don't have any flowers. ② She has got a bike. She has a bike. 否 She hasn't got a bike. She doesn't have a bike.
  4. an apple a red apple u [?] cupboard ['k?b?d] 壁橱 number [n?mb?] Unit 7 Our family

  1. our [?u?] 我们的 (同音异形 hour [?u?] 小时 an hour 因为 h 不发音,所以用 an) family ['f?mili] 家庭 families (pl.) 家人(多) family (pl.) father ['f?:??] mother ['m???] brother ['br???] sister ['sist?] uncle [?nkl] aunt [?:nt] This is my family. This is my father, he is…years old.
  2. 数字:eleven twelve 13~19 -teen [ti:n] 20, 30…90 -ty hundred ['h?ndr?d] 一百(前加 one 或 a) 11~19 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen 20~90 twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety
  3. family photo ['f?ut?u] 全家福 (photo → photograph) look + at + 物
  4. grand [?r?nd] (隔一辈) grandmother = grandma grandfather = grandpa
  5. be for 是给……的 The book is for Fed.
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  6. hip [hip] (欢呼声) hooray ['hu:rei] (欢呼声) go away 出去 ① holidy ['h?l?dei] 假日 ② song [s?η] 歌曲 ③ lovely ['l?vli] 可爱的 ④ guitar [?i't?:] 吉它 ⑤ help [help] 帮助 help sb. do sth I help Miss Tang learn English. help sb. to do sth I help Miss Tang to learn English.
  7. o [?] box sock dog [?u] nose those close
  8. 人名后 + 's 表示:……的 e.g.: Tom's family. Unit 8
  1. revision: ⑴ What's your name? Who is the winner?
My name is… I'm… ⑵ How old are you? I'm…years old. ⑶ How many pencils are there in the pencil-box. There's
  1. There are
  2. ⑷ What's this? It's a… ⑸ How old is your father? He's
  36. ⑹ What colour is it? It's… What colour(s) are they? They are… ⑺ How many people are there in your family? ⑻ What are these? They're… ⑼ Which is the pen? This is the pen. ⑽ Have you got a…? Yes, I have. No, I haven't. Has he got a…? Yes, he has. No, he hasn't. ⑾ This is a pen. → (变复数形式) These are some pens.
  2. turtle [t?:tl] 乌龟 present ['preznt] 礼物 park [p?:k] 公园 telephone ['telif?un] 电话
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doctor [d?kt?] 医生 watermelon ['w?:t?mel?n] 西瓜 cherry ['?eri] 樱桃 grape [?reip] 葡萄
  3. i ?开 [?i] bike five ?闭 [i] big wh ?[w] white ?[h] + o who whose row [r?u] n. 横排 What row are you in? I am in Row One. v. 划(船) Row a boat. merry ['meri] 快乐的 Merry Christmas 圣诞节快乐 Unit 9 What's your favourite fruit?
  1. ① favourite [fei'v?reit] adj. 最喜爱的 My favourite food. n. 最喜欢的(人或物) My favourite is my mother. 我最喜欢的人是妈妈。 前面用“某人的” e.g.: your favourite book ② fruit [fru:t] 水果 ③ food [fu:d] 食物 ④ drink [?iηk] n. 饮料 drink some drink 喝点饮料 v. 喝 drink some milk 喝点牛奶
  2. fruit: 可数) watermelon apple pear pineapple coconut ( : banana grape lemon orange mango plum peach cherry kiwi [ki'wi:] 弥猴桃 strawberry food:(可数) :hamburger sandwich hotdog cake sausage ['s?sei?] egg biscuit pie (不可数) :beef rice bread pizza noodles ice cream fish meat drink:(不可数) tea milk water coffee : juice [?u:s]果汁 7-up 饮料 coke 可口可乐 lemonade [lem?'neid] 柠檬汁
  3. 句型: ① What's your favourite food? (代表类别) ② My favorite
 

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