2010高考英语应试策略 2010高考英语应试策略
2010高考英语书面 高考英语书面 表达高分策略
一、闪光高分词

  1.认为 主张 argue,maintain,hold,believe/考虑 认为,主张 认为 主张: , , , 考虑 : take...into consideration/account,consider, , , ponder,meditate,contemplate,think over, , , , , reflect on/upon → think /
  2. 下 结 论 , 断 定 : come to/arrive at/draw the conclusion,conclude,decide,assert,wind , , , , up...→judge
  3. 获得 acquire,obtain,attain,reap ; 赢得,取 获得: 赢得, , , , 得: earn,gain,procure → get , ,

  4. 支持 , 赞成 approve of,in favor of,uphold, 支持, 赞成: , , , stand by one's side,agree with,give one's assent/ , , 提倡: 提倡 advocate,recommend →support ,
  5. 反对 oppose, object to/抵制 resist → say no to 反对: 抵制: 抵制
  6. 意 义 深 远 的 , 重 大 的 : far-reaching, profound, significant, eventful /重要的 , 有决定性的 vital, 重要的, 重要的 有决定性的: crucial, critical, decisive → important
  7. 充分运用 optimize ,make best use of, make full use 充分运用: of /使用 employ, utilize /应用 apply → use 使用: 应用: 使用 应用
  8. 当 前 , 目 前 : nowadays, at present, currently, presently →now

  9. 勤奋的,勤勉的 diligent, studious, industrious 勤奋的, →hardworking
  10. 认 真 的 , 谨 慎 的 conscientious, cautious →careful, serious
  11. 表达 表达:voice, convey, express, deliver, communicate /描绘,描述,描写 depict, 描绘, 描绘 描述,描写: describe, picture →say, tell
  12. 勤奋的,勤勉的 diligent, studious, industrious 勤奋的, →hardworking
  13. 聪 明 的 , 有 才 智 的 intelligent, bright, wise, brilliant →clever
  14. 疲 惫 不 堪 的 exhausted ,fatigued ,nm-down, worn-out, weary →tired

  15. 参加 participate in, attend, take part in, go in for, engage in → join, enter
  16. 集中精力于 focus on, center on, concentrate on/专心于 专心于 set one's mind on → pay one’s attention to
  17. 沮丧的 , 失意的 frustrated, discouraged, depressed, 沮丧的, down-hearted, disheartened, low-spirited → sad
  18. 努力做,尽力做 attempt to, make efforts to, endeavor 努力做, to, manage to do → try to, work hard
  19. 志气 , 抱负 , 渴望 aspiration, ambition, yearning, 志气, 抱负, thirst → desire
  20. 除 ......外 apart from, in addition to, along with → 外 besides
  21. 开展,实施,做 practice, carry out, conduct, perform 开展,实施, → do
2 2 . 优 秀 的 outstanding, perfect, brilliant, remarkable, distinguished, excellent → good
  23. 实现 , 完成 achieve, accomplish, fulfill, 实现, complete → finish 2 4 . 解 释 account for, illustrate, clarify →explain
  25. 证明 证实 testify, confirm, verify, turn out 证明, → prove 2 6 . 碰 到 , 遇 到 come across, meet with, encounter, confront →meet
  27. 粗 俗 的 , 不 雅 的 vulgar, unrefined, obscene, improper, foul, crude, coarse, rough →bad
2 8 . 教 育 性 的 , 启 发 性 的 instructive, educational, enlightening →good
  29. 难 以 置 信 的 , 惊 人 的 , 令 人 震 惊 的 fantastic, incredible, unusual, unbelievable, exceptional, extraordinary, marvelous, notable, noteworthy, striking, amazing, appalling, shocking, astonishing → great, surprising
  30. 迷 人 的 , 吸 引 人 的 enchanting, charming, appealing, appealing, fascinating, attractive → beautiful, pretty
  31. 请教 咨询 consult, return to, resort to →ask 请教,
  32. 有 偏 见 的 , 偏 心 的 biased, prejudiced, partial, discriminative →unfair
  33. 等不及 渴望 cannot wait to, be eager to/for, long 等不及, for, yearn for/to/after, look forward to →want to

  34. 事实上 in reality, in effect, as a matter of fact, practically, virtually, actually →in fact
  35. 低 等 的 , 次 要 的 inferior, junior, minor, secondary, lesser, insignificant →lower 3 6 . 使 信 服 convince, persuade, assure, confirm →make…believe
  37. 有敌意的 , 反对的 hostile, adverse, aggressive 有敌意的, →not kind
  38. 唯一的,仅有的 sole, single, unique →only 唯一的,
  39. 显示 point to, indicate, demonstrate, reflect, manifest →show 4 0 . 节 约 的 , 节 俭 的 economical, thrifty, frugal, prudent →saving, sparing
  41. 迟早,最终 eventually ,sooner or later, at length, 迟早, ultimately →finally, at last

  42. 在我看来,就我而言 in my view, in my belief, as far as 在我看来, I can see, in my mind, as far as I am concerned →in my opinion
  43. 想出,想到 come up with, cross one's mind, occur to 想出, sb. →think
  44. 需要 call for, require, demand →need
  45. 真诚的 , 诚实的 , 正直的 sincere, truthful, genuine, 真诚的,诚实的, upright →honest
  46. 轻视,蔑视 despise, contempt, belittle, distain →hate 轻视,
  47. 涌入 flood into, overflow into, crowd into, swarm in →come into, enter
  48. 合作 cooperate, join forces, work side by side, make joint efforts →work together
  49. 建 设 性 的 , 有 益 的 constructive, helpful, valuable, useful →good

  50. 遵守 abide by, observe, conform →obey
  51. 易于,倾向于 be prone to, be liable to, tend to, 易于, incline to, be likely to →be possible
  52. 失业的 unemployed, laid-off, jobless, workless →out of work
  53. 熟悉 知道 be acquainted with, be familiar with, 熟悉, be informed of →know
  54. 解决 处理 resolve, settle, deal with, cope with, 解决, manage →solve
  55. 意识到 be aware of, be conscious of →realize
  56. 消费 → consume, expend → spend
  57. 决心做 be determined to do, make up one's mind to do →decide to do
  58. 足够的,充足的 sufficient, adequate, ample → 足够的, enough, plenty

  59. 永久地,长期不变地 permanently, enduringly, 永久地, lastingly, constantly →unchangingly
  60. 抛弃,放弃 desert, abandon, quit →give up 抛弃,
  61. 巨大的 tremendous, immense, huge, gigantic, giant, enormous →very big
  62. 不 计 其 数 的 countless, endless, unlimited, innumerable. immeasurable, incalculable, numerous→many
  63. 熟人acquaintance/ 伙伴associate, companion/密 熟人 伙伴 密 知己intimate,confidant →friend 友,知己 ,
  64. 教育性的 教育性的instructive,educational,enlightening/ , , 有意义的meaningful/有价值的 有价值的valuable →good 有意义的 有价值的 6 5 . 提 前 , 在 … … 前 ahead of time, ahead of schedule, before hand, in advance, prior to →before
6 6 . 迷 人 的 , 吸 引 人 的 enchanting, charming, appealing, alluring, fascinating, attractive →beautiful
  67. 强烈的 , 激烈的 keen, intense, fierce, violent 强烈的, →strong
  68. 繁 荣 的 , 兴 旺 的 prosperous, flourishing, thriving, booming/富裕的 affluent, wealthy, well富裕的 off →rich
  69. 壮 丽 的 , 引 人 注 目 的 splendid, grand, magnificent, superb, striking, impressive, grand, marvelous →wonderful
  70. 位于 be located, be situated, stand, sit →lie
7 1 . 显 示 , 反 映 demonstrate, reflect, manifest, indicate, point to →show
  72. 承受 , 经历 undergo, endure, live with, go 承受, through →experience
  73. (整体 由……组成 be made up of, consist of, be 整体)由 整体 组成 comprised of, be composed of/ 构 成 ( 整 体 ) constitute →form 7 4 . 毋 庸 置 疑 地 , 确 信 地 unquestionably, indisputably, undeniably, out of question, go without saying, unsurprisingly, undoubtedly, It is no wonder that... , definitely →certainly, surely
  75. 娱乐,乐趣 entertainment, amusement →fun 娱乐,
7 6 . 目 击 , 观 察 witness, observe, view →see
  77. 遵守 遵守abide by, observe, confirm to →obey
  78. 违反, 违背, 侵犯 violate, disobey, 违反 违背 infringe →break
  79. 真诚的 衷心的 hearty, sincere, frank 真诚的, →honest
  80. 使 …… 不 安 扰 乱 upset, agitate, 安, bother, disturb, trouble →worry
二、写作黄金句式

  1. It + 被动语态 + that ...
It is widely acknowledged/recognized that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding. It is generally accepted that to practise euthanasia on a patient who is still alive is inhuman. It must be admitted that the price war will disturb the normal order of the market. It cannot be denied that the overgrowth of tourism may destroy the ecological balance of some scenic resorts. It is estimated that two thirds of the cities of our countries will be in acute shortage of fresh water by 20
  20.

  2. It is + 形容词 + that...
It is obvious/evident/clear/undeniable/apparent that the situation is caused directly by excessive commercial fishing. It is understandable/inevitable that people's attitudes are divergent on this controversial issue. It is unimaginable/incredible/unbelievable that such a boy of 17 should have had three novels published.

  3. It is + 形容词 + for sb./sth. to do sth. .
It is important/vital for everyone to participate in physical exercises, for they will do good not only.to our body but also to our mind and personality. It is currently difficult for a university student to find an ideal job upon his graduation, especially those majoring in fundamental courses such as history and mathematics.

  4. 状语从句 条件状语从句、目的状语从句、结果 状语从句: 条件状语从句、目的状语从句、 状语从句、让步状语从句、 状语从句、让步状语从句、时间状语从句
As long as I am sure of making sufficient preparations and distinguishing myself during interviews, it is out of question for me to get the ideal job which I have been dreaming of. The key lies in the user--so long as we can make use of it properly, it can be most helpful for us in many aspects. First and foremost, the government should invest more money on education so that the nine-year compulsory education program can be carried out smoothly throughout the country. Although it may bring unfavorable consequences, we can be sure to conclude that this practice is favorable on the whole. There are so many people, bicycles, cars in the streets that you always feel it difficult to move along.
In spite of what has been achieved in controlling the birthrate, there is much to be desired. Many students lack self-control to such an extent that they play for long hours even if they know it is harmful to both their mental and physical health. No matter whether this problem is a natural result of social development, it is important that we find a satisfactory solution to it in this social transformation era. It tells us that we will succeed in the end if we keep on trying and never give up, no matter how difficult the matter seems at the first sight.

  5. 由while引导的表对比的并列句 引导的表对比的并列句 Different people have different views on opportunity. Some people think that there are few opportunities in the world, while others argue that everybody will have some kind of opportunity along his life route.
  6. 定语从句 Those who decide to buy a house downtown have long been dreaming of living in a house of their own in the center of a city.
Those who are in favor of the Internet claim that it has a lot of advantages. Those who are opposed to the Internet hold that disadvantages are many. Those people who decide to go on a self-tour argue that they love the freedom and flexibility when they travel by themselves--you can stay longer if you enjoy the beautiful scenery there.
  7. 强调句 First of all, the main financial support comes from parents and other family members. For all the years it is they who give the student courage and determination to hold on and excel. It is not the years in your life, but the life in your years that counts.

  8. 反问句 Now that we can draw the conclusion that daydreaming is most beneficial, why not make good use of it to make life rich and rewarding? If you have only had wonderful things happen to you, how can you become brave? If you can only embrace success and will never accept failure, how can you become mature?
  9. with /as With the rapid growth of economy, the living standards of the Chinese people have greatly improved. Many of them can now afford to buy houses and cam.
As the reform process of state enterprises speeds up, more and more workers are likely to be laid off, entering the competition in job market. As industry and agriculture develop, the problem of water shortage will be more serious.
  10. There be (live, stand, exist, lie, come, seem, etc.) In the past ten years there has been a marked decline in the number of young married couples who want to have children. Recently, there has been a strong debate on whether human beings should be cloned. Now there is a growing concern over the heavy burden, both academic and psychological, our children have to bear. There is no doubt that space exploration will greatly influence our way of life and thinking.

  11. 倒装句 Only when all of us join in the efforts of eliminating cheating at all levels can we expect to have a cleaner society and a more beautiful future. Only if we get prepared can we seize the opportunities instead of letting them slip by, just as the saying goes, "Opportunities are only for the
 

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