英语交际用语分类总结
  1.告别 告别 考点:See you. Take care. 难点: “See you. ”道别时用语.同 Good-bye.但有别于 You see,“你知道”.如:You see , everything has two sides.而 Take care 也是道别是用语,但表示“多保重” 真题: It‘s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now . OK.. A. Take it easy B.Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you
  2.介绍 ?考点: Nice/ Pleased/ Glad to see /meet you. Nice meeting you ?难点: Nice to meet you.’’为初次见面时的礼貌用语; ”Nice meeting you.’’为初次见面后的告别 “ 语。 ? 真题:Let me introduce myself. I’m Albert . . A. What a pleasure B. It’s my pleasure C. Pleased to meet you D. I’m very pleased
  3.感谢和应答 感谢:Thank you. Thanks. It’s very kind /nice of you. 回答:Not at all. It’s/That’s all right . You’re welcome. It’s a pleasure . My pleasure .That’s OK. Don’t mention it. 难点 “My pleasure.’’ 同”It’s a pleasure.’’是感谢应答语译作“不用谢’’;而”With pleasure.’’是请求 应答语译作“乐意效劳,非常愿意’’ 真题 --It’s been a wonderful evening .Thank you --.A. My pleasure B. I’m glad to hear that C. No ,thanks D. It’s OK
  4.道歉、遗憾和应答 道歉、 道歉 道歉:What a pity/ shame . I’m sorry.应答:It’s /That’s all right .It doesn’tmatter. Never mind . Forget it . That’s OK. 难点:“Forget it.’’ 共有三种意义: ①休想,不可能。You expect Tom to come earlier .Forget it, he always comes late.②没关系,别在意。I’m terribly sorry for having broken your mirror.Forget it .③ 别提它了, 表不原重复所说之话。 What were you saying just now? I didn’t hear. Oh, nothing ,forget it. Get it .明白了. Make it.干成,做成. Take it.拿去吧。 真题 --I’m sorry I’m calling you so late. --Okay. A.This is B.You’re C.That’s D. I’m
  5.请求、允许和应答 请求、 请求 请求:May /Can /Could I…? Would /Do You mind…?应答肯定) :Yes/Sure/Certainly.Yes,please.Of course( not) ,you may/can. Take your time. Yes ,help yourself .Go ahead, please .Not at all .That’s OK
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/all right .Not in the least .Not a bit. (否定) I’d rather you didn’t .You’d better not. I’m sorry you can’t. : ?难点:“Take it easy.’’安慰对方不要生气、紧张不安,即 to tell someone to become less upset or angry; ”Take your time.’’同 no hurry .安慰对方不要急,慢慢来,即 to do something slowly without hurrying; “Sure, go ahead .’’当然可以,干吧、做吧、说吧等,即 to tell somebody they can do something ; ”Yes ,help yourself.’’同意对方使用,让对方自己动手取,英语解释为 take something you want by yourself. Not in the least.一点也不.如 : --I hope you don’t mind my turning on the radio . --Not in the least. 真题 -- Can I look at the menu for a few more minutes before I decide? --Of course . ,sir. A. Make yourself at home B . Enjoy yourself C. It doesn’t matter D. Take your time
  6.祝愿、祝贺和应答 祝愿、 祝愿 祝愿:Good luck! Enjoy yourself! Have fun! Congratulations.应答:Thank you. The same to you . You, too. 难: Well done!干得好, 真棒! 用以赞扬对方做得好。 Congratulations! 祝贺对方已取得成功。 “Good luck !‘’ 祝愿对方交好运,反语为:Bad luck!或 Just my luck! ”Have fun!’’祝愿对方玩得开 心,同 Enjoy yourself.
  7.打电话 打电话 ?考点:Is that… speaking? Hold on,please。 Just a minute,please. Hello,who is it /that 〈speaking〉?Hello ,this is …speaking。 There’s no Pippa here. Speaking. ?难点: 熟练掌握打电话用语.指对方时用指示代词 that/it.指说话者本人时用指示代词 this.打电话 用语还有:Are you there?你还在接听吗?Suppose you ring me up.你给我打电话好吗?等等. 真题: --Good morning ,Grand Hotel. ? Hello, I’d like to book a room for the nights of the 18th and 19th. --. A. What can I do for you ? B. Just a minute,please C. What’s the matter? D. At your service
  8.就餐 就餐 ?考点 Help yourself to some… I’m full, thank you. Just a little ,please .Yes, I’d like a drink .Yes ,sir ?难点: “Yes,sir?’’ 是应答语,用于应答呼唤 或表示在关注倾听对方,不必作出回答,可译作语气词”哎’’而“What?’’则表对方介绍一种情况,说话 者觉得难已置信,希望对方重复部分内容,译作”啥’’.真题: --Waiter! --. --I can’t eat this. It’s too salty. A. Yes ,sir? B. What? C. All right ? D. Pardon? 9 .提醒注意 提醒注意 ?考点:Mind your step/ head! Wet floor!、Look out!、Be careful!、Don’t touch!、Take care! ?难点: “Look out!’’警告对方有危险,英语解释为 warn somebody they are in danger ."Take care ” 警告对方做事要小心,英语解释为 warn somebody to do something carefully,还可作道别时用语, 译 为“请多保重’’.与 look 相关的交际用语还有:Just have a look.随便看看.Look what you ’ve done! 看
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看你干了些什么!?真题:--for the glass ! ? --It’s OK. I’m wearing shoes . A.Look out B. Walk out C .Go out D. Set out
  10.请求和应答 请求和应答 请求:Can/Could/ Would you please…?应答:No/ Less noise ,please .What for? 难点:与 what 相关的交际应语:“what for?’’ 相当于“why?’’表’’为什么’’,还可表示’’为何’’,即 for what purpose ; “Guess what!’’ ‘’你猜猜发生了什么事?’’用于说出令人感到惊讶的事情前;而“What’s up ?’’表示“What’s happening ?’’译作:有啥事? “So what?’’ 表示“是??????又怎么样’’;’’那有什么了不 起’’ “与我有什么关系’’ “What’s wrong?’’ 表焦虑; “What a shame!’’ 表遗憾; “What is it?’’ 是什么; “What about…?’’ 表劝告或建议; “What a surprise !’’表惊讶. 真题:--Susan, will you please go and empty that drawer? --. A.What for B.What is it C.How is it D.How come
  11.同意和不同意 同意和不同意同意:Certainly /Sure/Of course/Exactly .No problem.Yes ,please.Yes,I think 同意和不同意 so .All right/OK.It’s a good idea.Sounds good. I couldn’t agree more.I will.With pleasure.Sure, go ahead. Yes, help yourself. I dare say, .I should think so. If you like, Why not? So it is.不同意: No. I don’t think so.I’m afraid not. No way. Far from it. Forget it. No chance.? ?难点:No way.没门儿;No chance.决不可能,即说话者确信某事不可能发生; I couldn’t agree more .我非常赞成或我再同意不过了。 比较级用于否定句中表最高级。 又如: can’t be better/worse. It Far from it. 远不是,差得远呢,表远非达到某种程度,视具体语境,译法灵活。如:Do you think he is a good worker ?Far from it. “I will.’’表允诺、同意,译作”我会的’’。如:--Do you remember me to your wife ? --I will. I should think so.表强烈赞成,译作“当然’’.I should think not. 与之 相反, 译作”当然不’’。 如: --I’m not going out tonight. --I should think not, you’re always busy. ?真题:I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her . . It was her fault. A. No way 、B. Not possible C. No chance 、 D. Not at all
  12.肯定和不肯定 肯定和不肯定 ?考点: Perhaps/Maybe. It’s hard to say . I have no idea . It depends. It’s up to you . No chance. Not as far as I know . That’s right. ?难点:It depends.“视情况而定’’,表目前尚不确定,待情况发展而定。I have no idea .”不清楚、 不知道’’,表说话者对此事不曾知晓。如:--Has Bob finished his homework? --I have no idea . It’s up to you.“你看着办吧’’,表说话者无所谓或无权作出决定,靠对方自己作出决定。 ?真题:--How often do you eat out? --, but usually once a week. A.Have no idea B.It depends C.As usual D.Generally speaking
  13.意愿和预见 意愿和预见 ?考点:I hope so /not. I would rather not tell you .I believe so /not. I guess so/ not. ?难点:I(don’t) guess/ believe/think /suppose so /not.但不可说 I don’t hope so.
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?真题:--You haven’t lost the ticket, have you ? --.I know it’s not easy to get another one at the moment . A. I hope not B. Yes ,I have C. I hope so D. Yes ,I’m afraid so
  14.表扬和鼓励 表扬和鼓励 ?考点:Well done/Good work ! Come on ! You can do it !You’re doing fine!?难点:“Come on!’’有 多种意义:①表敦促,译作”快点’’。②表鼓励、煽动,译作"加油,打呀,高兴点’’等。如:Come on, boys ,you can do it. Come on , then, hit me! I dare you ! ③ 了解对方所说的不是事实,译作" 别逗了,算了吧’’。如:Oh ,come on ,nobody will believe you .?真题:--Now , where is my purse? --! We’ll be late for the picnic. A. Take your time B. Don’t worry C. Come on D. Take it easy
  15.高兴 高兴 ?考点:That’s nice /wonderful/great/lovely! How nice/wonderful! I’m glad/pleased /happy to… ?难点:I’m glad to hear that.此句是考查热点,表高兴或喜悦。如:--I had a really good weekend at my uncle’s. --Oh, I’m glad to hear that. ?真题:?Guess what! I came across an old friend at the party last night . --. I’m sure you had a wonderful time. A. Sounds good! B.Very well. C. How nice! D.All right
  16.惊奇 惊奇 ?考点 Really? Guess what! Oh dear! How come? what? What a surprise! No wonder. ?难点 Guess what!“你猜猜发生了什么事!”用于说出令人感到惊讶的事情前。 What?则表对方 介绍一种情况,说话者觉得难以置信,希望对方重复部分内容。No wonder.表因果,前一原因导 致后来结果, 译作“难怪, 不足为奇’’。 How come ?“怎么会呢?”表惊讶。 How come you are still 如: here ? I thought you had left. How’s that?询问对方是否满意,译作“怎么样?’’ 如:Come up ! How’s that ? Can you see it clearer now ?还表示”“那是怎么回事? 如:I,m sorry I can’t go with you . How’s that? Haven’t we fixed it? ?真题?Brand was Jane’s brother! ?--he reminded me so much of Jane! ?A.No doubt B.Above all C. No wonder D.Of course
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