all the time. What a wonderful weekend we had! We enjoyed ourselves very much. 叙事类 Through these out-of class activities we can 外出活动、欣赏美景(日记) learn a lot of things that can’t be learned We decided to go out for a picnic. in class. I had a pleasant outing with some of my Although we were tired, we felt very happy. classmates today. Early in the morning, we set off for the farm I think it’s our duty to cover our country with green. for a visit. When we reached the farm, we were given a warm 意外事故、天灾人祸 welcome. I was walking along the street when a They showed us around the farm(We were shown terrible accident happened in the street. around the farm) , where we saw many kinds One day something unpleasant happened. of plants. The girl fell off her bike and was badly hurt. We caught sight of a stream with green grass Fortunately, the injured people were sent to and beautiful flowers on both sides. hospital without delay. We were completely amazed at the wonder and An elderly man was hit by a car while he was the greatness of nature.(我们完全被大自然 crossing the road. 的奇妙和伟大折服了) He fell down to the ground with a cry. We jumped and shouted like innocent (天真 The girl was too frightened to move. 的) children. It was soon found out that the driver had Once on the top of the hill/The moment we got drunk too much wine before driving. to the top of the hill, we were deeply The accident delayed all the traffic for an struck/attracted by the beautiful scenery. hour and caused the damage of $80,000 How we enjoyed the beautiful views from the Lots of people lost their lives in the top ! floods. After being divided into groups, we set to The big floods, which occurred in 1998, work at once. caused great losses. Some of us were getting water, some (were) A big fire broke out in an office building cutting the meat and vegetables, and others in a busy street. The cause of the fire has (were) sitting on the grass enjoying music. been unknown. It is being investigated. Birds were singing sweetly in the trees and The fire lasted about two hours and was butterflies were dancing gracefully in the finally put out in the afternoon. garden/fields. As a result, the three-storied building was When lunch time came, we sat on the grassland, destroyed, 50 people were killed, and more eating and drinking happily. than 200 were injured. The meal was so delicious that we enjoyed it Up to the present, the cause of the accident very much. is still unknown. We sang and danced together to the music. 助人为乐、 舍己救人 Three hours had passed before we knew it. Without thinking about her own safety, she The time passed quickly before we knew it. rushed out and pulled him back. It was time for us to go back when the sun He hurried to school, reaching the started to go down. schoolyard quite out of breath. I spent the whole afternoon with our cousins, She told the teacher what had happened to her enjoying the fine scenery and fresh air in on the way to school. the country. The blind man was out of danger, but she lost At about four o’clock in the afternoon, we her life./got injured. said goodbye to them He was praised for what he had done. At four o’clock in the afternoon we had to She offered us some gifts, but we refused to return. accept them. They came out to see us until we disappeared They all thanked him for his help. in the distance. Wondering what to do, Tom saw a policeman. On the way back, we were laughing and talking We hurried to the policeman for help. 高考英语书面表达分类模板
With the help of the policeman, we found the owner of the bag. A clever idea came to his mind. Then he put his idea into practice. I left the hospital without giving my name. This may be the most unforgettable experience of my life. He felt happy because he had done a good deed. It was not until then that I really understood the meaning of the proverb: “ Helping others is the source of happiness.” He will always be remembered as a hero. 人物写照、生平事迹 He was from a poor peasant’s family. He is about
  1.72 meters in height By the age of 14, he had taught himself advanced mathematics. She is already in her fifties, but she looks younger for her age. He is short and thin with a pair of thick glasses. She is tall and slim with big dark eyes and black hair. My English teacher, Miss Zhang, is a middle-aged woman. She often helps those who have difficulty in doing their homework. With her help, I have caught up with my classmates. At the age of eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province. A few years later, he won a gold medal at the 11th Asian Games and became a world Champion. He has his own way of teaching. He has much knowledge and good at teaching. All these years he has been working hard. Many times he has been praised for his excellent work. He gets on very well with us students. He is not only our good teacher but also our good friend. He is honest and always ready to help others. That’s why we made him monitor. We all considered her pronunciation to be the best of all. He is a worthy person for us to learn from. He graduated from Qinghua University in 19
  82. An American company wanted to employ him with high pay, but he refused. He received a doctor’s degree in 19
  88. He is strict with us and careful in his work.
He won the first prize in the physics contest. He devoted all his life to education. He is loved and respected by us all. She is considered as one of the best teachers year by year. With his help, we have made great progress in our studies. He will always be remembered as a great leader, a wise and warm-hearted man. He is regarded as a fighter by most of the people in the world. Miss Zhang is such a good teacher that we all love her very much. Such was Elbert Einstein, a man of great achievements. 议论文 规劝恶习、见解评说 Different people have got different attitudes towards failure. Different people have different opinions about smoking. Opinions are divided on the question. 60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged. There are always two aspects(方面) to any situation. Everything lives with opposite forces. The same can be said about modern technology, such as Internet. Some (foolish) people seem to think/believe/hold the view that smoking is an enjoyment. But in fact, smoking does great harm to people’s health. We must try to persuade people to give up smoking. It is investigated that 30% of the computers are used to play games. According to a recent investigation, …… Playing games on computers can be a waste of time. It’s been proved that early rising can make people full of energy. Early rising helps to keep fit. As the English proverb says, “Early to bed and early to rise, make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” Experts suggest that people should have regular sports every day. Study shows that cigarette smoking can cause cancers.
In addition to health problems, there are other reasons to give up smoking. From the above, I come to the conclusion that smoking does great harm to our health. From now on, we ought to break away from the bad habit and form a good one. Millions of smokers die from illness caused by smoking tobacco. My suggestions are as follows. As future builders of our country, we should make full use of our time to work hard ,and do things to benefit our country. As we all know, spending too much time on TV may have bad effects on our work and health, especially on our eyes. Therefore, we should be aware of(注意) when to watch, how to watch, and what to watch. There are many ways of keeping good health. Nowadays, taxies bring people a lot of convenience, but also cause a lot of trouble. Regulations should be laid down for taxi drivers.(应该专门为出租车司机指定交通规 则) Now more and more students are getting near-sighted in schools, because they have paid little attention to the care of their eyes. 写作的七项基本原则 一、长短句原则工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者 读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反, 却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短 句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题: As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar. 如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉? 牢记! 强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短, 且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句 解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用 先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生 辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。 主题句原则国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其 主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各 位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之 内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉 劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头 (保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平 安无事! 特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam (主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer allthe questions correctly. 一二三原则领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第 二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点…如此罗嗦。 可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通 过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结 构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下 面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清 楚了。 first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因: 俗) firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推 荐,原因:俗) the first, the second, the third, the last (不推荐,原因:俗) in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally (强烈推荐)
  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally (强烈推荐)
  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
  8)most important of all, moreover, finally
  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适 用于两点的情况)
  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用 于两点的情况) 建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也 应该条理清楚! 短语优先原则 写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两 个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果 老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不 认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发 现亮点?精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分 了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎 么办?用短语是一个办法!比如: I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更 准确。 五、多实少虚原则原因很简单,写文章还是应 该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求 一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词 就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的 时候,不应该之说 nice 这样空洞的词,应该使 用一些诸如 generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类
的形象词。再比如: 走出房间, general 的词是: walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room 所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩! 多变句式原则 加法(串联) 都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是 怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这 些, 可以在任何句子之间加 and,但最好是前后的 句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说: I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式: Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. 其它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover 转折(拐弯抹角) 批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说 说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方 式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。 所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来 点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm. 更多的短语: despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding 因 果(so, so, so) 昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭 讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后 我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要 追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个 词就变得很常见了。
 

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