高考英语状语从句练习与讲解
状语从句在句中相当于副词做状语,又叫副词性从句。状语从句分为时间状语从句、条 件状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、让步状语从句、结果状语从句 和比较状语从句。掌握状语从句应当引导词入手,注意引导词的词义,引导状语从句的引导 词都有词思,所以,了解引导词的意思尤为重要。引导词按意义分为九类:
  1)时间 when , as , while , till , until , before, after , since
  2)地点 where
  3)原因 because , as , since , now that
  4)条件 if , unless , once .so (as)long as . in case
  5)让步 though , whatever (--ever) as, even though, even if
  6)目的 so that, in order that
  7)结果 so ... that
  8)比较 than, as .. as
  9)方式 as , as if
  1.I fell asleep when ( as , while ) he was doing his exercises .他正作练习时我睡着了。 (时 间状语从句)
  2.When he arrived in Shanghai , his mother met him at the station . 他到上海时,他妈 妈到车站接他。 (时间状语从句)
  3.She always sings as she walks . 她总是一边走一边唱。 (时间状语从句)
  4.I waited until he had finished his work . 我等到他做完活。 (时间状语从句)
  5.It was not long before he told me about this affair . 不久,他就告诉我这件事。 (时 间状语从句)
  6.He has worked very hard since he entered the factory 自从他进厂,工作一直很努 力。 (时间状语从句)
  7.After he had finished the work , he went home . 他干完活,回家了。 (时间状语从句)
  8.Where there is a will,there is a way . 有志者,事竟成。 (地点状语从句)
  9.She didn't come to school because she was ill . 她由于有病没来上学。 (原因状语从 句)
  10.As he did not know much English , he looked up the word in the dictionary . 由于他不懂什么英语,所以查字典。 (原因状语从句)
  11.Now that ( Since ) I've told you twice , you must know it . 既然我告诉你两次了,你必须记住。 (原因状语从句)
  12.Once he says that , he will do it . 一旦他说了,他就会做。 (条件状语从句)
  13.Unless I receive the letter from him , I won't write to him again . 如果我不收到他的信,就不给他写回信。 (条件状语从句)
  14.So long as you work hard , you are sure to succeed . 只要你努力工作,就一定能成功。 (条件状语从句)
  15.Thoughwewere neither very big nor very strong , we were a good team . 虽然我们个儿不大,身体不壮,但是个好队。 (让步状语从句)
  16.No matter who she is , she'll have to wait . 无论她是谁,也得等。 (让步状语从句)
  17.Poor as he was , he was honest . 虽然他很穷,但很诚实。 (让步状语从句)
  18.It also shows you the caller's telephone numberin order that you can recognize who it is . 它能向你显示打电话人的号码以便能够认出是谁。 (目的状语从句)

  19.He was so excited that he could not say a word 他如此激动以至于说不出话来。 (结果状语从句)
  20.He works as hard as he used to . 他工作与过去一样努力。 (方式状语从句)
  21.You must do as I told you . 你必须按我告诉你的去做。 (方式状语从句) 运用状语从句应注意的几个问题: 运用状语从句应注意的几个问题
  1)状语从句中用一般现在时代替一般将来时
  2)because 不与 so 连用,表示"因为...所以" 二者只能选择其一;though ( although )不与 but 连用,表示"虽然...但是" ,二者只能选择其一.
  3)同一引导词可以引导不同种类的从句.如: where You'll find itwhere it was .(地点状语从句) 句) Tell me the addresswhere he lives . (定语从 Where he has goneis not known yet . since , as, when 也分别可以引导
I don't knowwhere he came from . (宾语从句) This is where they once lived . (表语从句)
(主语从句)
不同种类的从句. 答案:
  1.since
  2.unless
  3.because
  4.where
  5.after
  6.than
  7.as if
  8.so that
  9.before
  10.as 答案: can 改为 could
  2.去掉 so
  3.will come 改为 comes
  4. very 改为 so
  5.as soon as 改为 when
  1.
  6.was 改为 is
  7.than 之后加上 that of
  8.than 后加 those in
  9.whatever 改为 wherever
  10. is 改为 were 答案:
  1.whether we have enough time 介词宾语从句 electrical equipment should be stored 表语从句 works hard 同位语从句 句 now= now that 时间状语从句
  5. that he was before 定语从句
  2.he asked 定语从句 where the
  4. that she
  6.Nowyou was free 让步状语从
  8. once firmed

  3.what it used to be 表语从句

  7.Where there are schools and colleges 地点状语从句
  9. as her twin sister does 定语从句

  10.The moment he opened the
window 时间状语从句 答案:
  1.Whoever
  2. Who
  3.until
  4.As
  5.Although
  6.that
  7.unless
  8.where
  9.As 10 Hardly, when ( No sooner , than ) 答案:
  1.for 放在 looking 之后
  2.which 改为 that
  3.whom 改为 who
  4.which 改为 how
  5.that 改为 whether
  6.that 改为 what
  7.If 改为 Whether
  8.For 改为 Because
  9.so 改为 such
  10.any 后加 other
练习题
《新概念英语第二册》语法精粹
九、状语从句 Adverbial Clauses
知识要点: 状语从句是副词性从句,它在句子中担任状语,修饰主句的动词、形容词或副词。根据修饰 的方面,状语从句可以分为以下九种。
  1、时间状语从句
  2、地点状语从句
  3、原因状语从句
  4、目的状语从句
  5、结果状语从句
  6、 条件状语从句
  7、方式状语从句
  8、 让步状语从句
  9、 比较状语从句
  1、时间状语从句 种类 从属连词 when 例 句 说 明 When I came into the room, he was writing when 指的是“某一具体 a letter. 的时间”。 当我进屋时,他正在写信。 whenever We shall go there whenever we are free. whenever 指的是“在任 我们什么时间有空,我们就去那里。 何一个不具体的时间”。 when 间 I was walking along the street when when 意为“这时”或“在 suddenly someone patted me on the shoulder 那个时候”,可以看作是 from behind. 并列句,这种用法的 我正在街上走着,这时忽然有人从后面拍 when 分句一般位于句 我的肩膀。 末。 While it was raining, they went out. 天下雨的时候,他们出去了。 I stayed while he was away. 他不在的时候我在。 while 指“在某一段时间 里”, “在…期间”, while 引导的动作必须是持续 性的。

状 while 语 as 从 before 句 after till
He hurried home, looking behind as he as 引导持续性动作,强 went. 调主句和从句的动作同 他赶快回家,不时地一边走一边向后看。 时发生。 Be a pupil before you become a teacher. 先做学生,再做先生。 He arrived after the game started. 比赛开始后,他到了。 We waited till (until)he came back . 我们一直等到他回来。 如主句动词是持续性动 作,常用肯定式,表示 “直到…为止” before 译为在…之前
种类 从属连句 until




She didn’t stop working until eleven o’clock . 如主句动词是瞬间动 她到 11 点钟才停止工作。 词,常用否定式,表 Until he had passed out of sight, she stood 示“直…才”“在…以前 there. 不”,从句放在句首表 她站在那里看着,直到看不见他的身影。 示强调,一般用 until Great changes have taken place in China 状语从句在主句之前 since 19
  78. 时一般用逗号与主句 自从 1978 年以来中国发生了巨大的变化。 分开,如从句在主句 As soon as I arrive in Shanghai, I’ll write to 之后则不必用标点符 you.我一到上海就给你写信。 号。 I had hardly got home when it began to rain. hardly…when 和 no 我刚一到家,就下雨了。=Hardly had I got sooner…than 的 意 义 home when it began to rain. 相当于 as soon as,但只 No sooner had we got to the station than the 表 示 过 去 发 生 的 事 train left. 情,主句为过去完成 我们刚到车站,火车就走了。 时,从句为过去时, Hardly had we begun when we were told to 如 hardly 或 no sooner stop. 位于句首时语气强, 我们刚开始就被叫停。 而且主句的谓语要用 部分倒装。 在时间状语从句中, 不能用将来时或过去 将来时,而要用现在 时或过去时代替将来 时。 where 与 wherever 意 义基本相同,但后者 语气较强,多用于书 面语。
时 since 间 状 as soon as 语 hardly…wh en 从 no 句 sooner…tha n
every time, Every time I travelled by boat, I got seasick. by the time, 我每次乘船都晕船。 the moment The moment I heard the song, I felt cheerful. 等 我一听到这首歌,就感到很愉快。 Next time you come ,you’ll see him. 下次你来的时候,就会见到他。 where 地 点 wherever 状 语 从 句 原 because 因 状 语 since 从 句 Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者,事竟成。 Where there is water there is life. 哪里有水,哪里就有生命。 You are free to go wherever you like. 你可以随意到你喜欢的任何地方去。 Wherever you go, you must obey the law. 无论你去哪都要遵守法律。
I came back late yesterday because I was on because 用来回答 why duty. 的问题,语气最强一 般放在主句之后 昨天我回来晚了,因为我值班。 Since everyone is here, let’s begin our since 表示既然或全已 meeting. 知的理由,稍加分析即 既然大家都到了,我们开始开会。 可表明的原因,多放句 首
种类 从属连句 as 原 因 状 语 从 句




As he didn’t know much English, he looked 从句常放在句首,说明 up the word in the dictionary . 原因,主句说明结果, 由于他英语懂得不多,他在字典中查阅这 常用于口语中。 个单词。
now that, Now (that) the weather has cleared up, we seeing (that), now that seeing that can start our journey. 和 since, as 意义相似, 鉴于天气已经晴朗,我们可以启程了。 他们都有“鉴于某个事 Seeing (that) he was badly ill, we sent for 实”的意思,that 可以省 the doctor. 去。 鉴于他病情严重, 我们派人去请医生去了。 I shall write down your telephone number 目的状语从句中常用情 that I may not forget. 态动词 may (might) can 我要把你的电话号码记下来,以免忘记。 (could) ,should 等放在 so that We’ll tell you the truth so that you can judge 动词之前,从句往往放 for yourself. 在主句之后,主从句之 我把真实情况告诉你,使你能自己作出判 间不用任何标点符号 断。 in order They worked harder than usual in order that that they could finish the work ahead of time . 他们比往常更加努力工作,为了能提前完 成工作。 lest = for Put on more clothes lest (= for fear that ) fear that you should catch cold. 多穿点衣服,以免患感冒。 that so that We turned up the radio, so that everyone so that 前有逗号为结果 heard the news. 状语从句。 我们把收音机的音量放大,大家都听到了 so…that 的 so 后面跟形 新闻。 容词或副词。 He was so excited that he couldn’t say a word. 他十分激动,以致一句话都说不出来。
目 的 状 语 从 句
结 果 状 语 从 句 so…that
such…tha He gave such important reasons that he was such…that 的 such 后面 t excused.他说出了这么重要的理由, 得到大 跟名词,如果名词是单 家的谅解。 数 就 要 用 such a It is such an interesting novel that all of us /an…that 还可以转换用 want to read it. so…that,语气较强 It is so interesting a novel that all of us want to read it. 这是一本十分有意思的书,大家都想看。 例 句 说 明 if Difficulties are nothing if we are not afraid unless 从句的谓语只能 of them. 用 肯 定 式 。 unless 和 如果我们不怕困难, 困难就算不了什么了。 if…not 同义,unless 是
种类 从属连句

件 unless 状 语 从 句
We shall go there tomorrow unless it rains. 书面语, if…not 是口语, 除非下雨,我们明天就去那里。 通常二者可以换用。 = We shall go there tomorrow if it doesn’t 条件状语从句中的谓语 rain. 动词的时态一般要用现 So/As long as you work hard, you will 在时或过去时代替一般 as/so long succeed. 将来时或过去将来时。 as 只要你努力工作,你就一定能成功。 In case I forget, please remind me about it . in case 万一我忘了,请提醒我一下。 so far as So far as I know, the book will be published next month. 据我所知,那本书下月出版。 as Draw a cat as I taught you . 此处 as 译为, 按照或正 按照我教你的画一只猫。 如 Do as you are told. as if 或 as though 的意义 和用法基本一样。从句 按照人家告诉你做的去做。 She looks as if she is ill. 中可以用现在时表示可 看上去她好象是生病了。 能符合事实,也可以用 He acted as if (though) nothing had 虚拟语气。 happened. 他的行动就好象什么也没有发生。 They treat the black boy as if (though) he were an animal. 他们对待这黑孩子仿佛他是一头牲口。 Although (Though) he was over sixty, (yet) 在句子中一般用了“虽 he began to learn French. 然
 

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