[教材全析] 教材全析] SECTION A Language Goal:Tell what you are supposed to do.语言目标: 讲 一下你应该干什么。 例题探究: He is supposed (ask) what to do. 解析:be supposed to do sth. 答案:to ask 1a What do people do when they meet for the first time?Match the countries and the customs. 当人们第一次见面时, 他们干什么?将国家和其风俗习惯对应 起来。 In your country,what are you supposed to do when you meet someone for the first time? 在你们国家,你第一次遇见一个人应该干什么? You’re supposed to shake hands. 你应该握手。 1c Talk about what people in different countries do when they meet for the first time.Tell about the countries listed above or other countries you know about. 谈论在不同的国家里当人们第一次见面时他们干什么。 谈一谈 上面列举的或者你知道的国家。 A:What are people in Korea supposed to do when they meet for the first time? 在朝鲜,人们第一次见面应该干什么? B:They’re supposed to bow. 应该鞠躬。 2a Maria is an exchange student.Last night she had dinner at an American friend’s house.Listen and check (√) the mistakes Maria made. 玛丽娅是一个交换生。 昨天晚上她在一个美国朋友的家里吃 晚饭。 听录音然后在玛丽娅所犯的错误前打√。 2c Role play the conversation between Maria and Dan.Use the information from activities 2a and 2b. 分角色表演玛丽亚和丹的对话,用活动 2a 和 2b 中的信息。 Well,it was OK,but I made some mistakes.I was supposed to arrive at 7:00,but I arrived at 8:
  00. 哦,挺不错的,但是我犯了一些错误,应该 7 点到;可我 8 点才到的。 3a Read the following opinions of a Colombian and a Swiss student and fill in the chart. 读下面哥伦比亚和瑞士的学生的观点然后填写下表。 好句共享:
  1.Where I’m from①,we’re pretty relaxed② about time.
友情提示 be supposed to do sth.应该干某事, 被期望做某事 shake hands 握手 shake head 摇头
1a 答案:

for the first time 第一次, 注意 for 的用法:第几次前要用 for。如:for the second time,for the last time。
1c 本题练习应该结合活动 1a 和 1b 中 的内容,将你所听到的和你所知道的进 行练习。用上个句型:What are people in...supposed to do when they meet for the first time?
2a 注意美国的风俗习惯 Maria made 作 mistake 的定语。
2c make some mistakes 犯错误 He made some mistakes yesterday.
3a ①Where I’m from 我来的地方, where 在这里是名词, “地方” 。 ②relaxed“轻松,放松” ,另外一个 形容词为 relaxing,对于二者应注意区 别:relaxed 一般修饰人,relaxing 一般 修饰物。其动词为 relax,名词为
我来的地方,对于时间相当宽松。 例题探究: He is pretty when he is having a vacation.(relax) 解析:当他正过着轻松的假期的时候,他相当放松。第一个修 饰人,第二个修饰物。 答案:relaxed;relaxing
  2.We often just drop by③ our friends’ homes④. 我们经常拜访我们朋友的家。 例题探究: This is (小明和小刚的房间). 解析:两人共有的所有格应在两人后面加’s。 答案:Xiao Ming and Xiao Gang’s room
  3.We don’t usually have to make plans to meet our friends. 我们不用经常制订计划来会见我们的朋友。 have to 不得不 make plans 制定计划
  4.Often we just walk around⑤ the town center, seeing⑥ as many of our friends as we can⑦! 经常我们只是到市中心四处走走, 同时尽可能多的见见我们的 朋友! 例题探究: He runs (尽 快地跑). 解析:尽可能的是 as...as one can,run 是动词,因此 as...as 中间 需要副词。 答案:as quickly as he can
  5.Also,we never visit a friend’s house without⑧ calling first. 同样, 我们绝不事先没有打电话就去拜访朋友。 例题探究: He left without (say) a word. 他一句话没说就走了。 解析:without 后跟动名词。 答案:saying
  6.We usually plan to do something interesting,or go somewhere together. 我们经常计划去做有趣的事情,或者一起去某个地方。 plan to do sth.计划干某事 something interesting 有趣的事情 (注意形容词修饰合成不定代 词,形容词要后置) go somewhere 去某个地方 3b Role play a conversation between Teresa and Marc.Talk about the different attitudes in Colombia and Switzerland.
relaxation。 ③drop by 拜访 ④our friends’ homes 名词所有格 如:Lucy’s house,the window of the house,a friend of mine.
⑤walk around 四处走走 ⑥seeing 在这里作伴随状语 ⑦as...as one can“尽可能的……” , 同义词相当于:do what one can。 ⑧without 介词, “没有” ,后跟动名 词,其反义词为 with。 3a 答案: Colombia: We are pretty relaxed about time. We often just drop by our friends’ homes. We don’t have to make plans when we get together with friends. Switzerland: It’s very important to be on time. We never visit a friend’s house without calling first. We usuall make plans to meet friends.
3b ①have pretty relaxed rules 有相当 宽松的规定, rule 有规则、 法规、 规定、 制度等。
分角色表演特丽莎和马克的对话, 谈论一下对哥伦比亚和瑞士 的不同态度。 Well,they have pretty relaxed rules①. 嗯,他们有相当宽松的规则。 Like what? 例如? Well,it’s OK if you’re not on time②. 如果你不按时是可以的。 4 A New student from England is going to take classes at your school.Fill in the chart with the things he or she is supposed to do inside and outside the classroom.Then role play a conversation. 一个来自英国的新生要在你们学校上课。 把她或他在教室里 和教室外应该干的事情填写下表。然后分角色表演对话。 A:Can you tell me the things I’m supposed to do①? 你能告诉我应该干的事情吗? B:The first thing is to greet② the teacher. 第一件事情就是问候老师。 SECTION B 1How much do you know about table manners around the world?Take the following quiz.Circle “T” (for true) or “F” (for false) after each sentence. 关于世界上的餐桌礼仪你知道多少?做下面的小测验, 在每个 句子后面正确的圈“T” 错误的圈“F” , 。 Mind your manners!注意你的礼貌!
  1.In the United States,you’re not supposed to eat with your hands①.
  2.In Peru,you are not supposed to talk at the table②.
  3.In China,you’re not supposed to pick up③our bowl of rice.
  4.In Korea,the youngest person is supposed to start④ eating first.
  5.In Brazil,you should wipe your mouth with your napkin every time⑤ you take a drink. 在巴西,你应该在每次你喝酒时用餐巾纸擦嘴。 T T T T F F F F
②on time 按时、准时,in time 及时
4 ①things I’m supposed to do 我应该 干的事情。I’m supposed to do 作 things 定语。 ②to greet...是动词不定式作表语。 My wish is to become a teacher. 我们应该根据实际情况来做这个 题,并且可以进行讨论,看看谁的观点 更正确。
1 答案:
  5.T ①with your hands 用手 ②at the table 在餐桌旁,at table 就 餐 ③pick up“捡起,拾起” 代词放 , 在中间: pick it up ④start doing sth.开始干某事,同义 词:begin doing sth. ⑤wipe your mouth 擦嘴 with your napkin 用餐巾纸 every time 每次
2a Tomorrow Steve is going to Japan to be an exchange student.His Japanese friend Satoshi is telling him about the table manners in Japan.Listen.Number the pictures in the order Satoshi talks about them. 明天史蒂夫将要去日本当一名交换生。他的日本朋友 Satoshi 正在告诉他关于日本的餐桌礼仪。听录音,把 Satoshi 谈论的图片 按正确的顺序编号。 2b Listen again.Match these sentence parts. 再听一遍,将这些句子搭配起来。 a.to make noise while① eating noodles.
2b ①当吃面条的时候发出声音。 make noise 出声, while 当……时候。 ②stick...into...把……插进……里
吃面条时发出声音。 b.to stick②your chopsticks into your food. 把你的筷子插进你的饭里。 c. point at③ anyone with your chopsticks. 用你的筷子指别人。 d.eat or drink while walking down④ the street. 沿着街道走时吃或喝东西。 2c Talk about the table manners in your country. 谈论你们国家的餐桌礼仪。 A:We’re supposed to... B:Yes,and it’s rude to...
③用你的筷子指人, point at“指, 指近距离” point to “指向, , 指远距离” 。 ④walk down 沿着……走。注意: 想一下 while 后如果跟动词,动词要用 什么形式。
2c be+adj.+to do sth.干……是…… be rude to do sth.干……是粗鲁的 be interesting to do sth.干……是有 趣的 3a ①thanks for 为……而谢, 后跟动 名词、名词或代词宾格。 ②have a great time 过得相当愉快 ③than I thought it would be 本句是 由 than 引导的方式状语从句,句中含有 宾语从句,thought “原以为”,think 的过 去式,因此从句也用了过去将来时态。 ④go out of their way 费尽心思 ⑤feel at home 自由自在,无拘束, 舒松 ⑥find it difficult to do sth.发现干某 事困难。 get used to sth.相当于 be used to sth.习惯于干某事,后跟名词或动名词。
3aRead the e-mail message from Wang Kun and answer the questions. 读这封来自王坤的电子邮件并回答问题。 Subject:Table Manners!主题: 餐桌礼仪 From: Wang Kun 来自:王? 好句共享:
  1. Thanks for① your message. 谢谢你的信息。 例题探究: Thanks for your (invite).And thanks for (have) me. 解析:谢谢你的邀请,your 后跟名词,而 for 后跟动名词。 答案:invitation;having
  2.I’m having a great time② on my exchange program in France. 我在法国的交换项目中过得相当愉快。 on one’s exchange program 进行交换项目
  3.It’s even better than I thought it would be③. 它比我原先考虑的甚至还要好。 even better “甚至更好” ,even 来修饰比较级表示程度。你记 得还有哪些单词来修饰比较级吗?(much,a lot,a little,a bit,still,far 等)
  4.They go out of their way④ to make me feel at home⑤. 他们费尽心思让我感到自由自在。
  5.I have to say,I find it difficult to remember everything⑥,but I’m gradually getting used to things,and don’t find them so strange any more. 我得说, 我发现每件事情都记住很难, 但我渐渐地习惯了这些 事情,并且不再觉得奇怪了。 例题探究: (
  1)I find it interesting (study) English.我发现学英语很 有趣。 (
  2)He is getting used to (live) on the fifth floor.
例题解答: (
  1)to study (
  2)living get used to doing sth.习惯于干某事

  6.Hope you’re having a good school year.祝你本学年愉快。 本句为祈使句, 注意反意问句: you?have a good school year will 学年过得愉快
3a 答案:
  1.Because her French was not very good.
  2.Because her host family was really nice.They go out of their way to make her feel at home.
  3.Her French has improved.
  4.You put your bread on the table,not on the plate!You’re not supposed to eat anything with your hands except bread, not even fruit!(在阅读中标惊叹号的)
  5.One particular challenge is learning how to behave at the dinner table. 3b 你可以用上活动 2a 和 2b 当中的图 片和信息来写这封信。 ①you need to know 作 some things 定语 ②first of all 首先 3c 当你写电子邮件的时候,你可以用 活动 2c 中你谈论的观点。 1 答案:
  5.meet 2 ①unfamiliar 不熟悉,其反义词为: familiar ②not...but“不仅……而且……” , 相当于:not only...but also... ③begin with 以…… 开始
3b Imagine that you are Steve from activty 2b.Write an e-mail message to a friend about the table manners in Japan. 设想你是来自于活动 2b 中的史蒂夫。给一个朋友写一封关于 日本餐桌礼仪的电子邮件。 Here are some things you need to know① about table manners when you visit Japan, first of all②,you should. 3cWrite an e-mail message telling someone from another country about the table manners in your cuntry. 写一封有关你们国家餐桌礼仪的电子邮件告诉某个来自另一 个国家的人。 SELF CHECK
  1.Fill in the blanks with the words given.Then make your own sentences with the words. 用所给的单词填空,然后用这些单词造句。
  2.Read about Fan Ling’s experience in a western restaurant.Think about how you would solve her problem and finish Fan Ling’s story. 读范玲在西方餐馆里的经历。 考虑你将会怎样来解决她的问题 并且完成范玲的故事。 好句共享:
  1.Everything was unfamiliar①. (我)对每件事都不熟悉。
  2.And I had,not just one set to use, but② two or three of each. 并且我必须,不仅使用一套,而且是每顿饭用两三套刀叉。
  3.Was I supposed to begin with③ the largest ones or the smallest? 我应该从最大的开始还是最小的开始?


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