[教材全析] 教材全析] SECTION A Language Goal:Talk about what you are allowed to do.Agree and disagree. 语言目标:谈论你们被允许做什么。同意和不同意。 1a Read the statements below.Circle “A”(for agree) or “D”(for disagree). 读下面的陈述。圈出 A(表示同意)或 D(表示不同意)。 A D
  1.I think teenagers① should be allowed to go out with their friends every night. 我认为十几岁的青少年应当被允许每晚同朋友们外出。 A D
  2.Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive. 十六岁的青少年不应当被允许驾车。 A D
  3.Students should not be allowed to have part-time② job. 学生们不可被允许有兼职的工作。 A D
  4.I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 我认为十二岁的青少年不应当被允许打耳眼。 A D
  5.I think twelve-year-olds③ should be allowed to choose their own clothes. 我认为十二岁的青少年应当被允许选择自己的衣服。 含有助动词 should 的句子要变成被动语态, 其方法是将主动语态 中的宾语提到句首,然后在 should 后面跟被动语态的基本结构 be+v. 过去分词。将主语加上介词 by 放在句子末尾。 例题探究: Tom should be allowed to make friends with these teenagers by us. (变成主动语态) 1b Listen and circle “T”(for true) or “F”(for false). 听并且圈出 T(对)或 F(错)。 1c PAIRWORK 结对练习 Look at the statements in activity 1a and make conversations.Use the phrases in the box below. 看活动 1a 中的表述并编对话。使用下框中的词组。 too wild not serious enough not calm enough too silly not old enough too young
友情提示 1a ① teenager 是个名词, 表示 “十几岁 的青少年” 一般指的是十三到十 , 九岁的青少年。
②part-time 的反义词是 full-time, 表示“专职的” 。 He works as a full-time lawyer. 他是一位专职律师。 ③ twelve-year-old 在 这 儿 被 用 作名词,这种形式还可以作形容词 来使用。 Tom is an 8-year-old schoolboy. 汤姆是个八岁的男生。
例题解答: We should allow Tom to make friends with these teenagers.
1c 当形容词或副词同 enough 连用 时,它们必须放在 enough 的前面。 与 too 连用时,放在 too 的后面。 Tom is too short to reach the apples on the tree. 汤姆太矮,够不到树上的苹果。
A:I think teenagers should be allowed to go out with their friends. B:I agree.They.... 2a Listen and check(√ )what Kathy thinks.Circle “ Agrees” “Disagrees” or “Doesn’t know” to show what Molly thinks. 2b 听并且检对(用√)凯西想的是什么。圈出“同意”“不同意” , 尽管 look,feel 等可以用作系动 或“不知道”来表达莫利是怎么想的。 2b Listen again.What are Kathy’s and Molly’s reasons?Number 词,但与由 be 动词担当的系动词有 如下不同: their reasons in the correct order. 其一,这些动词还可以被用作实 再听一遍。凯西和莫利的理由是什么?将她们的理由编上序号。
It looks cool. 那看起来很酷。 look cool 是系表结构,表示“看起来酷” 。像 look 一样充当系动 词的还有 feel,seem,smell,taste 等。在这种结构中,表语是形容词,而 不是副词。
义动词。 He feels my pulse coldly. 他冷淡地为我试了脉。 其二,否定式是在这些动词前面 构成的。 The food doesn’t taste good. 这饭食尝起来不好。 2c 表示“替代”含义时,instead 是 副词, instead of 是介词。 instead 而 与 连用表达的含义是肯定一件事情。 与 instead of 连用表达的含义是否定 一件事情。
His hand feels cold. 他的手摸上去冰凉。
2c Make a list of things teenagers should and should not be allowed to do.Discuss your list with your partner. 列举一些十几岁的青少年应当和不应当做的事情。与同伴就所列 内容进行探讨。 Grammar Focus 语法聚焦 I disagree.They talk instead of doing homework. 我不赞成。他们会说话而不是做作业。 I agree.They aren’t serious enough at that age. 他们在那个年龄不够认真。 3a Read the conversation.Then write Sun Fei’s and Wu Yu’s rules in the chart.Use “Don’t” and “You can”. 读对话。 然后在图表中填写孙菲和吴瑜的规则。 使用 Don’t 和 You can。 For example,I have to stay at home on school nights①. 比方说,上学日的晚上我必须要待在家里。 I’m allowed to go to the movies② with friends on Friday nights. 在周五晚上我可以和朋友去看电影。 And I’m allowed to choose my own clothes,but I’m not allowed to get my ears pierced③ yet. 我可以自己选择衣服,但是我还不可以打耳洞。 ?We have a lot of rules at my house. 我在家有许多的规矩。 ?So do we.我也是。 答句是一个倒装句。用来表达与上面提到的事情相同,其含义为 “也……” ,结构是“So+助动词+另一主语” 。助动词取决于上句中的 助动词。 ?I have passed the history exam. 我通过了历史考试。 ?So④ have I.我也通过了。 例题探究: John can speak French, his brother(他的弟弟也 能).
3a ①on school nights 上课日的晚 上,其对应词组是 on school days 在 上课日 ② I’m allowed to go to the movies.是一个一般现在时态的被动 语态。一般现在时态的被动语态的结 构是:
am/is/are+动词的过去分词 ③get sth. done 可表示让别人做 某事、自己完成某事或遭遇某事三个 用法。 ④假如要表达“也不……”这一 含义,则使用:Neither/Nor+助动词+ 另一主语。 3a 答案: Sun Fei:You have to be home by 10:00 pm. Wu Yu:You can go to the movies with friends on Friday nights. You can go shopping with friends on Saturday afternoon. You can choose your own clothes. Don’t get your ears pierced.
解析:从主语的位置来看,应当使用倒装结构。前句为肯定含义 时,用副词 so,助动词从前句来看应使用 can。 答案:so can Sun Fei Don’t go out on school nights You can study at a friend’s house. 3b too,also 表 示 肯 定 的 含 义 , 表 示 ,其中 too 用在句末,also 3b Role play.Cover the conversation in activity 3a and practice.Use “也……” 用在句子当中,其位置在实义动词之 the information in the chart. 前,在助动词之后。 表演。盖住活动 3a 中的对话进行练习,使用表格中的信息。 假如要把 “也不……” 放在句首, I’m not allowed to go out on school nights either.But I can.... 则使用 neither/nor 所引导的倒装句。 我也不被允许在上学日的晚上出去。但是我可以…… either 表示“也不……” ,它必须用在否定句中,其位置在句末。 I haven’t seen this film,neither/nor has my brother. I haven’t seen this film,and my brother hasn’t either. 我没有看过这部电影,我哥哥也没有。 4 Talk to other students in the class and find three people who have 1a to follow these rules.Write their names in the chart. ①ever 表示“曾经” ,用在一般 同班里的其他同学交谈并找出三个必须遵从这些规矩的人。将他 现在时态当中时,在于表达现在的习 们的名字填入表格。 惯动作或重复性的动作。 SECTION B ②fail a test 表示“不及格” ,另 1a Read the questions.How often do you do these things?Write “A”(for always),“U”(for usually),“S”(for sometimes)and “N”(for 外还可以写为 fail in a test,fail 在这 个词组中是动词。 never). 读问题。 你多久做一次这些事情?写下 “A” (代表 “总是” “U” fail 的名词形式是 failure。 ), (代表“通常”), “S”(代表“有时”)和 “N”(代表“从不”)。 Do you ever① worry that you’ll fail a test②? 你曾经担心考试会不及格吗? 1b Talk about your answers in activity 1a. 谈论你们在活动 1a 中的答案。 A:Do you ever get to class late? 你上课迟到吗? B:Yes,I sometimes get to class late. 是的,有的时候我上课迟到。 2a Listen and circle the things in activity 1a that you hear. 听并且圈出你听到的在活动 1a 中的事物。 2b Listen again.Match these sentence parts. 再听一遍。将两部分句子连接起来。 2c GROUPWORK 小组练习 Read the following statements.Then discuss them with your group. 读下列的陈述。然后和你的小组成员一起讨论。 A:I think Peter should... B:I don’t agree. 1b late 和 lately 都是副词。但它们 的意义不同。late 的含义是“晚,到 很晚” 。 副词 lately 表示“最近”意思。 Has he smoked lately? 最近他吸烟了吗? Wu Yu Don’t go out on school nights.
2c 表示对某人严格要求时, 使用 be strict with sb.,表示对某事严格要求 时,使用 be strict to sth. Our teacher is very strict with us in our studies. 在学习上我们的老师对我们要求很
C:I think...
  1.Peter should be allowed to take the test later.
  2.Students need strict rules.
  3.Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. 3a Read the article and then answer the questions. 读文章并回答问题。 好句共享:
  1.Our teachers believe that if we did that,we would concentrate① more on our clothes than our studies. 我们的老师相信假如我们那样做,比起学习来,我们将更会去注 意穿戴。 (
  1)if 引导的是一个虚拟语气,表示对某一事情的一种假设。一般 现在时态的虚拟语气其方式一般是: If+主语+动词过去时态+其他, 主 句+would+动词原形+其他。 If I had longer legs,I would run faster. 假如我腿再长一点,我就能跑得更快了。 concentrate on 的含义是“将精神集中于某方面” 。 Concentrate on your work. 集中精神工作。 A driver should concentrate on the road when driving. 开车时驾驶员的注意力要集中在路上。
  2.I know we get noisy sometimes②,but we learn a lot from each other. 我知道有的时候我们会声音较大,但是我们会相互学习到不少的 东西。 (
  1)sometimes 表示“有的时候,间或” 。 Sometimes,when Billy is sick,his elder brother has to deliver the newspapers. 有时贝利病倒了,他的哥哥就得去送报纸。 (
  2)get noisy=become noisy 是系表结构。 This skirt is getting dirty;it needs washing. 这件短裙脏了,该洗一洗了。 (
  3)learn from...表示“向……学习” 。 We must learn from Lei Feng. 我们一定要向雷锋学习。 但是我们要注意的是词组 learn a lesson from 的含义是 “从……中 汲取教训” ,而不是“跟……上课”的意思。
  1.What do the students in this article think about the school uniforms? 本篇文章中学生们对校服的看法是什么?
  2.What kind of clothes do they usually want to wear?
  3.How do they like to study?
  4.What is their idea about vacations?
  5.Why is it good to volunteer?
严格。 3a ①我们可以将 concentrate on 视 为 concentrate one’s attention on (upon)(把注意力集中在某方面)这 个词组来使用。
concentrate 是动词,其名词形式 为 concentration,意为“专心” 。 He was reading the novel with great concentration. 他专心地读着小说。
②some time 表示“一段时间” 。 I will stay in Wuhan for some time. 我将在武汉呆一段时间。 some times 表示“几次、几倍” 。
I have been here some times. 我来这儿好几次了。 sometime 表示 “在未来的某时” 。 I will visit you sometime next month. 下个月的某个时候我会去拜访你。
3a 答案:
  1.The students think the uniforms are ugly.
  2.They want to wear their own clothes.
  3.The students want to study in groups.
  4.They think vacations should be longer.
  5.It’s a good experience for future
为什么做志愿工作有好处?
jobs. 3b be good for 表示“对……有好 处” 。 be good to(介词)表示“对…… 和蔼” 。 4 English-English dictionary 英英词 典 English-Chinese dictionary 英汉 词典 Chinese-English dictionary 汉英 词典 SELF CHECK 答案:
  1.allowed
  2.finish
  3.clean up
  4.choose
  5.needs ①at least 的反义词组是 at most, 表示“至多” 。 ②还可以表示为 an eight-hour sleep
3b PAIRWORK 结对练习 Role play.Use the information in 3a to have a conversation. 角色扮演。用 3a 中的信息来对话。 We should feel more comfortable and that is good for studying. 我们应该感觉更舒服,对学习也有好处。 4 You and your friend are starting a new Saturday English club.Make a list of rules about what should and should not be allowed. 你和你的朋友发起了一个新星期六英语俱乐部。列出应当和不应 当做的规章来。 Members are allowed to use English-English dictionaries. 俱乐部成员可以用英语词典。 SELF CHECK 1 Fill in the blanks with the words given.Then make your own sentences with the words. 用所给的单词填空,然后用这些单词造句。 Everyoneto have at least① eight hours’ sleep② at night. 每个人在夜里有不少于 8 小时的睡眠。
2 Read this article.Write a letter to the editor agreeing or disagreeing.Explain your reasons. 读文章并把你同意或不同意的事情写给编辑。解释你的理由。 好句共享:
  1.Some students shoul
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