[教材全析] 教材全析] SECTION A Language Goal:Offer help. 语言目标:提供帮助。 1a Look at the bulletin board and read about ways you could help people.Then tell other ways you could help people. 看布告牌,读有关你能够帮助人们的方式。 然后说出你能够帮助人们的其他方式。 I’d like to work outside. You could help clean up① the city parks. 答句中的 could 表示委婉的建议, 句意为 “你可以去帮着清理公园呀” 。 Other ways you could help people②.
友情提示 1a ①clean 多指 “清扫, 擦洗” clean , up 则侧重于“彻底整理,清理, 清 除 ”, 即 clean up=clean thoroughly(彻底地)。
②you could help people 作定 语使用。这个句子还可以有两种 表达方式: a.Other ways that you could help people. b.Other ways in which you could help people. 1b Listen and match the first line and second line of each conversation. 听并且将每组对话的第一列 和第二列连接起来。 1b ①Volunteering is a popular activity in many Western countries ( 西 方 国 家 ) .Volunteer experience(经历) can offer young people a chance to get valuable skills 技能) and help them make ( a better impression when they apply for(申请) university or a job. ②当这样的词组后面是代词 时,应将代词放在副词的前面。 Look at your desk!Clean it up! 看看你的桌子吧!把它整 理好!

  1. c I’d like to work outside.
  2.I’d like to help homeless people.
  3.I’d like to cheer up sick kids.
  4.I’d like to help kids with their school-work..
a.You could give out food at a food bank 你可以在粮库分发食物。 b.You could volunteer①in an after-school study program. 你可以自愿参加课外学习项目。 c.You could help clean up② the city parks. 你可以帮助清扫公园。 d.You could visit them in the hospital. 你可以去医院看他们。
clean up,give out 和 cheer up 这三个词组都是由动词加上副词构成的, 分别表示“分发” “使……高兴起来”和“彻底清理” 。 它们所跟的宾语都是名词,在这种情况下,名词的位置可以在副词之 前,也可以在副词之后。 I’d like to cheer up sick kids.= I’d like to cheer sick kids up. 1c Practice the conversation in the picture above.Then have similar conversations using the information in activity 1b. 练习上面图画中的对话。然后使用活动 1b 中的信息编出相似的对话来。 2a A group of students are planning a City Parks Clean-Up Day.They are talking about ways to tell people about the Clean-Up Day.Listen and check(√) the things the students are going to do. 一群学生正在计划一项城市公园清洁日活动。 他们在谈论将这一活动 告知人们的方式。听录音并且用(√)标出学生们要做的事情。 2b Listen again and fill in the blanks.
听录音并填空。 2c Role play the conversation in activity 2b. 表演活动 2b 中的对话。 No,we can’t put off making a plan.Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 不,我们不能推迟制订计划。清洁日离现在只有两周了。
put off 表示“推迟,拖延” 。与之连用的是名词、代词、宾语从句或动 名词。 Why do you put off your visit? 你为什么推迟访问的日子? 例题探究: Don’t put off until tomorrow what can be done today.(翻译此句) 。 答案:今日可做的事不要拖 解析:能够正确地翻译出英语句子的意义,是英语学习中应当具备的 到明天(今日事,今日毕) 能力, 它是英语学习综合能力的一种体现。 本句的宾语由于为了突出状语, 所以被放在状语后面了,宾语就是 what can be done today。 Grammar Focus 语法聚焦 Phrasal verb① cheer up② Sentence He looks sad.Let’s cheer him up. We’re going to set up a food bank to help hungry people. We need to come up with some ideas. Meaning of phrasal verb make someone happier ①动词短语,其中 phrasal adj.含义为“词组的,短语的” , 其名词形式为 phrase,表示“词 组,短语” 。 ②使某人高兴 ③建立 ④想出
2c 当表示三餐中具体的某顿 时,则常常带有冠词。 He had a quick breakfast and went to work. 他很快吃完了早餐,就去工 作了。 What a big breakfast! 多么丰盛的早餐啊!
set up③
establish,start
come up with④
think up
3a Read this article about volunteers.Underline the kinds of work the volunteers do.Circle the reasons why they like their work. 读一下有关志愿者的文章。在志愿者工作的种类下划线。圈出他们喜 欢他们工作的理由。 Being a volunteer is great! 做个志愿者真是好! 好句共享:
  1.He spends① every Saturday morning working in an animal hospital. 他每个星期六早上都是在一家动物医院工作中度过的。 这个句子含有 spend...doing sth.这个词组,表示 “花时间做某事” 。 He spent his whole life looking after the poor. 他把他的一生都用来照顾贫穷的人。 例题探究: How long did you spendTV? A.on watch B.to watch
3a 答案: Underlined words:She helps...read...volunteers...every Saturday...hospital...sings for...at the city hospital. Circled words:You can do the thing you love to do...has learned a lot...has met some wonderful people...
①take 与 spend 都表示“花 时间做某事” 不过它们的用法有 , 如下区别:
C.watched spend 的主语是人, 它有两种 D.in watching 表达法: spend time (in) doing sth. 解析:spend ...doing sth.的前面可以加介词 in,也可以省略。 spend time on sth. 答案:D
  2.Not only② do I feel good about helping other people,but I get to spend take 的主语多为形式主语 it, time doing what I love to do. 格式为: It takes sb.time to do sth. 我不仅觉得帮助别人愉快,而且我开始花时间做我喜爱做的事情了。 It took me two hours to find 本句中含有一个词组 “not only...but also...” ,其中 also 在句子中可以 my lost dog. 省略。当这个词组连接两个句子时,假如 also 在句子的开头,那么该句要 主谓倒装。 Not only did he write the words to the music,but he also composes the music. 他不仅为音乐写了歌词,而且还为它作了曲。 例题探究: He likes to swim and he wants to teach the kids to swim,too.(改为同义 句) Not only to swim,he wants to teach the kids to swim. 解析: 这是用 not only...but...连接的两个句子, not only 置于句首时, 当 该句的主谓部分要用倒装语序。本句是一般现在时态,主语是单数,故助 动词也使用单数形式。 答案:does he like;but 3b table. What kind of volunteer work could these students do?Fill in the
我花了两个小时才找到丢失 的狗。 ②使用 “not only...but also...” 时要注意它们连接的应当是相同 的成分。这在语法上被称为平行 结构原则。具体来说就是:名词 对名词、形容词对形容词等。
这些学生能做什么样的志愿工作?填表。 3c Role play.Take turns being one of the people in activity 3b.Ask for and give advice. 表演。轮流扮演活动 3b 中的一个人物。咨询和提供建议。 Well,you could help coach a football team for little kids. 好吧,你可以帮助指导孩子们的足球队。 对话中最后一句中的 coach 是动词,含义为“训练、指导、辅导” 。 He coached her for the English examination. 他辅导她英语考试。 4 Write down three things you like to do.Ask your partner for advice about the kinds of volunteer work you could do. 写出三项你喜欢做的事情。 向你的同伴咨询你能够做的志愿工作的种 类的建议。 3c coach 还可以作名词用, 表示 “教练;私人教师” 。 Our football coach trains the team. 我们的足球教练训练这个队。 4 在这儿的①、②、③处都含 有一个定语从句。第三个定语从 句被插入语 do you think 分割开 了。 ④start 的含义在本句中与 set up 是一样的, 还相当于 establish, 含义为“创办,建立” 。
Things I like to do①
  1.
Volunteer work I could do②

  2.
  3.

A:I like to read about Chinese history.What kind of volunteer work do you think I could do③? 我喜欢读中国历史的书。你觉得我做点什么志愿工作好? B:You could start④ a Chinese History Club. 你可以建立个中国历史俱乐部。 SECTIONB 1a Match the sentences with similar meanings. 找出相匹配的同义句。 1b Make sentences with the words in the box using your ideas. 用你的想法使用框内的单词造句。 run out of 用完,花光 take after(在外貌性格方面) 与(父母等)相像 fix up 修理 give away 赠送,分发 I gave away my bicycle to charities.
1a 答案:
  2.c
  3.a
  4.d 1b 在使用这四个词组造句时要 注意: 前两个词组是 “动词+介词” 的结构,所以无论宾语是名词还 是代词,一律要放在介词后面。
2a Listen and number the pictures [1?
  4] in the correct order. 听录音并且给图画按正确的顺序编号。 2b Listen again and circle “T”(for true) or “F”(for false). 再听一遍,并圈出 T(True)或 F(False)。 2c Practice the conversation between Jimmy and the reporter.Use the information from the activities above. 使用上面活动中的信息来练习吉米和记者之间的对话。 A:What do you do,Jimmy? 吉米,你做什么呢? B:I fix up bikes and give them away. 我修理自行车并把它们赠送出去。 3a Read the article and underline all the phrasal verbs. 读短文并且在所有的动词短语下面划线。 好句共享: The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他想出的办法结果不错。 这个句子中有一个定语从句,即:that he came up with,其中连接词 (关系词)为 that,在从句中作 come up with 的宾语。 work out 表示“结局,结果为,至最后” 。 I wonder how their ideas worked out in practice. 我想知道他们的主意实际效果怎么样。 3b Make a note of the things that Jimmy did to solve his problem. 记录一下吉米为解决难题所做的事情。 He did a radio interview.
2c fix(up),repair 和 mend 在表 示修理物品时,基本上通用。不 过 mend 还可以用来表达治愈创 伤, 矫正过错或使感情重归于好。
3a 答案: cheer up,run out of,put up,call up,hand out,set up,come up with,fix up,give away 3b interview 在本句中是名词。 还可以作动词。 The reporters interviewed the minister. 记者们采访了这位部长。 3b 答案:
  2.put up signs
  3.called up friends
他作了一次电台采访。

  4.handed out advertisements
  5.told teachers
SELF CHECK 1 Fill in the blanks with the words given.Then make your own sentences with the words. 用所给的单词填空,然后用这些单词造句。 hang out 逗留或花费很多时间 Be quiet please,class.I’m going to your test papers. 请安静,我要你们的试卷了。 On weekends① I like toat the sports club with my friends. 在周末,我喜欢同朋友们在体育俱乐部。 Jimhis father.They are both clever and a bit② quiet. 吉姆他的父亲。他们都聪明并且有些文静。
①在周末,也可以是 at weekends ②一点,相当于 a little。但 是 a little 本身是副词,也可以是 形容词,后面可跟名词。 a bit+of 后跟名词。 I have a bit of milk.=I have a little milk. 我有点牛奶。 答案: give out hang out takes after 2 答案: ...As a volunteer,she sings at a local hospital to cheer up sick people and also sings at schools.But after she ran out of money for singing lessons,she came up with ideas for making money.She put up signs asking for singing jobs and also called up parents offering singing lessons for children.Now she will be able to continue her lessons and become a professional singer. stop to do sth.表示的含义与 stop doing sth.所表示的不同。它 表示 (停止原来的事情) “ 开始做 另外一件事情” 。
2 Write an article using the notes below.Tell what happens to Sally. 使用下面的记录写一篇文章。说出发生在萨莉身上的事情。 Sally Langenthal/a young woman/wants to be a professional singer/as a volunteer,sings at a local hospital/cheers up sick people/also sings at schools/ran out of money for singing lessons/came up with ideas for making money/put up signs asking for singing jobs/also called up parents offering singing lessons for children/now will be able to continue her lessons/become a professional singer Sally Langenthal is a young girl who wants to be a professional singer.
Just for Fun! 小笑话! I’ve been trying to cheer him up for twenty minutes.He won’t stop crying. 我有二十分钟一直在试着使他高兴起来。可他就是哭个不停。 stop doing sth.表示“不再做某事,停止某项活动” 。 Reading:I’ll send you a photo of Lucky. 我将送
 

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