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Unit 2 I used to be afraid of the dark 语言目标] [语言目标]language goal: Talk about what you used to be like. 谈论你过去的外表。 [学习目标]Functions: 学习目标] 学习目标
  1. 学会陈述自己过去常做的事情
  2. 学会陈述自己过去的爱好等
  3. 能够表达自己现在和过去在外表、性格、娱乐等方面的变化
  4. 能够表达朋友、家人等现在和过去的变化 [语言结构]Target Language: 语言结构]
  1. I used to be short when I was young. 我年轻时个子很矮。
  2. ?Did you use to have straight hair? 你过去是直发吗? ?Yes, I did. 是的。
  3. ?Did you use to play the piano? 你过去弹钢琴吗? ?No, I didn’t. 不,我不弹。
  4. I used to be afraid of dark. 我过去害怕黑暗。
  5. I’m terrified of the snakes. 我害怕蛇。
  6. ?Did you use to be afraid of being alone? 你过去害怕独自一人呆着吗? ?Yes, I did. 是的,我怕。
  7. I used to walk to school. 我过去走着上学。 [主要词汇]Vocabulary: 主要词汇] dark 黑暗 terrify 使害怕,使恐惧 spider 蜘蛛 chew 嚼,咀嚼 right 立即,马上 hardly 不十分,简直没有 be interested in 对…感兴趣 be afraid of 害怕 with the light on worry about 担心 these days 目前,如今 [词汇复习]recycling: 词汇复习] short hair 短发
sure 无疑,确实 on 接通的,工作着的 insect 昆虫 gum 口香糖 comic 连环漫画 used to do sth. 过去经常… be on the swim team 是游泳队成员 be terrified of 害怕 chew gum 嚼口香糖 not…anymore 不再
curly hair 卷发
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long hair 长发 tall 高的 (be)medium height 中等身高 heavy 重的,沉的
straight hair 直发 short 矮的 thin 瘦的 (have/has) a medium build
中等胖瘦
[语法分析] 语法分析] 一、本单元语法重点内容是 used to 这个句型。
  1. “主语+used to+动词原形+其它” 。在这个句型结构中 used to 的含义为“过去常常” 。 表示过去的习 惯,暗示现在已无此习惯,请看图: Dave 在过去几年中一直在 factory(工厂)中工作,但现在他在 Supermarket(超市)中 工作,所以 Dave used to work in a factory. 隐含的意思是:Dave worked in a factory before but he doesn’t work there now. 如果用时间轴表示的话,应该是这样的。
  2. 我们可以说 I used to work…/She used to have…/they used to be…等等, 也就是说 used 这 个词没 有人称的变化,to 后面接动词原形。 used tobe work have play etc. 请看例句: ?When I was a child, I used to like chocolate ?I used to read a lot of books but I don’t read much these days. ?Liz has got short hair now but it used to be very long. Liz 现在梳短发,但以前她是长发。 ?They used to live in the same street as us, so we often used to see them. But we don’t see them very often these days. 他们过去和我们住在同一条街道, 所以我们经常能看见他们, 但现在我们不能经常见到 他们了。 ?Ann used to have a piano, but she sold it a few years ago. Ann 过去有一架钢琴,但几年前她把钢琴卖了。 used to 的否定形式是 I didn’t use to…. ?When I was a child, I didn’t use to like tomatoes. 当我还是个孩子时,我不喜欢西红柿。 问句形式是 did you use to…? ?Where did you use to live before you came here? 当你来这儿之前你住哪儿?
  3. used to 这个词组只用于讲述过去,我们不能用 use to 来讲述现在
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?I used to play tennis. These days I play golf. (不说 I use to play golf.) ?We usually get up early. (不说 We use to get up early) 二、anymore 我们用 anymore 来表示情况或活动的变化。 (We use anymore to show a change in a situation or activity.) ?She used to live in NewYork, but she doesn’t live there anymore. 如果动词(或动词短语)相同,则第二个动词可省略。 the Second Verb phrase has the (If same verb, you can omit it.) ?She used to live in London, but she doesn’t anymore. anymore 可不与 used to 连用(You can use anymore without used to) ?She doesn’t live in NewYork anymore. anymore 只能和否定词连用 ?We don’t go there anymore. ?They never talk to me anymore. ?No one likes him anymore. 三、still 我们用 still 来说明某人或某物没有变化。 (Use still to show that something or someone has not changed) She still lives in Mexico. still 应放在主要动词前面(Use still before the main verb) He still lives in New Zealand. still 应放在 be 动词后面。 He is still crazy after all these years. still 应放在像 can, may, should 这样的助动词之后 She can still play the piano. 四、频率副词 频率副词(如 always)在句中位置不同。 (Adverbs of frequency can appear in different positions in a sentence.) 它们的位置应是:在主要动词之前,在 be 动词之后,在助动词(will, can, have 等)之 后,在 used to 之前。 ?I usually get up at six. ?You were rarely happy. 你很少高兴。 ?You will sometimes hear from them. ?I have seldom spoken to her. ?They never used to dance. ?He always used to call her. 五、词语辨析
  1. used to 和 would
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①used to 和 would 都可表示过去的习惯或行为,常可换用。 When we were children we used to/would go skating very winter. 我们小时候每年冬天都 去滑 冰。 ②used to 含有较强的“今昔对比”的含义,而 would 无此含义 I do not swim so often as I used to 我不像过去那样常游泳了。 (不能用 would 代替) He would sometimes work into the night. 以前他常工作到深夜。 (不表示现在他不工作到深夜) ③用 would 时,有时应有时间状语来加以限制,而 used to 则可无时间状语 He would go to see Mother every vacation. (那时)他每个假期去看望妈妈 He isn’t what he used to be. 他不再是过去的他。
  2. used to do 和 be used to doing. ①be used to 是“习惯于”某一客观事实和状态,不强调动作,to 是介词,后面接名词 或动名词, 如: I am used to the weather here. 我已经习惯于这里的天气了。 He is used to hard work. 他习惯于艰苦的工作。 ②get(或 become)used to 指的是从不习惯到习惯这一过程的转变,另外,它往往包含 着克服困难去适 应的意思。 如:You will soon get used to the weather here. 你会习惯于这里的天气的。 In the end, I got used to doing the hard work. 最后,我终于习惯干苦活了。 [单元课文重点分析] 单元课文重点分析]
  1. I’m on the swim team. (Section A 2b) 我是游泳队成员。 类似的说法还有:I’m on the soccer team 或 I play on the soccer team.
  2. People sure change. (Section A 2b) 人们的确是要变的。 sure 在这里为副词。 如:It sure was cold. 天气确实很冷。
  3. Are you still afraid of the dark? (Section A 3b) I’m terrified of the dark. afraid 的词组有 be afraid of sth. 害怕某物 如:She’s afraid of dogs. He’s afraid of seeing strangers. 在口语中也说 I’m afraid he’s out at the moment. 我想他现在出去了。 be terrified of doing sth. 是个同义词组。
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如:I’m terrified of being alone. 我害怕独自一人呆着。
  4. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. (Section A 3b) 我把卧室的灯开着睡觉。 with 的短语表方式 课文 Section B 3a 难点
  5. these days “…but these days I get up early and stay in school all day.” these days 是个词组,意思是“现在,这几天” Your son’s trouble is very common these days. 你儿子的毛病现在是极常见的。
  6. right Then I go right home and eat dinner. right 在这里是副词,意为“直接地” 。 如:The wind blew right in our faces. 风迎面吹来。
  7. have to but now. I have to study. have to 意为“必须”侧重于客观上的必要。 其句型为 have (has) to+动词原形 如:We have to leave now. He has to work on Sunday. I had to do my homework last Sunday.
  8. hardly ever. These days, I hardly ever have time for concerts. hardly ever = very seldom.很少 He hardly ever goes to bed before midnight. 他很少在午夜以前就寝。
  9. miss I really miss the old days. ①miss 在这里为“怀念”的意思。 How he misses his mother while she is away in London! 他妈妈在伦敦期间,他多么想念她啊! ②此外 miss 还有“缺”的意思。 I’m afraid that Jim will miss a lot of his lessons. 恐怕 Jim 会缺很多课。 ③错过 I missed catching the
  2:15 train. 我未赶上 2 点 15 分的火车。 ④missing 失去的,缺少的,不在的,失踪的。 They are looking for the missing child. 他们在寻找失踪的孩子。
  10. It seems that…(Selfcheck) It seems that YuMei has changed a lot.
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It seems as if he would recover. 看来他好像会康复的。 It seemed that the day would never end. 那天好像没有尽头似的。 (Jerry Lynn Williams)
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