Unit 1
How do you study for a test ?
(一)学习目标(Language Goal)
  1. Talk about how to study . 学会讨论各种学习方法和策略。
  2. Find out your suitable learning methods. 找出适合自己的学习方法。
(二)语言结构(Language Structures)
  1. Verb + by with gerund
  2. How questions by+动名词短语 表示“通过…途径,方法”
have 引导的特殊疑问句
(三)目标语言(Target Language)
  1. How do you study for tests ? 你是怎样准备考试的? Well , I study by working with my classmates. 哦,我和同学们一起学习。
  2. Have you ever studied with a group ? 你曾经参加过学习小组吗? Yes , I have . I’ve learned a lot that way . 是的,参加过。通过这种方式我学了许多。
  3. I don’t have a partner to practice English with . 我没有同伴可以练习英语。 Maybe you should join an English club. 或许,你应该参加一个英语俱乐部。
  4. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation ? 大声朗读来练习发音怎么样?
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Why don’t you join an English language club ? 你为什么不参加一个英语俱乐部呢?
(四)Key words and phrases (重点词汇)
  1. flashcard n. 抽认卡
  2. frustrating a. 令人沮丧的
  3. memorize v. 记忆,背诵
  4. aloud
  5. comma adv. 出声地、高声地 n. 逗号

  6. pronunciation n. 发音
  7. solution n. 解决办法
  8. not at all 根本(不)
  9. end up 结束,告…终
  10. make mistakes 犯错
  11. later on 以后;随后
  12. be afraid to 害怕去做
  13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人)
  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录
  15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做…
  16. native speaker 说本族语的人
  17. make up 组成、构成 全然(不)
(四)重点、难点:(Key points and difficulties)
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  1. by 介词,表示“通过…方法或途径”的意思,译成“靠、通过” by 后面可以加名词或动名词短语 eg. (
  1)The house was destroyed by fire. 房屋被火烧毁了。 (
  2)travel by air (land , sea)航空(陆路、航海)旅行。 (
  3)go by train (boat , bus)乘火车(船,公共汽车)去 (
  4)shake sb by the hand 和某人握手 (
  5)I study English by watching English movies. 我通过看英文电影 学英语。 另外,by 做为介词的含义有很多,我们也已经学习过一些用法,总结如下 (
  1)在…旁边、靠近 eg. There is a power station by the river. 河边有一个电厂。 (
  2)沿着、经由 eg. come by the highway 由公路来 (
  3)由于 (
  4)被、由 章 (
  5)(表示面积)eg. a room 5m,by4m (
  6)逐批 eg. One by one 一个接一个 如上 一间长五米宽四米的房间 eg. by mistake 由于差错 eg. some articles written by Luxun. 一些由鲁迅写的文

  7)表示方法、途径

  2. “How”questions How 引导特殊疑问句,有两种含义 (
  1)表示问候 eg. How do you do ?
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How are you ? How’s everything going ? (
  2)表示“怎样” eg. How is your new house ? 你的新房子怎么样? It’s great. 它太棒了。 How do you learn English ? 你是怎样学英文的? I learn English by reading lots of English magazines. 我通过读大量英文杂志学习英文。 请同学们注意 how 和 what 引导的疑问句是不一样的,不能混淆。 how 通常对程度或方式进行提问, 意为“怎么样”, 回答通常做状语或表语, what 常对动作的发出者或 接受者进行提问,意为“什么”,回答通常主语或宾语。 试比较: (
  1)How is your summer holiday ? It is perfect. (表程度,表语) (
  2)How did you travel around the world ? I travelled by bike. (表方式,状语) (
  3)What do you learn at school ? I learn Chinese , English , Maths and other subjects. (学习的科目,做宾语)
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  3. 在这一单元中出现的话题是“讨论如何学习”。这个话题既有趣又实用, 既能锻炼我们的口语表达能 力,又能使我们学到一些实用的方法,对自身的学习大有帮助。如何向别人请教 学习方法呢?又如何回答 呢? 请诵读下面的目标句型: How do you study English ? (运用特殊疑问句) I study by listening to cassetts. (听录音带) I study by studying with a group. (和小组一起学习) by watching English programs on TV. (看英语电视节目) by enjoying English songs. (听英文歌) by taking part in English classes after school . (上课外英语班) by getting an English tutor. (请英语家教) by reading English magazines and newspaper . (读英文杂志、报纸) by surfing the internet. (网上冲浪) by making flashcards. (制作单词认读卡片) by reading the textbook. (读教科书) by asking the teacher for help. (请教老师) by making vocabulary lists. (列单词表) by taking notes carefully . (认真记笔记) by having the English class carefully . (认真上课) by finishing my homework seriously . (认真完成作业) Do you learn English by …? (用一般疑问句) Yes , I do . / No , I don’t.
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Have you ever studied with a group ? (用完成时态) Yes , I have . I’ve learned a lot that way. What about listening to cassettes ? [用 what about +动名词 提问] I do that sometimes. I think it helps.

  4. 学会评价各种学习方法的优劣 (Comment on the ways of learning English) 看到了上面各种各样的学习方法,有些眼花缭乱。其实,并不是所有的方法 都适合自己。我们要学会判 断、评价,然后才能选择最适合自己的 用哪些语言才能表达自己的评价呢?请看下面的目标句型: I think studying English by …is…because … 如:I think studying English by working with a group is a good way because you can ask others when you have questions. I think surfing the internet is a bad way because you have to use a computer and always waste your time. … 这个句型较长是个复合句,出现了由 because 引导的原因状语从句。进入 初三后,我们在写作表达时, 要避免再使用仅仅由 because 引导的句子,而要写完整的句子。 如:不能写 Because I slept late . 意思不完整,不清晰 要写成 I missed the early bus because I slept late . 这样,有原因,有结果,才是完整的句子。
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  5. 找出自己在英语学习中的困难 learning English)
(Find out your own difficulties in
要选择适合自己的学习方法,还必须清楚自己的困难所在,然后才能有的放 矢。 learning English can be difficult . What things are difficult for you ? 我们如何来表达自己学习与遇到的困难呢?如何给出建议呢? 请诵读下面的目标句型:说出困难: I have a problem . I can’t remember the new words. I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English . I always make mistakes in grammer. I read very slowly. I don’t know how to speak English well. 给出建议: You should read English aloud. Listening can help. Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking. Would you mind remembering new words by flashcards. Please try to talk with your friends in English as much as possible. (请注意不同句式的运用)

  6. 选择适合自己的学习方法(Choose your suitable learning ways) 通过以上各个环节的学习, 我们终于可以完成最后的目标--选择适合自己 的方法。 如何表达呢?目标句型如下:(注意要给出原因,练习使用 because)
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I (don’t) think I can study English by … , because … (
  1)I think I can study English by listening to English songs because I love music too. (
  2)I don’t think I can get an English tutor because I want to learn by myself at home. 找到适合自己的方法,写出至少五句。
(六)3a in Section A 疑难解释

  1. eg. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle. 他请求他母亲给他买一辆新自行车。

  2. Many said they learnt by using English . 许多(学生)说他们通过使用英语来学习。 Many 在这里是代词,而不是形容词,意为 Many students. Many is a large number of something. 例如:We can put away many of these plates . We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来,用不着这么多。
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  3. eg. I felt frustrated at that time. 那时,我觉得很沮丧。 类似的还有
请同学们在学习中注意收集

  4. not at all 根本不,全然不 eg. My brother did not like the scarf at all. not 经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

  5. get excited 变得兴奋起来 get + adj eg. get mad 生气
get 是系动词,有“逐渐变得”的含义
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get clear 变得清楚了 The long journey got the children all tired. 长途旅行使得孩子们疲惫不堪。

  6. end up doing sth
终止做某事,结束做某事
后面加动名词短语
相当于 finish doing sth . 但要注意与 stop doing sth 的区别
eg. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外,end up with … 以…结束 The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

  7. 在 3a 中,出现了大量的动名词。我们有必要了解动名词的结构及用法,动 名词即动词的 ing 形式,相当 于名词,在句子中可以做主语、宾语、表语定语等。 eg. (
  1)I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of learning. doing …为动名词短语,做从句中的主语,而 listening 做定语,修饰 practice. (
  2)I’m enjoying learning English . (动名词短语做宾语)
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  3)Seeing is believing 眼见为实(Seeing 做主语,believing 做表语)
(七)3a in Section B 疑难解析
  1. First of all , it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher. 首先,对我而言,听懂老师的话并不容易。 first of all 首先 It is (was) …for sb to do sth . 在这个句型中,不定式做真正的主语,it 是形式主语。

  2. 一些词组 laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 take notes 记笔记 enjoy doing sth 乐意做某事 be impressed 深受感动的

  3. 在这篇文章中,出现了许多表示顺序或承接的连词或词组。这些词使全文 流畅、生动、层次清晰,条 理清楚。在写作中,正确使用连接词,会使文章增色不少,提高档次。在文章中, 出现的词有: first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随 also 也、而且(用于肯定句) either 也(用于否定句)
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so 因此 then 然后
【模拟试题】 模拟试题】 I. 翻译下列单词或词组
  1. 令人沮丧的
  3. 出声地、高声地
  5. 解决方法
  7. 结束做某事
  9. 害怕做某事
  11. 笑话某人
  13. 喜欢、乐意做某事
  14. 组成、构成
  2. 背诵、记忆
  4. 发音(v.)
  6. 根本不
  8. 犯错
  10. 说本族语的人
  12. 做笔记
II. 连词成句
  1. study , How , you , do , for , test a ?
  2. by study listening to , I , cassettes .
  3. you , do , by , learn , reading , English , aloud ?
  4. should , find , you , pen pal a .
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  5. can’t , a lot of , I , new , words , memorize
III. 将下列方法及理由搭配起来,组成相应的句子 Ways
  1. by memorizing the words of pop songs
  2. by reading English magazines
  3. by using English
  4. by studying grammar
  5. by watching English movies
  6. by joining the English club at school
  7. by having conversations with friends Reasons : A. because we can practice more and study English well. B. because the native speakers speak too quickly . C. because it is a great way to learn sentence structures. D. because we can get lots of practice and also have fun . E. because it is the best way to learn new words F. because we get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese G. because it can help us learn new words
Model : (
  1) think I can study English by listening to English because I I love music .
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  2)I don’t think I can study English by getting an English tutor because I will spend too much money .
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
IV. 写作:谈一谈自己学习的情况,包括你遇到的困难,你的解决方法以及未来 的学习计划。50 字左右 (使用网稿中提供的目标语
 

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