人教版新目标九年级英语 Unit10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.-学习辅导 一.学习目标(Language Goal)
  1.Learn to narrate past events.学会描述过去所发生的事情。
  2.Learn to express something with Past Perfect Tense. 学习使用过去完成时态。
  3.Strengthen the consciousness of doing things regularly.做事加强连续性,有条不紊。 二 .重点词组(Key phrases)
  1.by the time 到…时候为止
  2.get outside 到外边
  3.get to school 到学校
  4.get up 起床
  5.get into the shower 去洗澡
  6.get home 到家
  7.start doing / to do sth 开始做某事
  8.be late for 迟到
  9.go off (闹钟)闹响
  10.wake up 醒来
  11.come out 出来,出现
  12.run off 迅速离开,跑掉
  13.on time 准时
  14.in time 及时
  15.come by (走)过来
  16.give sb a ride 让某人搭车
  17.break down 损坏,坏掉
  18.show up 出席,露面
  19.stay up 熬夜
  20.a costume party 一个化装舞会
  21.sth happen to sb 某事发生在某人身上
  22.so …that … 如此…以至于
  23.set off 出发,开始
  24.April Fool's Day 愚人节
  25.get married 结婚
  26.marry sb 与某人结婚
  27.both …and … 二者…都…
  28.get dressed 穿好衣服
  29.on the first day 在第一天 三. [交际用语]
  1.By the time she got up, her brother had already gone into the bathroom.
  2.By the time she went outside, the bus had already gone
  3.By the time she got to class, the teacher had already started teaching.
  4.When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home
  5.Have you ever overslept?
  6.Have you ever been late for school?
四. [重点难点释义](Language Points)
  1.get to 意为“到达”。例如: When did you get there last night? 你昨晚什么时候到那儿的? I get home at 7:00 every day. 我每天 7:00 到家。 When I got to the cinema, the film had already begun. 我到电影院时,电影已经开始了。 辨析:get, arrive 与 reach 这三个词都可以用来表示“到达”,但是用法不同。 (
  1) 和 arrive 都是不及物动词, get 其后只能跟表示地点的副词, 若是跟名词则须再加介词, 即 get to +地点名词,arrive in / at +地点名词(in 之后跟表示大地方的词,at 之后跟表示 小地方的词) 。若是只说“到达”,而不指出到达哪里,则只能用 arrive。例如: How did you get / arrive there? 你怎么到那儿的? I got to / arrived in Beijing the day before yesterday. 我前天到的北京。 When do you often get to / arrive at school? 你经常什么时候到校? When will you arrive? 你什么时候到? (
  2)reach 为及物动词,其后既可跟名词也可跟副词。例如: I reached Beijing the day before yesterday. 我前天到的北京。 We reached here on foot. 我们步行到这儿的。
  2.关于 get 的词组小结 在本单元出现大量关于 get 的词组,要注意背诵: get to school 到学校 get into the shower 去洗澡 get outside 到外边 get home 到家 get up 起床 get married 结婚 get dressed 穿好衣服 get to class 到班级 get bored 变得无聊 get tired 变得疲劳
  3.I've never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close 我上学从未迟到过,但是昨天差一点儿就迟到了。 (
  1)I've 是 I have 的缩写,have been late 是现在完成时态,现在完成时是指一个动作或状 态开始于过去,持续到现在,并可能继续下去,而且对现在产生了一定的影响,其构成是 have / has+动词过去分词。例如: I have been here since 19
  99.
自 1999 年以来我就在这儿。 We have lived in Jinan for 20 years. 我们已经在济南住了 20 年了。 She hasn't worked for 2 years. 她已 2 年不工作了。 (
  2)be late for 意为“……迟到”,for 为介词,所以其后须跟名词。例如: Don't be late for the meeting. 开会别迟到了。 Jim was late for school again. 吉姆上学又迟到了。 Tom has been late for classes twice. 汤姆上课已经迟到两次了。 (
  3)close 在此为副词“接近地,靠近地”。此外 came very close 意为“到时与迟到很接近”。
  4.My alarm clock didn't go off, … 闹钟没有大响…… go off 意为“爆发,大响”。例如: Although the alarm clock went off, he didn't wake up.虽然闹钟大响,但是他还是没有醒来。 与 go 有关的词组还有: (
  1)go in for“参加”(竞赛、考试)(作为嗜好、工作)“爱好”。例如: ; She goes in for bird-watching.她爱好赏鸟。 (
  2)go on“进行,继续”。例如: Please go on.请继续。 (
  3)go on doing sth 或 go on with sth“继续做……”。例如: He went on working without having a rest. 他一直工作,没停下来休息过。 (
  4)go over“调查,视察;越过”。例如: You must go over your lessons before the exam. 考试前你必须复习。
  5.…and I had to wait for him to come out.……我不得不等他出来。 (
  1)have to 意为“必须,不得不”。例如: Do you have to take the test? 你必须考试吗? Tom has to practice speaking Chinese every day. 汤姆每天必须练习讲汉语。 辨析:have to 与 must 这两个词都可以表示“必须”。have to 更加强调客观原因,而 must 则强调主观原因;含有 have to 的句子在作句型转换时须借助于助动词 do,does 或 did,而 must 本身是情态动词, 进行句型转换时可以直接通过 must 改变。例如: It is raining, we have to stay at home. 天在下雨,我们不得不待在家里。 We must work hard. 我们必须努力工作。 Lucy doesn't have to stand. 露茜不必站着。 You mustn't play in the street.
你不能在街道上玩。 (
  2)wait 是不及物动词“等待,等候”的意思。可以用于词组 wait for sb.“等某人”,wait to do sth.“等着做某事”,wait for sb to do sth.“等某人做某事”。例如: Who are you waiting for? 你在等谁? They can't wait to open the presents. 他们迫不及待地打开礼物。 You can wait for him to help you. 你可以等着他帮你。
  6.Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. 不幸的是,我到那儿的时候,公交车已经走了。 unfortunately 是副词“不幸地”,是由 fortunately 加否定前缀“un”构成的。英语中有一部分词 在词首或词尾加上前缀或后缀就可以变成另外一个词。如:lucky(幸运的)-unlucky(不 幸的) ,use(用)-useful(有用的) ,forget(忘记)-forgetful(健忘的) ,un 作前缀表示 “not”的含义,即“un”是一个否定前缀。例如:fit(合适的)-unfit(不合适的) ,fair (公 平的)-unfair(不公平的) ,known(闻名的)-unknown(不闻名的)等。
  7.Luckily, my friend Tony and his Dad came by in his Dad's car and they gave me a ride. 幸运的是,我的朋友托尼和他爸爸坐着他爸爸的车经过,他们让我搭了个便车。 (
  1)come by 意为“经过,走过;获得,获有”。例如: Please let the car come by. 请让车过去。 Good jobs are not easy to come by. 好工作不容易找到。 与 come 有关的其他词组: <1>come out”出来;开花;出版”。例如: The moon has come out. 月亮出来了。 It's too cold for the flowers to come out. 天太冷了,花不开了。 <2>come about”发生,产生”。例如: Tell me how the accident came about. 告诉我事情是怎么发生的。 <3>come across“(偶然)发现……,遇见……”。例如: I came across his name on the list. 我无意中在名单上发现他的名字。 <4>come after”继……之后,接……而来”。例如: Sunday comes after Saturday. 星期天在星期六之后。 <5>come back”回来”。例如: When did he come back? 他什么时候回来的? <6>come to oneself”苏醒,醒过来”。例如: At last, he came to himself. 最后他醒了。
<7>come from”来自”。例如: Julia comes from Australia. 朱莉娅来自澳大利亚。 (
  2)give sb a ride 意为“让某人搭便车”。ride 在此为名词“搭车,乘车”的意思。get a ride 意 为“搭便车”。例如: Can you give me a ride, Jack? 杰克,能让我搭个便车吗? I want to get a ride. 我想搭个便车。
  8.I only just made it to my class.我恰好到教室。 make it 意为“成功了,做成了”。这里指的是没有迟到,准时到达。例如: -Have you got the job? -你得到那份工作了吗? -Yes, I made it. -是的,我成功了。
  9.Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? 你曾忘了把作业带到学校吗? (
  1)辨析:forget to do 与 forget doing forget to do 指的是“忘了去做……”,即该事还未做;而 forget doing 则指“忘了做了……”,即 该事已经做完。例如: Don't forget to turn off lights when you go out. 出去时别忘了关灯。 Sorry, I forgot to bring the books again. 对不起,我又忘了带书来了。 Lucy forgot locking the door. 露茜忘了已锁了门了。 Tom forgot turning off TV. 汤姆忘了关了电视了。 (
  2)辨析:bring, take bring 意为“把……拿来,取来”。即把某物从别处拿到说话者所在地;take 意为“把……拿走, 取走”,即把某物从说话者所在地拿到别处。例如: Please bring my English book here. 请把我的英语书拿到这儿来。 You can't take these magazines home. 你不能把这些杂志拿回家。
  10.What happened to David on April Fool's Day? 愚人节那天,大卫出什么事了吗? (
  1)happen to sb 意为“某人怎么了,发生在某人身上”。例如: What happened to you? 你怎么了? What happened to Jim? 吉姆出什么事了? (
  2)英语中表示节日时须注意以下几点: <1>表示“在……节”用介词 on;
<2>表示节日的每个词的首字母大写; <3>用 day 来表示“节”,且无冠词; <4>一般用复数名词的所有格,如:Teachers' Day 教师节,Children's Day 儿童节,Women's Day 妇女节等;但也有用单数名词所有格的,如:Mother's Day 母亲节,Father's Day 父亲 节等。例如: Do you often go to parks on Children's Day? 你们儿童节经常去公园吗? What do you usually do on New Year's Day? 新年你们通常干什么? Do your friends play jokes on you on April Fool's Day? 你的朋友愚人节跟你开玩笑吗?
  11.Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country. Welles 是如此地让人信任,以致于成百上千的人都相信了这个故事,进而激起了全国性的 恐慌。 (
  1)So …that…句型中,so 后面应加一个形容词或副词,意为“如此……以至于……” eg.This book is so interesting that everyone in our class wants to read it. 这本书是如此的有趣以至于全班同学都想看看。 (so+形容词) He ran so fast that I couldn't catch up with him. 他跑得那么快,以致于我跟不上他。 (so+副词) So…that 引导的是表示结果的状语从句,但不“一定要死套”“如此……以至于”的模式来译成汉 语。 eg.It was so dark that he couldn't see the faces of his companions. 天太黑了,他不能看见同伴的脸。 (
  2)so that 主要用来引导目的状语从句。其从句中的谓语动词通常和 can,may,should 等情态动词连用,而且主句和从句之间不使用逗号,意为“以便,使能够”。 eg.They set out early so that they might arrive in time 他们早早地出发以便按时到达。 Let's take the front seats so that we may see more clearly. 我们坐在前排吧,以便可以看得更清楚。 (
  3)set off 意为“出发,开始;引爆;衬托”。例如: They'll set off on a journey around the world. 他们将要出发环球旅行。 Use blue eye-shadow to set off your green eyes. 用蓝色眼影衬托你的绿眼睛。 与 set 有关的其他词组: <1>set about sth.“开始,着手”。例如: I must set about my packing. 我必须开始收拾行装了。 <2>set sb.against sb.“使某人和某人竞争、对抗”。例如: Set yourself against her. 跟她竞争。 <3>set in”开始”。例如: The rainy season has set in.
雨季已开始了。 <4>set out”出发,启程”。set sth out”展示,陈列”。例如: They set out at dawn. 他们在拂晓出发。 He sets out his ideas clearly in his essay. 他在这篇文章中明确地列出了他的观点。 <5>set up”建立,设立”。例如: The memorial will be set up. 纪念碑要建成了。
  12.…because the spaghetti farmers in Italy had stopped growing spaghetti. ……因为生产意大利面条的农民停止了生产。 辨析:stop doing 与 stop to do stop doing 指的是“停止做”,即不做了;而 stop to do 则是指“停下来去做”,即停下来的目 的是去做,也就是开始做。例如: Stop talking, let's begin our class. 不要讲话了,我们开始上课。 You are too fat and you must stop eating too much. 你太
 

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