Unit 1 Section 1A

  1.by 介词,“通过…(方式,手段)” by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡 by doing sth 通过…..方式(途径) 。 例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止。 例:by October 在 10 月前 ⑤被 例:English is spoken by many people.
  2.read the textbook 读/看教科书
  3.make vocabulary lists 列生词表
  4.listen to tapes 听磁带
  5.ask sb for help 向某人求助
  6.study for a test 为备考学习
  7.watch videos 观看录像
  8.practice sth 练习某事;practice doing sth 练习做某事
  9.read aloud 朗读
  10.that way=in that way 通过那种方式
  11.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技巧
  12. too…to…太….而不能… It’s too hard for me to understand the article. = It’s so hard that I can’t understand the article.
  13. for example=for instance 例如
  14. ask about 询问有关…;ask sb about sth 向某人询问/打听有关…. We asked them about the best ways to more English. I want to ask about the use of the new machines.
  15. watch/see/hear sb do sth 观看/看见/听见某人做过某事;watch/see/hear sb doing sth 观看/看见/听见某人 某事 He can watch actors say the words. Can you hear him singing in the room?
  16. 辨析:sometime ;sometimes ;some times ;some time ①sometime 在将来/过去的某一时间 I’ll speak to about it sometime. 我会找个时间和他谈谈这事. I met her sometime last year.去年的某个时候我见过她. sometimes = at times 有时,偶尔 It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold here. He sometimes writes to some time A.一些时间:It will take you some time B.在未来的某时=sometime: Phone me some time next week 下个星期什么时候给我打电话吧. ④ me. him ② ③ 正在做 learn
to walk there.
some times 一些次,几次 I've told him the thing some times.
  17. join 短语:①join sb 加入到某人的活动中去 ②join in+活动项目"参加…活动" I'd like to join in the game. ③join+组织 机构"加入到某个组织机构,成为其中的一个成员"join the Party; join the League, The best way to improve your English is to join an English club
  18. have fun 玩得高兴
  19. not at all 一点也不
  20. get excited 高兴、激动
  21. end up (vi.) 结束; 告终; 结果 ; 最后
end up doing sth. We end up taking a taxi there .我们结果乘出租车去了那里. We sometimes end up speaking in Chinese.(以说汉语结束 对话)
  22. do a survey 做调查;do a survey about 针对…做调查 I'm doing a survey about learning English. 我在进行学习英 语的调查。
Section 1B
  1.spoken English 英语口语; written English 书面英语
  2.make mista kes/make a mistake 犯错误
  3.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确
  4.practice speaking English 练习说英语
  5.first of all 首先
  6.to begin with
  7.late on 随后
  8. be afraid to do 因为害怕而不敢做某事 I'm afraid to speak in class.
  9. in class 在课堂上
  10.laugh at sb 嘲笑某人; laugh at sth 因为某事而发笑
  11.make sentences 造句
  12.辨析: too , also , either: too, also 用于肯定句 ,疑问句;also 用于行前 be 后,情后助后 ; either 用于否定句,置 句末
  13.decide to do sth 决定做某事
  14.take notes 做笔记
  15.have trouble doing sth 在…方面有困难 up in the dictionary.
  16. enjoy doing 喜欢干
  17. be impressed 深受感动 impress sth on sb/impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事
  18.write down 写下、记下
  19.look up(v-adv) “查字典 ”
  20. feel+形容词 “感觉起来…”
  21. native speakers 说本族话的人
  22. make up 组成、构成
  23. as 当作… Most people speak English as a second language. You can use the book as your textbook. Regard problems as challenges.
  24. around the world 全世界 1Reading
  1.deal with 处置 If you have some trouble spelling new words , you can look them 一开始
How do you deal with your problem?
  2. unless 连词 “除非…否则…” (不用于假想的事) Unless you start at once , you will be late. 除非你马上出发, 否则你要迟到了. Nobody , unless Tom can help you. 除了汤姆别人帮不了你。
  3.worry about (be worried about) 担心、担忧
  4.be angry with 生某人的气
  5.stay angry 生气
  6.go by 消逝
  7. affect (vt.)影响,感动 Worrying about our problem affects how we do at home.
  8. have disagreements 有分歧 ,意见不同
  9. regard…as… 把……当做……
  10.complain about…抱怨… Many students complain about school. He often complains about the weather here.
  11.change…into…把…转变为… We must learn how to change problems into challenges.
  12.try one's best to do sth 尽力做某事
  13.with the help of 在...的帮助下
  14.think of (think about) 想起、想到
  15.compare A to B 把 A 比作 B Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer. 科学家有时将人脑比作电脑。
  16. physical problems 身体上的问题
  17. face the challenge 面对挑战
  18. forget about (口语)不要放在心上;忘掉 Did you forget about the meeting ? He forgot about sweeping the floor .
  19. break off 中断 break off a friendship 断绝友谊;断交
  20. in a way 用某种方式 ; in a positive way 以正面的方式
Unit 2
Section 2A

  1.used to do 过去常常作某事,表示以往的事实或情况 He used to be tall , didn’t he ? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t.
  2.Over here! = Come over here! 到这边来!过来!
  3.play the piano 弹钢琴
  4.be interested in 对…感兴趣.
  5. be on a team 加入…队 I'm on a swim team.
  6.People sure change.人确实在变
  7.be afraid of ⑴害怕,畏惧:be afraid of sth /doing sth 害怕… I used to be afraid of the dark. Fred is afraid of flying. He feels anxious before he gets on the plane. He is afraid of going /to go out alone at night. 他害 怕夜晚独自出去。⑵担忧,忧虑(为某事可能产生的后果而担忧) He is afraid of dying.他怕死。
  8.be alone 独自、单独(表状态) live alone 单独住,独居 fell lonely 感到孤独,寂寞

  9.in an airplane 坐飞机.
  10.go to sleep 入睡、睡着
  11. be terrified of 害怕. be terrified of sb/sth 对…感到恐惧,很害怕
  12.with the light on 开着灯;with the eyes closed 闭着眼睛 He often sleeps with the light on.他经常开灯睡 觉。 Section 2B
  1. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学 take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘公共汽车去上学
  2. gym class 体操课.
  3. worry about. 担心.
  4. all the time 一直, 总是
  5.these days 如今,现在
  6. go right home 马上回家 ,直接回家
  7. spend time/money (in) doing sth 花时间/钱做某事 辨析:pay; take; cost ; spend:① sb pay for sth 支付…的费用;pay money for sth ②It takes (sb) time/money to do sth. ③sth cost (sb) money ④sb spend time/money on sth /in doing sth
  8. chat with 与…闲聊
  9. hardly ever 几乎从不 hardly“几乎不”,表示否定含义,类似的词有:never,few,little,nothing,nobody 等。 I am so tired that I can hardly do anything.我太累了几乎什么事情也干不了了。There is hardly any food left for me.几乎没有给我剩什 么吃的东西。
  10.the old days 过去的日子
  11. in the last (few years) “在过去的(几年)里” 用于现在完成时 My life has changed a lot in the last few years. Reading2
  1. cause trouble 惹麻烦
  2. afford to do sth 支付得起…的费用 I can't afford to see the movie. 我看不起这个电影。
  3. as well as“不仅…而且…;既…又…” His mother looked after him as well as she could.他的母亲尽可能好好照顾他 Living things need air and light as well as water. 生物不仅需要水,而且还需要空气和阳光。 She helps Tom as well as I. 除了我以外她也帮了汤姆的忙。
  4.get into trouble 招惹麻烦; get into trouble with sb 惹…的麻烦,与…发生纠缠 He often gets into trouble with the police.
  5.in the end 最后, 终于
  6.make a decision 做出决定

  7.send …to…把…送到…
  8.to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是
  9.even though=even if“即使” Even if I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there. 即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。 I like her even though she can be annoying.尽管有时他很烦人,但是我还是喜欢她。
  10.no longer 不再,已不
  11.take pride in 对…感到自豪 He would take pride in everything good I do.
  12.pay attention to sb 注意某人,仔细听某人的话
  13. a top student 尖子生
  14.give up 放弃
  15.not …any more 英式 not…anymore 美式 (不再,已不)
Section 3A

  1.语法:被动语态 ①构成:主语+be+过去分词+by 短语 ② He likes music. Music s liked by him. I ask him to help her.He is asked to help her. She makes me go there every day. I am made to go there every day by her. They gave me some flowers. I was given some flowers by them . Some flowers were given to me by them. ③特殊句型:be made in; be made of; be made from; be made up of; be used /spoken as
  2. be allowed to do sth 被允许干… I am not allowed to watch TV at home. allow doing sth 允许干…
  3. go out with their friends 和朋友一块出去
  4.sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16 岁的孩子
  5.part-time jobs 兼职工作
  6.get one’s ears pierced 穿耳孔 get sth +过去分词“使…被…”You must get your coat washed. I couldn't get my car started this morning.今天 早晨我无法把汽车发动起来
  7.choose one’s own clothes 选自己的衣服
  8. a driver’s license 驾照
  9.enough 用法: enough money/books; old enough
  10.seem to 好像
  11.on weekends 在周末
  12.instead of 代替,而不是 辨析:instead (adv.); instead of (prep.) homework. I did it instead of him.
  13. at that age 在那个年龄段
  14.so do we 我们也一样 倒装句: 口诀:前后主语不一样,语序当然用倒装;前后主语一个样,语序当然要正常(用陈述语序) I won’t go there, I’ll go to the park instead. They talk instead of doing allow sb to do sth 允许某人干…
So + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定) 表示与前面所述事实一致. Neither/Nor + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定) 表示与前面所述事实一致. 例: He likes oranges. So do we. He doesn’t like oranges. Neither do we. She went to the cinema yesterday. So did I. She didn’t go to the cinema yesterday. Neither did I. Tom can swim. So can John. Tom can’t swim. Neither can John. So +主语+ be 动词/助动词/情态动词 表示对前面事实的进一步确认. 例: Henry is very tired. So he is.(的确是) He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.(的确是) They will win the game. So they will.(他们会的)
  15.on school nights 在上学期间的每个晚上
  16.by 10:00pm 晚上十点前,by 不迟于,常用于将来时的句子中
  17.stay up 熬夜 ,不睡觉 He is allowed to stay up until 11:
  18.clean up (v-adv.) 打扫干净, 收拾整洁 They were all busy cleaning up the ground. Section 3B
  1. get to class late . 上课迟到
  2.fail (in) sth 做某事失败 Do you ever worry that you'll fail (in) a test? fail (in) a test 考试不及格; pass a test 考试及格; take a test 参加考试
  3. be strict with 对…要求严格 be strict with+人. be strict in+事物.
  4.the other day 前几天,不久以前
  5.all my classmates 我所有的同学
  6.concentrate on…专注于… We would concentrate more on our clothes.
  7.辨析:①be good to sb/sth 对…好 She is very good to me.② be good to do sthi 做某事好 例:Why is it good to volunteer? ③be good at 擅长;④ be good for 对…有益
  8. be a good way to do 是…的好方法
  9.keep +宾语+形容词 “使…保持…状态” We must keep him happy.Keep the door closed.
  10.both;neither 用法:Both answers are right.Neither answer is right. Both of the answers are right.Neither of the answers is right.
  11. It’s a good idea for sb. to do 是…的好主意
  12. in groups 成群的,按组的
  13.get noisy 吵闹(系表结构)
  14. learn from 向某人学习
  15.at present 现在,目前 At present, the holidays are too short.
  16. have an opportunity to do sth Swimming is good for our health.
  17. be a good/great experience for sb. 对…来说是一次很好的经历
  18. English-English dictionary 英英词典
  19. at least 至少
  20. eight hours’ sleep a night 每晚 8 小时的睡眠
  21. an old people’s home 敬老院
  22. perform a play for sb 为…表演节目
  23. primary schools 小学
  24. newspaper office 报社
  25. be sleepy ?
  26. after a long week of classes 上完一周课之后
  27. have…off 放假,休息
  28. reply to 回答,答复 Reading3
  1.get in the way of 妨碍 2 a professional athlete 职业运动员
  3.achieve one’s dreams 实现某人的梦想
  4. have nothing against doing sth 不反对…
  5. think about 思考,考虑
  6. in the end 最后,终于
  7.make a decision 做决定 Should I be allowed to make my own decisions?
  8.be serious about 对…感兴趣的/是认真的. But I'm serious about running.
  9. spend…on + n. spend …(in) + v-ing 在…上花费时间/金钱
  10.care about 关心,留心,重视 I know that my father cares about me.
Unit 4
Section 4A

  1. give the money to charity 将钱捐



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