九年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳 Unit 2 Saving the earth
Topic 1 I can’t stand the environment here. 一、重点词汇
(一) 词形变换
  1. produce(名词) producer
  4. soil (近义词) earth harmful
  7. die (名词) death (形容词) dead
  9.pleasant (反义词) unpleasant (二) 重点词组
  1. stand /improve / protect the environment
  2. produce terrible gas
  3. manage to do sth.
  4. in a good / bad mood
  5. feel uncomfortable
  6. pour waste into river
  7. something useful
  8. be harmful to sb. / sth.
  9. the look of our cities
  10. see fish swimming
  11. at present
  12. shout at sb. 某人
  13. stop making so much noise
  14. disturb others
  15. a kind of pollution
  16. be sorry for doing sth.
  17. from now on
  18. in noisy conditions
  19. become deaf
  20. quite a few
  21. no better than 停止发出如此大的噪音 打扰别人 一种污染 对做了某事感到抱歉 从现在起 在吵杂的条件下 变聋了 相当少 (几乎)与……一样差 忍受/改善/保护环境 产生难闻的气味 设法做某事 情绪好/差 感到不舒适 把废水倒入河里 有用的事物 对某人/某物有害 城市面貌 看到鱼儿游来游去 目前 对某人大喊大叫;斥责
  8. downstairs (反义词) upstairs
  10. change (形容词) changeable
  2. breathe (名词) breath
  3. manage (同义词) try
  6. harm (形容词)

  5. waste (反义词) save

  22. cause high blood pressure
  23. in strong, changeable light 二、 重点句型。
  1. It is difficult for me to breathe.
引发高血压 在强烈、易变的光线下 对我来说很难呼吸。 你处于这样的状态多久了?

  2. How long have you been like this?
I have been like this since last month. 自从上个月以来我一直这样。
  3. It is a beautiful place with flowers and grass. 那是个有花、 有草的美丽的地方。
  4. All the flowers, grass and fish have gone! 所有的花、草和鱼儿都没有了!
  5. It smells terrible. 难闻极了。
  6. There are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the river. 有几座工厂正往河里排放污水。
  7. It’s our duty to protect the environment. 保护环境是我们的职责。
  8. I have been at this school since last year / for one year. 自从去年,我在这个学校了。 / 我来到这个学校有一年了。
  9. Noise is a kind of pollution and it is harmful to our ears. 噪音是一种污染,对我们的耳朵有害。 三、重点语言点
  1. I can’t stand the environment here. 我无法容忍这儿的环境。 stand 表“容忍;忍受”,后接名词、代词及动名词做宾语。 如: I can’t stand that man, he talks too much. 我忍受不了那个人了,他话 太多了。 Can you stand the pain?
  2. What do you mean by sth. ? 你能忍得住痛吗? 某物是什么意思呢? 我希望我能早点从这儿搬走。 我希望早点从这儿搬走。 I can’t stand waiting any longer. 我再也等不了了。 = What’s the meaning of sth ? = What does sth. mean?
  3. I hope I can move from here soon. = I hope to move from here soon. 有几座工厂正往河里排放污水。 There be + sb. / sth. + doing sth. 表有某人/ 某物正在做某事。 如: There are some birds singing in the tree. 树上有些鸟儿在歌唱。 There is a little girl crying in the street. 街上有个小女孩在哭。 当主从句主语一致时,常可转换成不定式短语

  4.There are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the river.

  5.stop doing sth. stop to do sth.
停止做(正在进行的)事 停下来去做(另一件)事
如:It’s late. They will stop working and (stop) to have supper. 很迟了。他们将停下来吃晚饭。 The students stopped talking and to listen to the teacher. 学生们停止说话 去听课。
  6.I’m sorry for making so much noise. 很抱歉我弄出这么大的噪音。 be sorry for doing sth. be sorry to do sth. 表对做过的事感到抱歉 表对当前的事感到抱歉
如:I’m sorry for waking you up yesterday. 很抱歉昨天把你弄醒了。 I’m sorry to trouble you. 很抱歉打扰你了。 I’m sorry to hear that. 听到那个(消息)感到很遗憾。
  7. …,not all people know that noise is also a kind of pollution. 并不是所有的人都知道噪音也是一种污染。 not 与 both、all 、every 以及 every 的派生词连用时,表部分否 、 的派生词连用时, 定。 如:Not everybody knows this secret. 不是人人知道这个秘密。 Nobody knows this secret. 没有一个人知道这个秘密。 I don’t know all (of) your names. 你们的名字我并不都知道。 I know none of your names. 我不知道你们所有人的名字。
  8. Recently it was reported that many teenagers in America can hear no better than 65-year-old people do,…近来据报道, 美国许多青少年的听力和 65 岁的老人一样差。 no better than… 表“同……(几乎 一样差; 不比……做得好 几乎)一样差 不比 做得好” 几乎 一样差 做得好 如: Lucy did no better than Lily in the exam. 露西和莉莉考得几乎一样糟. = Lucy almost did as badly as Lily in the exam. 四、重点语法 现在完成时中延续性的动作或状态和由 for / since 引导的一段时间状语搭 配使用。 a)“for + 时间段” 与 “since + 时间点” 都表“一段时间”,常用 How “ 时间段” 时间点” 都表“ 一段时间” long 提问。 提问。 如: How long have you been like this? I have been like this since last month./ for a month. How long have you lived in Changle?
I have lived in Changle for ten years / since ten years ago. b) 如句中含有非延续性动词,则改为相应的延续性动词或状态。 如句中含有非延续性动词,则改为相应的延续性动词或状态。 如:I bought this TV three days ago.= I have had this TV for three days. His cat died yesterday.= His cat has been dead since yesterday. ※ 常见的非延续性动词转换成延续性动词如下: come?be here; go?be there; close?be closed; open?be open; buy?have; borrow ?keep; leave?be away; begin?be on; etc. finish?be over; die?be dead 一、重点词汇 (一)词形变换
  1. none (反义词) all litter
  4.teal (过去式) stole (过去分词) stolen spat
  6. behave (名词) behavior
  7. prevent (同义词) stop though complete (二)重点词组
  1.read this article
  2.here and there = everywhere
  3.care for = look after = take care of
  4.give some advice to …
  5.set one’s mind to sth. 于……
  6.protect nature
  7.wash away
  8.blow away
  9.turn into = change into
  10.die out
  11.stop / prevent …(from) doing sth.
  12.keep…from doing sth.
  13.move toward…
  14.cut down 保护自然 冲走 吹走;刮走 转变成 灭绝;绝迹 阻止……做某事 阻止……做某事 朝……移动 砍倒 看这篇文章 到处 照顾 提出一些建议给…… 集中精力于……; 用心
  9. pollute (句词) pollution
  8. although (同义词)
  10. completely (形容词)
  5. spit (过去式;过去分词)
  2. both (反义词) neither
  3. rubbish (同义词)
Topic 2 How does pollution hurt the earth?

  15.run away
  16.cut off
  17.on the earth
  18. be in danger of (doing) sth.
  19.destroy/ harm/ pollute the environment
  20.have a quiet life
  21.plenty of
  22.come to realize
  23.have a clean-up
  24.one after another
  25.on recycled paper
  26.enter the competition
  27.offer one’s suggestion 二、重点句型
跑走; 流走 中断 在地球上 处于做某事的危险中 破坏/损害/污染环境 过着平静的生活 大量的 开始意识 大扫除 一个接着另一个 在再生纸上 进入比赛 提供某人的建议

  1.But the government has done something useful to protect the environment. 但政府为了保护环境已做了一些有益的事。
  2.We shouldn’t leave rubbish here and there/ everywhere. 我们不应该到丢弃 垃圾。
  3.Don’t step on the grass or pick the flowers around us. 不要践踏我们周围的草坪和采摘花朵。 不要践踏我们周围的草坪和采摘花朵。
  4.Everyone should care for /look after/ take care of wild animals and plant more trees. 每一个人都应当保护野生动物并且多种树。
  5.We should do everything we can to protect the environment. 我们应尽一切努力保护环境。
  6.Nothing is difficult if you set your mind to it.世上无难事,只怕有心人。
  7.The wind is blowing strongly with lots of sand. 风夹着沙子猛烈地刮着。
  8.They are dying out because of all kinds of pollution.由于各种污染,他们正濒 临灭绝。
  9. It caused Harbin City to cut off its water supply for five days.它导致哈尔滨市 断水 5 天。
  10. Some things we’ve done are very good, while some are not good for the earth. 我们所做的一些事情对地球有益,然而有一些却对地球有着负面影响。
  11. As a result, many rivers and lakes are dead now. 结果, 现在许多河流湖泊失 去生机。

  1. It says that China has become the world’s largest producer and user of coal. 它(文章)写到 写到中国已经成为世界上最大的煤炭生产和消费国。 写到 sth. + says that… 此句型中主语是事或物, 表用 文字、 此句型中主语是事或物, say “文字、 数字” 数字” 说明信息。 说明信息。 如: It says “ Happy New Year!” on the card. 卡片上写着“新年快乐!”。 The clock says that it is 20:00 now. 这面钟显示现在是
  2. As we know, none of us likes pollution. 众所周知,没有人喜欢污染。 none 与 no one 的区别: 的区别: a) none “全无”,既可指人也可指物,后常跟 of 的短语; 作主语时,谓语 全无” 既可指人也可指物, 的短语 作主语时, 动词既可用单数也可用复数; 只指人, 的短语; 动词既可用单数也可用复数;no one 只指人,后不能跟 of 的短语 作主 语时,谓语动词只用作单数。如: 语时, 谓语动词只用作单数。 He has read none of these books.(指物)这些书他一本都没看过。 ( 我的朋友们没有一个喜欢画画。 None of my friends like/ likes drawing. 指人) No one is here. 没有一个在这儿。 的问题; 的问题。 b) none 回答 how many/ much 的问题;no one 回答 who 的问题。 如: A: How many students come to school by taxi? B: None. 有多少的学生搭出租车来上学? 没有人。 A: How much water is there in the bottle? B: None.瓶子里有多少水? 一点儿 也没有。 A: Who is in the room? B: No one.谁在房中?没有人。 最近它已经成为一个严重问题。
  3. It has become a big problem recently.最近它已经成为一个严重问题。 最近它已经成为一个严重问题 recently“到目前为止;近来”,常用于现在完成时。如: I haven’t heard from him recently. 最近,我没收到他的来信。 She has read some books on history recently. 最近她看了一些有关历史的 书。
  4. When it rains, the soil will be washed away.下雨时,土壤就会被冲走。 下雨时,土壤就会被冲走。 下雨时 will be +过去分词 过去分词为一般将来时的被动语形式。如: 过去分词 The earth will be blown away by the wind. 态) = The wind will blow away the earth. 风将会把泥土刮走。(主动语态)
  5.A lot of rich land has changed into desert, leaving only sand. 许多肥沃的土地已经变成了沙漠,留下的是遍地黄沙。 a) change… into… = turn… into… 把…..(转)变成 转 变成….. 如: 变成 泥土将会被风刮走。 (被动语
Please change/ turn English into Chinese. 请把英语变成汉语。 When the traffic lights change/ turn into green, we can go. 当交通灯变成绿色时,我们就可以通行。 b) leaving only stand 现在分词短语作状语, 表伴随。如: 现在分词短语作状语 表伴随。 The children went away, talking and laughing.孩子们说着、笑着离开了。 The girl is looking for her mother, crying loudly. 这个女孩大声地哭着在寻找她的母亲。
  6.Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. They can also prevent the sand from moving toward the rich land. 树可以防风固土,也可阻止风沙吹进 良田。 Trees can keep water from running away. 树可以防止水土流失。 stop / prevent sb. /sth. (from ) doing sth. 阻止/ 防止 某人或某物做某事 阻止 keep sb./sth. from doing sth. protect the environment. 保护环境。 although 连词,表“虽然; 尽管”,引导让步状语从句,相当于 though 但 比 though 正式。不能与 but 同时连用。如: Although the question is difficult, he can still answer it. 尽管这个问题很难,他仍能回答上它。
  9.And some animals are in danger of disappearing completely. = And some animals are in danger of dying out. in danger of ( doing ) sth. 一些动物濒临灭绝。 处于做某事的危险中; 如: 阻止/ 防止 某人或某物做某事 阻止
  7. Although we have built the Great Green Wall, we still need to work hard to 尽管我们已经建了绿色长城,我们仍需要致力于
They are in danger of losing their lives. 他们正处于失去生命的危险中。
  9. You may either take a bus or a taxi. 你们可能搭公车去或者是搭出租车去。 a) eith



   本资料来源于大家网中考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-213-1.html 九年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳 Unit 2 Saving the earth Topic 1 I can’t stand the environment here. 一、重点词汇 (一) 词形变换 1. produce(名词) producer 4. soil (近义词) earth harmful 7. die (名词) death (形容词) dead 9.pleasa ...


   九年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳 Unit 2 Saving the earth Topic 1 I can’t stand the environment here. 一、重点词汇 (一) 词形变换 1. produce(名词) producer 4. soil (近义词) earth harmful 7. die (名词) death (形容词) dead 9.pleasant (反义词) unpleasant (二) 重点词组 1. stand /improve / protect ...

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