Unit 1 How do you study for a test?
【单元话题分析】 单元话题分析】
怎样学习英语,怎样学好英语是我们每个学生、老师、家长共同关心的问题。本单元话 题就是谈论如何学习英语。 学会学习是《新课程标准》倡导的一个基本理念。如何学习英语或者如何学习某门功课 是非常贴近中学生学习生活的话题之一, 是每个中学生都有亲身感受与体验的。 这个话题既 有趣又实用,既能锻炼我们的表达能力,又能使我们学到一些实用的方法,对自身的学习大 有帮助。它涉及到英语学习的各个方面,可以谈论听力、口语的训练,语法、词汇的学习, 也可以谈论自己学习中遇到的困难,介绍学习经验、给出建议等内容。 该话题常见的命题形式主要是要求考生介绍自己学习英语的具体方法、学习英语的体 会、遇到的困难和给他人提出建议等。写该话题时要注意层次清晰、条理清楚,写作时要突 出谈论的重点,使用恰当的时态(一般现在时较常用)。此外,大家还要掌握相关的词汇和 常见表达方式,使自己的作文语言丰富,更具可读性。
【写作指导】 写作指导】

  1、 对于写作而言,丰富的词汇储备十分重要。关于这个话题常见的词汇和短语有: memorize,pronunciation, read aloud, make mistakes in grammar/spelling, take notes, practice speaking, asking the teacher for help/surfing the internet/getting by an English tutor, have a problem,learn by heart…
  2、 由于本话题涉及的内容一般是日常学习生活,所以一般情况下选用一般现在时。如果涉 及到发生在过去的事,则使用一般过去时。谈论本话题也常常用到现在进行时。一定注 意要按照内容安排选择适当的时态。
  3、 从涉及的内容来看,无论是谈论自己的学习经验还是面临的问题,都需要逐一列举,为 了使全文流畅、生动、层次清晰、条理清楚,在写作中,正确使用连接词,会使文章增 色不少。常见的表示顺序或承接的连词或词组有:first of all,second,to begin with, later on,finally,at last 等。
  4、 每个句子要简练,尽量避免语法错误。但句式也不可过于单调,要把平时学的知识用进 去,在恰当的地方使用如定语从句、宾语从句、非谓语动词和比较等句型,特别是对关 联词的使用,如“so that”、“not…but ”“not only...but also”等,更能显示出你的英 文功底,但要做到这些并非一日之功,要靠平时的不断训练和积累。
  5、 注意不同语言的表达习惯,也是写好英语作文的重要环节。不要用汉语的句式去硬套英 语句子,尽量使用学过的句型。
【解题技巧】 解题技巧】

  1、 先要认真审题,仔细阅读提示,弄清写作的要求,抓住要点,确定体裁。
  2、 根据要求构思,按要求确定人称、时态等要素,草拟提纲。根据作文内容考虑要使用的 词汇和短语等内容。
  3、 认真选词、选句,尽量使用自己熟悉的、掌握较好的词句,最好能做到词汇使用恰当、 丰富,句式多样。避免用汉语思维套用英语句式。
  4、 联句成篇,使作文自然流畅。适当应用连词把句子串联成为一篇短文,注意合理搭配句 式,正确使用标点符号,不可“一逗”到底。
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  5、 通篇检查,修改润色。主要看全文内容是否符合题目要求,有没有遗忘要点,看行文是 否流畅,有无拼写及语法错误。
【佳篇欣赏】 佳篇欣赏】 A
My Ways of Learning English English is the most widely used language in the world. As a student in the 21st century, learning a foreign language well is necessary. Unfortunately, a few of my classmates don’t learn English well, so they want to give up. Therefore,I think I should help them with their English. Here are my ways of learning English. First of all, I usually learn English by listening to the tapes. Correct pronunciation is the most important thing for beginners. I listen to the tape carefully every evening and read every sentence after the tape to improve my pronunciation. In this way, my English sounds very nice now, and I am more confident in learning English. Second, I think reading is another important way to learn English. I usually learn new words by reading English magazines. By reading, I not only learn a lot of words, but also get to know how to use them. Reading helps me to understand grammar better, it makes grammar more interesting. As for speaking, I join the English cub to practice spoken English. I talk with different students and foreign teachers. In my opinion, the best way of learning English is talking in English as much as possible. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes because everyone makes mistakes. B How to Learn English Well? ? English is one of the most important subjects in middle school. Almost everyone knows that we should learn English well, but few of us know how to learn it well. When one is learning a foreign language, he must use it. In fact, most of us learn English just by reading the textbooks and listening to the tapes. But we are afraid to speak. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. A saying goes that practice makes perfect. When we learn English, we should practice speaking every day in order to learn it better. The more we speak, the fewer mistakes we make. Only in this way can we learn English well. C My Problems in Learning English I have been leaning English for more than six years. I find it difficult for me to learn it well. I have some problems in leaning English. I can’t follow my teacher when she speaks English in class. I am really worried. I tried my best to learn English by memorizing all the grammar rules and new words, but I always make mistakes in grammar and spelling. What’s wrong? I feel frustrated.
【重点结构和句型展示】 重点结构和句型展示】
A.原汁原味(课本重点结构和句型) .原汁原味(课本重点结构和句型)
  1. I learn English by reading aloud. 我通过大声朗读学英语。
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  2. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? 大声朗读练习发音怎么样?
  3. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. 她补 充说,和朋友交谈一点帮助都没有。
  4. It is too hard to understand the voice . 理解那些话太难了。
  5. He’s been learning English for six years. 他学习英语已经有六年了。
  6. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. 首先是老师给全班讲课时我不容易听懂。
  7. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. 我认为进行大量的多听力训练是成为一个优秀语言学习者的秘诀 之一。 B. 精彩例句拓展 .
  1. Why not listen and read after the tape ?为什么不听录音跟读呢?
  2. You’d better take notes in class. 你最好上课记笔记。
  3. It is not difficult for you to learn English well if you spend time and energy on it. 只要 你花时间下功夫,学好英语并不难。
  4. It is wise of you to take English seriously. 你能认真对待英语,这是明智的。
  5. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. 别怕请人帮忙。
  6. I always make mistakes in grammar. 我常常在语法方面犯错。
  7. I have trouble reading English magazines. 我读英文杂志有些困难。
【原创习作点评】 原创习作点评】
假设你是一名英语成绩优秀的初三学生, 请你写一篇短文, 简要总结自己近几年学习英 语的成功做法。 要求:
  1. 题目自拟。
  2. 合理安排内容,尽量介绍英语学习各个方面的做法,避免只介绍某一个方面的经验 做法。
  3. 语言通顺、语法准确。 分 析: 这是一篇给定话题的自命题作文, 要求以成绩优异生的身份介绍学习英语的成功做法和 经验。 写作的重点要放在学习方法的介绍上。首先,可以介绍自己的英语学习情况,再导入到 方法的介绍说明上。其次,由于介绍的内容包括多方面的内容,所以要注意写作的条理要清 楚。要做到条理清楚,就需要恰到使用表示顺序或承接的词或词组。 习作
  1: How I study English I often hear some students say that English is too difficult to learn, and they can’t learn it well. But English is easy to me. I am good at it. I am very glad to say something about how I learn English. First, I think ①having interest in English is very important. Interest is the best teacher. In order to develop 教师点评 得分点 这是一篇非常优秀的学生习作。 ①内容完整,介绍时使用了 first、 second、third 等副词使短文条理清 晰,层次分明。 ②用词丰富,使用了多种句式,作 文具有较强的可读性。
3
interest in English, I always ②listen and learn some English songs. When I sing these songs, I feel very confident that I can learn English well. Second, English is a foreign language,it’s not so easy to learn. In class, I listen to the teacher carefully, speak bravely, I am not afraid of making mistakes. After I listen to the tape, read aloud the new words many times and practice speaking again and again. I also have a good habitask questions. Whenever I have a question, I will ask my teacher for help and make it clear. Third, I often read English magazines. In this way, I can learn lots of new words and expressions. Reading helps me understand a lot of things. I think it an important way to learn a foreign language. Learning English takes time and energy. If you are hardworking and interested in it, you will do well in it. I hope every student can learn English well. 习作
  2: The way I learn English I like English very much. My English is very good. Usually, I like to listen to English songs very much. I learned many words by ③remembering the words of songs. This can help me practice listening, too. Grammar is very important. I always try my best to remember all the grammar rules after class. Then I will make some sentences according to the grammar. ④Use grammar helps me do well in exams. For most of the students, speaking is a problem. In class,I work with my partners to practice the dialogues in the textbook. After class, I often read after the tape and try to remember all the sentences. When I speak with my classmates or foreign teacher, these sentences are very useful. English itself is not difficult, the most important for a student is to be confident. I think everyone can learn it well if you try hard.
③用词恰当,极少出现语言错误。 对于初中学生来说,有些句型使用 的 非 常 精 彩 , 如 : I think it an important way to learn a foreign language 和 Learning English takes time and energy. 存在问题 短文中出现了简单错误。 ①此两处分别应为 have an interest in 和 develop an interest。 ② 此处应为 listen to。 建议 ①可根据英语学习的具体情况介绍 如何学习词汇、语法等内容。 ②如果是考试作文,字数最好控制 在 100?120 左右。
教师点评 得分点 这是一篇中档习作。 ① 基本按照题目要求, 简单介绍了 自己在英语学习几个方面的做法。 ② 语言错误较少。 ③ 结尾句很好。 失分点 ①使用的句型单一、简单。 ②条理性不强。段落关系联系不紧 密。 ③语言错误:此处选词不当,根据 短文内容判断,此处用 memorize 的动名词形式 memorizing 更为恰 当。 ④语法错误,对于动名词做主语掌 握不熟练,此处应为 Using。
【拓展练笔】 拓展练笔

  1、关于学习英语,有人认为最重要的是学好语法,有人认为最重要的是尽可能多地记住一 些单词和词组。而你认为这两种观点都有片面性。 以 How to learn English well? 为题写一篇短文,谈谈你的看法。
4
How to learn English well? ? One possible version:
How to Learn English Well? Some people think that if we want to learn English well we must learn English grammar well first of all. Others believe we can't learn English well if we don’t memorize as many English words and phrases as possible. In my opinion, grammar rules, new words and phrases are both very important, but they are not enough. Fox example,some of my classmates are quite good at grammar and have learned by heart a lot of English words and phrases,yet they can't express themselves in English when they meet foreig
 

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