Zhang Ming who is from USA is traveling in Shuitou No 1 Middle School. He wants to go to a supermarket hotel/bank… /restaurant/ hotel/bank…. But he doesn't know the way now. What should he do?
Hi! Where is the restaurant?
Sorry. I can t help can’t you.
Excuse me. Could you please tell me where the China Bank is?
down…. Sure. Go down . left… it’s And turn left it s the…. on the right of the .
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
Before You Read
If you need help with your homework, how would you ask :
Section 1
Section 2

  1. your mother of father
Section 3

  2. your best friend
Section 4

  3. a teacher
Mom, Can you help me with my homework ? Could you please help me with my homework? Excuse me, Sir ? Could you please help me with my homework ?
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
Before You Read
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Discuss the language you used to make this request. Was it the same each time ? If not, discuss why not.
Section 4
?How can we try not to offend people when How making requests? ?Is language etiquette as important as Is learning grammar or vocabulary? Why?
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2

  1. 用5分钟时间通读短文. 分钟时间通读短文.
  2. 将生词和不熟悉的短语 及有困难的句子打上记号. 及有困难的句子打上记号.
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2

  3.和同桌讨论一下你的难点
  3.和同桌讨论一下你的难点. 和同桌讨论一下你的难点.
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Asking for information or help is a very common and necessary activity, especially when we visit a foreign country, so knowing how to ask for information politely is important.
询问信息和求助帮助是非常普通也是 很重要的一项活动, 很重要的一项活动, 特别是当我们去 国外参观学习时. 国外参观学习时. 所以知道如何有礼貌 的询问信息是很重要的. 的询问信息是很重要的.
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
In English, “Where are the restroom?” and “Could you please 正确的,与 正确的 与 tell me where the restrooms are?” right可以通用 可以通用. 可以通用 are similar requests-both are correct English, but the first could sound rude.
用英语说: “休息室在哪里?”和 用英语说: “休息室在哪里?”和 “能告诉 休息室在哪里?” 我休息室在哪里?”都是正确的英语表达, ?”都是正确的英语表达 我休息室在哪里?”都是正确的英语表达, 但是第一种听起来很粗鲁. 但是第一种听起来很粗鲁.
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
It’s important to use language, but sometimes this alone is not enough-we need to learn how to be polite when we make requests.
使用正确的语言是很重要, 使用正确的语言是很重要,但是有时这还不 我们还需要学习怎么礼貌的提出请求. 够,-我们还需要学习怎么礼貌的提出请求.
单独的, 单独的 correct 独立的
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
In English, just like in Chinese, we change the way we speak when talking with different people. The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them.
正如用汉语说话一样, 正如用汉语说话一样,我们在遇到不同的谈话 对象时会改变我们的说话方式. 对象时会改变我们的说话方式.你使用的方式 可能是取决你要谈话的人或是你对他 的认识程度. 的认识程度.
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
…On the other hand, it might be alright to say “Where is my book?” in some situations, perhaps with people you know well.
另一方面,如果你对非常熟的人, 另一方面,如果你对非常熟的人,在一些环境 我的书在哪?”是可以的. ?”是可以的 下这样说 “我的书在哪?”是可以的.
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
…Usually in English polite questions are longer and include extra language such as “Could you please..?” or “ 及物动词, 意思是”包括,算 及物动词 意思是”包括 算 Can I ask…?” 在内”,一般接名词或者是 在内” 一般接名词或者是
动词的-ing形式作宾语 形式作宾语. 动词的 形式作宾语
Section 3
Section 4
…通常,用英语礼貌的提出请求的句子要长 通常, 一些, 一些, 而且还包括一些附加用语如 “请问 能否…?” …?”或者 我能问一下…?” 能否…?”或者 “我能问一下…?”
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
…Sometimes, we might even need to spend some time leading in to a question or request. 这里是实义动词, need 这里是实义动词,
需要. 需要.一般跟名词或不 定式作宾语. 定式作宾语.
Section 3
Section 4
有时, 有时,我们甚至可能需要花费一段时间去 引出一个问题或要求. 引出一个问题或要求.
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
…It might seem that speaking politely is more difficult than being direct, and in a way this may be true.
Section 3
Section 4
…可能礼貌的说话要比直接说困难些,某种 可能礼貌的说话要比直接说困难些, 程度上说这可能是真的. 程度上说这可能是真的.
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
While You Read
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
However, in order not to offend people, learning about language etiquette is just as important as learning grammar or vocabulary.
然而,为了不冒犯他人, 然而,为了不冒犯他人,学习礼节语言就正 如学习语法和词汇一样重要. 如学习语法和词汇一样重要.
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
After You Read
Request Suitable situation More polite request “Could you please tell me where the restroom are?” “Could you please tell me where the library is?” “Could you please Tell me how much you paid for that soccer ball?”
Section 1
Section 2

  1. “Where are the restrooms”
Section 3
A team player asking another team player.
  2. “I want to go A new student to the library. asking an old Where is it?” student
  3. “How much did you pay for that soccer ball?” A boy asking his classmates
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
After You Read
Section 1
Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
Go For It Role play the following situations.
  1.A teenager wants to stay out late, and asks a parent about it.
  2. A foreign friends is interested in your new video game, and ask about it.
  3. Some students want to hand in their homework later than the teacher asked for it.
  4. You want to change the time you asked a friend to come for a meal at your house.
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Unit 11
Could you please lend me your pen ?
Exercise How to ask politely?
BAD Where are the corn chips? There's no milk left. How does this work? Slice it thicker/thinner. Give me a pound of that. GOOD Could you tell me where the corn chips are, please? Is there any more milk, (please)? Can you show me how this works? (e.g. a coffee grinder) I'd like it sliced thicker/thinner, please. Will you give me a pound of that, please? Can/could I have a pound of that, please?
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
reading reading

  1. ask for information or help 咨询信息或请求帮助
  2. a very common and necessary activity 一个常见的和必要的事
  3. know how to do… 知道怎样做… 知道怎样做 know 后常接“wh-词+动词不定式”结构,做宾语 后常接“ 动词不定式” 词 动词不定式 结构, We don’t know how to thank you enough . Do you know what to do about it ?

  4. sound rude 听起来很粗野
  5. similar requests 类似的要求
  6. correct English 正确的英语
  7. make requests 提出请求 make + 表动作的名词,其意思就是这名词所 表动作的名词, 表示的动作。例如: 表示的动作。例如: make a decision make a call make repairs make a suggestion
  8. change the way we speak 改变我们说话的方式

  9. depend on 依赖, 依赖,依靠 depend on + 名词 : Living things depend on sunlight . depend on + V-ing We can depend on his coming on time . Depend on + 从句 That depends on how you do it . The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them .
  10. be alright = all right = OK
  11. in some situation 在某些情况下

  12. a very direct order
  13. include extra language
  14. such as
一个直接的命令 包括附加语言 例如

  15. lead in to a question or request 引入一个问题或要求
  16. stop a stranger 拦住一个陌生人

  17. in order ( not ) to offend people 为了( 为了(不)冒犯别人
  18. any other language 任何其它语言
Match each paragraph with a) its main1 idea.Requests are made in any language. Paragraph
b) Using extra words helps to make language more polite. c) Knowing how to make requests politely is important. d) To become good English speakers, we need to do more than just learn language structure. e) Requests in English are the same as in Chinese. f) Choice of language depends on relationship, and the situation.
Paragraph 2
Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4
request 1“Where are the Where restrooms?” restrooms?
Suitable More polite situation request A team player “Could you Could asking another please tell me where the player. are?” restrooms are?
2“I want to go to I the library. it?” Where is it? 3“How much did How you pay for that ball?” soccer ball?
?A teenager wants to stay out late, and A asks a parent about it. ?A foreign friend is interested in your new A video game, and asks about it. ?Some students want to hand in their Some homework later than the teacher asked for it. ?You want to change the time you asked a You friend to come for a meal at your house.
The culture of a nation is in its language. It is not enough to only know correct grammar. It is also very important to know how to choose suitable language for every situation.
 

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