完形填空的命题特点
完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、词 汇知识、语法知识、 汇知识、语法知识、习惯用法以及分析判断能力为 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题” 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题”
完形填空的考查范围 完形填空的考查范围

  1)词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; 词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; (
  2)固定搭配与习惯表达; 固定搭配与习惯表达; (
  3)阅读理解能力和逻辑推理、判断能力。 阅读理解能力和逻辑推理、判断能力。 近年来,完形填空题单纯考语法的题目很少,越来越侧 近年来,完形填空题单纯考语法的题目很少, 重对综合语言应用能力、阅读理解能力的考查。其中, 重对综合语言应用能力、阅读理解能力的考查。其中,词 汇运用能力的考查表现为要求考生在一定的语境下表达词 汇的语义、词汇的搭配, 汇的语义、词汇的搭配,特别关注上下文的行文逻辑和相 互照应。 互照应。
综观近几年的中考题,其命题不外乎以下几种: 综观近几年的中考题,其命题不外乎以下几种: (
  1)上下文直接信息题。这类题目只要根 )上下文直接信息题。 据上下文就可直接得出答案。 据上下文就可直接得出答案。 (
  2)词、句、文三结合理解题。 文三结合理解题。
  1.利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用) 利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用) 利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用
  2.根据生活经历或生活常识 根据生活经历或生活常识

  3)词义辨析题。 词义辨析题。
如果将各个选项填入空中,从语法上都是正确的, 如果将各个选项填入空中,从语法上都是正确的, 但是意思不同。应该结合上下文,作出正确判断。 但是意思不同。应该结合上下文,作出正确判断。
《中指》P26 中指》 P46
易混近义词辨析
《备战》(上)P3 备战》
。(P120 P1
  20) (
  4)固定短语考查题。(P1
  20)
此类题目的难度不是太大,只要掌握住了英语中 此类题目的难度不是太大, 的这些固定搭配,便可轻松答题。 的这些固定搭配,便可轻松答题。
固定搭配
动词短语
词语搭配
重点句型
完形填空的设空规律 完形填空的设空规律
短文的设空一般为10个空白, 短文的设空一般为10个空白,每空 10个空白 一题,两空之间间隔合理(一般为7 一题,两空之间间隔合理(一般为710个单词),短文的首句和尾句一般 个单词), 10个单词),短文的首句和尾句一般 不设空。 不设空。
首句和尾句在解题中有十分重要的作用. 首句和尾句在解题中有十分重要的作用 对于首 句应该给与足够的重视, 句应该给与足够的重视,因为往往它就是中心句或 是引导句,它的时态往往决定了全文的时态, 是引导句,它的时态往往决定了全文的时态,所以 多花一点时间看首句是值得的
完形填空的解题技巧 完形填空的解题技巧
? 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 完 形 填 空
跳 过 空 格、 通 读 全 文、 把 握 大 意 空
2007 You may think that English dictionaries have been used for many, many centuries. In fact , an English dictionary you 1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to 3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. Murray had never been to 5 .At the age of fourteen , he left his village school in Scotland and taught himself while working in a bank .6 he became a great teacher. After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house 7 in his garden to do the work. Every morning , Murray got out of bed at five o’clock and 8 in the small house several hours before breakfast. Often he would work into the night . Murray hoped to finish the new dictionary in ten years. But after five years , he was 9 adding words for the letter “A”! He worked on the dictionary10 he was very old. Forty-four years later, in 1928, other editors finished the dictionary.
通读全文, 通读全文,把握大意
You may think that English dictionaries have been 根据常识 used for many, many centuries. In fact , an English dictionary you 1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to 3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twentytwo years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. 词义辨析

  1. A. use B.write C.copy D.miss
  3. A.spell B.invent C. collect D.make
根据语境
? In fact , an English dictionary you use1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to collect3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked

  2.A.easy B.boring C. early D.dangerous
  4.A.way B. idea C.use D.prize 词义辨析
根据下文 找到答案 …Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. Murray had never been to 5 . At the age of fourteen , he left his village school in Scotland and taught himself while working in a bank. 6 he became a great teacher. After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house …
  5.A.school B.cinema C.village D. college
  6. A. Later B.Long before C.So far D.Ever since
词义 辨析
…After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house 7 in his garden to do the work. Every morning , Murray got out of bed at five o’clock and 8 in the small house several hours before breakfast…
根据语境判断 ABD可用C来概
  7.A.sold B. built C.broken D.drawn 括
  8. A. read B.wrote C. worked D.thought
固定搭配 文意
根据语境
…Murray hoped to finish the new dictionary in ten years. But after five years , he was 9 adding words for the letter “A”! He worked on the dictionary 10 he was very old. Forty-four years later, in 1928, other editors finished the dictionary.
  9. A.already B. still C.usually D.always

  10.A.if B.because C. until D.since
2008年济宁市中考题 2008年济宁市中考题 My father often works very hard.And he doesn’t often go to the 1 .Here I will tell you a 2 story about him. One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film 碰巧) under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧) have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema. He came back home at 6:30 and 5 finished his supper . goodThen he said good-bye and left. But to our surprise , he came back about half an hour later. I asked what was the matter. He smiled and told us about what had happened. 6 my father was sitting in his seat, a woman came and said that the seat was hers. My father was surprised . He 7 the ticket and looked at it carefully .It was the same. 8 he asked the woman to have a careful look at her ticket again and to their surprise the seat shown on it was Row 17,Seat 3, too. Why? What’s the matter? While they were wondering , suddenly the woman said ,“ The colors of the tickets are
  9.” They looked at the tickets more carefully . After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month
ago !”
根据下文 My father often works very hard.And he doesn’t often go to the 1 .Here I will tell you a 2 story about him. One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧)have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema… ……
After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month ago !”

  1.A. office B. cinema C.centre D.club
  2.A. funny B.sad C.bad D.lucky
文意 词义辨析
One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧)have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema. He came back home at 6:30 and 5 finished his supper . Then he said good-bye and left.

  3.A.bought B.put C. found D.left
  4.A.muchB.some C.a little D. little
  5.A.quietly B. quicklyC.suddenly D.finally
句意 …6 my father was sitting in his seat, a woman came and said that the seat was hers. My father was surprised . He 7 the ticket and looked at it carefully .It was the same. 8 he asked the woman to have a careful look at her ticket again and to their surprise the seat shown on it was Row 17,Seat 3, too.
  6.A.Before B. When C.Because D.Unless
  7.A.handed out B.put out C.found out D. took out
  8.A.But B.Or C. So D.And 词义辨析 利用逻辑关系
根据文意, 根据文意, 生活常识 Why? What’s the matter? While they were wondering , suddenly the woman said ,“ The colors of the tickets are
  9.” They looked at the tickets more carefully . After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month ago !”
  9. A. different B.the same C.red D.pink
  10. A. sorry B.happy C.busy D.excited
完形填空的应对策略 完形填空的应对策略

  1、平时应当选择体裁多样、题材丰富的材料进行阅读, 平时应当选择体裁多样、题材丰富的材料进行阅读, 以扩大知识面,增强应对各种信息的能力。 以扩大知识面,增强应对各种信息的能力。 限时阅读,训练快速阅读能力。
  2、限时阅读,训练快速阅读能力。
  3、侧重基础知识,培养获取语言知识的能力。 侧重基础知识,培养获取语言知识的能力。 注重答题技巧,培养捕捉关键词的能力、
  4、注重答题技巧,培养捕捉关键词的能力、分析推理 能力、利用常识解题的能力、对行文逻辑、 能力、利用常识解题的能力、对行文逻辑、句子关联的 把握能力。 把握能力。
完形填空的解题技巧 完形填空的解题技巧
? 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 完 形 填 空
跳 过 空 格、 通 读 全 文、 把 握 大 意 空
 

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