完形填空的命题特点
完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、词 汇知识、语法知识、 汇知识、语法知识、习惯用法以及分析判断能力为 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题” 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题”
完形填空的考查范围 完形填空的考查范围

  1)词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; 词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; (
  2)固定搭配与习惯表达; 固定搭配与习惯表达; (
  3)阅读理解能力和逻辑推理、判断能力。 阅读理解能力和逻辑推理、判断能力。 近年来,完形填空题单纯考语法的题目很少,越来越侧 近年来,完形填空题单纯考语法的题目很少, 重对综合语言应用能力、阅读理解能力的考查。其中, 重对综合语言应用能力、阅读理解能力的考查。其中,词 汇运用能力的考查表现为要求考生在一定的语境下表达词 汇的语义、词汇的搭配, 汇的语义、词汇的搭配,特别关注上下文的行文逻辑和相 互照应。 互照应。
综观近几年的中考题,其命题不外乎以下几种: 综观近几年的中考题,其命题不外乎以下几种: (
  1)上下文直接信息题。这类题目只要根 )上下文直接信息题。 据上下文就可直接得出答案。 据上下文就可直接得出答案。 (
  2)词、句、文三结合理解题。 文三结合理解题。
  1.利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用) 利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用) 利用逻辑关系。(连词的使用
  2.根据生活经历或生活常识 根据生活经历或生活常识

  3)词义辨析题。 词义辨析题。
如果将各个选项填入空中,从语法上都是正确的, 如果将各个选项填入空中,从语法上都是正确的, 但是意思不同。应该结合上下文,作出正确判断。 但是意思不同。应该结合上下文,作出正确判断。
《中指》P26 中指》 P46
易混近义词辨析
《备战》(上)P3 备战》
。(P120 P1
  20) (
  4)固定短语考查题。(P1
  20)
此类题目的难度不是太大,只要掌握住了英语中 此类题目的难度不是太大, 的这些固定搭配,便可轻松答题。 的这些固定搭配,便可轻松答题。
固定搭配
动词短语
词语搭配
重点句型
完形填空的设空规律 完形填空的设空规律
短文的设空一般为10个空白, 短文的设空一般为10个空白,每空 10个空白 一题,两空之间间隔合理(一般为7 一题,两空之间间隔合理(一般为710个单词),短文的首句和尾句一般 个单词), 10个单词),短文的首句和尾句一般 不设空。 不设空。
首句和尾句在解题中有十分重要的作用. 首句和尾句在解题中有十分重要的作用 对于首 句应该给与足够的重视, 句应该给与足够的重视,因为往往它就是中心句或 是引导句,它的时态往往决定了全文的时态, 是引导句,它的时态往往决定了全文的时态,所以 多花一点时间看首句是值得的
完形填空的解题技巧 完形填空的解题技巧
? 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 完 形 填 空
跳 过 空 格、 通 读 全 文、 把 握 大 意 空
2007 You may think that English dictionaries have been used for many, many centuries. In fact , an English dictionary you 1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to 3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. Murray had never been to 5 .At the age of fourteen , he left his village school in Scotland and taught himself while working in a bank .6 he became a great teacher. After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house 7 in his garden to do the work. Every morning , Murray got out of bed at five o’clock and 8 in the small house several hours before breakfast. Often he would work into the night . Murray hoped to finish the new dictionary in ten years. But after five years , he was 9 adding words for the letter “A”! He worked on the dictionary10 he was very old. Forty-four years later, in 1928, other editors finished the dictionary.
通读全文, 通读全文,把握大意
You may think that English dictionaries have been 根据常识 used for many, many centuries. In fact , an English dictionary you 1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to 3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twentytwo years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. 词义辨析

  1. A. use B.write C.copy D.miss
  3. A.spell B.invent C. collect D.make
根据语境
? In fact , an English dictionary you use1 today wasn’t made until the Qing Dynasty. Three men did most of the important 2 work on dictionaries. They spent nearly all their lives trying to collect3 words for their dictionaries . For them , it was a wonderful journey. The largest dictionary in the world is Oxford English Dictionary. The 4 for this diictionary came from an important meeting in Britain in 18
  57. Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked

  2.A.easy B.boring C. early D.dangerous
  4.A.way B. idea C.use D.prize 词义辨析
根据下文 找到答案 …Twenty-two years later,Oxford University asked James Murray to be the editor of its new dictionary. Murray had never been to 5 . At the age of fourteen , he left his village school in Scotland and taught himself while working in a bank. 6 he became a great teacher. After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house …
  5.A.school B.cinema C.village D. college
  6. A. Later B.Long before C.So far D.Ever since
词义 辨析
…After Oxford gave him the job,Murray had a small house 7 in his garden to do the work. Every morning , Murray got out of bed at five o’clock and 8 in the small house several hours before breakfast…
根据语境判断 ABD可用C来概
  7.A.sold B. built C.broken D.drawn 括
  8. A. read B.wrote C. worked D.thought
固定搭配 文意
根据语境
…Murray hoped to finish the new dictionary in ten years. But after five years , he was 9 adding words for the letter “A”! He worked on the dictionary 10 he was very old. Forty-four years later, in 1928, other editors finished the dictionary.
  9. A.already B. still C.usually D.always

  10.A.if B.because C. until D.since
2008年济宁市中考题 2008年济宁市中考题 My father often works very hard.And he doesn’t often go to the 1 .Here I will tell you a 2 story about him. One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film 碰巧) under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧) have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema. He came back home at 6:30 and 5 finished his supper . goodThen he said good-bye and left. But to our surprise , he came back about half an hour later. I asked what was the matter. He smiled and told us about what had happened. 6 my father was sitting in his seat, a woman came and said that the seat was hers. My father was surprised . He 7 the ticket and looked at it carefully .It was the same. 8 he asked the woman to have a careful look at her ticket again and to their surprise the seat shown on it was Row 17,Seat 3, too. Why? What’s the matter? While they were wondering , suddenly the woman said ,“ The colors of the tickets are
  9.” They looked at the tickets more carefully . After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month
ago !”
根据下文 My father often works very hard.And he doesn’t often go to the 1 .Here I will tell you a 2 story about him. One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧)have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema… ……
After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month ago !”

  1.A. office B. cinema C.centre D.club
  2.A. funny B.sad C.bad D.lucky
文意 词义辨析
One afternoon , he 3 a ticket for the 7 o’clock film under the glass on his desk. He thought he happened to (碰巧)have 4 work to do that evening and it was quite wonderful to pass the evening at the cinema. He came back home at 6:30 and 5 finished his supper . Then he said good-bye and left.

  3.A.bought B.put C. found D.left
  4.A.muchB.some C.a little D. little
  5.A.quietly B. quicklyC.suddenly D.finally
句意 …6 my father was sitting in his seat, a woman came and said that the seat was hers. My father was surprised . He 7 the ticket and looked at it carefully .It was the same. 8 he asked the woman to have a careful look at her ticket again and to their surprise the seat shown on it was Row 17,Seat 3, too.
  6.A.Before B. When C.Because D.Unless
  7.A.handed out B.put out C.found out D. took out
  8.A.But B.Or C. So D.And 词义辨析 利用逻辑关系
根据文意, 根据文意, 生活常识 Why? What’s the matter? While they were wondering , suddenly the woman said ,“ The colors of the tickets are
  9.” They looked at the tickets more carefully . After a while my father said,“ Oh, I’m
  10. My ticket is for the film a month ago !”
  9. A. different B.the same C.red D.pink
  10. A. sorry B.happy C.busy D.excited
完形填空的应对策略 完形填空的应对策略

  1、平时应当选择体裁多样、题材丰富的材料进行阅读, 平时应当选择体裁多样、题材丰富的材料进行阅读, 以扩大知识面,增强应对各种信息的能力。 以扩大知识面,增强应对各种信息的能力。 限时阅读,训练快速阅读能力。
  2、限时阅读,训练快速阅读能力。
  3、侧重基础知识,培养获取语言知识的能力。 侧重基础知识,培养获取语言知识的能力。 注重答题技巧,培养捕捉关键词的能力、
  4、注重答题技巧,培养捕捉关键词的能力、分析推理 能力、利用常识解题的能力、对行文逻辑、 能力、利用常识解题的能力、对行文逻辑、句子关联的 把握能力。 把握能力。
完形填空的解题技巧 完形填空的解题技巧
? 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 解题的总体思路为:整体-部分-整体。 完 形 填 空
跳 过 空 格、 通 读 全 文、 把 握 大 意 空
 

相关内容

九年级英语新目标中考完型填空专项_课件

   完形填空的命题特点 完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 完形填空是一种要求高、综合性强的语言测试题, 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、 以阅读为形式,以上下文为线索,以理解能力、词 汇知识、语法知识、 汇知识、语法知识、习惯用法以及分析判断能力为 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题” 解题基础,是一种较高层次的“阅读理解题” 完形填空的考查范围 完形填空的考查范围 (1)词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; 词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法; (2)固定搭配与习惯表达; 固定搭 ...

初三英语完型填空专项复习课件

   初三完型填空专题复习 大冶十中九年级英语备课组 一、完形填空命题原则 基本上遵循“ 基本上遵循“突出语篇,强调应用, 注 重实际”的设计思路。试题特点鲜明,“考查 的设计思路。试题特点鲜明,“ 考生在阅读的基础上对词汇知识的掌握情况” 考生在阅读的基础上对词汇知识的掌握情况”, 即要求考生通读短文,掌握大意,综合运用所学 的词汇,语法等知识,从试题所提供的词汇,短 语中判断出使短文意思通顺,结构完整的词汇或 短语。 二完型填空的考查趋势 " 将由局部理解向整体理解转移: 1. 试题考查点减 ...

[整理]高考英语阅读理解和完型填空专项练习

   2006 年高考英语书面表达题技巧突破指南 山东省宁津一中英语组 黎桂华 一对高考英语书面表达题的基本认识 书面表达题旨在测试考生的英语表达能力,看其是否能够运用学过的英语知识和掌握 的技能进行思想交流.从历年高考试卷来看,书面表达是指导性写作,即按照题目所给的目 的,时间,对象,地点,内容,长度等条件去完成写作.它不同于命题作文,可以随意发挥; 也不是简单的句子翻译.必须做到行文切题,紧扣中心思想,不漏要点,并且意思连贯,文 理通顺,语言准确,得当. 二书面表达题的题型特征 从近些年的高考 ...

2010年中考英语完型填空专项训练汇编1-6附详解

   2010 年中考英语完型填空专项训练汇编 1-6 附详解 My son Joey was born with club feet. The doctors said that with treatment he would be able to walk, but would never run very well. The first three years of his life was 1 in hospital. By the time he was eight, you would ...

2011高考英语必看之-完型填空专项训练50篇-五星推荐

   顾燕卿提供 顾燕卿提供 1 嘉兴英语教学整理 Different things usually stand for different feelings. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate(使发生联系) red with a strong feeling like (使发生联系) ...

新目标八年级英语说教材课件

   新目标八年级英语说教材课件 油田中学 刘爱秀 八年级英语课程标准 让学生对英语学习表现出积极性和初步的自信心。能听懂有关熟悉话题的语段和简短 的故事。能和教师或同学就熟悉的话题(如学校,家庭生活)交换信息。能读懂小故事及其 他文体的简单的书面材料。 能参照范例或借助图片写出简单的句子。 能参与简单的角色扮演 等活动。能尝试使用适当的学习方法,克服学习中遇到的困难。能意识到语言交际中存在文 化差异。 一.本套教材编写的指导思想、理念、特点 本套教材编写的指导思想、理念、 Go for it! ...

中考英语完型填空专题训练50篇

   中考英语完型填空专题训练 50 篇(有详解) 1 Different things usually stand for different feelings. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate(使发生联系) red with a strong feeling like 1. Re ...

新目标八年级英语下期中英语试题听力材料

   新目标八年级英语试题(听力材料 听力材料) 听力材料 I 听力(共五节,满分 30 分) 第一节听句子,选出与句子内容相符的图片 并将答案填入题后的横线上。注意: 选出与句子内容相符的图片, 第一节听句子 选出与句子内容相符的图片,并将答案填入题后的横线上。注意: 每个句子听两遍。 (共 每个句子听两遍。 共 5 题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) ( 1. The elephant is my brother’s favorite animal. 2. We go to school by ...

中考一轮复习新目标英语八年级(下)--学案(10)

   www.91keys.com 育儿知识、家庭教育、影音资源、搞笑创意图片、试卷下载 尽在启思家长学校论坛 八年级下 Units5-6 基础知识巩固 I 词组 take away 拿走 make a living 谋生 all over the world 全世界 all the time 一直 let … in 允许某人进入 have a difficult time doing sth.做某事有困难 做某事有困难 in order to improve my English 为了提高英语 ...

新目标英语八年级下单元知识点中考题精选

   中小学教育资源交流中心 http://www.k12zy.com 提供 新目标英语 八年级下 单元知识点中考题精选 1. There a football match on TV this evening. A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have ( 2004 陕西) 分析:考查 There be 句型的一般将来时结构,there will be 和 there is/are/… going to be . 句 中不 ...

热门内容

英语演讲比赛稿

   THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING DIFFERENT “Hello chicago!” A man “This victory alone is not the change we seek. It is only the chance for us to make that change. And that cannot happen if we go back to the way things were. America can change!” yes, the man ...

英语句子的基本类型

   简单句、并列句、复合句、 简单句、并列句、复合句、并列复合句 1、简单句 、 只包含一个主谓结构,个个成分都是单词或短语的句子。 只包含一个主谓结构,个个成分都是单词或短语的句子。 All roads lead to Rome. He got up, dressed quickly, washed himself and went out. Is he a superman? Don’t be shy. Have a try. The man dressed in black seems t ...

从《2010年英语大纲解析》看如何提高考研阅读能力.doc

   从《2010年英语大纲解析》看如何提高考研阅读能力 万学?海文英语教研中心 从《2010年考研英语大纲解析》我们可以推测一点:2010年英语大纲关于传统阅读部分为发生变化。我们仍可以按照原来的复习方案提高阅读能力和做题准确率。 不同的人有着不同的阅读技巧。有人主张先看题目,后看文章;也有人主张先看文章,后看题目。但其目的只有一个,那就是快速浏览文章,抓住文中考点,准确快速的答题。在这里,笔者推荐一种阅读方法,并稍加分析。 第一步:扫描题目。这里的扫描与通常所说的那种试图去浏览每个题干、 ...

英语课题研究报告

   英语课题研究报告 英语课题研究报告 在小学阶段,小学生的外语水平虽处于起始阶段,但他们各方面 的经验积累远远超过其外语知识和能力的积累。 教师应尊重和利用学 生的已有经验,使其成为英语教学的一笔资源,为英语教学服务。本 研究在已有研究的基础上,依据课程标准,结合学科、学生的年龄特 点和本地区的实际情况, 从内容与组织两个维度探讨学生已有生活经 验对其英语学习的作用。在课堂教学中,教师能否激发起学生浓厚的 学习兴趣,对促进学生的发展有着重要的影响。小学英语教学旨在激 发和保持学生学习英语的兴趣 ...

新东方考研英语笔记

   #1 新东方考研英语笔记 新东方考研英语笔记,阅读笔记首次暴光!!! 诚应广大战友们的热烈要求, 为方便和我一样的穷研友们能够公平竞争,考上理想硕士, 希望大家都给我支持! 顶 ! 听力 词汇:①复习词汇(找出旧课本,熟识老单词) ②记常用词汇 记单词的方法: (1)重复(七遍或七遍以上) (2)应用,使用 具体方法:同义,反义,对比联想记忆法 乱序法 词根词缀法 结合阅读或背诵 卡片 一词多义 语法: (1)句子结构和固定搭配 (2)动词形式 (3)代词还元 听力的基本技巧:读,猜,听,写 ...