九年级英语知识点复习归纳总结
UNIT 1
  1.?How do you study for a test??I study it by working with a group. 你是怎样为考试而学习? 我通过和小组活动来学习。 句中 by 意为“以(某种方式) ,通过” 。在此表方式,手段。提问行为方式用疑问词 how. by 是一个介词,接动词要用其 ing 形式。 eg.I practice my English by speaking it as often as possible. 我通过尽量常说来练习英语。 His father makes a living by selling fruit.他的父亲通过卖水果来谋生。 He improves his maths by doing a lot of maths exercise. 他通过做许多练习来提高他的数学。 They improve their English by watching English movies. 他们通过看英语电影来提高英语。
  2.What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?大声读来练习发音怎么样? sth?“……怎么样?”about 是一个介词,后接动词要用 How/What about sth/doing sth? 其 ing 形式。 eg.What/How about taking a walk after dinner? 晚餐后散步怎么样? What/How about visiting our grandparents this weekend? 这周周末去拜访我们的祖父母怎么样? 在英语中, 介词后接动词只能用 ing 形式 (doing) be good at doing sth 擅长干某事,be 。 interested in doing sth 对做……有兴趣,Thanks/Thank you for doing 因做……而感谢. eg.His brother is good at playing soccer ball. 他的哥哥擅长踢足球。 Nowaday ,more and more teenagers are interesting in surfing the Internet. 今天,越来越多的青少年对上网感兴趣。 Thank you/Thanks for lending me your bike. 谢谢你把你的自行车借给我。
  3.Do you ever practice conversations with friends?你曾经和你的朋友练习对话吗? Practice sth“练习……” ,practice doing sth “练习干某事” 。 eg.Let’s practice playing volleyball in our PE claas this afternoon. 让我们今天下午体育课练习大排球。 Do you practice speaking English after class. 你课后练习说英语吗?
  4.We get excited about something and then end up speaking Chinese. 我们对某些事很兴奋,然后却以说中文而结束。 be/get excited about sth“对……感到兴奋”, end up doing sth“以干……而结束”. eg.The students are/get excited about the coming soccer ball match. 这些学生对即将来临的足球比赛很兴奋。
  5.Paul forgot a lot of new words. Paul 忘记了许多新单词。 forget doing sth“忘记干了某事(已经干了)。 ” forget to do sth“忘记要干某事(未干)。 ” eg.Sorry,I forgot to tell you the news. 对不起,我忘记告诉你这个消息了。 (未告诉) Sorry,I forgot telling you the news.对不起, 我忘记告诉过你这个消息了。 (已经告诉了) Don’t forget to call me when you get there. 当你到那儿时别忘了给我打电话。 Yesterday afternoon,some students forgot to clean the classroom,so the teacher was a little angry at it this morning. 昨天下午,一些学生忘记打扫教室了,所以今天早晨老师有点生气。 He always forgets to do something. 他总是忘记做某些事。 I forgot asking you the same question before.我忘记以前问过年同样的问题了。
  6.First of all,it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher. 最初,对我来说听懂老师不容易。 It is/was+形容词+ (for sb) +to do sth.“对某人来说干某事是……” 。在这个结构
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中,it 作形式主语,动词不定式作真正主语。 eg.It’s important for us to learn English well. 对我们来说学好英语很重要。 It is exciting for young people to watch a soccer ball match. 对青少年来说看一场√比赛很兴奋。 It was difficult for me to finsh the work alone. 对我来说独自完成这项工作很困难。 It was impossible for them to walk there on time.对他们来说准时步行到那儿不可能。 而在某些表示人的品质的形容词则要用介词 of。 即:It is/was+形容词+ of sb +to do sth. “对某人来说干某事是……” 。 eg.It’s very kind of you to help me with my homework.你能帮我做家庭作业真是太好了 It’s polite of you to help the old.对你来说帮助老人是有礼貌的。
  7.Also I was afraid to speak in class because I thought my classmates might laugh at me. 我也害怕在课堂上说话,因为我认为他们可能嘲笑我。 be afraid of sb/sth,害怕某人/某物, afraid of doing sth 害怕干某事,be afraid to do be sth 害怕(不太敢)干某事。 eg.She is afraid of all kinds of animals,such as snakes,spiders,mice and so on. 她害怕各种动物,比如蛇、蜘蛛、老鼠等等。 She is very shy.She is afraid of speaking before strangers. 她很害羞,她害怕在陌生人面前讲话。 Girls are always afraid to go out alone at night.女孩们总是害怕晚上独自外出。
  8.Now I am enjoying leaning English and I got an A this term.现在我喜欢学英语并且 我这学期获得了一个 A。 enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事, like doing sth 喜欢干某事, finish doing sth 做完某事, practice doing sth 练习干某事, keep doing sth 一直干某事, feel like doing 想要干某事, mind doing sth 介意干某事, be busy doing sth 忙着干某事, give up doing sth 放弃干某事, stop doing sth 停止干某事。 eg.Do you enjoy playing the violin? 你喜欢拉小提琴吗? My brother used to like surfing the Internet. 我哥哥过去喜欢上网。 They finished cleaningthe classroom at 8 this morning. 他们今天早晨八点钟扫完了教室。 He often practices speaking English after class. 他经常在课后练习说英语。 It kept raining all night. 昨晚一直下雨。 Do you feel like eating anything? 你想吃点什么吗? --Would you mind taking out the trash? 你介意把垃圾拿出去吗? --Of course not.But I’m busy doing my homework. 当然不介意,但是我正忙着做作业。 Don’t give up learning English.It’s very useful for you. 不要放弃学英语, 对你很有用。 Don’t stop learning English. It’s very useful for you. 不要停止学英语,对你很有用。
  9.How do we deal with our problems?What do we do with our problems? 我们是怎样处理我们的难题的。 deal with“处理、应付、对待” ,与 do with 同义。但是 deal with 常与疑问词 how 连 用,对方式提问;而 do with 常与疑问词 what 连用,用来对干什么提问。 eg.How did they deal with the accident?Wat did they do with the accident? 他们是怎样处理这个事故的。
  10.By regarding problems as challenges. 通过把困难当作挑战。 regard……as……“把……当作……” 。 eg.We regard our teachers as our friends. 我们把我们的老师当作我们的朋友。
  11.So I decide to take lots of grammer notes in every class. 因此我决定在每节课上作许多笔记。 decide to do sth=make decisions to do sth=make up one’s mind to do sth. “决定干某事” 。 eg.They decided to go on vacation this weekend. 他们决定这周周末去度假。
He decided to visit us next month. 他决定下个月来看我们。 decide not to do sth. “决定不干某事” 。 eg.My father decided not to smoke anymore. 我父亲决定不再吸烟了。 David decided not to argue with his parents.大卫决定不和他父母亲争吵了。
  12.with the help of our teachers.在老师的帮助下。 with one’s help=with the help of sb. “在……的帮助下” 。 eg.With the help of the computers ,we can work better and faster. 在电脑的帮助下,我们能更快更好地工作。 without one’s help.“没有……的帮助” 。 eg.I think we can’t finish the work on time without your help. 我想没有你的帮助我们不能按时完成这项工作。
  13.unless 与 if,它们互为反义词,unless“除非、如果不……”=if……not。都用来引 导条件状语从句,在引导条件状语从句时,如果主句是将来时,那么从句就只能用一般 现在时表示将来。 eg.We will hold a soccer ball match if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. We will hold a soccer ball match unless it rains tomorrow. 我们要举行一场足球比赛,如果明天不下雨(除非明天下雨) 。 He will help us with the work if he has time. He will help us with the work unless he doesn’t have time. 他将帮助我们这项工作,如果他有时间(除非他没有时间) 。 Cindy won’t visit us if we don’t call her. Cindy won’t visit us unless we call her. 辛迪将不来看我们,如果我们不给她打电话(除非我们给她打电话) 。
  14.angry“生气的、气愤的” 。与 angry 连用的短语有: be angry with=be mad at“生……的气” eg.He was late for class again.His teacher was very angry with him.他昨天上课又迟 到了,他的老师很生他的气。 stay angry“ (一直)生气” 。 eg.They stayed angry for weeks only about a small problem. 他们为了一个小问题生了几周的气。 be/get angry.“ (变得)生气” 。 eg.When the teacher saw the dirty classroom,he got angry. 当老师看到这肮脏的教室时,他生气了。
  15.I had trouble making complete sentences. 我造完整的句子有困难。 have trouble doing sth,“做某事有困难。 ” eg.Do you have any trouble learning English? 你学习英语有困难吗? I have trouble making complete sentences. 我在造完整的句子上有困难。
  16.短语:ask sb for help 向某人寻求帮助, study for a test 为考试而学习, have fun 玩得高兴, get excited about 对……感到兴奋, end up 以……而结束, make a mistake/mistakes 犯错误, practice speaking English 练习说英语, not……at all 一点也不、根本不……, take notes 作笔记, first of all 最初、首先, look up 查寻、查阅, deal with 处理、处置, be angry with=be mad at 生某人的气, try/do one’s best to do sth.尽力干某事, complain about 抱怨……, laugh at 嘲笑, with the help of 在……的帮助下, regard ……as……把……当作……. be afraid to do sth 害怕干某事, stay angry 生气, UNIT 2
  1.I used to be afraid of the dark. 我过去害怕黑。 a.used to do sth,意为“过去常常……” 。仅用于过去时态,没有人称和数的变化。通 a. 常用来表示过去的习惯、动作或存在的状态,而现在不再发生了。 eg.He used to smoke too much.Now he has to give it up.
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他过去常常吸许多烟,现在他不得不把烟戒掉。 There used to be a lot of fish in the river,but now there aren’t any. 在这条河里过去有许多鱼。而现在没有了。 They used to play together when they were kids.Now they are working in different cities. 当他们年幼时常常在一起玩,而现在他们在不同的城市工作。 She used to eat lots of chocolates.But now she is too heavy,so she has to stop eating them. 她过去常常吃许多巧克力。 但是现在她太胖了, 所以她不得不停止吃了。 肯定句式:Sb used to do sth. 否定句式:Sb didn’t use to do sth.或 Sb usedn’t to do sth. 一般疑问句式:Did sb use to do sth? 或 Used sb to do sth? eg.We used to play a lot after school. →We didn’t use to play a lot after school. →Did you use to play a lot after school? ?Yes,we did./No,we didn’t. b.be/get used to doing sth,“习惯干某事” 。to 是一个介词,接动词时要用其 ing 形式。 b. eg.We are used to exercising every morning. 我们习惯每天早晨锻炼。 The old man has been used to living alone. 这个老人已经习惯独自居住。 c.be used to do sth=be used for doing sth,“被用来做……” 。此结构用来表示一个 c. 被动形式。 eg.Stamps are used to send letters.= Stamps are used for sending letters. 邮票是用来寄信的。 Knives are used to cut things.=Knives are used for cutting things. 小刀是用来切东西的。
  2.Don’t you remember me?难道你不记得我了吗? 在英语中,否定的一般疑问句常常译作“难道……吗?” eg.Don’t you like ice cream?难道你不喜欢冰淇淋吗? Don’t you want to go to movies with us?难道你不想和我们一起去看电影吗? Isn’t he friendly to us?难道他对我们不好吗? Haven’t you bought a birthday cake for your birthday?Your friends are coming. 难道你还没有为你的生日买个生日蛋糕吗?你的朋友们都要来了。
  3.be afraid of 与 be terrified of 的区别: afraid of 害怕……、 be “ 害怕干……” be afraid 。 of“对……感到恐惧” 。比 be afrdid of 害怕的程度更深。 eg.I used to be afraid of insects,and I used to be terrified of snakes. 我对昆虫很害怕,并且我对蛇感到很恐惧。
  4.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.我总是开着卧室的灯睡觉。 with 在句中作伴随状语,表示前面动词的一个伴随状态。可译作“带着,拿着……” , 也可不译。 eg.He visited his grandparents with some fruit last weekend. 他上周末带着水果去看望他的祖父母。 His brother went to Beijing with a backpack on his back. 他的哥哥背上背着背包去北京了。 The children listened to the stories there with smiles on their faces. 这些小孩脸上带着微笑在那儿听故事。
  5.To do this,she had to work. To do this,在句中作目的状语,用来表示前一个动作的目的。 eg.We went to Beijing to visit my uncle and aun
 

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