Unit 1 How do you study for a test? I. Words:
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  28. frustrate v. 使失望,使沮丧 adj. 令人沮丧的
frustrating/frustrated
pronunciation n. ? pronounce v. 发音,发音法 development n.-- develop n.发展 unless conj. 除非 impress v. ? impressed/ impressing adj. 使感动,给…深刻印象
realize v. 认识到,意识到; 实现(=achieve)?real adj. 真实的-adj. realistic 现实的 grammar n. 语法,语法规则 mistake n.错误,过失,误解 challenge n.& v. 挑战 memorize v. memory n. 记忆,背诵 deal ?dealt ? dealt 对付,处理 flashcard n.(教学)抽认卡 unfair/fair 不公平的 (dis) agree v.?(dis) agreement ( c. n) n. 同意, 意见一致; 分歧,不一致不合 specific adj. 明确的 afraid(terrified)adj. 害怕的 spoken (spoken English)adj. (written) 口语的 complete v. 完成 complete(ly) vocabulary n. 词汇 psychologist n.心理学家(psychology n. 心理学) comma n. 逗号 secret n. 秘密 solider n. 军人 duty n. c. u. 责任,义务,本分 adj./adv. 完整的 (地)
essay ( passage/article) n. 文章(尤指短文,小品文,散文) influence /affect v./n. 影响 learner n. 学习者

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term--semester n.学期 trouble ( problem/question) n.问题
friendship (u. n) n. 友谊- friend ? friendly face n./v. 脸; 面对
matter v./ n. 重要,要紧,有关系 solve v. 解决-- solution n. lose ?lost-lost 丢失 (un)important adj. (不)重要的 importance n. happy-unhappy friendly-unfriendly aloud-loud-loudly quickly-quick 快地/的 slowly-slow 慢地/的 fast-quickly 快地,迅速地
II. Phrases:
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  15. deal with = do with 处理,料理
make mistakes in grammar 犯语法错误 regard…as… 把..视为… change…into… 把……变成 have disagreements 有争执,意见不同 with the help of 在…的帮助下 compare…to/ with… 把…比喻作/ 把…和…相比 face the challenges instead 而是面对挑战 in a positive / an active way 用积极的态度 look up (v. +adv.) new words in a dictionary 在字典中查阅新单词
look up 查阅/at 看 /through 浏览/over 检查身体 learn by using English 通过运用学英语 get the pronunciation right 使发音正确 make flashcards 制作抽认卡 make vocabulary lists 列单词清单

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watch English-language videos 看英语片 keep a diary in English 用英语记日记 study with a group 通过学习小组学习 take ( took taken ) notes 做笔记 keep an English notebook 有英语笔记本 learn/ help a lot/a little that way 学到很多/很少;有很大的/没什么帮助 go by (指时间) 过去,消逝 last for long 持续很长时间 laugh at 嘲笑 read aloud 朗读,大声读 feel differently 有不同的想法 make complete sentences 造完整的句子 make up a conversation 编对话 get excited about sth. 因…而兴奋 end up doing/end up with sth. 以…而结束 have trouble/problems/difficulty doing sth. have a hard/difficult time doing sth. 做…有困难 have fun/ have a good time doing sth. enjoy doing 做…很开心 watch/ find/ hear/ see sb. do/doing sth what/how about doing 做…怎么样 on the way to school/ on the way home 去…的路上 practice doing sth 练习… complain about sth. to sb. 向某人抱怨某事 ask teachers for help 向老师寻求帮助 worry about/ be worried about 担心 listening/ speaking/ reading/ writing skills 听说读写技能 have more specific suggestions 有更多具体的建议 add…to… 把…加到… get an A 取得 A 等的成绩 first of all 首先,最重要是

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later on 后来 break (broke broken) off 突然中止,中断
a second/ foreign language 第二语/外语 try one's best to do sth. 尽某人的力量做某事 be on duty 当值 be/get/become/stay angry/annoyed with/be mad at sb. about sth. it doesn't matter 没关系 对…生气
III. Sentences:
  1. - 你怎样学英语? - 我通过和一组人一起学习. - How do you learn English? - I learn by studying with a group.

  2. 你能告诉我是怎样准备大考的吗? Can you tell me how you study for a big test?
  3. 你在上次的英语考试中做的很好对吗?You did really well on/ in the last English test, didn't you?
  4. 今天我们要讨论一下学英语最好的方法. Today we're going to talk about the best ways to learn English.
  5. 那些语音太难懂了.It's too hard to understand the voices.
  6. 你可以在家听磁带,然后将那些对你来说很难读的句子不断重复. You can listen to the tapes and repeat the sentences that are difficult for you.
  7. - 你曾经和一组人一起学习吗? -是的,我有过.我通过那种方式学到了很多. - Have you ever studied with a group? - Yes, I have. I've learned a lot that way.

  8. 她说背诵一些流行歌曲的歌词也能有不小的帮助. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.
  9. 然而,有时候他也觉得看电影也是件很头痛的事,因为那些人说得太快了.
Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
  10. 另外她补充说与朋友进行英语对话一点也不管用. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all.
  11. 我们会对某个话题感到很兴奋,然后最终说起中文来了. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese.
  12. 你为什么不参加英语俱乐部练习口语呢? Why don't you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
  13. 我没有同伴来练习英语.I don't have a partner to practice English with.
  14. 刚开始时,她说得很快,我没法理解每个单词.后来,我意识到如果你不能听懂每个单词也没什么. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn't understand every word. Later on, I realized that it doesn't matter if you don't understand every word.
  15. 我认为多做些听力练习是成为一个好的语言学习者的决窍之一. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner.
  16. 另外一项我觉得很难的就是英语语法.Another thing that I found very different was English grammar.
  17. 之后我开始用我正在学的英语语法造出我自己的句子. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning.
  18. 这对我的帮助之大真让人吃惊.It's amazing how much this helped.
  19. 我给我的老师留下了深刻的印象.My English teacher is very impressed.
  20. 你可以尽量听最重要的单词.You can try to listen for the most important words.

  21. 除非我们解决了困难,否则我们很容易变得不快乐. Unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy.
  22. 随着时间的推移,友谊可能就消失了.Time goes by, good friendships may be lost.
  22. 作为年轻人, 我们有责任在老师的帮助下尽全力应付学业中的每一个挑战. As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.
  23. 想一想史蒂芬.霍金一个非常聪明的科学家,他认为他的生理缺陷并不重要.Think about Stephen Hawking, for example, a very clever scientist, who regards his many physical problems as unimportant.
  24. 让我们不要担心自己的问题,而是积极地面对困难! Let's not worry about our problems. Let's face the challenges in a positive way instead.
Unit 2 I used to be afraid of the dark. I. Words:
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  2. cause v.造成,引起 terrify v. terrified adj. 感到恐惧的
terrifying adj. 令人感到恐惧的
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  18. chew v. 咀嚼 chew v. ?chewed; -chewing 咀嚼 chat v. chatting; chatted 聊天 daily adj.=everyday 日常的 death n. [U] 死亡 die v; dying; dead adj. attention n. [U]注意力 patient adj. 耐心的 patience n. [U]耐心 waste v. 浪费 exactly adv.正,恰恰 insect n. 昆虫 candy n. [U]糖果 comic n.连环画 gum n. [U]口香糖 himself pron. oneself; oneselves 他自己 airplane n. 飞机 on adj. 开着的 Murray 墨里(姓氏)
II. Phrases:
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  12. used to do 过去常常做;be used to doing 习惯做;be used to do 被用来做 be afraid/ terrified of doing / to do 害怕做 take pride in = be proud of 对……感到自豪 give up sth./ doing sth. 放弃…… pay (much) attention to sth./ doing sth 注意…… get into trouble with 惹事落到了..手里 change one's mind 改变主意 even though/ if 即使 no longer/ no more = not any longer/ not any more 不再 feel good about oneself=feel confident=believe in oneself 自信 speak in front of a group / in public 在一群人/公众面前说话 cause a lot of(=much) trouble 制造很多的麻烦

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with …on/ off 在…开着的/ 关着的 a couple of days =several/ a few days 几天 go to sleep=fall asleep 入睡 chat (chatting/ chatted) with sb. 和某人聊天 grow hair long 留长发 the head teacher= headmaster 校长 fly in an airplane 乘飞机 a boys' boarding school 男子寄宿学校 miss the old days 怀念旧日的好时光 move to another town 搬到另一个城市 waste/save the time 浪费/节约时间 a waste of time can/can't/ be able to afford to do/ sth. 能够负担…; 买得起 like/ hate to do/ doing; enjoy/ feel like doing,would like to do; have fun doing make sb. terrified 使某人恐惧
in the end=at last=finally 最后,终于 at the end of 在……(时间/地点)的尽头 by the end of 在/截至……为止

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one of +最高级,复数名词 最..之一 spend (time/ money) (in) doing; on sth. 花(时间/ 钱)做…;在某事上 so much/so many/too many/too much (much too) make a decision =decide to do/ on doing 决定 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇的是 be alone 独自一人 watch …on TV 在电视上看…… all the time 一直 as…as 和……一样(同级比较, 原级) a fifteen-year-old boy 一个十五岁的男孩 pay for sth./ spend/ cost /take 为……付钱 wait a minute/ while/moment 等一会儿 on a soccer team=be a member of a school team 在足球队 go right home 径直回家

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in the last few years 在过去几年 in the past few years/ in the recent few/several years
III. Sentences: :
  1. 你以前常弹钢琴吗?是的./不是. -- Did you use to play the piano? --Used you to play th epiano? --Yes, I did. / No, I didn't. --Yes, I used. / No, I usedn't.

  2. 以前这里有座教堂.There used to be a church here.
  3. 在我上高中之前,我常常花很多时间和朋友玩游戏,但我现在不在有时间了. Before I started high school, I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends, but I don't have the time any more.
  4. 在过去几年中,我的生活改变了很多. My life has changed a lot in the last few years.
  5. 我以前是短发但现在我把它蓄长了. I used to have short hair but now I grow it long.
  6. 他的妈妈负担不起他的教育费用. His mother couldn't afford to pay for her child's education.
  7. 不幸的是,马丁还是不时地给他自己和家里惹来麻烦. Unfortunately, Martin still caused problems for himself and his family.
  8. 他对学习不感兴趣,而且还经常因为惹麻烦落在警察手里. He was not interested in studying and he often got into trouble with the police.
  9. 校长说马丁有必要和他的妈妈谈谈了. The head teacher said it was necessary for Martin to talk with his mother.
  10. 尽管我爸爸再也不能和我们在一起了, 他依然在关注着我, 并且因为我做的每一件好事而骄 傲. Even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.
  11. 我意识到自从爸爸去世后,我就一直害怕独自一人待着,而且尽一切努力使妈妈更关注我.I realize that since my father died, I have been afraid of being alone, and have tried to make my mother pay more attention to me.
  12. 他努力学习并成为班上的尖子生.He has been working hard and is now one of the best students.
  13. 他妈妈的爱帮助他对自己感到自信.His mother's love helped him feel good about himself.
  14. 父母的存在对孩子们来说非常重要.It's very important for parents to be there for their children.
Unit 3
Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.
Ⅰ. Words:
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  2. concentrate v. 集中,聚集 silly adj. 愚蠢的(侧重傻) → stupid
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  9. → foolish adj. 愚蠢的(侧重笨)
adj. 愚蠢的(含贬义)
design v. & n. 设计(clothes design 服装设计)designer n. 设计师 opportunity n. 机会,时机 chance n. reply v&n. 答复 answer (question) obey v. 服从 =follow / break 违反 achieve v. 完成,实现 achievement n. 成就[C]
(un)realistic adj. (不)现实的 real adj. really adv.realize v. 认识到 sleepy adj. 困倦的(作表语和定语) → asleep sleeping v-ing. (在)睡觉的(作表语和定语) adj. 睡着的(只作表语)

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pierce v. 刺穿 license n. 执照
newsletter n. 简报 erring n. 耳环 member n. 成员 race n & v. 比赛
local adj. 地
 

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