初中英语专题复习之
非谓语动词
一、动词不定式 (一)构成:
  1.肯定形式:to (一)构成:
  1.肯定形式:to + v
  2.否定形式:not
  2.否定形式:not to + v (二)句法功能:
  1.主语:
  1.主语: eg: (
  1) To speak English is not easy for us. to speak =It is not easy for us English. (
  2) It is necessary for them to practice more. more. To practice more = is necessary for them. 不定式充当主语时,常常用it代(放到句首),而把真正的不 不定式充当主语时,常常用it代(放到句首),而把真正的不 定式放在后面。
  2.表语:
  2.表语: eg: (
  3)My work is to clean the room every day. =To clean the room every day is my work. (
  4)Your duty is to collect information. information. 多数情况下,不定式作表语,可转换为作主语。

  3.宾语:
  3.宾语: eg: (
  5)He likes to play basketball. basketball. (
  6)I want to go fishing with you on weekends. 动词不定式只能作某些及物动词的宾语,一般不作介词的宾语。 want, refuse, wish, need, choose, hope, agree, try, begin, offer, would like to等动词后只能跟不定式作宾语。 to等动词后只能跟不定式作宾语。
  4.宾补:
  4.宾补: eg: (
  7)She asked me not to speak Chinese in an English class. (
  8)I heard her cry in the next room just now. 在make, let, have, see, hear, watch等使役动词、感官动 watch等使役动词、感官动 词后,不定式省略to。但在变为被动句时应加上to。 词后,不定式省略to。但在变为被动句时应加上to。 tell, ask, want, allow, get, would, encourage后常跟不 encourage后常跟不 定式作宾补。
  5.定语:
  5.定语: eg: (
  9)Have you anything to say? say? (
  10)I need a room to live in. in.
不定式作定语,位于中心词之后;若作定语的不定式为不及物动 词,且与中心词之间有动宾关系,要在该动词后加上适当的介词 (如例
  10)。 (如例
  10)。
  6.状语:
  6.状语: eg: (
  11)I’m sorry to trouble you.(表原因) you. (
  12)I went there to study English.(表目的) English. 不定式作状语,其逻辑主语要和句子的主语一致。 (三)常见的一些与不带to的不定式连用的词组、句型: (三)常见的一些与不带to的不定式连用的词组、句型:
  1. Why not + do …?
  2. had better (not) do…
  3. would rather do…
  4. Could/Would/Will you please (not to) do…? (四)特殊疑问词+ (四)特殊疑问词+不定式 不定式可以和疑问代词(who, 不定式可以和疑问代词(who, whom, whose what, which,) 、 疑问副词(when, 疑问副词(when, where, how, why)连用构成不定式短语,在句 why)连用构成不定式短语,在句 中作主语、宾语、表语等成分。
eg: (
  13)Please tell me what to do next. (
  14)I didn’t know where to go. go. 二、动名词 (一)构成:v+(一)构成:v+-ing (二)句法功能:
  1.主语:
  1.主语: eg: (
  15) Feeding animals is my job. =My job is feeding animals. animals. (
  16) Eating too much is bad for your health.
  2.宾语:
  2.宾语: (
  1)动词的宾语:(
  17)He likes dancing/singing. )动词的宾语:(
  17) dancing/singing. (
  2) 介词的宾语: (
  18) Cookers are used for cooking. cooking. (
  19) Jim is good at painting. painting. 常见的带动名词作宾语的动词:finish, 常见的带动名词作宾语的动词:finish, enjoy, mind, practice, have fun, have trouble/problem, spend, feel like, have a hard time, be used to, can’t stand/help

  3.表语:
  3.表语: eg: (
  20)His hobby is collecting stamps. stamps. =Collecting stamps is his hobby. 多数情况下,动名词作表语可转换成作主语。
  4.定语:
  4.定语: eg: (
  21)She is in the reading room. (
  22)We should improve our teaching methods. 动名词作定语只表明它所修饰的词的用途、所属关系等。 三、分词 (一)构成:
  1.现在分词:v+(一)构成:
  1.现在分词:v+-ing
  2.过去分词:v+
  2.过去分词:v+-ed (二)句法功能:
  1.定语:
  1.定语: eg: (
  23)Do you know the girl standing under the tree? (
  24)Please hand in your written exercises. 分词作定语,其逻辑主语就是它所修饰的词。

  2.状语:
  2.状语: eg: (
  25)The students went out of the classroom, talking and laughing. laughing. 分词的逻辑主语就是句子的主语。
  3.表语:
  3.表语: eg: (
  26)The boy is too frightened to move. 现在分词表示主语的性质、特征;过去分词表示某种状态。
  4.补足语:
  4.补足语: eg: (
  27)Don’t keep us waiting for a long time. (
  28)I heard her singing in the classroom. (
  29)He’ll have his hair cut after school. 现在分词作补足语,被补足的宾语或主语是它的逻辑主语 (即主动关系); 过去分词作补足语,被补足的宾语或主语是它的逻辑宾语 (即被动关系)。
(三)现在分词与过去分词的区别
  1.在语态上,现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动。
  1.在语态上,现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动。 eg: the surprising news 令人惊讶的电影 a surprised man 一个受惊吓的人 a moving film 一场感人的电影 the moved people 被感动的人们
  2.在时间上,现在分词表示动作正在进行,过去分词表示动作
  2.在时间上,现在分词表示动作正在进行,过去分词表示动作 已经结束。 eg: the developing country 发展中国家 the developed country 发达国家 the rising sun 正在升起的太阳 the risen sun 升起来的太阳 (四)have (四)have sb. do sth./have sb. doing sth./have sth. done
  1. have sb. do sth.“让某人做某事”have可用let, make代替. sth.“让某人做某事”have可用let, make代替. 不定式往往表示一次性的具体动作,且强调动作已经完成或 尚未发生。
eg: (
  30)The soldiers had the boy stand with his back to his father. 士兵们让这个男孩背对着他的父亲站着。
  2.have sb. doing sth.“让某人/某物做某事”,可用keep代 sth.“让某人/某物做某事”,可用keep代 替,现在分词(doing)表示的这个动作往往具有持续、进行的 替,现在分词(doing)表示的这个动作往往具有持续、进行的 意思。 eg: (
  31)The two men had their lights burning all night long. 那两个人让灯通宵亮着。
  3.have sth. done “让某人做某事”,即 ask sb. else to do “让某人做某事”,即 sth. 过去分词(done)表示的这个动作由他人(即非主语本身) 过去分词(done)表示的这个动作由他人(即非主语本身) 来完成,含有被动意义且强调动作已经完成。 eg: (
  32)The driver had his car washed once a week. 那位司机每周叫人洗一次车。 (
  33)I had my bike repaired yesterday. 昨天我叫人把自行车修了。
四、某些动词或词组后接动名词或不定式的区别 stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 sth.停下来去做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事 sth.停止做某事 eg: (
  34)Stop talking, please. (
  35)Stop to think about it for a moment. remember/forget to do sth.记住/忘了要做某事 sth.记住/ remember/forget doing sth.记得/忘了做过某事 sth.记得/ eg: (
  36)I remember posting your letter. (
  37)Please remember to post my letter. (
  38)I forgot to bring my homework. (
  39)I forgot bringing my homework. try to do sth.努力去做某事 sth.努力去做某事 try doing sth.试着去做某事 sth.试着去做某事 eg: (
  40)He tried speaking English to us. (
  41)Please try to do better next time.
go on to do sth. 做完一件事,接着去做另一件事 go on doing sth. 继续不停地做某事 eg: (
  42)Go on to do the other exercise after you finish this one. (
  43)Go on doing the exercise after a short rest. allow doing sth. 允许做某事 allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事 sth.允许某人做某事 eg: (
  44)We don’t allow smoking here. (
  45)We don’t allow students to go out on weekdays. Exercises B
  1.If you feel tired, you may stop . A. have a rest B. to have a rest C. having a rest A
  2.We’re in class. You’d better not . A. talk B. talking C. talked D. to talk

  3.We are going for a picnic tomorrow. I’ll call Wendy B to make sure . A. why to start B. when to start C. what to start D. which to start C
  4.Some children are arguing what TV programs. A. watching B. for watching C. to watch D. will watch D
  5.I often see my teacher, Mr Zhao, books in his office. A. reads B. to read C. is read D. read
  6.?
  6.?Shopping with me? A --Sorry, --Sorry, I have a lot of clothes . A. to wash B. washed C. wash D. washing B
  7.Who was the first one ? A.to reach B.to arrive C.to get to D.to arrive at
 

相关内容

高考英语专题复习-非谓语动词

   高考英语专题复习系列 课件 谓语动词 一、非谓语动词用法 1、非谓语动词的种类: 非谓语动词的种类: 不定式( 不定式(to do)、 )、 现在分词(doing)、 现在分词( )、 动名词( 动名词( doing)、 )、 过去分词(V-ed) 过去分词( ) 2、非谓语动词的功能: 非谓语动词的功能: 1.不定式相当于名词、形容词或副词的功能。 不定式相当于名词、形容词或副词的功能。 不定式相当于名词 2.动名词相当于名词或形容词的功能。 动名词相当于名词或形容词的功能。 动名词相当于 ...

高二英语非谓语动词课件

   一, 动词不定式(以动词 动词不定式 以动词study为例 为例) 以动词 为例 语态 时态 一般式 完成式 进行式 主动态 to study 被动态 to be studied to have been studied to have studied to be studying 分词( 为例) 二 ,动词的 ing 分词(以make为例) 为例 时态 语态 主动态 making having made 被动态 being made having been made 一般式 完成式 三 , ...

初中英语总复习 中考 专项练习非谓语动词

   初中英语总复习专项练习?非谓语动词 初中英语总复习专项练习 非谓语动词 一.根据句意,用所给动词的适当形式填空. 1. Is it necessary (learn) a foreign language? 2. He is good at (swim). 3. Do you have anything (say) for yourself? 4. It's spring now. it's time (plant) trees. 5. Don't keep me (wait) for a ...

2010年中考英语语法复习?非谓语动词

   非谓语动词 中考语法专项复习 动词的基本用法是做放在主语之后做谓语。eg. 动词的基本用法是做放在主语之后做谓语。eg. I work in a factory. 当句中有谓语动词时,如在需要用动词就只 能用非谓语动词,非谓语动词重要包括:动词不 定式(to do)、动名词、分词(现在分词、过去分 定式(to do)、动名词、分词(现在分词、过去分 词) Eg. 1) I decide to work in a factory. 2) I enjoy working in a factory ...

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-非谓语动词

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 透析中考英语语法非谓语动词考点 【非谓语动词命题趋势 】 根据对非谓语动词部分全国各省、 市中考试题的分析可知, 今后该部分仍将是重点考查点之 一。其考查重点为: 1. it作形式主语、宾语的用法 2. 感官动词后不定式作宾语补足语和动词ing形式作宾语补足语的用法; 3. 动词不定式与疑问代词和疑问副词的连用 4. 一些特殊动词的动词不定式作宾语补足语时不带to,但变为被动语态时就要带to; 5. 有些动词既可接不定式也可接动 ...

高考英语语法复习 非谓语动词课件(PPT共116张)

   高考英语语法复习 基本 用法 时态 语态 练习 动名词 非 谓 语 动 词 现在分词 分 词 过去分词 不定式 The Gerund 动名词的特点: 动名词的特点: ① 抽象 ② 习惯性 His hobby is painting. painting. 习惯 I’m proud of being a Chinese. 抽象 Participle 主动、进行、 主动、进行、 doing 令人……的 令人……的 被动、完成、 被动、完成、 感到……的 感到……的 done The swimmin ...

高中英语基础写作公开课课件??学会用复合句和非谓语动词

   广东08高考基础写作范文:句子表达有何亮点? 广东08高考基础写作范文:句子表达有何亮点? 08高考基础写作范文 ① Shooting, originated as a means of survival, developed into a sport only in the late 19th century. ② The sport , which first appeared in 1896, was ever suspended during the 1904 and 1928 Ga ...

2011届外研版中考英语复习方案课件:语法讲解(十)非谓语动词

   ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 │ 非谓语动词 ?外研版 ...

英语语法非谓语动词

   河南省杞县金杞中学 1. 由both或both???and???连接两个或三个名词 作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 1.Lili and Mike are successful in learning English. 2.Both he and I have finished reading the novel. 2.one,every one ,each one,any one,each, either,neither,none…+of+复数名词做主语时 复数名词做主语时 谓语动词用单数。 ...

高二英语非谓语动词教案

   非谓语动词 动词的非谓语形式有三种:不定式,动名词和分词. 不定式: 一,不定式: It is hard for me to do the work. 作主语 He wants to speak at the meeting.作宾语 I have a lot of work to do. 作定语 He asked me to finish it in time. 作宾补 My job is to help the patient.作表语 He is too young to go to sc ...

热门内容

2011高考英语语法总复习课件

   高考英语语法总复习 名 词 高考考点分析 1、名词的单、复数; 名词的单、复数; 2、可数与不可数名词的转换; 可数与不可数名词的转换; 3、名词作定语; 名词作定语; 4、名词的搭配; 名词的搭配; 5、词语辨析; 词语辨析; 问题1 问题1: How many Four. A.stomaches . C.stomachs . does a cow have? B.stomach . D.stomachies . 以 s, sh, ch, x等结尾的名词变复数时加 es; 等结尾的名词变复 ...

英语100句

   1. Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent is the American antelope, or pronghorn. isX中国 英语学习网 1.美洲羚羊,或称叉角羚,是该大陆典型的草原动物. isX中国英语学习网 2. Of the millions who saw Haley's comet in 1986, how many people will live long enough to see it return ...

实用英语词汇系列:测绘类翻译词汇_Part2

   海区总图 general chart of the sea 海图 Chart 海图 Chart 海图比例尺 Chart scale 海图比例尺 Chart scale 海图编号 Chart numbering 海图编号 Chart numbering 海图编制 Chart compilation 海图编制 Chart compilation 海图标题 Chart title 海图标题 Chart title 海图大改正 Chart large correction 海图大改正 Chart l ...

辽宁省锦州一高中2011届高三上学期期中考试(英语)

   20102011 学年度上学期高三期中考试题 学年度上学期高三期中考试题 英 语 考试时间: 100 分钟 总分: 120 分 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分 第 I 卷(选择题.共 85 分) 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目代码用 2B 铅笔涂写在答题卡 上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用 橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号,答在试卷上无效。 3.考试结束后,考生将答题卡 ...

第二版_新视野大学英语听说教程第一册答案

   Unit 1 Click Here for Language Learning Short Conversations 1.B 2. C 3. A 4.C 5.D 6.C 7. C 8.A 9.B 10.D Long Conversation 1.A 2. B 3.B 4. D 5. A Understanding a Passage 1. A 2.A 3. C 4. D 5. D Understanding a Movie Speech 1.honored, 2.interesting 3 ...