Unit 1 How do you study for a test?
Words And Expressions
发音 n. 不同的, 不同的,有区别的 adv. 快地, 快地,迅速地 adv. 慢地, 慢地,缓慢地 adv. 认识到 v. 影响 v. 秘诀;诀窍; 秘诀;诀窍;秘密 n. 困难;苦恼; 困难;苦恼;忧虑 n. 学期 n. 友谊;友情; 友谊;友情;友爱 n. pronunciation differently quickly slowly realize influence secret trouble term friendship
Words And Expressions
听录音磁带 列单词表 读教科书 制作抽认卡 请教师帮助 和朋友们一起学习 看英文电影 看英语杂志 参加英语俱乐部 listen to tapes make vocabulary lists read the textbook make flashcards ask the teacher for help work with friends watch English movies read English magazines join the English club
Words And Expressions
使用英语 学习的最佳方法 学习语法 大声朗读 害怕去做… 害怕去做 结束; 结束;告终 稍后 犯错误 大量听力练习 use English the best way to study study grammar read aloud be afraid to do end up later on make mistakes lots of listening practice
Topic 1: How do you study for a test?
→I study by…
-working with friends -making flashcards -reading the textbook -making vocabulary lists -taking notes carefully -asking the teacher for help -watching English VCDs -going over the homework -doing a lot of exercises -listening to tapes
-taking part in extra English classes
Topic 2: How do you study English?
→I study by… Listening: Speaking: Reading: Writing:
listening to tapes watch English-language movies practicing conversations with friends join an English club reading aloud to practice pronunciation reading English magazines keeping English diaries doing lots of exercises
??? ???
… can’t get the pronunciation right … be afraid people might laugh at me … can’t always make complete sentences … make mistakes in grammar … can’t understand spoken English … read very slowly … forget a lot of new words … can’t understand when people speak too quickly … don’t know how to use commas … don’t get much writing practice … can’t understand the words in magazines … can’t pronounce some of the words
Sample:
A: What’s your problem? B: I can’t always write complete sentences. A: Maybe you should take lots of grammar notes in every class. B: I’ll try that.

  1. How do you… for…? by +doing
How do you study for a test? I study by making flashcards. ▲ how表示手段方法,意思是“如何,怎样;用什么样的方法 表示手段方法, 表示手段方法 意思是“如何,怎样; (手段 手段)” 手段 动名词”常常表示手段、方式或方法, ▲ “by + 动名词”常常表示手段、方式或方法,可以用来回答 引导的特殊疑问句。 “how”引导的特殊疑问句。 引导的特殊疑问句

  2. It’s too hard to understand the voices.
形容词/副词 动词原形”结构,意为“ ▲ “too + 形容词 副词 + to + 动词原形”结构,意为“太…… 而不能……”,该句型用于肯定句,但表示否定的意义。 而不能 ,该句型用于肯定句,但表示否定的意义。 He is too young to go to school. 他太小了,不能去上学。 他太小了,不能去上学。 It’s too late to catch the bus. 太迟了,赶不上公共汽车了。 太迟了,赶不上公共汽车了。 前面有never,not,only,but等词时,或出现 等词时, ▲ too…to…前面有 前面有 , , , 等词时 或出现too …not to do的双重否定时,否定词与不定式中的否定意义结 的双重否定时, 的双重否定时 合起来构成了肯定意义。 合起来构成了肯定意义。 It’s never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。 活到老,学到老。 It’s not too difficult for me to do it by myself. 对我来说自己做这件事不难。 对我来说自己做这件事不难。

  3. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it..
此句为现在完成进行时: ▲ 此句为现在完成进行时:have/has + been +v-ing 现在完成进行时强调在某一段时间内动作一直在进行, 现在完成进行时强调在某一段时间内动作一直在进行,通常 动作有现在的结果。 动作有现在的结果。 I’ve been skating for three hours. 我已经滑冰三个小时了。 我已经滑冰三个小时了。 She’s been working all day. 她已经工作一整天了。 她已经工作一整天了。 现在完成进行时更强调动作的持续性。 ▲ 现在完成进行时更强调动作的持续性。

  4. …because he can watch the actors say the words.
是感知动词, ▲ watch是感知动词,与其类似的常见词还有:hear,see等, 是感知动词 与其类似的常见词还有: , 等 此类动词的宾语补足语可以用不带to的不定式 的不定式, 此类动词的宾语补足语可以用不带 的不定式,也可以用动 词的-ing形式。 形式。 词的 形式 感知动词+宾语 结构通常指整体的动作。 ※ “感知动词 宾语 do”结构通常指整体的动作。 感知动词 宾语+ 结构通常指整体的动作 I watched a boy draw a horse on the wall. 我看到一个男孩在墙上画了一匹马。 从开始看到结束 从开始看到结束) 我看到一个男孩在墙上画了一匹马。(从开始看到结束 感知动词+宾语 结构则指看(听 观察…)正在 感知动词 宾语+ 结构则指看 ※ “感知动词 宾语 doing”结构则指看 听、观察 正在 进行的动作。 进行的动作。 I watched a boy drawing a horse on the wall. 我看到一个男孩正在墙上画一匹马。 我看到一个男孩正在墙上画一匹马。 (当我走到那儿时,男孩正在画画。) 当我走到那儿时, 当我走到那儿时 男孩正在画画。

  5. …,he finds watching movies frustrating…
宾语+形容词 怎么样” ▲ “find+宾语 形容词”结构,意为“发现 怎么样”。 宾语 形容词”结构,意为“发现…怎么样 I find it very difficult. 我发觉它很难。 我发觉它很难。 She’ll find him easy to get along with. 她会发觉他很容易相处的。 她会发觉他很容易相处的。

  6. Also I was afraid to speak in class, …
结构, ▲ “be afraid to do sth”结构,意为“害怕做某事”。 结构 意为“害怕做某事” He is afraid to walk at night. 他害怕在晚间走路。 他害怕在晚间走路。 结构, 某事” ▲ “be afraid of sb/sth”结构,意为“害怕某人 某事”。 结构 意为“害怕某人/某事 She is afraid of snakes. 她怕蛇。 她怕蛇。
录音, 听Section B(2a & 2b)录音,完成下列短文。 录音 完成下列短文。
looks Paul worried because he is having trouble learningEnglish. First he can’t get the pronunciation right. Then he can’t remember the new words and sometimes he can’t understand what people are Saying in English. And he doesn’t get much writing practice . listen to His teacher Ms Mitchell tells him to the tape and repeat the sentences that are difficult for him topracticehis write pronunciation. Then the teacher tells him to the new words the home at in in the notebook and study them or train on the way to school. join At last the teacher asks him to the English language club find topracticespeaking and a pen pal.
How to become a better language learner?
Dear , I know it isn’t easy to learn , but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word. Yours,
 

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