新目标 九年级 Unit 9
Unit 9 When was it invented? Section A Period 1
重点句型
  1. Who was the telephone invented by? It was invented by Bell. 电话是谁发明的? 电话是贝尔发明的。 电话是谁发明的? 电话是贝尔发明的。
  2. When were electric slippers invented? They were invented last year. 电拖鞋是什么时候被发明的? 电拖鞋是什么时候被发明的?它们是去 年被发明的。 年被发明的。
  3. What are they used for? 它们是用来做什么的? 它们是用来做什么的?

  4. They are used for seeing in the dark. 它们是用来在黑暗中看东西的。 它们是用来在黑暗中看东西的。
  5. Tea wasn’t brought to the Western world until 16
  10. 直到1610年茶才被带到西方世界。 年茶才被带到西方世界。 直到 年茶才被带到西方世界
  6. I prefer lemons to oranges. I like the sour taste. 我喜欢柠檬胜过橙子。我喜欢酸味。 我喜欢柠檬胜过橙子。我喜欢酸味。
When were they invented? What is it called?
bike
light bulb
microwave oven
alarm clock
Listening (1b: P
  68)
1876年 年
1885年 年
1927年 年
1971年 年
1976年 年
Tapescript
Alice: Life must have been difficult when you were a kid. Woman: Oh, not really. Why do you say that? Alice: Well, you didn’t have many modern inventions. Like, you probably didn’t have a telephone, right? Woman: Of course we did! How old do you think I am? the telephone was invented in 18
  76.
Alice:
How about cars? I bet cars weren’t invented yet. Woman: Sure they were. Cars were invented in 18
  85. My family had a car. I think you need to take a history class, Alice. Alice: Ha, ha! Well ,did you have a TV? Woman: No, We didn’t. The TV was invented around 1927, I think. Some friends of mine had one.
But in those days, TVs were really expensive, and we couldn’t afford one. Alice: And I bet you didn’t have calculators and computers and stuff. That’s something I do know. We learned in school that hand-held calculators were invented in 1971 and personal computers were invented in 19
  76.
Woman: You are right. I didn’t have those things when I was young. But I do now!
Pairwork (1c:P
  68)
Sample dialogues: A: When was the telephone invented? B: I think it was invented in 18
  76. A: When was the car invented? B: I think it was invented in 19
  30. I think it was invented after the telephone.
C: I don’t think so. I think it was invented in 1873, so it was invented before the telephone. D: I don’t agree. I think it was invented in 1885 and it was invented after the telephone.
Listening (2a, 2b: P
  69)
3
1
2
shoes with adjustable heels Coziar and Jamie Ellsworth the style of the shoes
Jayce changing
Julie battery-operated snakers Thompson seeing in the dark heated ice cream scoop Chelsea scooping really cold Lanmon ice cream
Tapescript
Boy: What are those? Girl: They’re battery-operated slippers. Boy: What are they used for? Girl: They’re used for seeing in the dark. Boy: Oh, that’s cool! Who were they invented by? Girl: Julie Thompson. And look at this heated ice cream scoop. Boy: I know what it’s for! It’s used for scooping out really cold ice cream.
Girl: Right. It was invented by Chelsea Lanmon. Boy: My favorite are those shoes with adjustable heels. You know- you can move the heels up and down. They were invented by Jayce Coziar and Jamie Ellsworth. Girl: And what are they used for? Boy: Well, you can change the style of your shoes. You can make the shoes go from casual to dressy.
Oral Practice (2c: P
  69)
Sentence pattern: What is it / are they used for? Who was it / were they invented by? It is / They are used for ... It was / They were invented by ...
Sample dialogues: A: What is this? B: This is a heated ice cream scoop. A: What is it used for? B: It is used for scooping really cold ice cream. A: Who was it invented by? B: It was invented by Chelsea Lanmon.
Grammar Focus (P
  69)
The passive voice 被动语态 在被动语态的句子中, 在被动语态的句子中 谓语部分的 结构是be 过去分词。 结构是 + 过去分词。被动语态的句 子的时态变化反映在be动词上。 子的时态变化反映在 动词上。也就 动词上 是说, 把一个句子做成被动语态的句 是说 子, 只需要写出 动词的所需时态 再 只需要写出be动词的所需时态 动词的所需时态, 加上所给动词的过去分词就行了。 加上所给动词的过去分词就行了。
当然, 这只是指谓语部分而言。我们 当然 这只是指谓语部分而言。 知道, be动词作为一个独立的谓语动 知道 动词作为一个独立的谓语动 词有自己现在分词(being)和过去分 和过去分 词有自己现在分词 词 (been)。那么 下面我们来看看 。那么, 下面我们来看看be 在各种时态中的变化形式: 在各种时态中的变化形式:
一般现在时 am / is / are 一般过去时 was / were 一般将来时 shall / will + be 过去将来时 would / should + be 现在进行时 am / is / are + being 过去进行时 was / were + being 现在完成时 have / has + been 过去完成时 had + been
Make sentences

  1. 世界上许多国家都讲英文。 世界上许多国家都讲英文。 English is spoken in many countries all over the world .
  2. 纸是中国发明的。 纸是中国发明的。 Paper was invented in China.
  3. 这栋大楼是去年建造的。 这栋大楼是去年建造的。 The building was built last year.

  4. 他父亲不会让他娶玛丽为妻的。 他父亲不会让他娶玛丽为妻的。 He won’t be allowed, by his father, to marry Mary.
  5. 他们结束训练时将被派往部队。 他们结束训练时将被派往部队。 They would be sent to the army when they finished the training.
  6. 这个计划正在执行中。 这个计划正在执行中。 The project is being carried out.

  7. 那时这案子正在调查中。 那时这案子正在调查中。 The case was being investigated then.
  8. 这本小说已被译成了几种语言。 这本小说已被译成了几种语言。 This novel has been translated into several languages.
  9. 他们说生产成本已经下降了。 他们说生产成本已经下降了。 They said that production costs had been reduced.
 

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