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考博英语范文总结十篇
一、Television Program and Their Effect on children Television programs regularly entertain, educate, effec t and even frighten the majority of our children. Most ch ildren are allowed to watch whatever program is on, with little thought on the effect that particular show will have on a child. Most programs can be classed as beneficial or harmful, according to what effect the program might h ave on a child. The beneficial television programs are mainly thouse that
educate the young. There are often specials on animal life. A f ew regular children’s programs develop the child’s interest in s chool-type learning by stressing numbers and the alphablt, and that encourages him or her to be creative. The beneficial com mercials, such as those on anti-smoking, anti-litter, and health, should be included in this category. On the opposite side are the shows, which are generally h armful to children. Many commercials, especially those sponsori ng the children’s programs, are deliberately written to create a desire for an unnecessary product such as sugar coated cereals and candy. All adult programs that include violence or sex sce
nes can at best fill a child’s mind with confusing or misleadin g ideas, and could possib ly harden the child to violence. Thoughtful parents will definitely not allow their children t o view the bad programs. A child’s viewing time should be li mited to watching educationlly benefical programs. 二、“The younger generaton knows best” Old people are always saying that the young are not what they were. The same comments is made from generation to g eneration and it is always true. It has never been truer than ti is today. The young are better educated. They have a lot more money to spend and enjoy more freedom. They grow up mor e quickly and are not so dependent on their parents. They thin k more for themselves and do not blindly accept the ideas of t heir elders. Events, which the older generation remembers vivid ly, are nothing more than past history. This is as it should be. Every new generation is different from the one preceded it. T oday the difference is very marked indeed. The old always assume thaty they know best for the simp le reason that they have been around a bit longer. They don’t like to feel that their values are being questioned or threatened.
And this precisely what the young are doing. They are questi oning the assumptions of their elders and disturbing their comp lacency. They take leave to doubt that the older generation has created the best of all possible worlds. What they reject more than anything is conformity. Office hours, for instance, are no thing more than enforced slavery. Wouldn’t people work best i f they were given complete freedom and responsibility? And w hat about clothing? Who said that all the men in the world sh ould wear drab grey suits and convict haircuts? If we turn our minds to more serious matters, who said that human differenc es can best be solved through conventional politics or by viole nt means? Who said that human differences can best be solved through conventional politics or by violent means? Who said t hat human differences can best be solved through conventional politics or by violent means? Why have the older generation so often used violence to solven their problems? Why are they so unhappy and guilt-ridden in their personal lives, so obsesse d with mean ambitions and the desire to amass more and mor e material possessions? Can anything be right with the rat ?ra ce? Haven’t the old lost touch with all that is important in lif e?
There are not questions the older generation can shrug off lightly. Their record over the past forty years or so hasn’t be en exactly spotless. Traditionally, the young have turned to thei r elders for guilance. Today, the situation might reversed. The old?if they are prepared to admit it ? could learn a thing or two from their children. One of the biggest lessons they coul d learn is that enjoyment is not “sinful”. Enjoyment is a princi ple one could apply to all aspects of life. It is surely not wro ng to enjoy your work and enjoy your leisure to shed restricti ng inhibitions. It is surely not wrong to live in the present rat her than in the past or future. This emphasis on the present is only to be expressed because the young have grown up under the shadow of the bomb: the constant threat of complete anni hilation. This is their glorious heritage. Can we be surprised th at they should so often question the sanity of the generation th at bequeathed it ? 三、How to Solve the Housing Problem in Big Cities With the development of modern industryu, more and mor e people are flowing into big cities. Accordingly, the housing problem in big cities is becoming more and more serious.
People have offered many solutions to this problem. I thin k building satellite cities in the suburbs is more practical. The fresh air and beautiful secnery in the suburbs will be appealing to the city citizens, who suffer from air pollution, noises, etc. in the overcrowded city. With more people leaving the city, more space will be available for those remaining. The housinm g problem in big cities will thus be solved. 四、Public Transportation As part of domestic modernization, public transportation ne eds to be developed urgently in China. I can illustrate some e xamples. There does not only exist serious traffic jams but also cro wded buses, underground and railways. Commuters find it hard to get to work on time due to overcrowded buses or tubes. T ravelers could hardly get on buses in big cities during weeden ds owing to fewer buses and more people. When Spring Festiv al is drawing near, there is much greater ?ressure on public tra nsportation since it has to deal with a large number of traveler s rushing home. And travelers need special arrangements to go home. In a word, public transportation has become bottleneck to the advanc of Chinese economy.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the departments c oncerned should carry out the following steps: to build more r oads, highways or railways and to add buses or trains to the o riginal lines. But ther funds have to be raised both from the g overnment and the public. There are three sources for fund raising. One is to raise t he fares for all kinds of all transportation vehicles. Another is to increase the prices for various vehicles on sale. The third is to raise the prices of petrol and diesel oil in addtion to the g overnmental funds. If all this money to raise the prices of petr ol and diesel oiil in addtion to the governmental funds. If all t his money collected is used to improve transportation services, the situation will be bettered and favorable. The third step to take is to introduce new technology in o rder to raise the efficiency of vehicles. For instance, the speed of trains can be increased as much as two times so that two times as many people can be held. In this way, the pressure o n public transportation can be dramatically alleviated. So in a word, we need to introduce new technology to raise the speed of vehicles while having built even wider roads and added mor e efficient trains and huses.
五、Human Education The other day, a professor from Peking University gave a lecture “Chinese Intellectuals and Written Cultural Text”. In hi s lecture, he held that Chinese intellectuals have lost the writte n cultural text since the May 4th movement. His opinion set u s thinking that the loss of traditional humane education resulted in a crisis of cultural education. With the rapid development of economy, the living standar d of the Chinese people has improved a lot in terms of materi al wealth. In a period when economics take priority, people pa y more aned more attention to profit. At present, moneymaking and pleasure seeking are becoming a popular fashion. On the other hand, there appears a barren field of spirit in today’s soc iety. It has become unexpectedly hard to rebuild the paradise o f traditional culture.Ideological confusion, moral decline and a chaotic cultural market, all this shows that it is the high time to have something done in order to tackle the problem of cult ural orientation. Our times call for an ideal humane education. It is unwise to discard traditional Chinese culture as a wh ole. Some of the elements of this culture can be made use of in the reconstruction of our spiritual civilizaiton directly or wit
5h some adaptation. Our attitude towards tradition should be “discarding the dross and selecting the essence”. The humane e ducation of the past can serve as a supplement to our Marxist education. It should start from primary school. In this way, o ur children will get educated so as to be possessed of a perfec t personality. The national morale will be deeply rooted in peo ple’s mind, and will help push forward the growth of econom y. To sum up, we can find it badly necessary to build up an ideal humane education. We should find an efficient way to d evelop our humane education and dig out5 more resources for m traditional Chinese culture. 六、Criticism on Television A lot of people believe that television has a harmful effec t on chldren. A few years ago, the same criticisms were made of the cinema. But although child psychoilogists have spent a great deal of time studying his problem, there is not much ev idence that television brings about teenager’s crimes. For people in the modern worlds share the views of paren ts a hundred years ago. In those days, writers for children care
fully avoided any reference to sex in their books, but had not inhibitions about including scenes of violence. The evidence collected suggests, however, that neither the subject, nor the action in itself frightens children. The context in which cruely or violence occurs is much more important. A good guide to what is psychologically healthy for a sm all child is therefore provided by a television series in which a boy and a girl are supposed to be exploring distant planets w ith their parents. In each story, they encounter strange monsters and find themselves in dangerous situations but the parents ar e reassuring and sensible, as a child’s paprents should be in re al life. There is an adult character who is a coward and liar, but both the children are brave and , of course, every story en ds happily. In my view, children should be exposed to the problems of real life as soon as possible, but they cannont help seeing t hese through news programs. When they are being entertained, the healthiest atmosphere is one which the hero and heroine a re children like themselves who behave naturally and confidentl y in any situation.
七、he ony thing people are interesed in today is earing more money Once upon a time there lived a beautiful young woman a nd a handsome young man. They were very poor, but as they were deeply in love, they wanted to get married. The young p eople’s parents shook their heads. “You can’t get married yet.” They said. Wait till you get a good job with good prospects. So the young people waited until they found good jobs with good prospects and they were able to get married. They were still poor, of course, they didn’t have a house to live in or an y furniture, but that did’t matter. They young man had a good job with good prospects, so large organizations lent him the money he needed to buy a house, some furniture, all the latest electrical appliances and a car. The couple lived happily ever after paying off debts for the rest of their lves. And so ends a nother modern romantic fable. We live in a materialistic society and are trained from our earlist years to be acquistive. Our possessions, yours and min e are clearly labeled from early childhood. When we grow old enough to earn a living, it does not surpise us to discover th at success is measured in terms of the money you earn. We s
pend the whole of ourlives keeping up with our neighbors, the Joneses. If we buy a new television set , Jones is bound to b uy a bigger and better one. If we buy a new car, we can be sure that Jones will go one better and get two new cars: one f or his wife and one for himself. The most amusing thing abou t this game is that Joneses and all the neighbors who are strug gling frantically to keep up with them are spending borrowed money kindly provided, at a suitable rate of interest, of course, by friendly banks, insurance companies, etc. It is not only affluent societies that people are obsessed w ith the idea of making more money. Consumer goods are desir able everywhere and modern industry deliberately sets out to cr eate new markets. Gone are the days when industrial goods we re made to last forever. The wheels of industry must be kept t urning. Built-in obsolescence provides the means; goods are ma de to be discarded. Cars get tinnier and tinnier. You no sooner acquire this year’s model than you are thinking about its repl acement. This materialistic outlook has seriously influenced educatio n. Fewer and fewer young people these days acquire knowledg e only for its own sake. Every course of studies must lead so
mewhere. i.e. to a bigger wage packet. The demand for skilled personnel for exceeds the supply and big companies compete with each other to recruit students before they have completed their studies. Tempting salaries and “fringe benefits” are offere d to t
 

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