19991999-2011 高等教育自学考试 00012 英语( 英语(一)汉译英试题汇总
19
  99. 4

  66. 讲座结束后,教授留出半小时时间让我们提问题。 After the lecture the professor set aside half an hour for us to ask questions
  67. 他的成就与其说是由于机遇,不如说是由于他自身的努力。 His achievement is not so much due to opportunities as due to his own efforts.
  68. 只要能按时完成任务,他不在乎用什么方法。 So long as he can finish the work in time, he does not care about how to do so.
  69. 我们发现很难跟上科技领域的迅猛发展。 We found it difficult to keep pace with the rapid development in the field of science and technology.
  70. 你是否参加我们的活动已无关紧要了。 It makes no difference whether you will take part in our activity.
20
  00. 4

  66. 对初学者来说,用英语思维比说英语更难。比较级 It is more difficult for beginners to think in English than to speak it.
  67. 据说有些吃鹿肉的原始人能跑得象鹿一样飞快。同级比较 It was said that some primitive people who ate deer could run as fast as a deer.
  68. 要是昨天他早一点回到家,他的女儿就不会把他的手表拆了。虚拟语气
His daughter would mot have taken apart his watch if he had come home a little earlier yesterday.
  69. 要找到与你观点相同的学生并不容易。定语从句 You wouldn’t have got into trouble if you had taken my advice.
  70. 在你的朋友中有多少人从来未犯过法呢? How many of your friends have never broken the law?
20
  00. 10

  66. 研究表明大量喝酒的人更易得心脏病。 Studies show that people who drink a lot are more likely to suffer from heart attacks.
  67. 解决实际问题的办法事先不能预见。 Solutions to actual problems cannot be seen in advance.
  68. 如果当时你听从我的劝告就不会陷入困境。 You wouldn’t have got into trouble if you had taken my advice.
  69. 大多数单亲父母发现独自照顾家庭有困难。 Most single parents find it hard to take care of a family alone.
  70. 是现代技术使我们走向成功。 It is modern technology that leads us to success.
20
  01. 4

  66. 正是闪电造成去年那场森林火灾。 It was lightning that caused the forest fire last year.

  67. 空气污染直接危害了人们的健康。 Air pollution endangers people's health directly.
  68. 这些专家们整个上午都在讨论这个问题。 The experts have been discussing this problem all the morning.
  69. 许多美国人抱怨政府在这些面目上花钱太多。 Many Americans complain that the government spends too much money on those programs.
  70. 好奇心和想象力常常被认为是成功的关键。 Curiosity and imagination are often viewed as the key to success.
20
  01. 10

  66. 她有个朋友过去常常吸毒。 She has a friend who used to take/use drugs.
  67. 正是这些孩子需要心理治疗 it is these children that (who )need psychological treatment.
  68. 研究表明男人比女人更容易的心脏病。 Studies show that men are more likely to suffer from heart attacks than women.
  69. 购买保险时你能完全信赖保险代理商么? Can you depend entirely on the agent when you buy insurance?
  70. 我认为她不会买象旧衣服和空瓶子这样的东西。 I don’t think she will buy such things as the used clothing and empty bottles.
20
  02. 1

  66. 众所周知,钻石是自然界所发现的最坚硬的物质。 It is well known that diamonds are the hardest substance found in nature.
  67. 我们已经根据委员会的决定制定了一个详细的计划。 We have made a detailed plan according to the committee's decision.
  68. 他们没有意识到,不懂礼貌的人迟早要为此付出代价。 They are not aware that the rude people will pay the price sooner or later.
  69. 毫无疑问,技术进步使人们能生活得更舒适愉快。 There is no doubt that technological advance enables people to live more comfortably and happily.
  70. 汤姆在中国生活了多年,已习惯于吃中国食物。 Tom has lived in China for years and become used to eating Chinese food.
20
  02. 4

  66. 你计划怎么来处理这个问题? . How do you plan to deal with this problem?
  67. 我们明天出不出去要看天气。 Whether or not we will go out tomorrow depends on the weather.
  68. 我们不愿意讨论保险的一个原因是保险很费钱。 One reason why we are unwilling to discuss insurance is that it is very expensive.
  69. 没有你的帮忙我们昨天就完不成任务。 Without your help we could not have finished the task yesterday.
  70. 据说有些单亲家庭的孩子生活很悲惨。
It is said that in some single parent families children live a miserable life.
20
  02. 7
7
  66. 汤姆把钟拆开了,却不知道如何组装起来。 Tom took a clock apart,but he did't know how to assemble it. 7
  67. 他们成功的原因在于他们能从错误中学到东西。 They succeeded because they can learn from their mistakes. 7
  68. 为什么月亮看上去比除太阳以外的其他任何星星都要大得多? Why does the moon look much bigger than any other star except the sun? 7
  69. 很久以来,人们认为动植物的主要区别就是前者能四处走动而后者则不能。 It was long supposed that the main difference between animals and plants was that the former could move about while the latter could not. 7
  70. 现在中国的核心家庭往往由父亲、母亲和一个孩子组成。 A Chinese nuclear family usually consists of the parents and the only child.
20
  02. 10

  66. 如果你把这个数字和那个数字作比较,你会发现它们并不相等。 If you compare this number with one,you will find they are not equal.
  67. 那天她正是用这种方法掩盖自己的感情。 It was in this way that she hid her feelings that day .
  68. 有许多声音有意义但不是词。 There are many sounds which have a meaning and yet are not words.

  69. 你能为这些现象找到合理的解释吗? Can you find a reasonable explanation for these phenomena?
  70. 他的沉默表明他对这个问题不感兴趣。 His silence showed that he had no interest in the problem.
20
  03. 1

  66. 他的理论是否经得住考验在我们之间有分歧。 Whether his theory can stand the test disagrees among us.
  67. 从这个意义上说,坏事也可能转变成为好事。 In this sense, the bad thing may be changed and become the good thing too.
  68. 汤姆不是过去的样子了。 Tom is not what it used to be.
  69. 这就是我赞成他的计划的原因。 That is the reason why I am in favor of his plan.
  70. 这道题这么复杂,我们要用很多时间才能解决。 The problem is so complicated that it will take us much time to work it out.
20
  03. 4

  66. 就我个人而言,我讨厌被当作小孩看待。 As far as I am concerned, I object to being treated like a child.
  67. 屈从于女儿的要求,母亲给她买了玩具。 The mother gave in and bought a toy for her daughter.

  68. 这本书的作者对新闻记者们有很大的影响力。 The author of the book had a great influence on the news reports.
  69. 在那座城镇里,不管你走到哪里,你都会看到她所发生的巨大变化。 No matter will you go, you will could see great changes that have taken place in the town.
  70. 他想成为和李四光一样的伟大的科学家。 He wants to be as great a scientist as Li Siguang.
20
  03. 7

  66. 不用说,你们大家都很清楚这些事实 (简单句) Needless to say, all of you know these facts.
  67. 香港市亚洲最重要的商业与金融中心(最高级比较句 A is one of the +最高级形容词+ 名) Hong Kong is one of the mostimportant commercial and financial center in Asia.
  68. 我的房间时她房间的一半大(A is half as+形容词+as+B) Mine is half as large as her room.
  69. 她对学习的态度给我们留下了深刻的印象(主语+谓语+间接宾语的简单句) Her attitude to study impressed us deeply.
  70. 他提到了那个计划,但未说明细节(单一主语儿谓语并列的简单句) He mentioned that plan,but didn.t give its details.
20
  03. 10

  66. 人所共知,大西洋仅有太平洋的一半大。 (相等比较句,表示程度的 only half) It is known that the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific.
  67. 人们可以在电视里观看他们想看的任何电影(有定语从句的主从句,代表物用 that 连 接) People may watch any movie they want on television.
  68. 在过去几年里你在保险商花了多少钱 How much money have you spent on insurance in the past few years.
  69. 为了不被人误解,你应带认识肢体语言与文化关系密切.(应用不定式的被动语态) In order not to be misunderstood.you should realize that body language is very muchtied to culture.
  70. 直至 14 世纪较精确的地图才开始出现(直到…… not until) It was not until the 14
th
century that more accurate maps began to appear.
20
  04. 4

  66. 他参军三十年了 He has been/served in the army for thirty years.
  67. 这是我一直在找的那本书 It / Here is the book (that) I have been looking for.
  68. 他们走了,好像这事与他们无关似的。 They left as though they had nothing to do with the matter.
  69. 今年冬天不如去年冬天冷。 It’s not so/as cold this winter as last winter.

  70. 我星期五就回来,除非发生意外情况。 I will retun on Friday unless something unexpected happens.
20
  04. 10

  66. 茶和咖啡,你比较喜欢哪一种? Tea and coffee, which kind do you prefer
  67. 昨天要不是生病,她就来了 She would have been here if she were well yesterday
  68. 我们的工作与计算机有很大关系 Our job has much to do with computers.
  69. 他是个诚实的人,对此我们大家一直深信不疑 He is an honest man, which all of us have been sure of.
  70. 汤姆被认为是我们当中学习成绩最好的人 Tom is considered the best grades of us
20
  05. 4

  66. 地震给这个地区造成了巨大损失。 (简单句,可用现在完成时,表示从 30 年前到目前) The earthquake caused great loss in this area.
  67. 毫无疑问,身体健康有助于你享受生活。(含有定于从句的主从句,一直在找可用现在 完成进行时) There is no doubt that fitness can help you enjoy your life.
  68. 与其说他是个作家,不如说他是个科学家。 He is not so much a writer as a scientist.

  69. 我们能肯定的只是会议已经被取消了。 Allwe can be certain of/about is that the meeting has been cancelled.
  70. 没有空气的地方,就没有声音。 Where there is no air, there is no sound
20
  05. 10

  66. 现在,在中国开车被看作是一个重要的技能 Driving is thought of as considered an important skill now in China
  67. 他发现经营这么大的生意很难 He finds it hard to run such a big business
  68. 去年这所大学花了一大笔钱购买计算机 The unversity spent a large sum of money on computers last year
  69. 人们普遍认为健康要靠好的食物、新鲜的空气和充足的睡眠。 It is widely believed that health depends on good food, fresh air and enough sleep
  70. 直到上个世纪末科学家才解决了这个问题。 It was not until the end of last century that scientists solved the problem
20
  06. 4

  66. 我想明天这个时候她已经动身去上海了 I think she will have left for Shanghai by this time tomorrow.
  67. 他对工作的态度深深地打动了我 His attitude towards work impressed me deeply

  68. 据说政府已经决定修建一座新的长江大桥 It is said that the government has decided to build a bridge over Changjiang.
  69. 我必须指出这种做法是不现实的 I must point out that this method is not realistic.
  70. 不管你走到哪里,你都会看到我们国家发生的巨大变化 Wherever you go ,you will see great changes that have taken place in our country.
20
  06. 10

  66. 请进,两天来我一直在等你(现在完成进行时) Come in,please,I have been waiting for you for two days.
  67. 他既不会唱歌,也不会跳舞(既。 。也。。 。) He can neither sing nor dance.
  68. 只要我们努力,就能取得成功(只要……就) If we work hard ,we will get success.
  69. 我们被他与疾病作斗争的勇气所感动(被动语态) We are impressed moved by his courage to fight the illness
  70. 老师经常告诉学生不要违反规定 ask…not to do… The teacher often asks the students not to break the rules.

  4. 20
  07.
  4.

  66. 大西洋只有太平洋的一半大 The Atlantic (Ocean) is half as large as the Pacific (Ocean)./The Pacific (Ocean) is twice as large as the Atlantic (Ocean).

  67. 以前,孩子都是由母亲照看的,因为她不用上班 Children used to be taken care of by their mother because she did not need to go to work/have to work.
  68. 他一向很仔细,本不应该犯这个错误的。 As a careful person, he should not have made the mistake.
  69. 正是经济的迅速发展打打提高了我们的生活水平 It is the rapid economic development/growth that has greatly raised/improved our living standard.
  70. 这些消费品的价格从几美元到几百美元不等 Prices of these consumer products range/vary from a few dollars to several hundred (dollars).
20
  07. 10

  66. 我不记得在什么地方见过这辆车 I can’t remember where I h
 

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