Directions: One of your friends wants to apply for a job involving working with foreign teenagers. Write a letter of recommendation for him/her. Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to you to recommend one of my best friends, Zhou Botong, for this post. With his outstanding leadership and cheerful personality, he was elected chairperson of the Student Union of Fudan University several times.
第二句,钻石句型,with 引导的状语从句放到句首。
Busy as he was, he completed his major, teenage psychology, with an outstanding school record. Upon graduation he was assigned to be a teacher in Fudan Middle School. What is more, he loves his job and enjoys working with children. This has won him great popularity among his students.
Therefore, I do not hesitate to recommend him as an ideal candidate for the post you advertised. I am sure you will make a wise decision in hiring him. Yours sincerely, Li Ming(1

  9、介绍信,自荐信。9,11,13,14 是私人信件。
Directions: You are writing your first letter to a pen pal(笔友). Describe your previous studies and work experience, your current activities, hobbies and interests. Tell your pen pal that you will be visiting his/her country during the summer vacation and suggest meeting him/her. Dear Audrey,
Hi! My name is Li Ming. I am very glad to have this chance to write to you and become pen pals. Let me first introduce myself. I’m currently working as a computer programmer in a large multi-national company. I graduated from Tsinghua University with a Bachelor’s Degree in computer science in 20
  05. My hobbies include listening to pop music and traveling. This summer, I will be traveling with Mr. Yang Guo to Norway. If you are free, I would be very happy to meet you in person. Well, let me finish here. I am already eagerly awaiting your reply. I hope that we can become good friends. Yours sincerely, Li Ming(1

Directions: After being involved in an accident, you were looked after by another person. Write a special letter to express your thanks. Dear Xiaoqiang, I am writing to express my heartfelt gratitude. I am referring to that unfortunate accident the other day, when I was knocked off my bike by a taxi. If it had not been for your timely assistance in giving me first aid, I fear that the consequences might have been much serious. Everyone agrees that it was your quick-witted response in that emergency that has led to this satisfactory outcome.
两个钻石句型。第一句从句是过去完成,从句是现在时,是虚拟语气。第二句,强调句。用了 assistance, aid,不用 help。 用了 consequence, outcome 不用 result。
Although nowadays people in mounting numbers talk about the need to be unselfish, we see very few people practice what they preach. If there were more people like you, this world would be a much nicer place.
practice what they preach,言行一致。 最后一句是虚拟语气。又用到了虚拟语气
Yours sincerely, Li Ming(1

Directions: You have a friend who is about to enter university, and he wants you to advise him on which subject to specialize in??history, in which he is very interested, or computer science, which offers better job prospects. Dear Wangcai, You have asked me for my advice concerning/regarding whether you should study history or computer science at university, and I will try to make some useful/practical/conducive suggestions/proposals/recommendations. You must keep in mind that, above all, your university training is a preparation for your future career. There is no doubt that the field of computer science offers far wider job opportunities than history. Besides, for the foreseeable future, not only will it be necessary for everyone to be computer-literate, it will also be necessary to be equipped with computer skills merely to earn a living. Of course, I would recommend that you keep up your reading of history in your spare time. Yours sincerely, Li Ming(1

  12、请求信。06 年考题
Directions: You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area, Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan. Write your letter in no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Don't sign your own name at the end of the letter, use "Li Ming" instead. Don't write the address. (10 points) To whom it may concern, As a student who can support myself, I am writing to request if you can help me find a potential beneficiary of Project Hope. I wonder whether it is convenient for you if two things regarding the child are taken into account. First, the child should come from Sichuan Province because I intend to help a child from my hometown. Second, it will be better if he or she is a primary school student who was forced to drop school because of abject poverty. I would like to help the recipient of my assistance annually until he graduates from college. Firstly, the money will cover his tuition fee and other expenses at school. Besides, I will
correspond with him frequently so that he can seek advice whenever he needs. Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated. (1
  39) Yours sincerely, Li Ming

Directions: One of your pen pals will shortly be visiting your city. For some reason, you cannot manage to meet him at the airport on time. Write a letter asking him to wait for you at the airport, and tell him how to identify you. Dear Earnest, I am very much looking forward to your visit to my city. Just think: after all these years of writing to each other, we will finally have the chance to meet! However, I regret to inform you that I will not be able to meet you at the airport as soon as you arrive.
The reason is that your flight will arrive early in the morning, and the quickest I can get to the airport will be about an hour after your land. Please wait for me in the arrival lounge. By the way, as we have never met I must tell you how to recognize me: I am of medium height and have a small mustache. Looking forward to our first meeting. Yours sincerely, Li Ming(1

  14、邀请信。最好也能全文背诵。但不在 20 篇推荐之中
Directions: You want to invite some friends to a party. Write an invitation letter to them individually, elaborating on the reason why such a party should be held, and what activities will be arranged for them. Dear Xiaobao, I will hold a dinner party at my house on April 1, 2006 to celebrate Mr. Old Fish’s marriage with Miss Fujiwora. As you are a close friend of us, we would very much like you to participate in the celebration and share our joy. The occasion will start at seven o’clock in the evening, with the showing of their wedding ceremony. This will be followed by a dinner party. At around ten, we will hold a small musical soiree, at which a band will perform some works by Bach and Strauss. If you do not have any prior appointment on April 1, we look forward to the pleasure of your company. Yours sincerely, Li Ming (1

Directions: Your friend has been elected the president of an association. Write a letter to him/her to express your congratulations. Dear Mr. Michael, I was very happy to learn that you have been elected President of the Scotland-China Association and I would like, on behalf of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and in own name, to express to you warmest congratulations. I hope that during your tenure of office the relations of friendship and cooperation that already exist between our two organizations will be further developed. Let us join our efforts to make greater contributions to the promotion of mutual understanding and friendship between the people’s of China and Scotland. (91 words) Yours sincerely, Li Ming

Directions: Your fiend’s father died a few days ago. Write a letter of consolation to him/her. Dear Mr. John, I am exceedingly sorry to hear that your father passed away. The painful news reached us this morning, and we were so shocked that we could not at first realize the fact. This sad news has put me in full sympathy with you. Your father was an honorable man and tender parent. Everybody who has known him must feel a great loss caused by his death. I quite understand how you feel now, but you are in duty bound to look to your own health and to take care of your family affairs. These would be impossible if you indulge your feeling in grief. Please accept the deep and true sympathy which is all I can offer. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

Dear Sir or Madam, We have recently received a rather large order for personal computers from a company in your city whose name and address are as follows: China Machinery Import and Export Co., 1, Zhongguancundajie Street, Haidian District, Beijing. They asked us to open a credit account. As it is entirely a new customer to us, we shall highly appreciate you if you will give us any information regarding its financial standing and business capacity.
It is hardly necessary for us to assure you that whatever information you give us will be treated as strictly confidential. We assure you of our readiness to reciprocate at any time. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

Dear Sir or Madam, Subject: A Claim on 300 Sets of Personal Computers We have received the 300 sets of Personal Computers ordered by us. But we are so disappointed to find all the cases, without a single exception, have been badly damaged. The Beijing Commodity Inspection Bureau presented the inspection report that the said cases of computers had been violently shocked and crashed before they were unloaded here. Now that we totally do not need the consignment, we have no choice but to inform you to return us the invoice value and the inspection charges in the total amount of 320,000 US Dollars. As soon as the claim is settled, we will return the said consignment to you immediately. Enclosed please find the survey report No (
  05) 108 issued by the Beijing Commodity Inspection Bureau. We look forward to hearing from your prompt answer. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  19、备忘录。上级给下级或者同级之间一种半正式书信。 上级给下级或者同级之间一种半正式书信。
Directions: You are the president of a company. Write a memo to Percy Shelley, the vice-president on the employee’s training on computer, telling him the need to train the employees, detailed information, and ask him to write a plan. Date:January 14, 2006 : To:Percy Shelley, Vice President : From:Li Ming, President : Subject:Computer Training of the Staff : As we discussed earlier this week, I agree with you that our firm is faced up with problem of the high rate of computer illiteracy of the staff. We need to make up a plan for training our employees in the new field. I would like you to design our own in-house computer-training program. We had better classify the employees and put them through the program in turn. Write up a brief proposal, describing what you think the program should cover. Assume the class
runs four hours a week for ten weeks. Also, assume people have no prior computer knowledge or any formal course work in computer science. (1

  20、文章摘要。不超过原文 1/
  3,可少不可多。不要评论,不要照抄。 ,可少不可多。不要评论,不要照抄。

  1)原文 A third kind of thinking is stimulated when anyone questions our beliefs and opinions. We sometimes find ourselves changing our minds without any resistance or heavy emotion, but if we are told that we are wrong we resent the imputation and harden our hearts. We are incredibly heedless in the information of our beliefs, but find ourselves filled with an illicit passion for them when anyone proposes to rob us of their companionship. It is obvious not the ideas themselves that are dear to us, but our self-esteem, which is threatened. We are by nature stubbornly pledged to defend our own from attack, whether it be our person, our family, our property, or our opinion. We may surrender, but rarely confess ourselves vanquished. In the intellectual world at least, peace is without victory. Few of us take the pains to study the origin of our cherished convictions; indeed, we have a natural repugnance to so doing. We like to continue to believe what we have been accustomed to accept as true, and the resentment aroused when doubt is cast upon any of our assumptions leads us to seek every manner of excuse for clinging to them. The result is that most of our so-called reasoning consists in finding arguments for going on believing as we already do.
  2)摘要 A third kind of thinking occurs when we are told that our beliefs and opinions are wrong. We may have been heedless in their information, but our self-esteem will not permit us to change. We may have to give up, but we are not convinced. We do not st



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