中国教育在线( 中国教育在线(www.kaoyan.cn) 中国最权威考研门户 )
2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 英语试题
Section I Use of English
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just how smart humans are. 1 the fruit-fly experiments described in Carl Zimmer's piece in the Science Times on Tuesday. Fruit flies who were taught to be smarter than the average fruit fly 2 to live shorter lives. This suggests that 3 bulbs burn longer, that there is an 4 in not being too terrifically bright. Intelligence, it 5 out, is a high-priced option. It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is the starting line because it depends on learning ? a gradual 7 ? instead of slow 6 instinct. Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they've apparently learned is when to 8 . Is there an adaptive value to 9 intelligence? That's the question behind this new research. I at all the species we've left in the dust I.Q.-wise, like it. Instead of casting a wistful glance 10 it implicitly asks what the real 11 of our own intelligence might be. This is 12 the mind of every animal I've ever met. Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would 13 on humans if they had the chance. Every cat with an owner, 14 , is running a small-scale study in operant conditioning. we believe that 15 animals ran the labs, they would test us to 16 the limits of our patience, our faithfulness, our memory for terrain. They would try to decide what intelligence in humans is really 17 , not merely how much of it there is. 18 , they would hope to study a 19 question: Are humans actually aware of the world they live in? 20 the results are inconclusive.
  1. [A] Suppose
  2. [A] tended
  3. [A] thinner
  4. [A] tendency
  5. [A] insists on
  6. [A] off
  7. [A] incredible
  8. [A] fight
  9. [A] invisible
  10. [A] upward
中国教育在线考研频道
[B] Consider [C] Observe [D] Imagine [B] feared [C] happened [D] threatened [B] stabler [C] lighter [D] dimmer [B] advantage [C] inclination [D] priority [B] sums up [C] turns out [D] puts forward [B] behind [C] over [D] along [B] spontaneous [C]inevitable [D] gradual [B] doubt [C] stop [D] think [B] limited [C] indefinite [D] different [B] forward [C] afterward [D] backward
www.kaoyan.cn
中国教育在线( 中国教育在线(www.kaoyan.cn) 中国最权威考研门户 )

  11. [A] features
  12. [A] outside
  13. [A] deliver
  14. [A] by chance
  15. [A] if
  16. [A] moderate
  17. [A] at
  18. [A] Above all
  19. [A] fundamental
  20. [A] By accident
[B] influences [B] on [B] carry [B] in contrast [B] unless [B] overcome [B] for [B] After all [B] comprehensive [B] In time
[C] results [C] by [C] perform [C] as usual [C] as [C] determine [C] after [C] However [C] equivalent [C] So far
[D] costs [D] across [D] apply [D] for instance [D] lest [D] reach [D] with [D] Otherwise [D] hostile [D] Better still
Section II Part A
Reading Comprehension
Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text1 Habits are a funny thing. We reach for them mindlessly, setting our brains on auto-pilot and relaxing into the unconscious comfort of familiar routine. "Not choice, but habit rules the unreflecting herd," William Wordsworth said in the 19th century. In the ever-changing 21st century, even the word "habit" carries a negative connotation. So it seems antithetical to talk about habits in the same context as creativity and innovation. But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks. But don't bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the hippocampus, they're there to stay. Instead, the new habits we deliberately ingrain into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads. "The first thing needed for innovation is a fascination with wonder," says Dawna Markova, author of "The Open Mind" and an executive change consultant for Professional Thinking Partners. "But we are taught instead to 'decide,' just as our president calls himself 'the Decider.' " She adds, however, that "to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one. A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities." All of us work through problems in ways of which we're unaware, she says. Researchers in the late 1960 covered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally (or collaboratively) and innovatively. At puberty, however, the brain shuts down half of that capacity, preserving only those modes of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life. The current emphasis on standardized testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us inherently use our innovative and collaborative modes of thought. "This breaks the major rule in the American belief system ? that anyone can do anything," explains M. J. Ryan, author of the 2006 book "This Year I Will..." and Ms. Markova's business partner. "That's a lie that
中国教育在线考研频道 www.kaoyan.cn
中国教育在线( 中国教育在线(www.kaoyan.cn) 中国最权威考研门户 )
we have perpetuated, and it fosters commonness. Knowing what you're good at and doing even more of it creates excellence." This is where developing new habits comes in.
  21. The view of Wordsworth habit is claimed by being A. casual B. familiar C. mechanical D. changeable.
  22. The researchers have discovered that the formation of habit can be A. predicted B. regulated C. traced D. guided
  23." ruts"(in line one, paragraph
  3) has closest meaning to A. tracks B. series C. characteristics D. connections
  24. Ms. Markova's comments suggest that the practice of standard testing ? A, prevents new habits form being formed B, no longer emphasizes commonness C, maintains the inherent American thinking model D, complies with the American belief system
  25. Ryan most probably agree that A. ideas are born of a relaxing mind B. innovativeness could be taught C. decisiveness derives from fantastic ideas D. curiosity activates creative minds Text 2 It is a wise father that knows his own child, but today a man can boost his paternal (fatherly) wisdom ? or at least confirm that he's the kid's dad. All he needs to do is shell our $30 for paternity testing kit (PTK) at his local drugstore ? and another $120 to get the results. More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs since they first become available without prescriptions last years, according to Doug Fog, chief operating officer of Identigene, which makes the over-the-counter kits. More than two dozen companies sell DNA tests Directly to the public , ranging in price from a few hundred dollars to more than $25
  00. Among the most popular : paternity and kinship testing , which adopted children can use to find their biological relatives and latest rage a many passionate genealogists-and supports businesses that offer to search for a family's geographic roots . Most tests require collecting cells by webbing saliva in the mouth and sending it to the company for testing. All tests require a potential candidate with whom to compare DNA. But some observers are skeptical, "There is a kind of false precision being hawked by people claiming they are doing ancestry testing," says Trey Duster, a New York University sociologist. He notes that each individual has many ancestors-numbering in the hundreds just a few centuries back. Yet most ancestry testing only considers a single lineage, either the Y chromosome inherited through men in a father's line or mitochondrial DNA, which a passed down only from mothers. This DNA can reveal genetic information about only one or two ancestors, even though, for example, just three generations back people also have six other great-grandparents or, four generations back, 14 other great-great-grandparents. Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared. Databases used by some companies don't rely on data collected systematically but rather lump together information from different research projects. This means that a DNA database may differ depending on the company that processes the results. In addition, the computer programs a company uses to estimate relationships may be patented and not
中国教育在线考研频道 www.kaoyan.cn
中国教育在线( 中国教育在线(www.kaoyan.cn) 中国最权威考研门户 )
subject to peer review or outside evaluation.
  26.In paragraphs 1 and 2 , the text shows PTK's . [A]easy availability [B]flexibility in pricing [C] successful promotion [D] popularity with households
  27. PTK is used to . [A]locate one's birth place [B]promote genetic research [C] identify parent-child kinship [D] choose children for adoption
  28. Skeptical observers believe that ancestry testing fails to. [A]trace distant ancestors [B] rebuild reliable bloodlines [C] fully use genetic information [D] achieve the claimed accuracy
  29. In the last paragraph ,a problem commercial genetic testing faces is . [A]disorganized data collection [B] overlapping database building
  30. An appropriate title for the text is most likely to be. [A]Fors and Againsts of DNA testing [B] DNA testing and It's problems [C]DNA testing outside the lab [D] lies behind DNA testing Text 3 The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood by economists and politicians alike progress in both area is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong. We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations. The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radical higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living. Ironically, the first evidence for this idea appeared in the United States. Not long ago, with the country entering a recessing and Japan at its pre-bubble peak. The U.S. workforce was derided as poorly educated and one of primary cause of the poor U.S. economic performance. Japan was, and remains, the global leader in automotive-assembly productivity. Yet the research revealed that the U.S. factories of Honda Nissan, and Toyota achieved about 95 percent of the productivity of their Japanese countere pants a result of the training that U.S. workers received on the job. More recently, while examing housing construction, the researchers discovered that illiterate, non-English- speaking Mexican workers in Houston, Texas, consistently met best-practice labor productivity standards despite the complexity of the building industry's work.
中国教育在线考研频道 www.kaoyan.cn
中国教育在线( 中国教育在线(www.kaoyan.cn) 中国最权威考研门户 )
What is the real relationship between education and economic development? We have to suspect that continuing economic growth promotes the development of education even when governments don't force it. After all, that's how education got started. When our ancestors were hunters and gatherers 10,000 years ago, they didn't have time to wonder much about anything besides finding food. Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things. As education improved, humanity's productivity potential, they could in turn afford more education. This increasingly high level of education is probably a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance. Thus poor countries might not be able to escape their poverty traps without political changes that may be possible only with broader formal education. A lack of formal education, however, doesn't constrain the ability of the developing world's workforce to substantially improve productivity for the forested future. On the contrary, constraints on improving productivity explain why education isn't developing more quickly there than it is.

  31. The author holds in paragraph 1 that the important of education in poor countries . [A] is subject groundless doubts [B] has fallen victim of bias [C] is conventional downgraded [D] has been overestimated
  32. It is stated in paragraph 1 that construction of a new education system . [A]challenges economists and politicians [B]takes efforts of generations [C] demands priority from the government [D] requires sufficient labor force
  33.A major difference between the Japanese and U.S workforces is that . [A] the Japanese workforce is better disciplined [B] the Japanese workforce is more productive [C]the U.S workforce has a better education [D] ]the U.S
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语真题试题答案听力下载

   8G 英语 www.8gEnglish.com 2011 年考研英语真题试题答案听力 Part ⅠClose Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A] ,[B] , [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening ...

06 、07、08、09、10英语四级真题答案

   2010 年 6 月大学英语四级考试 (A 卷) 作文范文: Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling Correct spelling is a basic skill in English study. However, nowadays many students do not pay much attention to it. They have their own reasons for misspelling. First of all, ...

2009年12月大学英语四级真题答案

   Composition Creating a Green Campus In recent years, extravagance and waste have become increasingly serious in some of the university campus. We can see that papers, bottles and cans are thrown away after use; food is wasted just because of its po ...

2009年12月大学英语四级真题答案及详解精讲版

   大学生英语四级考试真题系列 2009 12 2009年12 12月大学英语四级考试答案详解 Part Ⅰ Writing Creating a Green Campus Recently, with the idea of making and maintaining “a green earth” being the focus of the society, “green campus” has become a more and more popular concept in univ ...

2009考研英语语法讲义

   中华英语学习网www.100yingyu.com 官方总站:www.100xuexi.com 考研英语语法基础与长难句分析 考研英语语法基本规则体系 句子的基本成分与语法概述 谓语动词和系动词及其变化:时态、语态、情态动词、虚拟语气 非谓语动词短语:动词不定式、动名词、分词 从句:名词性从句、状语从句、定语从句 特殊结构:强调结构、倒装结构、并列结构、分隔结构、特殊语序 英语词法概述 英语词汇按照词义、词形及其在句子中的功用可分为十大类,即: (一).名词表示人或事物的名称,英文缩写 n.。 ...

历年英语四级考试真题答案

   02 年一月参考答案: 1. D 2. A 3. A 4. D 5. D 6. C 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. A 11. D 12. C 13. A 14. D 15. A 16. B 17. B 18. D 19. B 20. C 21. A 22. C 23. A 24. D 25. C 26. A 27. C 28 B 29. B 30. C 31. B 32. B 33. C 34. D 35. A 36. D 37. B 38. B 39. A 40. D 41. D ...

2010英语四级考试真题答案

   可可英语网 真题: www.kekenet.com Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bel ...

浅谈如何复习考研英语及利用真题

   先说完型,完型是最不需要去复习的,因为复习的性价比最低,很多人在考场上都会选择最后去答完型。完型答题技巧:拿10年考研真题为例,选项题一项有XXX,一选项有XXX,往往有这两个的时候就为正确选项,(由于有的版友没有做过10年真题,所以XXX选项在我分享过的资料里就有总结,在不能确定其他选项的时候就蒙这两项,成为正确的可能性很大),如果完型里你只能确定5个答案,例如选了AABCD,那么其他选项可以全蒙B或C或D,因为完型ABCD基本都是5555平均分配的,那么就对了9个,得了4.5分,在考研英语 ...

考研英语(2009版)--翻译(冲刺)讲义

   史上最快最全的网络文档批量下载、上传、处理,尽在: 史上最快最全的网络文档批量下载、上传、处理,尽在: http://shop63695479.taobao.com/ 考研英语冲刺班翻译讲义 主讲: 主讲: 唐静 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 翻译满分是十分。讲解分两部分: 第一部分,讲解想要得到翻译的基本分该怎么办。 三个优先: 1.短句优先 2.介词优先 3.顺序优先 短句优先就是汉语短句优先 短句优先 就是把你有限的英语单词转变成为汉语之后来造句。造汉语短句。越精短越好。 参见 04 年 ...

考研英语(2009版)--翻译(冲刺)讲义

   考研英语冲刺班翻译讲义 主讲: 主讲: 唐静 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 翻译满分是十分。讲解分两部分: 第一部分,讲解想要得到翻译的基本分该怎么办。 三个优先: 1.短句优先 2.介词优先 3.顺序优先 短句优先就是汉语短句优先 短句优先 就是把你有限的英语单词转变成为汉语之后来造句。造汉语短句。越精短越好。 参见 04 年真题 64) Being interested in the relationship of language and thought, Whorf developed ...

热门内容

中考英语口语考试复习题?回答问题

   星沙英语 www.rr365.com 初中英语教学专业网站! 英语口语考试复习题??回答问题 英语口语考试复习题??回答问题 ?? 1.What do you think is the most helpful invention? The computer / car / plane / light bulb…. 2. What are cars used for? They are used for traveling. 3. How do you study for a test? B ...

考研英语词汇全攻略

   知识改变命运,思路决定人生! 知识改变命运,思路决定人生! 欢迎造访吴耀武英语教学网 www.515english.net I will not give you a fish but tell you how to fish… 海文考研英语词汇全攻略 海文考研英语词汇全攻略 主编: 吴耀武 主编 共同探讨英语人生 量身定做学习计划 紧紧把握考试脉搏 传授英语应试策略 奠定良好心理基础 培养进取人生态度 西安外国语大学语言测试研究中心 2010 年 5 月 知识改变命运,思路决定人生! 知识 ...

如何提高英语阅读技能

   如何提高英语阅读技能 阅读是进入英语王国的最佳途径: 1.英语阅读是积累英语语言知识和培养英语语感的最佳途径.只要带着一本英语书,随时随地都可 以读,开卷有益. 2.阅读是英语学习中接触和学习单词,短语,句型,语法,文章结构,思想表达方式的最直接,有 效的手段. 3.阅读的积累为英语听,说,写奠定了基础.比如,你在阅读中学到的单词,就可能在听力中再现, 你在阅读中掌握的句型,就可以运用到口语中,你在阅读中理解的作者表达思想的逻辑结构,就可以运 用到写作中. 总之,学习英语首先从读英语开始. ...

成都七中高一英语语法分词专项练习

   成都七中高一英语语法分词专项练习 1.the house on fire, he dialed 119. A.To see B.Seeing C.Having seen D.Being seen 2.I fell down and broke three of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth . A.fix B.fixing C.fixed D.to fix 3.We'r ...

研究生综合英语全部生词

   highwayman archbishop chapel anguished crucifixion crucify livery legacy conduit gatehouse cloister vicar plaque depict bishop monarchy behead watchman shudder fervent commemorate tuibulent retreat hive on the grounds=because shake one's head in wo ...