【以下信息非原创】 以下信息非原创】 英语中的部分否定(即不完全否定)有如下一些表示方法: 一、 all 的否定式 的否定式:not all…(或:all…not)表示\"并非都……\"、\"不是所有的 都……\"例如: Not all men can be masters. (= All men cannot be masters.) 并非人人都能当头头。 Not all bamboo grows tall. 并非所有的竹子都会长很高。 二、 both 的否定式 的否定式:not…both (或:both… not) \"并非两个……都……\" 例如: I don\'t want both the books. 我不是两本书都要。 Both (the) windows are not open. 两扇窗子并不都开着。 三、 every…的否定式 的否定式:\"不是每……都……\" 例如: 的否定式 Not every book is educative. (或:Every book is not educative.) 不是每本书都有教 育意义的。 Not everyone likes this book. 并非人人都喜欢这本书。 This flower is not seen everywhere. 这花并不是随处可见的。 四、 always 的否定式 的否定式:\"并非总是(并非一直)……\" 例如: He is not always so sad. 他并不是一直都这样悲伤。 五、 entirely, altogether, completely 和 quite 的否定式 的否定式:\"不完全……\",\"并 非完全……\" 例如: The businessman is never to be entirely trusted. 不可以完全信任商人。 He felt not altogether satisfied. 他并不完全满意。 I don\'t agree completely. 我并不完全同意。 What he did was not quite proper. 他做的不十分妥当。 六、 all the time 的否定式 的否定式:\"并非一直……\"、\"未必老是……\" 例如: A foolish man doesn\'t make a mistake all the time. 笨人未必老是犯错误。 七、 not…and…的否定式 的否定式,被否定的往往是 and 后面的那一部分。 例如: 的否定式 He did not speak clearly and correctly. 他讲得清楚但不正确。 This film is not interesting and instructive. 这部电影有趣但无教育意义。 She cannot sing and dance. 她会唱歌但不会跳舞。 如果将 and 换成 or,not 对其后面的两部分就全盘否定了。 He did not speak clearly or correctly. 他讲的既不清楚也不正确。 如要对上述的 all, both, every, always, 以及 entirely, altogether, completely, quite 和 all the time 等词作完全否定,那就分别要用与之相对应的全否定词, 等词作完全否定,那就分别要用与之相对应的全否定词, 例如: 如 no, none, neither, no one, never, not (never)… at all 等。例如: All of them can do it.None of them can do it. Both are good.Neither is good. Everybody likes it. Nobody likes it.
He is always late. He is never late. We don\'t trust them entirely. We never trust them at all. He was here all the time. He was never here
课堂笔记
主题反复: 主题反复: Absorb, assimilate, digest, … Accomplish, achieve, complete, fulfill, realize… Aggression, attack, invasion, offense, assault… Begin, commence, launch, start …. Danger, hazard, risk, venture… Duty, obligation, responsibility… 态度呈现: 态度呈现: 修饰论据的 adj. accurate, correct, exact, precise, true, authentic, genuine, adequate, sufficient, believable, convincing, plausible, credible, 作者感受的 adj. afraid, frightened, scared, fearful, angry, furious, indignant, ashamed, 修饰论据的 Adj. absurd, silly, foolish, ridiculous, v. accuse, blame, charge, denounce, criticize, bother, disturb, … v. acknowledge, admit, concede, confess, …. n. benefit, advantage, gains 指代总结: 指代总结: These changes, this trend, such tendency, all these phenomena, the troubles mentioned above … 观点呈现 n. Advice, suggestion, proposal, idea, notion, assertion, n. assumption, guess, anticipation, expectation… v. Announce, declare, proclaim, argue, clarify, explain, discover, indicate, hint, suggest, .. v. anticipate, expect, foresee 转折对比 But, however, nevertheless, nonetheless, yet, .. In fact, actually, as a matter of fact… Unexpectedly, .. Unfortunately, …. Sadly, … Now, … currently, … presently …
A is different from B. A is dissimilar to B. B …. On the contrary, A…
Unlike B, A ….. A and B are quite distinct from each other. A and B are from diverse backgrounds. X vary from A to B. A surpass B. A outweigh B A is ahead of B A is superior to B A is senior to B A is prior to B
强烈语气 震 惊:surprising, astonishing, amazing, alarming, shocking, startling, …. 最高 级:the most, the best… 情态动词:must… 程度副词:far, distinctly, absolutely, thoroughly, completely, …. 特殊句式:倒装,感叹……To our surprise, …. It is mysterious that ….
因果关系 A is the basis of B A give a high yield of B A has a side-effect: B A has a by-product: B A give rise to B A give birth to B A contribute to B A lead to B A result in B A is responsible for B. A evoke B A induce B A provoke B Sb. do B in response to A Sb. do B in search of A. Sb. do B on grounds of A. B takes roots in A.
B stem from A. B derive from A B originate from A Sb. owe B to A. Sb. attribute B to A Sb. view A as the source of B A… Therefore, B …. Accordingly, Hence, Thus …. 形近辨析: 形近辨析:
  1. Accent, ascent
  2. Access, assess, excess
  3. Acclaim, declaim, proclaim
  4. Acquire, enquire, require
  5. Afflict, inflict
  6. Allusion, elusion
  7. Amend, emend
  8. Amoral, immoral, unmoral
  9. Appraise, apprise
  10. Apprehension, comprehension
  11. Attempt, contempt, tempt
  12. Attribute, contribute, distribute, tribute
  13. Attitude, aptitude
  14. Avert, divert
  15. Bleach, bleak
  16. Campaign, champion
  17. Celebrate, celebrity
  18. Clarity, charity
  19. Commence, commend, commerce
  20. Compassionate, compensate, complacent, complement, compliment
  21. Conference, interference, reference
  22. Confirm, conform, inform
  23. Contend, content, consent, contest, context
  24. Consequent, subsequent
  25. Conservation, conversation
  26. Decent, descent
  27. Defective, defensive, deficient
  28. Delicate, delicate, dictate
  29. Describe, prescribe, subscribe
  30. Disapprove, disprove
  31. Discreet, discrete
  32. Distinct, distinctive, distinguished

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Evoke, provoke, revoke Freight, fright Grateful, graceful, gracious, precious Habitat, habitant, habitable, habitual Incomparable, incompatible Indispensible, indisputable Intricate, intrinsic Ingenious, ingenuous Initiate, imitate, intimate Later, latter, latest, lately Notable, notorious Oppress, suppress, depress Pension, passion, pensive Perspective, prospective, prospect Primitive, primary, preliminary Promote, prompt Qualitative, quantitative Reveal, revival, rival Strike, stride, strive Superficial, superfluous, superstitious Temper, temperament, temperance, temptation
熟词僻义 1 allow allow 承认 admit We must allow that he is right on this matter.
2 address address vt 处理 To deal with: addressed the issue of absenteeism. 处理旷工事宜
3 advantage take advantage of 欺骗(deceive) 对……加以利用 took advantage of the customer. 欺骗消费者
4 appreciate appreciate v.意识到 (realize) 抬高…价格、涨价 I appreciate that I may be wrong. This land has appreciated in value. 这块土地增值了。
5 apprehension apprehension 忧虑、担心;逮捕、理解 The student looked around the examination room with apprehension. 那名学生恐惧地观看检查室的四周。 6 apprehensive apprehensive 理解的 不安的,忧虑的 (意思和用法等同于 afraid) apprehensive for sb.'s safety 担心某人的安全 7 approach approach 着手 To begin to deal with or work on: approached the task with dread. 惶恐地开始着手这项任务 8 arch arch adj 调皮的,顽皮的 n.弓形 an arch smile 调皮的微笑 He tapped the side of his nose in an uncharacteristically arch gesture.
9 argument argument 论点,论据 10 as not so much...as"表示"与其说是……倒不如说"。否定前者肯定后者
  1. He is not so much a writer as a reporter.
  2. Science moves forward, they say, not so much through the insights of great men of genius as because of more ordinary things like improved techniques and tool. (摘自 真题) It's not so much a hobby as a career (= more like a career than a hobby). 11 assume assume 承担,假装,假定,设想, assume an obligation 承担义务 12 balance balance sheet 资产负债表 13 balance balance 余额 Something that is left over; a remainder. 余额:剩下的某物;余数 14 bottle bottle up 装入瓶中控制 (抑制)To hold in; restrain: bottled up my emotions. 15 cater cater 食物,投合(cater for) catering 公共饮食 catering industry 公共饮食业 Most of our work now involves catering for weddings. 16 check check 控制 阻碍 The condition of being stopped or held back; restraint: kept my temper in check; holding agricultural pests in check with sprays. 克制我的脾气;用喷雾剂灭农业害虫 17 chest chest 箱子 trunk 箱子、象鼻子 18 claim claim 索赔 The sum of money demanded. 赔款:要求得到的金额 You can make a claim on your insurance policy. 19 compound compound n.集中营、围栏隔开或保围的建筑物或建筑群、化合物
21 compromise compromise 危害 妥协 A concession to something detrimental or pejorative: 危害:对于一些有害或恶劣情况的让步: Such conduct will compromise your reputation. 如此举动将会损害你的名誉。 22 contain contain v. 制服(To halt the spread or development of) The man was later contained by the police. 23 context social context 社会大环境 24 control control (科技)对照(实验) controlled experiment 25 controller controller 大企业的会计 26 couch couch vt.表达(express),隐含 n. 躺椅 The reply was couched in insolent terms. 回答措辞蛮横 27 count count n&v 1 计算, 2 包括 there are 10 people in classroom counting 2 teachers 3 控诉的罪 The prison was found not guilty on all counts 4 以为,视为 She was counted among the greatest dancers 5 有价值 It is not how much you read but what you read that counts (重要的不是你读了多少,而是你读了什么) 6 count for 有价值 To have a specified importance or value: Their opinions count for little. Each basket counts for two points. 他们的观点没什么价值。每投一球得两分 27 count on 信任 rely on,depend on 28 crack crack down vi 制裁,To act more forcefully to regulate, repress, or restrain The police cracked down on speeding. 警察取缔超速行车 The government cracked down on violators. 政府对于违法者采取严厉手段。 29 cream cream 精华 The choicest part 30 crook crook 小偷,钩子 =thief That salesman is a real crook. 31 cultivate cultivate sb. 结识某人
He always tried to cultivate famous people 32 custom custom n 海关,关税 33 damages damages 赔偿金(复数)=compensation 34 deposit deposit 押金 定金 eft a $100 deposit toward the purchase of a stereo system. 为了买一套立体声系统,留下了 100 美元的订金 35 desert desert vt 抛弃,沙漠 deserter 叛离者,逃兵, She was deserted by her husband. 36 dictate dictate n. 指示(指理智,变心) 指导原则 A guiding principle followed the dictates of my conscience. 接受我的良心的支配 37 digest digest 忍受 To endure or bear patiently. I can't digest her endless complaint noise a moment longer. 我一刻也忍受不了她那没完没了的抱怨。 38 discipline discipline 学科,纪律 The new recruits were drawn from a range of academic disciplines. 39 element the elements 天气(一定是复数形式) The football match went on as scheduled even though the elements were against it. 尽管天气很坏,足球比赛还是按计划进行。 40 embarrass embarrass 阻碍(embar v.囚禁, 阻遏)To hinder with obstacles or difficulties; impede. What embarrasses your making an early start? 什么事妨碍你早些动身? 41 even even n. adj 偶数 (奇数 odd) 42 exclusive exclusive n.独家新闻,专卖店里的商品,adj.排他的,唯一的 A news item initially released to only one publication or broadcaster. 独家新闻:只被一家出版社或电台披露的新闻 An exclusive right or privilege, as to market a product. 专有权:一项独有的权利或优先权,如推销一种产品 We feature an exclusive on the mothers whose babies were swapped at birth. 43 express express adj. 急速的,快捷的 44 fare
fare v 生活=live n 费用 Panda cub fares well! 熊猫崽子活得很好。 45 fitting adi.适宜的 fitting n.配件 46 fumble fumble v 摸索(grope fro) v 失球 To mishandle (a ground ball). fumble for a key. 摸索着找钥匙 A ball that has been fumbled. 47 gravity gravity n.重大的后果;严重或重大 They are still quite unaware of the gravity of their problems. 他们仍未意识到问题的严重性 48 ground ground 根据,论据(常用复数) Often grounds The foundation for an argument, a belief, or an action; a basis. 常作 grounds 根据:争论,信仰或行动的基础;依据 Often grounds The underlying condition prompting an action; a cause: 常作 grounds 理由,原因:促使采取行动的根本条件;原由: grounds for suspicion; a ground for divorce.See Synonyms at base 1 怀疑的原因;离婚的理由参见 base1 49 harbor harb
 

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