句型小结

  1. It 作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型 She had said what it was necessary to say.
  2. 强调句型 It is not who rules us that is important, but how he rules us.
  3. All+抽象名词或抽象名词+itself(very+形容词) He was all gentleness to her.
  4. 利用词汇重复表示强调 A crime is a crime a crime.
  5. something(much)of 和 nothing(little)of something of 相当于 to some extent,表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中, 则为 anything of,可译为有点,略微等。译为毫无,全无.much of 译为大有,not much of 可译为算不上,称不上,little of 可译为几乎无.something like 译为 有点像,略似。 They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.
  6. 同格名词修饰是指 of 前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,of 以及它前面 的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰 of 后面的那个名词。如 her old sharper of a father,可译为:她那骗子般的父亲. Those pigs of girls eat so much.
  7. as…as…can(may)be It is as plain as plain can be.
  8. It is in(with)…as in(with) It is in life as in a journey.
  9. as good as…相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。 The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.
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  10.many as well…as 和 might as well …as many as well…as 可译为与其……, 不如……, 更好, 以这样做……为宜, 如同……, 也可以……等等。 might as well…as 表示不可能的事, 可译为犹如……, 可与…… 一样荒唐,与其那样不如这样的好等等。 One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.
  11.to make…of 的译法(使……成为……,把……当作) I will make a scientist of my son.
  12. oo…+不定式,not(never)too…+不定式,too…not+不定式 She is too angry to speak.
  13. only(not, all, but, never) too …to do so 和 too ready (apt) + to do 结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是 not,allbut 等字后+too…to,不定式 都失去了否定意义,在 too ready(apt) +to do 结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。 You know but too yell to hold your tongue.
  14. no more …than…句型 A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.
  15. not so much…as 和 not so much as …结构,not so much…as=not so much as …,其中 as 有进可换用 but rather,可译为:与其说是……毋须说是…….而 not so much as=without(not)even,可译为甚至……还没有. The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.
  16. Nothing is more…than 和 Nothing is so …as 结构,Nothing is more…than 和 Nothing is so …as 都具有最高级比较的意思,Nothing I 可换用 no,nobody, nowhere,little,few,hardly,scarcely 等等,可译为没有……比……更为, 像……再没有了, 最……等。 Nothing is more precious than time.
  17. cannot…too…结构,cannot…too…意为 It is impossible to overdo… 或者,即无论怎样……也不算过分.not 可换用 hardly,scarcely 等,too 可换用 enough,sufficient 等。 You cannot be too careful.
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  18. 否定+but 结构, 在否定词后面的 but, 具有 which not, who not, that not, 等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成没有……不是或……都……等。 Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.
  19. 否定+until (till)结构,在否定词 no, not, never, little, few, seldom 等的后边所接用的 until/ till,多数情况下译为直到……才……, 要……才……, 把否定译 为肯定。 Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.
  20. not so…but 和 not such a …but 结构,这两个结构和否定+but 的结构 差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的 but 是含有 that…not 意味的连续词,表示程 度。可译为还没有…… 到不能做……的程度,并不是……不……,无论怎样…… 也不是不能……等。 He is not so sick but he can come to school.
  21. 疑问词+should…but 结构,这个结构表示过去的意外的事,意为 none…but,可译为除了……还有谁会……,岂料,想不到……竟是……等。 Who should write it but himself?
  22. who knows but (that)…和 who could should…but 结构,这个结构是反 问形式,一般意译为多半,亦未可知等等,有时也可直译。 Who knows but (that) he may go?
  23. 祈使句+and 和祈使句+or 结构,祈使句+and 表示 If…you…,祈使名+or 表示 if…not…,you.
  24. 名词+and 结构,在这个结构中,名词等于状语从句,或表示条件,或表 示时间。 A word, and he would lose his temper.
  25. as…,so…结构,这里的 so 的意思是 in the same way(也是如此)。此 结构表明两个概念在程度上和关系上相似。 As rust eats iron, so care eats the heart.
  26. if any 结构,if any 和 if ever,意思是果真有……,即使有……,表 示加强语气。与此类似的还有:if anything(如有不同的话,如果稍有区别),if a day(=at least,至少)。
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There is little, if any, hope.
  27. be it ever(never)so 和 let it be ever(never)so 结构,这里,be it 中的 be 是古英语假设语气的遗留形式, 现代英语则使用 let it be.ever so 和 never so 都表示同一意思,都表示 very. Be it ever so humble (let it be ever so humble), home is home.
  28. the last+不定式和 the last +定语从词结构,这种结构中的 last 意思 是 the least likely,用于否定性推论。可译为最不大可能的,最不合适的,由 原意的最后一个……变成最不可能……的一个. He is the last man to accept a bride.
  29. so…that…句型,这个句型的意思是如此……,以致于……,但在翻译成 汉语时,许多情况下,并不是一定要译成如此……以致于……,而是变通表达其含 义。 He ran so fast that nobody could catch him up.
  30. more + than+原级形容词(副词)结构,这是将不同性质加以比较,其中的 more 有 rather 的意思。 It is more than probable that he will fall.
  31. more than +动词结构,这种结构表示动词的程度,可译为异常,岂止,十二 分地等。 This more than satisfied me.
  32. good and …的副词用法,译为非常,很等。类似还有 nice and …, fine and … ,lovely and …,bright and …, rare and …, big and …等,均表示程 度。 The apples are good and ripe.
  33. and that 结构,这个 and that 应译为而且……,表示对它前面陈述部分 的语气加强,that 代表前面的整个陈述部分。 Return to your work, and that at once.
  34. at once…and 结构,这个结构译为既……又……,起相关连接的作用, 相当于 both…and…. The novel is at once pleasing and instructive.
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  35. in that…结构,这个结构的意思是在那一点上(方面),可译为因为.类似 的结构还有 in this…. The budget is unrealistic in that it disregards increased costs.
  36. the name notwithstanding 结构,这个结构中 notwithstanding 是介词, 这个介词可以置前,可以置后,比如也可写成:notwithstanding the name.起让 步状语的作用。 Some people think of the storage battery as a sort of condenser where electricity is stored. But this is an entirely wrong conception, the name notwithstanding.
  37. Every…not 和 All…not 结构, Every…not 表示不见得每个……都是……; All…not 表示不见得所有……都是……的意思。 Every man is not polite, and all are not born gentlemen.
  38. may as well not…as 结构,此结构可译为与其……不如不……. One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.
  39. have only to …do 结构,此结构表示只须(消)……就能……的意思。 We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery made by Edison to see the significance of it.
  40. not (no) …unless…句型 No increase in output can be expected unless a new assembly line is installed.
  41. better…than…句型 Better my life should be ended by their hate, than that hated life should be prolonged to live without your love.
  42. as it were 是一个非常常用的插入语,意思是好象,可以说等。 Apiece of iron near a magnet, though apparently separate from it, feels, as it were, the threads of this attachment.
  43. 复杂结构,在下面例句中,由于 anyone 的定语从句过长,把谓语 must realize 提到定语从句之前。 Though faith and confidence are surely more or lass foreign to my nature, I do not infrequently find myself looking to them to be able, diligent, candid, and even honest. Plainly enough, that is too large an order, as anyone must realize who reflects upon the manner in which they reach public office.
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  44. not…any more than…为:不能……,正如不能……. One cannot learn to sketch and express himself graphically only by reading about it any more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.
  45. By that as it may 是 Let it be that as it may 的省略形式,是由 be 引起的另外一种假设结构,意思是虽然如此,尽管这样. It is said that the nerve poison is the more primitive of the two, that the blood poison is, so to speak, a new product from an improved formula. Be that as it may, the nerve poison does its business with man far more quickly than the blood poison.
  46. if at all 是一个由 if 引起的主谓结构不完整的短句结为即将……,即使…… 等。 I can see only with great difficulty, if at all.
  47. 由 there 引起的句型容易产生复杂的句子结构。 There have been opened up to the vast and excellent science, in which my work is the beginning, ways and means by which other minds more accurate than wine will explore its remote corners.
  48. range from …to…结构。这是一个常见结构,译时很多情况下应变通处 理,不能完全依靠辞典上的释义。 Computer applications range from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.
  49. the way…结构 I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.
  50. 复杂宾补结构 In recent years, the development of sensitive and accurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individual at different frequencies.
  51. 某些分隔结构
  1) 动词短语相关部分被分隔(当 make use of , take notice of, pay attention to,等动词短语变成被动语态时)。 Use is made of solar energy in heating houses.
  2)双重定语引起的分隔。 But there is of culture another view, in which not solely the scientific passion, the sheer desire to see things as they are, natural and proper in an intelligent being, appears as the ground of it.
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  52. to be doing…when…是一个句型,多译为某人正在做……时,突然……. 在简单的句子中容易看出, 一旦句子变得复杂一些, 可能就不太容易识别这种句型。 She said she and a friend had gone out to dinner that night, and were walking home together at about 10 o''clock, when a very big, very tall man, accosted them and demanded their purses.
  53. too…to 句型 Then I remembered how often I, too, had been indifferent to the grandeur of each day, too preoccupied with petty and sometimes even mean concerns to respond to the splendor of it all.
  54. so much that…句型 But he developed gradually a very musical English. He learnt to write sentences that fall away on the ear with a misty languor and it delighted him so much that he could never have enough of it.
  55. when 引导状语从句有时并不好译,不能一看到 when 从句就考虑译为 当……的时候,它还有许多种译法。 Anything is better than not to write clearly. There is nothing to be said against lucidity, and against simplicity only the possibility of dryness. This is a risk that is well worth taking when you reflect how much better it is to be bold than to wear a curly wig.
  56. not…because…,有时可否定前面,有时可否定 because 本身,往往出现 歧义。应根据上下文面判定。 In 1600 the earth was not the center of the universe because the majority then supposed it was; nor, because she had more readers, was Ella wheeler Wilcox a better poet than Father Hopkins.
  57. so…that, such…that 是一个普通的句型,但在同一个句子里有两处使 用它却比较少见。 The truth is, that in one point of view, this matter of national literature has come to such a pass with us, that in some sense we must turn bullies, else the day is lost, or superiority so far beyond us, that we can hardly say it will ever be ours.
  58. by doing…结构。这个结构的意思是通过(做)……,但翻译实践中不能拘 泥于这种释义,不少情况下需要灵活变通。 The hippos, by depositing dung in the water, fed the fish that support the storks that destroy the rare trees.
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  59. 下面例句为一倒装句,主语很长,而且又含有非常复杂的句型。这是以形 容词作表语的倒装,翻译实践中多把倒装部分译到最前面。 No less obvious is the fact there are great numbers of people so constituted or so brought up that they cannot get so much pleasure out of processes and experien
 

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