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高分版)三 新东方 2010 考研英语阅读精读 100 篇(高分版 三 高分版
TEXT THREE
When Catholic clergy or “pro-life” politicians argue that abortion laws should be tightened, they do so in the belief that this will reduce the number of terminations. Yet the largest global study of abortion ever undertaken casts doubt on that simple proposition. Restricting abortions, the study says, has little effect on the number of pregnancies terminated. Rather, it drives women to seek illegal, often unsafe backstreet abortions leading to an estimated 67,000 deaths a year. A further 5 m women require hospital treatment as a result of botched procedures.
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In Africa and Asia, where abortion is generally either illegal or restricted, the abortion rate in 2003 (the latest year for which figures are available) was 29 per 1,000 women aged 15-
  44. This is almost identical to the rate in Europe - 28 - where legal abortions are widely available. Latin America, which has some of the world's most restrictive abortion laws, is the region with the highest abortion rate (
  31), while western Europe, which has some of the most liberal laws, has the lowest (
  12).
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The study, carried out by the Guttmacher Institute in New York in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO) and published in a British medical journal, the Lancet, found that most abortions occur in developing countries - 35 m a year, compared with just 7 m in rich countries. But this was largely a reflection of population size. A woman's likelihood of
having an abortion is similar whether she lives in a rich country (26 per 1,0
  00) or a poor or

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middle-income one (
  29).
Lest it be thought that these sweeping continental numbers hide as much as they reveal, the same point can be made by looking at those countries which have changed their laws. Between 1995 and 2005, 17 nations liberalised abortion legislation, while three tightened restrictions. The number of induced abortions nevertheless declined from nearly 46 m in 1995 to 42 m in 2003, resulting in a fall in the worldwide abortion rate from 35 to
  29. The most dramatic drop - from 90 to 44 - was in former communist Eastern Europe, where abortion is generally legal, safe and cheap. This coincided with a big increase in contraceptive use in the region which still has the world's highest abortion rate, with more terminations than live births.
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The risk of dying in a botched abortion is only part of a broader problem of maternal health in poor countries. Of all the inequalities of development, this is arguably the worst.
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According to a report published this week by Population Action International, a Washington-based lobby group, women in poor countries are 250 times more likely to die in pregnancy or childbirth than women in rich ones. (
  2) Of the 535,000 women who died in childbirth or from pregnancy-related complications in 2005, 99% were in developing countries, according to another report by a group of UN agencies, including WHO, also out this week. Africa accounted for more than half such deaths. As the UN report noted, countries with the highest levels of maternal mortality have made the least progress towards reducing it. A woman in Africa has a one in 16 chance of dying in pregnancy or childbirth, compared with one in 3,800 for a woman in the rich world.
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  1.
The word “botched” (Line 5, Paragraph
  1) most probably means A. awkward
B. wrong

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C. backward D. bungled
  2. The fact that the abortion rate in Africa and Asia in 2003 is almost identical to that in Europe implies that . A. the abortion rate has nothing to do with a country's national wealth B. the abortion rate has nothing to do with a country's restricting measures on abortion C. the abortion rate cannot be lowered through the legal measures D. the abortion rate cannot be lowered by the implement of tightened abortion laws
  3. The conclusion of the study can be proved by the following proofs offered in the passage except that A. the abortion rate in countries with strict aboriton laws is higher than that of the counties with liberal laws B. there are much more abortions occuring in developing countries than in developed countries C. there was a dramatic drop in former communist Easter Europe between 1995 and 2005 D. there was a big increase in contraceptive use in the region which still has the world's highest abortion rate between 1995 and 2005
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  4.
Women in poor countries are much more likely dying in childbirth or pregnancy than women in rich countires because of A. botched procedures of abortion in poor countries B. inequalities of development between rich and poor countries C. ignorance of and little emphasis on the maternal health in poor countries D. strict abortion laws in poor countries
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  5.
The passage is mainly about A. a study on the aborition rate between developed and developing countries B. a study on the aborition laws in different countries C. a study on the general maternal health condition in different countries D. a study on the influence of the aboriton laws on the abortion rate
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文章剖析
这篇文章介绍了严格限制堕胎的法律对堕胎率的实际影响。 文章第一段提出一项全球调查表
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明限制堕胎对降低堕胎率影响很小;第二段给出一些数据说明严格的堕胎法律不能降低堕胎 率,反而起到相反作用;第三段指出大部分堕胎发生在发展中国家;第四段用另外一组数据说 明了堕胎法与堕胎率的关系;第五段是一个引申,引申到贫穷国家妇女健康问题。
词汇注释: 词汇注释
botch v.做得拙劣 lest conj.以免,免得
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sweeping adj.范围广大的,总括的;笼统的 contraceptive n.避孕用具
难句突破:
(
  1) The study, carried out by the Guttmacher Institute in New York in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO) and published in a British medical journal, the Lancet, found that most abortions occur in developing countries - 35 m a year, compared with just
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7 m in rich countries.
理 , 转

[主体句式] The study found that…
请 注 明

[结构分析]这是一个复合句,其主语的定语为两个并列的分词短语:carried out by…和


published in…,而宾语从句中破折号后面的成分可以看作是补语。 http://club.topsage.com
[句子译文]这项研究由纽约的 Guttmacher 研究所和世界卫生组织合作进行,发表于英国医 疗期刊 Lancet 上,该研究发现大多数堕胎都发生在发展中国家,一年大约有 3500 万例, 而在富裕国家中一年只有 700 万例。
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(
  2) Of the 535,000 women who died in childbirth or from pregnancy-related complications

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in 2005, 99% were in developing countries, according to another report by a group of UN agencies, including WHO, also out this week.
[主体句式] 99% were in developing country.
[结构分析]这是一个复合句,由 of 构成的介词短语是句子主语的定语,该介词短语中有一个 who 引导的定语从句修饰名词 women; according to 构成的介词短语是句子的状语, 在该状 语中 also out this week 是 report 的补语。
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[句子译文]而根据本周联合国机构(包括世界卫生组织)的一个组织的另外一个报道,2005 年 死于生产或怀孕相关并发症的 53 万 5 千名妇女中,99%是在发展中国家。
题目分析: 题目分析:

  1.
The word “botched” (Line 5, Paragraph
  1)
  1.“botched”这个词(第一段第六行)最有
most
ebb ly
means
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可能指
A. awkward.A.笨拙的。 B. wrong.B.错误的。 C. backward.C.落后的。 D. inferior.D.低劣的。
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[答案]D
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[难度系数] ☆☆☆
[分析]猜词题。根据上下文,限制流产会逼迫妇女去进行一些非法的、不安全的秘密堕胎, 从而引发死亡,还有另外一些妇女因为某些程序需要进行住院治疗。那么可以推断,这种程
序因为是在非法的不安全的地方进行的, 比如一些小诊所, 那么应该是一些拙劣的手术程序,
声 明
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选项 D 符合。

  2.
The fact that the abortion rate in Africa and Asia in 2003 is almost identical to that in Europe implies that
  2.2003 年非洲和亚洲的堕胎率几乎和欧 洲的相同,这个事实说明 A. the abortion rate has nothing to do with a country's national wealth.A.堕胎率 和一个国家的富裕程度无关。 B. the abortion rate has nothing to do with a country's restricting measures on abortion.B.堕胎率和一个国家限制堕胎的措施无关。 C. the abortion rate cannot be lowered through the legal measures.C.通过法律措 施不能降低堕胎率。 D. the abortion rate cannot be lowered by the implement of tightened abortion laws.D.实施严格的堕胎法律不能降低堕胎率。
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[答案]C
[难度系数] ☆☆☆☆
[分析]推理题。文章第二段指出,虽然亚洲和非洲在堕胎方面限制严格,欧洲堕胎合法,但
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堕胎率却相同。下文又提到虽然拉美国家有最严厉的堕胎法,但堕胎率最高,而欧洲法律最
理 , 转 载 请 注 明 出 自

宽松, 堕胎率却最低。 再结合第一段提到研究发现限制堕胎并不能降低堕胎数量, 可以得出, 题目中的这个事实也说明了严格的堕胎法并不能有效降低堕胎率。

  3.
The conclusion of the study can be proved by the following proofs offered in the passage except that
  3.下列选项除了 都能证明研究得出的 结论。 A. the aboriton rate in countries with strict aboriton laws is higher than that of the counties with liberal laws.A.有严格限制堕胎法律的国家的堕胎率比 实施宽松堕胎法律国家的高 B. there are much more abortions occuring in developing countries than in developed countries.B.发展中国家堕胎例数比发达国家多 C. there was a dramatic drop in in former communist Easter Europe between 1995 and 20
  05.C.1995 到 2005 年期间, 前共产主义东欧的堕胎率急剧降 低。
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D. there was a big increase in contraceptive use in the region which still has the
world's highest abortion rate between 1995 and 20
  05.D.从 1995 年到 2005 年期间避孕措施大幅度增加的国家而今仍拥有世界最高的堕胎率
声 明 : 本
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[答案]B
[难度系数]
 

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