2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材
第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读:
  1. 重要性
  2. 阅读思路的转变
  3. 考研文章的体裁和来源
  4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit
  7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world's best, its workers the most skilled. America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed. It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer. Just as inevitably, the retreat from predominance proved painful. By the mid1980s Americans had found themselves at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition. By 1987 there was only one American television maker left, Zenith. (Now there is none: Zenith was bought by South Korea's LG Electronics in July.) Foreign made cars and textiles were sweeping into the domestic market. America's machine-tool industry was on the ropes. For a while it looked as though the making of semiconductors, which America had invented and which sat at the heart of the new computer age, was going to be the next casualty. All of this caused a crisis of confidence. Americans stopped taking prosperity for granted. They began to believe that their way of doing business was failing, and that their incomes would therefore shortly begin to fall as well. The mid-1980s brought one inquiry after another into the causes of America's industrial decline. Their sometimes sensational findings were filled with warnings about the growing competition from overseas. How things have changed! In 1995 the United States can look back on five years of solid growth while Japan has been struggling. Few Americans attribute this solely to such obvious causes as a devalued dollar or the turning of the business cycle. Self doubt has yielded to blind pride. "American industry has changed its structure, has gone on a diet, has learnt to be more quick witted," according to Richard Cavanagh, executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. "It makes me proud to be an American just to see how our businesses are improving their productivity," says Stephen Moore of the Cato Institute, a think tank in Washington, DC. And William Sahlman of the Harvard Business School believes that people will look back on this period as "a golden age of business management in the United States."
-1-

  1. The U.S. achieved its predominance after World War II because . [A] it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal [B] its domestic market was eight times larger than before [C] the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors [D] the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy
  2. The loss of U.S. predominance in the world economy in the 1980s is manifested in the fact that the American . [A] TV industry had withdrawn to its domestic market [B] semiconductor industry had been taken over by foreign enterprises [C] machine-tool industry had collapsed after suicidal actions [D] auto industry had lost part of its domestic market
  3. What can be inferred from the passage? [A] It is human nature to shift between self-doubt and blind pride. [B] Intense competition may contribute to economic progress. [C] The revival of the economy depends on international cooperation. [D] A long history of success may pave the way for further development.
  4. The author seems to believe the revival of the U.S. economy in the 1990s can be attributed to the . [A] turning of the business cycle [B] restructuring of industry [C] improved business management [D] success in education 答案:C D B A 考研英语阅读解题思路:时间安排 1 :
  1,解题步骤四步走 If you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems. Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing, the problems will be different. If you are talking to a group of managers, you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries; alternatively if you are addressing secretaries, you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses. Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses' convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations, beautiful gardens, sunny weather, and so on.. Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly until, waiting in a line for lunch, the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat, who rushes to the head of the line, grabs his food and stomps over to a table by himself. "Who is that?" the new arrival asked St. Peter. "Oh, that's God." came the reply, "but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor." If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties. With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider
-2-
making disparaging remarks about their canteen or their chairman. You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system. If you feel awkward being humorous, you must practice so that it becomes more natural. Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile, so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark. Look for the humor. It often comes from the unexpected. A twist on a familiar quote "If at first you don't succeed, give up" or a play on words or on a situation. Search for exaggeration and understatements. Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor.
  41. To make your humor work, you should [A] take advantage of different kinds of audience. [B] make fun of the disorganized people. [C] address different problems to different people. [D] show sympathy for your listeners.
  42. The joke about doctors implies that, in the eyes of nurses, they are [A] impolite to new arrivals. [B] very conscious of their godlike role. [C] entitled to some privileges. [D] very busy even during lunch hours.
  43. It can be inferred from the text that public services [A] have benefited many people. [B] are the focus of public attention. [C] are an inappropriate subject for humor. [D] have often been the laughing stock.
  44. To achieve the desired result, humorous stories should be delivered [A] in well-worded language. [B] as awkwardly as possible. [C] in exaggerated statement. [D] as casually as possible.
  45. The best title for the text may be [A] Use Humor Effectively. [B] Various Kinds of Humor. [C] Add Humor to Speech. [D] Different Humor Strategies.
The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering. Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of "double effect," a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects ? a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is
-3-
foreseen ? is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect. Doctors have used that principle in recent years to justify using high doses of morphine to control terminally ill patients' pain, even though increasing dosages will eventually kill the patient. Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who "until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient mediation to control their pain if that might hasten death." George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death. "It's like surgery," he says, "We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide." On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted-suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modem medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying. Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physician-assisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a two-volume report, Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life. It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care. The profession is taking steps to require young doctors to train in hospitals, to test knowledge of aggressive pain management therapies, to develop a Medicare billing code for hospital-based care, and to develop new standards for assessing and treating pain at the end of life. Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these well-meaning medical initiatives translate into better care. "Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse." He says medical licensing boards "must make it clear ... that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension."
  56. From the first three paragraphs, we learn that [A] doctors used to increase drug dosages to control their patients' pain. [B] it is still illegal for doctors to help the dying end their lives. [C] the Supreme Court strongly opposes physician-assisted suicide. [D] patients have no constitutional right to commit suicide.
  57. Which of the following statements is true according to the text? [A] Doctors will be held guilty if they risk their patients' death. [B] Modern medicine has assisted terminally ill patients in painless recovery. [C] The Court ruled that high-dosage pain-relieving medication can be prescribed. [D] A doctor's medication is no longer justified by his intentions.
  58. According to the NAS's report, one of the problems in end-of-life care is [A] prolonged medical procedures. [B] inadequate treatment of pain. [C] systematic drug abuse. [D] insufficient hospital care.
-4-

  59. Which of the following best defines the word "aggressive" (line 4, paragraph
  7)? [A] Bold. [B] Harmful. [C] Careless. [D] Desperate.
  60. George Annas would probably agree that doctors should be punished if they [A] manage their patients incompetently. [B] give patients more medicine than needed. [C] reduce drug dosages for their patients. [D] prolong the needless suffering of the patients. 第三课时 Passage 2 Being a man has always been dangerous. There are about 105 males born for every 100 females, but this ratio drops to near balance at the age of maturity, and among 70-year-olds there are twice as many women as men. But the great universal of male mortality is being changed. Now, boy babies survive almost as well as girls do. This means that, for the first time, there will be an excess of boys in those crucial years when they are searching for a mate. More important, another chance for natural selection has been removed. Fifty years ago, the chance of a baby (particularly a boy baby) surviving depended on its weight. A kilogram too light or too heavy meant almost certain death. Today it makes almost no difference. Since much of the variation is due to genes, one more agent of evolution has gone. There is another way to commit evolutionary suicide: stay alive, but have fewer children. Few people are as fertile as in the past. Except in some religious communities, very few women have 15 children. Nowadays the number of births, like the age of death, has become average. Most of us have roughly the same number of offspring. Again, differences between people and the opportunity for natural selection to take advantage of it have diminished. India shows what is happening. The country offers wealth for a few in the great cities and poverty for the remaining tribal peoples. The grand mediocrity of today ? everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring ? means that natural selection has lost 81% of its power in uper-middle-class India compared to the tribes. For us, this means that evolution is over; the biologi
 

相关内容

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -1 - 新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if prop ...

考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材

   2006 年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United S ...

新东方在线 考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材(1-12课时)

   第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United States entered just such ...

新东方在线2006年考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材4

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com / www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 [C] death should be accepted as a fact of life. [D] excessive demands increase the cost of health care. Passage 5 Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as "steering the ...

新东方在线 考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/ www.TOL24.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 -1 - 新东方在线考研英语强化班阅读理解电子版教材 第一课时 概述 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Unit 7-Passage 1 A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly ha ...

新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材

   新东方在线 2006年考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材 第一课时 概述 学习词汇常见错误: 1. 单词的英文解释 1)阅读 汉语只能大概的描述英文,不能百分之百的精准的解释英文 2)翻译 翻译中某些单词在正确答案中对应的汉语释义是任何字典中没有的释义 3)完形填空 考察单词的深度而不是广度,考察单词细微的差异 The oppressed freedom. A. demand B. require C. request oppress→op+press 压迫 press 挤,压→pressure ...

新东方在线 2007年考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材

   新东方在线 2007 年考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材 第一课时 概述 学习词汇常见错误: 1. 单词的英文解释 1)阅读 汉语只能大概的描述英文,不能百分之百的精准的解释英文 2)翻译 翻译中某些单词在正确答案中对应的汉语释义是任何字典中没有的释义 3)完形填空 考察单词的深度而不是广度,考察单词细微的差异 The oppressed freedom. A. demand B. require C. request oppress→op+press 压迫 press 挤,压→pressure ...

新东方大学英语四级强化班??阅读理解

   最新下载(NewDown.com.cn) 中国最大,最专业的学习资料下载站 转载请保留本信息 中国最大, 最新下载 新东方大学英语四级强化班??阅读理解 新东方大学英语四级强化班??阅读理解 ?? 阅读文体分类 文科??作者的态度,观点与结论 一般议论文 分类文章 对比文章 阅读理解基础 词汇量:300~400 个 句子: 多重复合句 并列句:but,主语 and 主语 阅读题型 1. 理科??文章客观事实的考核 实验型 科技成果型 现象解释型 主题题??对应文章的主题所在,题干有明显可辨认 ...

新东方考研英语阅读理解电子版教材

   新东方 2010 年考研英语阅读理解电子版教材 2010 第一课时 考研英语阅读: 1. 重要性 2. 阅读思路的转变 3. 考研文章的体裁和来源 4. 考研阅读大纲要求 第二课时 Passage Unit 7-Passage 1 A hisforry of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When ...

新东方大学英语四级强化班??阅读理解

   南方学习网 www.m-lrc.com 新东方大学英语四级强化班??阅读理解 阅读理解 新东方大学英语四级强化班 阅读文体分类 文科--作者的态度、观点与结论 一般议论文 分类文章 对比文章 阅读理解基础 词汇量:300~400个 句子: 多重复 合句 并列句:but, 主语and主语 阅读题型 题干有明显可辨认特征 1. 主题题--对应文章的主题所在,2. 特征:main--写作目的和标 题 文章主题在第一、二段, 段落主题在段落第一、二句以及末句 只要有development出现就是主题 ...

热门内容

0WXLR往事追忆_小学生英语学习知识汇总

   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是: 生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...

考研英语 复习方法

   考研是从 10 月份开始准备,国庆后才开始买资料复习,从头到尾一共可能就 三个月多点的时间,不过从一开始我就坚信自己会有 一套行之有效的方法可以迅速攻克考研英语, 毕竟以前在雅思和托福的英语 考试上有了比较充分的感悟。 结果考出来 84 分,还算理想,证明自己的一些想法是符合实际的。为了回 报沪江和朋友们, 决心把自己在考研英语复习上的体会总结成详细的文字跟大家 分享,希望能够给大家一点帮助。 文章会比较长,请有兴趣的朋友给点耐心看完,然后结合自己的想法来讨论 一下,共同提高。如果有任何问题 ...

全市实验初中初一年级英语优课展评教案及反思 1

   阳光家教网 阳光家教网 www.ygjj.com 西安家教 青岛家教 郑州家教 家教 苏州家教 天津家教 中国最大找家教, 家教平台 中国最大找家教,做家教平台 家教 Unit 5 Going Shopping 李 慧 建湖县实验初级中学 遵循新课程标准积极提倡的任务型原则,让学生通过体验,实践, 设 计 参与,讨论,交流,合作与探究的方式,学习和运用英语,完成教 理 念 学任务. 课 题 教 学 2,让学生把所掌握的关于购物的具体信息运用到实际生活中. 目 标 3,培养搜集,整合信息的能力 ...

七年级期中英语测试卷

   Exercise 单项选择 1. --How many in the tree? --There are two. A. bird are there B. birds is there C. birds are there D.birds are their 3. Thanks a lot. . A. You are right B. That’s right C. That’s all right D. All right 4. skirt is this? It’s . A.Who’s ...

八年级英语复习提纲

   八年级英语上册期末总复习 ***Mainly revision of the words & expressions: Unit 1 How often do you exercise? 1. What do you usually do on weekends? What does he usually do on weekends? 2. How often do you exercise? How often does he exercise? 3. always/usuall ...