年考研英语强化班写作 写作电子版教材 新东方在线 2006 年考研英语强化班写作电子版教材
第一课时 第一课时 概述 课程安排:
  1. 困境
  2. 模板
  3. 范文讲评
  4. 图表作文
  5. 经验 困境:
  1. 滔滔不绝意识流
  2. 无话可说真难受 1999 DIRECTIONS: A. Study the following graphs carefully and write an essay in at least 150 words. B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II. C. Your essay should cover these three points:
  1. effect of the country's growing human population on its wildlife
  2. possible reason for the effect
  3. your suggestion of wildlife protection
2000 Directions: Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay to
  1. Describe the pictures.
  2. Deduce the purpose of the drawer of the pictures, and
  3. Suggest counter-measures. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2001 Directions: Among all the worthy feelings of mankind, love is probably the noblest, but everyone has his or her own understanding of it. There has been a discussion recently on the issue in a newspaper. Write an essay to the newspaper to
  1) Show your understanding of the symbolic meaning of the pictures below.
  2) Give a specific example, and
  3) Give your suggestion as to the best way to show love. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2002 2002 Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write an essay entitled "CulturesNational and International" In the essay you should
  1. describe the picture and interpret its meaning, and
  2. give your comments on the phenomenon. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2003 Directions: Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay about 200 words based on the following
  1. describe the set of drawings and interpret its meaning
  2. point out its implications in our life.
2004 Directions: Study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should
  1. describe the drawing.
  2. interpret its meaning, and
  3. support your view with examples. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2.
2005 2005 Directions: Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay ,you should first describe the drawing the interpret its meaning, and give your comment on it. You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)
? (
  2) It is generally believed that love is a hot topic which is most talked about. This is true not only in China but also in other countries. We live in different countries, speak different languages, but love is something common to us all. But how to show love may be different with different people in different countries. This is something we should give more thought to. As shown in the picture, love is like a lamp which shines brightest in dark places. This tells us a simple truth: Love is like a lamp. It is most valuable when it is most needed. For example, once I saw a foreign lady get lost in the street. She could not speak Chinese and nobody seemed to be able to help her. Though my English is not very good and I am a shy person, I thought she needed help very much. I asked her what she wanted. She told me she lost her way, so I showed her the way to her hotel. It was a small thing but she thanked me very much because my help was needed very much. My help was like a lamp in a dark place. I think we all should be like a lamp in a dark place, showing our love, giving our help to others, even to strangers. In this way, we can make this world a harmonious and peaceful world.
  3. 真情流露没必要 第二课时
  4. 思维跳跃断层多
  5. 处于被动危害大 (范文参见上面) 第三课时
  5. 处于被动危害大
  6. 用词单调没变化 内容:
  1.写作要求上的变化及未来趋势。
  2.阅读与写作之间的关系,以及平时学习中阅读与写作选择材料的处理。
  3.范文模板 文章选题 话题的种类 提要求,两种提问题要求的方法:
  1.描述图画,阐述意义。 文章写作时,主要是三段法: 第一段:起始段(3-4 句子) 提出以下要求:⑴观点阐述;⑵描述图画;⑶观点对应式(未考过) 第二段:拓展段(6-8 句子)
要求:⑴阐述图画意义;⑵举例说明;⑶因果说明 第三段:结论段(3-5 句子) 要求:⑴建议措施;⑵趋势预测(没考) ;⑶观点总结 应用文写作 应用文写作主要包括:信笺、备忘录、留言条、通知、会议记要等 应用文写作主要考查:信笺写作 写作与阅读 阅读有三层阅读:⑴字母阅读(letter reading) ⑵结构阅读(structure reading) 2002 Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write an essay entitled "CulturesNational and International" In the essay you should
  1. describe the picture and interpret its meaning, and
  2. give your comments on the phenomenon. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2005 2005 Directions: Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay ,you should first describe the drawing the interpret its meaning, and give your comment on it. You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)
? 1998 Directions: A. Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 150 words. B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II. C. Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:
  1. Write out the messages conveyed by the cartoon.
  2. Give your comments.
1999 DIRECTIONS: A. Study the following graphs carefully and write an essay in at least 150 words. B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II. C. Your essay should cover these three points:
  1. effect of the country's growing human population on its wildlife
  2. possible reason for the effect
  3. your suggestion of wildlife protection
2000 Directions: Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay to
  1. Describe the pictures.
  2. Deduce the purpose of the drawer of the pictures, and
  3. Suggest counter-measures. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2001 Directions: Among all the worthy feelings of mankind, love is probably the noblest, but everyone has his or her own understanding of it. There has been a discussion recently on the issue in a newspaper. Write an essay to the newspaper to
  1) Show your understanding of the symbolic meaning of the pictures below.
  2) Give a specific example, and
  3) Give your suggestion as to the best way to show love. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2003 Directions: Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay about 200 words based on the following
  1. describe the set of drawings and interpret its meaning
  2. point out its implications in our life.
2004 Directions: Study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should
  1. describe the drawing.
  2. interpret its meaning, and
  3. support your view with examples. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2.
(2004 年大纲样题) Directions: Widespread tobacco consumption has led to grave consequences, yet the tobacco companies are still claiming that they make a valuable contribution to the world economy. There is a discussion in a newspaper on the above two viewpoints. Write an essay to the newspaper
  1) criticizing the view of the tobacco company and
  2) justifying your stand. In your essay, make full use of the information provided in the pictures printed below. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2.
第四课时 写作与阅读 阅读有三层阅读:⑴字母阅读(letter reading) ⑵结构阅读(structure reading) 写作中注意词汇搭配 ⑶吸收式阅读或评判性阅读(赏析性阅读)选文应是高分范文
阅读步骤:① 读各段首尾句; ②注意文章中句与句之间用了什么关联词;③找出你认识但不 能熟练应用的词汇。 阅读状态形成的三大过程:① 赏析阅读;②结构模仿;③段落套写 注意:范文阅读中,切记死记硬背。 辅助材料的选择 阅读中想到写作应从:主题、结构、用词吸收上着手。 2000 年文章对任何一篇文章写作的指导意义。 大作文写作 40 分钟安排:3 分钟审题;35 分钟左右文章写作;2 分钟左右检查。 提纲准备:⑴ 阅读题目要求,判断段落的种类; ⑵ 按照段落的要求进行写作; ⑶ 确保各段首尾句创作的准确性。 范文一: 范文一: DIRECTIONS: A) Title: WHERE TO LIVEIN THE CITY OR THE COUNTRY? B) Time limit: 40 minutes C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence) D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence. E) Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET. OUTLINE:
  1. Conveniences of the city
  2. Attractions of the country
  3. Disadvantages of both
  4. My preference Living in the City or in the Country Many people appreciate the convenience of the city. Firstly, cars, buses and underground trains here can take you wherever you want to go. Secondly, a great number of restaurants provide you with delicious and time-saving food. Thirdly, for leisure time entertainment, people have a great choice of going to a cinema, a theatre, watching sports games and visiting museums. Shopping is always a pleasure, too. Finally, the fact that famous universities and modem factories are concentrated in big cities means that people have more education and employment opportunities. The countryside is attractive with its rural scenes. Here you will find little pollution or noise and no crowded streets. Nothing can be compared with the pleasant songs of birds, the fragrance of flowers and the beautiful sight of the rising sun. Working in the field, eating fresh vegetables and fruits and being close to nature will keep you healthy and energetic. However both the city and the country have their own disadvantages. In big cities fumes of cars and industrial wastes pollute the atmosphere. Moreover, overpopulation makes accommodation more and more difficult to find and the cost of living is very high. Similarly, the country has its own problems. Lack of modern housing facilities and advanced effective transport system creates many difficulties. In a word, both the city and the country have their virtues and shortcomings. Everyone can judge them in a particular way and make his choice accordingly. 2000 Directions: Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay to
  1. Describe the pictures.
  2. Deduce the purpose of the drawer of the pictures, and
  3. Suggest counter-measures. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
各档次分数段例文例文 (
  1) As is shown in the pictures, we can see clearly that with the increase of commercial fishing, the number of fishes sharply decreased. In one picture, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 19
  00. On the contrary, in 1995 there was only one fish, but many fishing-boats. The purpose of this picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the decrease of ocean resources. Owing to over-fishing, the number of fishes has obviously decreased. If we let this situation go as it is, we won't know where fish is in the future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great destruction. Therefore, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the awareness of people that the ocean resources are very vital to us. Only in this way can we protect our ocean resources. Also, I believe that we human beings can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a bright future. 1999 DIRECTIONS: A. Study the following graphs carefully and write an essay in at least 150 words. B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II. C. Your essay should cover these three points:
  1. effect of the country's growing human population on its wildlife
  2. possible reason for the effect
  3. your suggestion of wildlife protection
2001 Directions: Among all the worthy feelings of mankind, love is probably the noblest, but everyone has his or her own understanding of it. There has been a discussion recently on the issue in a newspaper. Write an essay to the newspaper to
  1) Show your understanding of the symbolic meaning of the pictures below.
  2) Give a specific example, and
  3) Give your suggestion as to the best way to show love. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2002 Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write an essay entitled "CulturesNational and International" In the essay you should
  1. describe the picture and interpret its meaning, and
  2. give your comments on the phenomenon. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.
2003 Directions: Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay about 200 words based on the following
  1. describe the set of drawings and interpret its meaning
  2. point out its implications in our life.
2004 Directions: Study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should
  1. describe the drawing.
  2. interpret its meaning, and
  3. support your view with examples. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHE
 

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