第一讲) 应用文写作指导 (第一讲)
书信-- 真题回顾
2005年 辞职信(公司) 2006年 咨询信 (希望工程) 2007年 建议信 (图书馆) 2008年 道歉信 (房东) 2009年大纲样题 订购信 (书店)
大纲样题
Directions: You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1. detailed information about the books you want,
  2. methods of payment,
  3. time and way of delivery.
写作详解
一般而言,15分钟 审题 2分钟 写作 11-12分钟 检查 1-2分钟
第一步 寻找关键词
Directions: You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1. detailed information about the books you want,
  2. methods of payment,
  3. time and way of delivery.
第二步 思考框架
订购信, 正式语体
  1. 判断语域
  2. 四个部分
  1. 称呼
  2. 正文
  3. 结束语
  4. 签名
写法一
Dear Sir or Madam,
首段 1-2句 自我介绍+写作目的 中间段 3句
  1. 改写提纲中要点一
  2. 改写要点二
  3. 改写要点三 尾段1-2句 表示感谢+ 期待回信
Yours sincerely, Li Ming
写法二
Dear Sir or Madam,
首 段 1句 改写提纲中要点一,写作目的 中间段 3-4句
  1. 改写要点二 1句
  2. 两点原因或情况 2句
  3. 小结 1句(可不写) 1 尾 段 1-2句
  1. 改写要点三 1句
  2. 两点原因或情况 2句
  3. 小结 1句(可不写)
Yours sincerely, Li Ming
第三步 首尾段套语 开头:
  1.开门见山,直接说目的 I am writing this letter to ask for…
  2. 背景+目的 I will take CET-6 next December and quality test preparation materials are essential to success in the test. …
结尾 I would appreciate it if you could give me a reply as soon as possible. I should be grateful if you could give me an early reply. …
第四步 要点的表达 询问的一般表达:I want to know…/ I wonder if…/ I would like to know…/ would it be possible for you to…
1 询问书的详细信息 I would like to know if you have the following books: please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books

  2. 询问付款方式 Besides, how do I pay for these books? How should I pay for these books? By cash or by other means?

  3. 询问寄书时间和方式 Finally, if I order these books now, when is the earliest time I can get them and how will these books be sent to my house? Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to
Attention!
英文写作强调连贯性,因此可用代词或 连接词使得语意连贯。此外还可用关联词, 如in addition, additionally, moreover, furthermore
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
十遍精读(对范文的学习)

  1. 精彩词汇
  2. 精彩词组
  3. 精彩句型
  4. 句子结构
  5. 段落结构
  6. 关联词
  7. 同义替换
  8. 代词替换
  9. 精彩观点
  10. 原因、建议

  1. 精彩词汇
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Bejing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  2. 精彩词组
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  3. 精彩句型
Dear Sir or Madam, 1 As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, 2 please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, 3 I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, 4 I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. 5 I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  4. 句子结构
As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books.

  5. 段落结构 三段,七句。 首段一句,自我介绍+目的;中间段四句, 三点;尾段两句,感谢+期待回信。
  6. 关联词 as, firstly, secondly, thirdly

  7. 同义替换

  1)准备 prepare (提纲), plan
  2) 详细信息 detailed information (提纲), particular accounts
  3) 订购 order, place an order for
  4) 方式 method, terms of payment

  8. 代词替换 I wonder if it is convenient …

  9. 精彩观点 无
  10. 原因、建议 订购原因: 声誉良好,质量优良
It’s your turn now…
Directions: You want to study at a certain foreign university. Write a letter to ask about the situation there as regards what qualifications one needs for acceptance, fees, possible scholarships, and accommodation.
 

相关内容

考研英语应用文指导-1.1

   第一讲) 应用文写作指导 (第一讲) 1.大纲对写作的要求 大纲对写作的要求 《全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大 纲(非英语考生)》在考试说明部分要求考生掌握 的写作技能: 考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和 公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告通知等,还应能 写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章。 短文写作时,考生应能: 1)做到语法、拼写、标点正确、用词恰 当; 2)遵循文章的特定文体格式; 3)合理组织文章结构,使其内容统一、 连贯; 4)根据写作目的和特定读者,恰当选用 语言。 ...

考研英语应用文指导-3.2

   第三讲) 应用文写作指导 (第三讲) 六 报告 (一) 书面报告(Written Report) 1. 写作格式 To: From: Date: Subject: 2. 写作类型:调查报告,工作总结等 3. 注意事项: 结构严谨 内容清晰 要求: (1) 写好一份报告,撰写人首先要对所要 写的内容有充分的了解。写作时,应尽量 多用被动语态,少用第一人称,以免主观、 冒昧。 (2) 报告要有明确的中心思想、清楚的 段落层次和合理的结构安排。 To:Mr. Johnson From:Li Nan ...

考研英语应用文指导-2.1

   (作文点评 作文点评) 作文点评 Directions: You want to study at a certain foreign university. Write a letter to ask about the situation there as regards what qualifications one needs for acceptance, fees, possible scholarships, and accommodation. 词汇,拼写,标点, 避免直接用 ...

2005年考研英语应用文写作完全手册Word版本

   2005 年考研英语应用文写作完全手册 2005 年考研英语新增加的一篇应用短文写作。考生应能写不同类型的应用文,以及一般 描述性、 叙述性、 说明性或议论性的文章。 节要求考生根据所给情景写出一篇约 100 词(标 A 点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、便笺、备忘录、摘要、报告等。 考生在答题卡 2 上作答,满分 10 分。应用文都有一定格式,但了解格式只是应用文写作的 最起码要求,要想在 10 分钟左右写好一篇既定情景的应用短文,这既需要具有熟练运用语 言文字的基本功, ...

2005考研英语最新题型应试指导-应用文写作 私人和公务信函

   应用文写作 私人和公务信函 一,概述 书信是日常生活中常用的文体,是用以交涉事宜,传达信息,交流思想,联络感情,增进了解的重 要工具.书信一般可分为商务信件或公函(Business Letter or Official Correspondence)和私人信件 (Private Letter)两大类.值得注意的是,英语书信的写法与汉语书信有一些明显区别,应特别加以区 分. 英语书信通常包括下面几个组成部分:信端,信内地址,称呼,正文,结束语,签名,附件,再启等. 下面我们将逐个进行介绍. 1 ...

英语应用文

   四级水平测试题型简介 四级水平测试题型简介 第一部分为听力测试, 第一部分为听力测试, 占总成绩的 40%, , 测 分钟。 试时间为 40 分钟。 第二部分为写作测试,分为两部分: 第二部分为写作测试,分为两部分: I 基本写作(basic writing) 为说明文或议 基本写作( ) , 论文。 论文。 II 要求考生写一篇长度为 120-140 字的应 用文; 大类: 用文;这一部分包括 3 大类: 1.申请信 application letter) 主要是求 申请信 ( ) , 职 ...

英语应用文

   (六)应用文 应用文是大学英语四级写作考试的一个重要组成部分,形式包括书信、启事、通知、演讲等。应 用文较之一般说明文和议论文,与生活、社会联系更紧密,格式、行文习惯更有规矩。无论使用 哪种应用文,都必须按其各自规范化的约定俗成的格式来写,不能随意杜撰。以往四级写作考过 的应用文有抱怨信、建议信、问候信、见证书、导游介绍、竞选学生会主席演讲稿和招募志愿者 启事等。 书信格式: 英语书信,在形式上可分为下面六个部分: 1. 信头 (The Heading):包括发信人地址和写信日期。 2. 收 ...

英语应用文

   书信题型写作是应用文写作中常见的功能性写作形式, 书信写作的准备一是宏观, 就是要掌 握它的格式,基本框架,就是先写什么,后写什么;二是微观,具体到语言如何使用。 一、书信写作考察的结构 ① 日期, 写信人应将写信日期(年, 日)放在书信正文的右上角, Jan. 30th, 2010。 月, 如 提醒: 考研书信写作没有要求考生必须写时间, 如果没有把握自己的时间书写格式是正 确的,建议考生不要写,以免出错反而扣分。 ② 称呼,称呼是写信人对收信人的称谓,称呼可以根据收信人的性别,职务,婚姻 ...

英语应用文

   求职信 求职信应写得认真,有礼貌,表示出对该单位的向往之情;详细介绍自己的情况,包括受教育、专业、工作经历等方面情况;写清楚求职意向;如有必要,随信附上有关应征材料(如个人简历等),并在信后说明。 ⑴例题:假设你是一位即将毕业的经济学(Economics)专业的大学生,看到《光明日报》(Guangming Daily)上登载的某一个公司招聘销售人员的广告,你想应聘这个职位,请以Zhang Hua的名义写一封求职信。 范文: Dear Sir, I am writing in response ...

英语应用文

   Example One (Making Appointment) Wednesday, 21st March Dear Prof. Rainman, I’m sorry I couldn’t make our 11 o’clock appointment. Prof. Wolf’s lecture lasted a lot longer than I expected. I could meet you in the library Reading Room 4 tomorrow at 10 ...

热门内容

【经典】资料大全:震撼推荐如何让你的英语口语 漂亮起来

   知识改变命运 勤奋塑造成功 整理人 时间 落叶 2011-4-15 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感 如何让你的英语口语漂亮起来 如果别人在你旁边罗嗦个没完,你感到厌烦了,说"you are so boring"(你真烦!)。 “shut up!”(闭嘴!)自然没错,可人家受得了吗?不如来一句“oh, come on.give me a br eak!”(帮帮忙,让我歇歇吧!)这地道幽默吧? 要想说人“气色好”。“you look fine!”当然不错,可如果你说“ you’re i ...

英语演讲方案、小结

   英语演讲比赛活动方案 一. 活动时间 2009 年 11 月 27 日晚 7:00 二. 活动地点 生化楼 106 三. 活动对象 生科院全体同学 四. 活动目的 为丰富同学们的校园生活, 体现我校大学生青春向上的精神风 貌,激发同学们对生活和学习的热情,更好地浓厚我校的学术气氛。 五. 活动内容 1.比赛前 10 分钟参赛选手入场,由我部工作人员组织进行抽 签,决定演讲顺序,体现出本场比赛的严谨性。 2.主持人宣读本次比赛规则及评委评分细则, 并一一介绍参与 评审人员。 3.主持人宣布演讲 ...

2005年职称英语等级考试卫生类(C级)答案

   2005 年职称英语等级考试卫生类(C 级)答案 1.C 2.A 3.B 4.C 6.A 7.C 8 C 9.D 5.B 10.B 11.C 12.B 13 D 14.D 15 B 16.A 17.B 18.C 19.A 20 B 21.B 22.C 23.B 24 A 25 E 26.C 27.B 28.E 29.D 31.A 32.B 33.D 34.B 30.A 35.C 36.D 37.C 38 A 39.D 40.C 41.C 42.B 43.A 44.D 46.C 47.B 48 ...

实用英语口语

   见面、 分手时●碰到友人嗨!你好! Hi! *比 Hello 随便, 用于比较熟悉的人, 男女都可以用。 Hi! (嗨!)Hi! (嗨!你好!) 你好! Hello. *一天中常用的寒暄用语。A)Hello, Mr. Smith. (史 密斯先生,您好!)B)Oh, hi John. (嗨,约翰,你好!)*A 为学生,B 为老师。 你好! Good afternoon. *下午用寒暄用语。 主要用于工作环境中。 晚上好! Good evening. 你好吗? How are you? *最常 ...

新概念英语课堂笔记8

   Lesson 8 Competition 竞争 1,激烈的竞争 fierce/tough/bloody competition , 市场上竞争激烈, 市场上竞争激烈,有很多大的竞争者 There is a lot of competition in the market。We have 。 several major players. 随着竞争变得激烈, 随着竞争变得激烈,没有那个企业能够躲过价格下调 的压力 As the competition heats up, no company i ...