第一讲) 应用文写作指导 (第一讲)
书信-- 真题回顾
2005年 辞职信(公司) 2006年 咨询信 (希望工程) 2007年 建议信 (图书馆) 2008年 道歉信 (房东) 2009年大纲样题 订购信 (书店)
大纲样题
Directions: You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1. detailed information about the books you want,
  2. methods of payment,
  3. time and way of delivery.
写作详解
一般而言,15分钟 审题 2分钟 写作 11-12分钟 检查 1-2分钟
第一步 寻找关键词
Directions: You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1. detailed information about the books you want,
  2. methods of payment,
  3. time and way of delivery.
第二步 思考框架
订购信, 正式语体
  1. 判断语域
  2. 四个部分
  1. 称呼
  2. 正文
  3. 结束语
  4. 签名
写法一
Dear Sir or Madam,
首段 1-2句 自我介绍+写作目的 中间段 3句
  1. 改写提纲中要点一
  2. 改写要点二
  3. 改写要点三 尾段1-2句 表示感谢+ 期待回信
Yours sincerely, Li Ming
写法二
Dear Sir or Madam,
首 段 1句 改写提纲中要点一,写作目的 中间段 3-4句
  1. 改写要点二 1句
  2. 两点原因或情况 2句
  3. 小结 1句(可不写) 1 尾 段 1-2句
  1. 改写要点三 1句
  2. 两点原因或情况 2句
  3. 小结 1句(可不写)
Yours sincerely, Li Ming
第三步 首尾段套语 开头:
  1.开门见山,直接说目的 I am writing this letter to ask for…
  2. 背景+目的 I will take CET-6 next December and quality test preparation materials are essential to success in the test. …
结尾 I would appreciate it if you could give me a reply as soon as possible. I should be grateful if you could give me an early reply. …
第四步 要点的表达 询问的一般表达:I want to know…/ I wonder if…/ I would like to know…/ would it be possible for you to…
1 询问书的详细信息 I would like to know if you have the following books: please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books

  2. 询问付款方式 Besides, how do I pay for these books? How should I pay for these books? By cash or by other means?

  3. 询问寄书时间和方式 Finally, if I order these books now, when is the earliest time I can get them and how will these books be sent to my house? Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to
Attention!
英文写作强调连贯性,因此可用代词或 连接词使得语意连贯。此外还可用关联词, 如in addition, additionally, moreover, furthermore
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
十遍精读(对范文的学习)

  1. 精彩词汇
  2. 精彩词组
  3. 精彩句型
  4. 句子结构
  5. 段落结构
  6. 关联词
  7. 同义替换
  8. 代词替换
  9. 精彩观点
  10. 原因、建议

  1. 精彩词汇
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Bejing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  2. 精彩词组
Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  3. 精彩句型
Dear Sir or Madam, 1 As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, 2 please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, 3 I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, 4 I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. 5 I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  4. 句子结构
As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM) , I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books.

  5. 段落结构 三段,七句。 首段一句,自我介绍+目的;中间段四句, 三点;尾段两句,感谢+期待回信。
  6. 关联词 as, firstly, secondly, thirdly

  7. 同义替换

  1)准备 prepare (提纲), plan
  2) 详细信息 detailed information (提纲), particular accounts
  3) 订购 order, place an order for
  4) 方式 method, terms of payment

  8. 代词替换 I wonder if it is convenient …

  9. 精彩观点 无
  10. 原因、建议 订购原因: 声誉良好,质量优良
It’s your turn now…
Directions: You want to study at a certain foreign university. Write a letter to ask about the situation there as regards what qualifications one needs for acceptance, fees, possible scholarships, and accommodation.
 

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