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UNIT EIGHT
TEXT ONE New York is in the middle of a culture fest celebrating Berlin, a 17-day marathon of music, film, architecture, literature and photography that began on November 2nd. "Berlin In Lights" is largely the brainchild of Sir Clive Gillinson, a former managing director of the London Symphony Orchestra who became executive and artistic director of Carnegie Hall in July 20
  05. Determined to make the New York concert hall more international, he is initiating a series of cultural festivals celebrating cities, nations or artistic movements. Berlin is the first of these. A visit by the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, under its principal conductor Sir Simon Rattle had been planned for some time. Much taken by the extraordinary transformation of Berlin since reunification?the city thrives through culture and politics; there is hardly any business or finance?Sir Clive decided to expand that visit into a full-blown festival. He got an enthusiastic response from other New York institutions. Berlin and New York have sizeable mutual admiration societies but, until recently, post-war Berlin could only dream of being in the same league of creative effervescence as New York. Now, in partnership with the American Academy in Berlin, Carnegie Hall has put together a crowd of seminars?on literature, the visual arts, film-making?inviting stars such as Volker Schlndorff and Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, both Oscar-winning German directors. The Goethe-Institut and the German consulate-general are showing photographs, the Museum of Modern Art is screening films about Berlin and the P.S.1 Contemporary Art Centre is screening the 13 episodes and epilogue of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's television epic "Berlin Alexanderplatz" in 14 separate rooms. The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, extending its visit to eight days, will be performing Gustav Mahler's last three major works as well as music by Thomas Adès, Magnus Lindberg and Gyrgy Kurtag, three contemporary composers. In addition, various chamber ensembles made up of Philharmonic musicians are playing both at Carnegie and at "neighbourhood concerts" in the city's five boroughs. The most innovative of the Philharmonic's offerings will be the performances on November 17th and 18th at the United Palace Theatre in Washington Heights of Igor Stravinsky's "The Rite of Spring", danced by kids from state schools who have been trained for just eight weeks. To those who think that the result will be shambolic, the organisers retort that the experiment worked well with children?including refugees?from state schools in Berlin.
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"Berlin In Lights" is not comprehensive: there is no theatre and little dance. A festival that gets too big loses its charm, says Sir Clive: "We would like to capture people's imagination and incite them to explore new horizons." The audience at some of the shows?a performance by Max Raabe and the Palast Orchestra of songs from the 1920s and 1930s, Ute Lemper, a German chanteuse specialising in Kurt Weill, in cabaret?were made up largely from what one participant described as the geriatric intelligentsia from the Upper West Side. As many of them have German- or Austrian-Jewish origins, they have a loving, knowledgeable relationship with German culture. One critic hissed that Ms Lemper was a poor copy of Lotte Lenya, Weill's wife, whom she had seen perform in the 1940s. Sir Clive hopes that concerts by the Nomad SoundSystem, a Berlin band performing western dance music and North African melodies, and concerts by Berlin's Turkish and Kurdish communities may bring in a younger crowd.

  1. What does the word "marathon" (Line 1, Paragraph
  1) mean in the text? [A] A festival [B] A sport competition [C] A culture fest [D] A large event
  2. The first sentence of the third paragraph implies that [A] Berlin is lagging behind New York in artistic invention. [B] Berlin and New York have a long history of artistic exchange in the societal level. [C] Berlin is the German equivalence of New York in terms of creative vigour. [D] Both Berlin and New York boast of people with high admiration of art.

  3. The Goethe-Institut is probably situated in [A] New York. [B] Berlin. [C] Carnegie University. [D] Germany.
  4. The festival is carried out in order to [A] enhance cultural exchange between the two cities. [B] propagate new Berlin of culture and politics in the form of art. [C] goes along with the 8 day visit of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. [D] internationalize New York music world.
  5. From Sir Clive's statements, it can be infered that he holds the view that a festival
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[A] should be comprehensive. [B] should be innovative.
[C] should be full-blown. [D] should be limited in scale.
文文文分:
这这文文第个了纽约举行的"光之柏林"柏林文段细的情况.文一,第文第个柏林文段 细是如何发第起来的; 文从文第个文段细期间的一些活动; 文四文第个柏林爱乐乐团的活动; 文而文第个该文段细不够全前的地方及其原因;文而文第个了文公的一些情况.
前词词词:
effervescence n. 活力 chanteuse n. 女歌而 geriatric adj. 老年的 shambolic adj. 混乱的 cabaret n. 酒酒,酒酒的歌舞也演 Inteligentsia n. 知识分前,知识知层
难句难刺:
(
  1) A visit by the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, under its principal conductor Sir Simon Rattle had been planned for some time. [主体句式] A visit had been planned … [他结分分]这是一个简单句.主语a visit最前的前前前语是它的定语,而under…前前前语是Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra的定语. [句前参文] 策划由指挥家 SimonRattle 指挥的柏林爱乐乐团的访问演而已经有一文时间了. (
  2) The Goethe-Institut and the German consulate-general are showing photographs, the Museum of Modern Art is screening films about Berlin and the P.S.1 Contemporary Art Centre is screening the 13 episodes and epilogue of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's television epic "Berlin Alexanderplatz" in 14 separate rooms. [主体句式] The Goethe-Institut and the German consulate-general are showing…, the Museum of Modern Art is screening films and the P.S.1 Contermporary Art Centre is screening… [他结分分] 这是一个并下 句,由从个并下分句组成.最最一个分句比较复杂,in 14 separate rooms 是前语,其作语是两个并下的名前.
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[句前参文] 歌德学院和德国总领事馆第而了照片, 陪代博物馆在播放关于柏林的电影, P.S.1 陪 代 艺 术 中 心 在 十 四 个 房 间 里 播 放 了 Rainer Werner Fassbinder 电 将 律 诗 "Berlin Alexanderplatz"中的 13 个集及其大他局.
推目分分: 推目分分
  1. What does the word "marathon" (Line 1, Paragraph
  1) mean in the text? [A] A festival [B] A sport competition [C] A cultural fest [D] A long event [答案]D [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [分分]猜前推.marathon 这个前语的中文为"马拉松",这个前的原意是一项长 跑运动,但在文中使用的是其比喻义,而不是原意.因此参生千万不要从到 B 选项文选择,实际上这正是迷惑选项.这个前在原文中的句前为"New York is in the middle of a culture fest celebrating Berlin, a 17-day marathon of music, film, architecture, literature and photography that began on November 2nd. "Berlin In Lights" is largely the brainchild of Sir Clive Gillinson, a former managing director of the London Symphony Orchestra who became executive and artistic director of Carnegie Hall in July 2005",分分 marathon 这个前的前最文,从从发陪这个活动 持续了 17 天,是一个律时很长的活动,因此正确答案为 D 选项.A 和 C 选项也 比较有迷惑性,因为这这文文一直在谈不这个文段细.中文我们经常用到"马拉 松式的"背也个来也明一个活动持续时间非常长,在这里也是相同的用法.
  2. The first sentence of the third paragraph implies that [A] Berlin is lagging behind New York in artistic invention. [B] Berlin and New York have a long history of artistic exchange in the societal level. [C] Berlin is German equivalence of New York in terms of creative vigour. [D] Both Berlin and New York boast of people with high admiration of art. [答案]A [难度系数] ☆☆☆
  2. 文从文的文一句他暗四着 [A] 在艺术创造方前柏林远远不及纽约. [B]柏林和纽约在社会层前上的 艺术第流方前有很长的律律艺源.
  1. "marathon" 这个前在文中是什那意 思? [A] 一个细日 [B] 一项体育比赛 [C] 一个文段细 [D] 一项律时较长的活动
柏林从从说是德国 [C]在艺术活力方前, 的纽约. [D]柏林和纽约的民公对于艺术都有着 很高的欣赏能力.
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[分分]推理推.文从文的文一句他是:柏林和纽约的团体规模较大,值得值方 互相互互,但是陪在战最的柏林只能是幻想一下能和纽约一样有满创造的活力 .那那从从推断,从能战前柏林和纽约不相上下,但是目前柏林却与纽约差但 很大,因此,选项中A 选项符合推意.其余几个选项都不能很好地也他这个意 思.
  3. The Goethe-Institut is probably situated in [A] New York. [B] Berlin. [C] Carnegie University. [D] Germany. [答案]A [难度系数] ☆☆ [分分]推理推.文文文从文文到了歌德学院,歌德学院和德国总领事馆第而图 片,而陪代艺术博物馆第而了关于柏林的电影,P.S.1陪代艺术中心在十四个房 间里播放了Rainer Werner Fassbinder电将律诗"Berlin Alexanderplatz"的13个个曲和收场白.这些都是纽约举行的柏林艺术细的一部分 司容,因此,歌德学院也应该是在纽约,正确答案为 A 选项.
  4. The festival is carried out in order to [A] enhance cultural exchange between the two cities. [B] propagate new Berlin of culture and politics in the form of art. [C] go along with the 8 day visit of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. [D] internationalize New York music world. [答案]D [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆ [分分]细细推.在文文的文一文文文到了举办这次艺术细的目的"Determined to make the New York concert hall more international, he is initiating a series of cultural festivals celebrating cities, nations or artistic movements. Berlin is the first of these", 因此 Clive爵士希望举办一些下的这种艺术细活动从从使得纽约的音乐会大厅更为国 际段.因此,此次艺术细的目的是纽约的音乐世使更为国际段, 而柏林文段细只 是这个活动的司容之一.答案为D 选项.
  4. 举办这次艺术细的目的是为了 [A] 增进两个城市的第流. [B] 从艺术的形式来 宣传文段和政治的柏林. [C] 配合宣传柏林爱乐乐团持续 8 天 的访问. [D] 使纽约的音乐世使更为国际段.
  3. 歌德学院从能的于 [A] 纽约. [B] 柏林. [C] 卡司基大学. [D] 德国.
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  5. From Sir Clive's statements, it can be infered that he holds the view that a festival [A] should be comprehensive. [B] should be innovative. [C] should be full-blown. [D] should be limited in scale. [答案]D [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆

  5.从Clive爵士的他中从从推断而他有 为这次艺术细 [A] 应该是全前的. [B] 应该是创新的. [C] 应该是全前的. [D] 应该在规模上有所控制.
[分分] 推理推.Clive爵士所说的他为:一个细日如他场前过于宏大,文会失去其魅力 ,Clive说,"我们希望从从抓住人们的想认,激发他们去探索新的空间."从上 下文从从从而,这主要是关于场前宏大问推的,Clive有为应该场前应该有所引 制,应该词重一些小的方前.因此,他说这句他是希望场前应该不要那那宏大 .因此正确答案为 D.
参参参文:
纽约目前正在举行于 11 月 2 日安安的为期十从天的柏林文段细,包括音乐,电影,建 筑,文学和摄影背方前的活动. "光之柏林"是 CliveGillinson 爵士创意,他是伦敦第响乐团 的前任负责人,并他于 2005 年 8 月成为"卡司基大厅"的行政,艺术主任.他决意要使得 纽约的音乐厅更为国际段,因此发起了一系下的城市文段细,国家文段细和艺术活动.其中 柏林文段细是文一个. 策划由指挥家 SimonRattle 指挥的柏林爱乐乐团的访问演而已经有一文时间了. 自东西 德国统一之最,柏林发生了许多变段,这个城市因为文段和政治,而不是因为商业或金融而 繁荣起来.Clive 为这个城市所打动,决定将这次访问演而扩大为真正的文段细.他还从纽 约其他机结获得了热烈的回应. 柏林和纽约都有规模较大的艺术欣赏团体, 但是战最的柏林只能幻想拥有和纽约一样有 满创造的活力.目前,卡司基大厅和柏林的美国协会一起组织了一些有关文学,将先艺术和 电 影 制 作 的 研 讨 会 , 邀 请 了 著 名 人 物 如 Volker Schlndorff 和 Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck 参会,这两的都是获得奥斯卡奖的德国导演.歌德学院和德国总领事馆第而 了照片,陪代博物馆在播放关于柏林的电影,P.S.1 陪代艺术中心
 

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