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UNIT NINE
TEXT ONE For many college students, back to school also means back to downloading music over the university's high-speed Internet connection. But not so fast: The music industry's crackdown on piracy on campus didn't stop with the end of the spring semester. In August, the Recording Industry Association of America sent pre-litigation letters to 58 colleges?coast to coast, from Boston University to San Diego State. More than 2,400 letters already have been sent to students at schools targeted by the RIAA. The letters offer students the option of paying a settlement fee based on the number of tunes the student allegedly downloaded illegally or taking the risk of a potentially more expensive lawsuit. The music association isolates Internet addresses that generate high downloading and file-sharing traffic, then asks the school to turn over the identity of those students, so it can get in touch with them. Some schools, like the University of Wisconsin, have declined to assist the RIAA, explaining that "to identify the IP users and forward the letters to them would put the university in an uncomfortable and inappropriate alliance with the RIAA," says Meg McCall, a spokesperson for the university. "While we agree that violation of copyright law is serious and should be addressed, the only way to be certain of infractions is to pursue ac Students also are a bit flummoxed by the pre-litigation letters, though many appear to be opting for the quick settlement. When Cassandra Hunt, then a sophomore at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, received a notice from the school stating she was identified for violating copyright law, she asked the RIAA about the settlement fees. Explaining that it had identified 272 songs, which could potentially cost $750 per song should her case go to trial, it offered her a settlement fee. "Now, I know what you're thinking," wrote the physics major in an op-ed for The Tech last year. "With a collection of 272 whole songs, no wonder the RIAA felt compelled to squash my threat to the sanctity of music. However the lady on the phone told me they'd be willing to settle for $3,7
  50." And that fee, explains Hunt, was requested to be paid within 15 days (though the RIAA offers a six-month payment plan). Colleges are taking their own measures to persuade students not to pirate music. Some schools are making deals with music download services such as Ruckus to provide their students with free, legal options. Penn State is one of the schools that have signed up for Ruckus, which also incorporates social-networking features. Users can "friend" others to see what playlists they are putting together and download those songs
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in seconds if their school has a Ruckus server installed. "We like to think of ourselves as a discovery tool," explains Charlie Moore, a senior vice president of Ruckus. But the songs downloaded can be listened to on the Ruckus player only, explains Moore. While some portable media devices can play the songs, Ruckus tunes can't be imported into iTunes or iPods. Students at Penn State also have reported some problems getting the Ruckus service to work on Apple's Mac computers. Nevertheless, that's still likely less commotion than they face from a pre-litigation letter.
  1. Which one of the following is not the measure taken by RIAA to fight against music piracy on campus? [A] Sending pre-litigation letters to students who have violated copyright law. [B] Blocking the access to downloading music to the students. [C] Asking schools to sign up for music download services. [D] Providing schools with charged legal access of music downloading services.
  2. University of Wisconsin declined to assist the RIAA because [A] they wanted to protect the students' privacy. [B] they thought RIAA's request was inappropriate. [C] they considered that actions should be carried through legal procedures. [D] they did not want to made an alliance with the RIAA.
  3. The word "flummoxed" (Line 1, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A] perplexed. [B] irritated. [C] annoyed. [D] disturbed.
  4. The case of Cassandra Hunt implies that [A] the students shows unexpected willingness to work with the RIAA on how to make the settlement fees more reasonable. [B] there exists contradiciton between RIAA's payment plan and the actual payment requirment. [C] there exists some problems in RIAA's acion against the students' piracy. [D] RIAA attempts to assist students by cutting off the fees and lengthen the payment period.
  5. About services provided by Rucks to the students, which one of the following is NOT true? [A]Those who are friended by the users of Rucks can download the songs in seconds given that both ends have access to Ruckus server.
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[B] Music downloaded from the Ruckus server can only be played on the Ruckus player. [C] Users can download songs freely and legally but have to face the problem of incompatibility.
[D] There are some problems in playing the songs downloaded with other players.
文章剖析: 这篇文章讲述美国唱片产业协会对校园音乐盗版现象采取的措施. 第一, 二段讲述美国唱片 协会采取了一定措施惩戒校园盗版现象;第三段讲述学校的态度;第四段讲述学生的态度; 第五段讲述学校也采取措施防止学生的音乐盗版. 词汇注释:
infraction n. 侵侵
sophomore n. 大二学生
flummox v. 他惶惑
commotion n. 暴乱
难句突破: (
  1) The music association isolates Internet addresses that generate high downloading and file-sharing traffic, then asks the school to turn over the identity of those students, so it can get in touch with them. [主体句式]The music association isolates Internet addresses ,then asks the school to turn over…so it can get … [结构分析] 这是一个并列句.在前面的分句中,that 引导的定语从句修饰 addresses, 后面分句是带有目的状语从句的句子.
[句子译文] 音乐协会隔离了高速下载和文件分享的因特网地址,还要求学校移交那些学生 的身份以便与他们取得联系.
(
  2) When Cassandra Hunt, then a sophomore at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, received a notice from the school stating she was identified for violating copyright law, she asked the RIAA about the settlement fees. [主体句式]When Casandra Hunt received a notice,she asked …
[结构分析] 这是一个复合句, 在状语从句中, then a sophomore…是主语的是位语; stating… 现在分词结构做定语修饰前面的 notice. [句子译文] Cassandra Hunt 是麻省理工学院的大学二年级学生,她从学校接到通知说已经被 确定违反了版权的,于是就向美国唱片产业协会询问了解决费用.
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题目分析:

  1. Which one of the following is not the
  1. 下列下个不是美国唱片产业协 会打击学校音乐盗版的措施? measure taken by RIAA to fight against music piracy on campus? [A] Sending pre-litigation letters to students [A] 给给犯了版权的的学生寄送预起诉 who have violated copyright law. 信件. [B] Blocking the access to downloading [B] 向学生封锁了下载音乐的途径. music to the students. [C] Providing schools with charged legal [C] 为学校提供收费的音乐合的下 access of music downloading services. 载服务. [D] Persuading schools to cooperate with [D] 要求学校要合提供学生的身份. them in supplying the students' identity. [答案]C [难度系数] ☆ [分析] 细节题.选项A是全文中多次提到的;选项B,第三段提到了这一点.选项D, 第三段也提到了这一点.C 选项中所谓的"为学校提供收费的音乐合的下载服 务"在文章中并没有具体的对应信息,属于空穴来风的选项.
  2. University of Wisconsin declined to assist the RIAA because [A] they wanted to protect the students' privacy. [B] they thought RIAA's request was inappropriate. [C] they considered that actions should be carried through legal procedures.
  2. 威斯康星大学拒绝协助美国唱 片产业协会是因为 [A] 他们想要保护学生的他私.
[B]他们认为该协会的要求是不适当 的. [C] 他们认为应该通过的律程序来进行 . [D] they did not want to made an alliance with [D] 他们不想和该协会联合. the RIAA. [答案]C [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆ [分析]细节题.文章第三段提到,该大学拒绝协助唱片协会,解释是如果这样 做了就会让人认为该大学和唱片协会达成了一种不适当的联合,他们也承认违 反版权的应该被制裁,但是但行的唯一途径应当是通过的但.可以看出,该大 学是怕自己名学受学,认为应该通过的律程序来进行.选项中,C最为符合题 意.B文中并没有具体的提及.
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  3. The word "flummoxed" (Line 1, Paragraph
  3. "flummoxed"(第四段第一行)最 有可能的意思为
  4) most probably means [A] perplexed. [B] irritated. [C] annoyed. [D] disturbed. [答案]A [难度系数] ☆☆ [分析]猜词题.第四段主要讲述学生的一些反映,大部分学生选择了快速解决 ,但是有的学生却是另外一种态度.而该段所提到的Hunt的例子就说明她对这 样的办的有一些疑虑.可以推可,该词是疑虑的意思,选项A符合题意.
  4. The case of Cassandra Hunt implies that [A] the students shows unexpected willingness to work with the RIAA on how to make the settlement fees more reasonable. [B] there exists contradiciton between RIAA's payment plan and the actual payment requirment. [C] there exists some problems in RIAA's acion against the students' piracy. [D]RIAA attempts to assist students by cutting off the fees and lengthen the payment period. [答案]C [难度系数] ☆☆☆ [分析] 推理题.文章举Hunt的例子是为了说明学生中间有一些人对唱片协会的处决有 一些疑惑,一是可以以比少的费用解决该问题;一是支付时间从存在一些问题 .这个例子还是为了说明,唱片协会在处理该事件从还是有一些问题和争议存 在.所有选项中,C最为符合题意.A的表述显然是错的的,因为首先Hunt的例 子只是一个个例,并不代表所有的学生.此外,Hunt只是咨询让关的情况,这 并不表明她持支持与合作的态度,让反她是对RIAA持持持态度的.D选项有一 定的迷惑性,该例子中提到了RIAA减少了Hunt所需要交的费用,括号中也说明 有一个六个月支付的计划,但这正是为了说明RIAA规定的不成规性和随意性, 与选项表述的态度是让反的,因此D选项也是错的的.
  4. Cassandra Hunt的例子说明了 [A]出出意出的是,学生们表达了他 们愿意与RIAA合作来制定最合理 解决费用的意愿. [B]唱片协会支付计划和实际的支付 要求之间有要要. [C]唱片协会反对学生盗版的行动中 存在一些问题. [D]RIAA试图帮助学生们减少要缴 纳的解决费用并且纳长支付时期. [A] 困惑的. [B] 愤怒的. [C] 烦懊的. [D] 受烦扰的.
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  5. About services provided by Ruckus to the students, which one of the following is NOT true? [A]Those who are friended by the users of Ruckus can download the songs in their playlists in seconds given that both ends have access to Ruckus server. [B] Music downloaded from the Ruckus server can only be played on Ruckus player. [C] Users can download songs freely and legally but have to face the problem of incompatibility. [D] There are some problems in playing the songs of Ruckus downloaded with other players. [答案]B [难度系数] ☆☆☆

  5.关于Ruckus提供给学生的服务 ,下列下一个选项是错的的? [A]Ruckus用户加为朋友的人可以在 几秒几内下载其播放列表的歌曲, 如果双方都能够进入 Ruckus 服务器 的话. [B] 在 Ruckus 服务器从下载的音乐 只能够用 Ruckus 的播放器来播放. [C]用户可以免费,合的地下载歌曲 ,但却必须面临无的兼容的问题. [D]用其他播放器播放下载的Ruckus 歌曲时存在一些问题.
[分析] 细节题.选项 B, 文章最后一段提到别列为朋友后,这些朋友所在学校也必须有
Ruckus 的服务器时才可以快速下载播放列表的歌曲因此,其前提是"用户可以让他人"成 为朋友" 从而看到他们的播放列表, , 如果这些朋友的学校也有 Ruckus 服务器的话也可以在 几秒内下载这些歌曲" ,因此 A 是正确选项.关于选项 B,最后一段提到"虽然一些可携媒 体设备可以播放歌曲, Ruckus 歌曲却不能输入 iTunes 或 iPods" 可见不一定是要在 Ruckus , 的播放器从他用,还可以在其他一些播放器从他用,可见 B 选项时错的的,是时 D 选项是 正确的.选项 C,最后一段也提到了,可以为学生提供免费,合的的音乐.因此答案为 B 选项. 参考译文: 对于许多大学生来说,回到学校就意味着可以重新通过学校的高速因特网下载音乐了. 但现在不会快了:音乐界打击校园盗版的行动并没有因为春季学期的结束而告终. 八月份,美国唱片产业协会将预诉讼信送到了 58 所大学,从东海岸到了
 

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