Growth Industry: Learning How to Grow Medical Marijuana
This is what a medical-marijuana class looks like. Twenty-five or so students ? men, women, young, middle-aged ? listen attentively as an instructor holds up a leafy green plant and runs down the list of nutrients it needs. Nitrogen: stimulates leaf and stem growth. Magnesium: helps leaf structure. Phosphorous: aids in the germination of seeds. Michigan's Med Grow Cannabis College is one of several unaccredited schools to have sprung up in the 14 states and the District of Columbia that have legalized medical use of marijuana. Many of its students suffer from chronic pain. Others are looking to supply those in need of relief. The Med Grow campus sits across the street from a KFC in Southfield, a relatively prosperous suburb of Detroit. Nearly one-fifth of its 90 or so students are former auto-industry workers. These recent enrollees ? and the more than 1,000 people who have completed courses at Med Grow since it opened in September ? are betting that studying such topics as bloom cycles and advanced pruning techniques will help them succeed in what may be one of the few growth industries in Michigan, home of the nation's highest unemployment rate: 14%. With medical marijuana fetching as much as $500 for 1 oz. (28 g), providing it to a mere five patients could generate $10,000 a month in sales. Six-week courses at Med Grow cost $475, and the school is planning to open campuses in Colorado and New Jersey within roughly the next year. Meanwhile, the nation's first marijuana school, the three-year-old Oaksterdam University, has expanded from Oakland, Calif., to locations in Los Angeles and one in Flint, Mich., and may open more. But as Med Grow founder Nick Tennant can attest, it's not easy being a leader of an emerging industry. Tennant, a very lean, very blond 24-year-old, grew up in the Detroit suburb of Warren and watched the auto-detailing business he started after high school founder along with the region's economy. Then, in 2008, a surprising majority of Michigan voters approved a measure to allow people with cancer, Crohn's disease, AIDS and other ailments to apply for state-issued cards to grow or obtain marijuana. He recalls thinking, "You could sit there and watch the industry evolve or step into the game." So he wrote up a business plan for a marijuana-growers school and approached his car-detailing clients as potential investors. Many thought it was a joke, but enough took him seriously. He declines to say how much money he raised. The next step was finding a landlord. One told him flatly, "I don't want to take on the risk." To which Tennant replied, "If you want to let your building sit vacant, go for it." He eventually settled on 5,000 sq. ft. (465 sq m) in an office building in Southfield, a half hour's drive north of downtown Detroit. The first thing you notice when you walk into Med Grow is the pungent smell of marijuana. One of the school's two grow rooms showcases a single massive marijuana plant that, in terms of height and canopy, is about the size of a kitchen table.
英语阅读理解最新《TIME》文章(仅供参考)??2010 年 6 月 27 日
1
Making Waves: The Legal Fight over Beach Access
When the weather gets hot, ordinary folks go to the beach ? and well-heeled coastal-property owners try to keep them away. Summer is high season for fights over beach access, and the Supreme Court ventured into those choppy waters earlier this week with a major ruling in a Florida beach case. It did the right thing, but the ruling is not going to stop the fighting. The case involved a rare situation: newly created beachfront property. To repair damage done by hurricanes, two Florida cities plan to add sand to rebuild parts of the shoreline that are badly eroded. Under state law, the new land would be public property. Nearby beachfront-property owners might have shown some gratitude, since the restoration would, theoretically at least, protect them from the next hurricane. Instead, they sued. If the new land was added, their property would no longer touch the water ? there would be a strip of land separating their property from the ocean ? and it would open the way for unpropertied hordes to descend with beach towels and start frolicking. The owners claimed the additions would be a "taking" of their property, in violation of the Fifth Amendment. The Supreme Court rejected the suit by an 8-0 vote. There was no taking, it held, because the owners would still own the same property they always had and they would still have access to the beach. There is no right, the court said, to have your property continue to touch the water. (Outgoing Justice John Paul Stevens, who owns a beachfront condo in Florida, did not participate.) The decision was a victory for public beach access but a narrow one. Unlike the Florida case, which had a federal-constitutional issue, property-rights disputes are generally decided under state law, so beach battles are being waged state by state. There is a long-standing recognition in many states that the beaches belong to everyone ? and that everyone should have a right to get to them and enjoy them. In practice, however, exercising this right is not always easy. In Hawaii, the state's pristine beaches are a public trust, but beachgoers complain that access is often restricted by nearby property owners. There have been fights over gates being put up and, most recently, strategic planting of vegetation. This month, Governor Linda Lingle signed a law making it illegal for property owners to plant vegetation to keep people away from the beach. The state is committed to keeping clear a "lateral beach transit corridor" ? in other words, a path for the public to get to the beach. New Jersey has a tradition of beach access dating back to colonial times. Its courts have long recognized a "public trust doctrine" under which the public has a broad right of reasonable access to the sea. It includes a right to walk along
英语阅读理解最新《TIME》文章(仅供参考)??2010 年 6 月 27 日 2
the beach and swim in the water ? and, under some circumstances, to walk over nearby private land to get to the water. But the state's beach towns have been resourceful, the Associated Press recently reported, in finding ways of keeping people away. One town built a stone seawall to keep the public out. Others rely on a more time-honored means of exclusion: keeping parking for outsiders extremely limited. New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection this month proposed scrapping beach-access rules that the coastal towns consider too onerous like requirements to make parking and restrooms available. In keeping with the deregulatory emphasis of the state's newly elected Republican governor Chris Christie, the agency would substitute more "reasonable" requirements. Many property owners are pleased, but some beachgoers worry the new rules will make it easier to deny nonresidents access. On the West Coast, the California Coastal Commission has for years had its hands full trying to stop localities along the Pacific from putting up fences, misleading signs and vegetation to keep people from accessing the beach. In May, Dana Point, an Orange County coastal city, sued the commission in a fight over gates that cut off access to the city's beaches. This month, an environmental group sued Dana Point to get the gates taken down. Popular support for the right of beach access seems to be strong. In Texas last fall, a referendum to put beach-access rights in the state constitution passed with more than 75% of the vote. But there is one notable constituency that takes a much less favorable view of the issue: coastal-property owners. And that virtually guarantees that the fights over access will be around for many summers to come.
英语阅读理解最新《TIME》文章(仅供参考)??2010 年 6 月 27 日
3
Obama Tries to Shift Focus from McChrystal to the War Effort
When President Obama first read the new Rolling Stone article, he did not bother to play it cool. In it, Obama found the erstwhile bible of rock-'n'-roll attitude had chronicled his Afghanistan commander, General Stanley McChrystal, openly mocking the Administration in conversations with aides, cavorting in a Paris pub and generally acting less like a General than like a jock. "He was angry," said White House press secretary Robert Gibbs of the President's reaction to the article he was shown on Monday night. "You would know it if you saw it." By Tuesday afternoon, however, as he gathered his senior staff in the Cabinet Room, it appeared that the President's mood had changed. At one end of the table sat National Security Adviser Jim Jones, who had been called a "clown" by a McChrystal aide quoted in Rolling Stone. Across from Obama sat Vice President Joe Biden, who had been called "Bite Me" by one of the General's advisers. There was no one present to represent the French minister whose dinner a McChrystal aide had called "fing gay." Rather than lash out in response, however, Obama projected a Zen-like calm. He called McChrystal's actions "poor judgment," and said he would not decide about the General's fate until after the two men meet on Wednesday. Then he tried to make the burgeoning scandal a teachable moment. "Whatever decision that I make with respect to General McChrystal or any other aspect of Afghan policy," Obama said, "is determined entirely on how I can make sure that we have a strategy that justifies the enormous courage and sacrifice that those men and women are making over there and that ultimately makes this country safer." It was classic Obama: when presented with a hard choice ? fire or retain a General that had stepped out of line ? he tried to rise above the debate. Obama insisted that his focus needed to be less on the things McChrystal had said (and for which he had already apologized) than on shaping a war policy that is not progressing as well as the White House had hoped it would. Defense Secretary Robert Gates echoed Obama's approach on Tuesday, noting McChrystal's "poor judgment" before pivoting quickly to the importance of the war effort. "Our troops and coalition partners are making extraordinary sacrifices on behalf of our security," Gates announced, "and our singular focus must be on supporting them." The same message came from press secretary Gibbs, who insisted that the conversation should not be "about the personalities and the egos." Instead, he said, "It should be about the men and women that are there doing the hard work under some of the toughest conditions in the world." As a political gambit, Obama's handling of the situation is not without risk. On Capitol Hill Tuesday, Republican advisers wondered at Obama's decision to handle McChrystal's faux pas from the White House. Rather than have Defense Secretary Robert Gates or Central Command chief David Petraeus dish out the discipline, Obama had recalled McChrystal for a face-to-face meeting, a decision that would keep the issue ? and the shortcomings of U.S. progress in Afghanistan ? in the headlines. GOP aides saw the issue as a trap for Obama: if he keeps McChrystal on, he could be cast as a weak leader, tolerant of insubordination. If he dismisses McChrystal, it would be a sign of disarray in his Afghan policy. "Obviously a General and his top brass don't make statements like these without being frustrated," announced House Republican whip Eric Cantor in a statement on Tuesday, clearly seeing the imbroglio as an opportunity to seek political advantage. 英语阅读理解最新《TIME》文章(仅供参考)??2010 年 6 月 27 日 4
As rumors about McChrystal's fate swirled around the capital, there were conflicting reports on whether or not the General had offered to resign. "There is no SOP on how to resign," says a senior military officer. Usually, an offer to resign would be made, in writing, to the immediate commander. In McChrystal's case, that would be Centcom commander Petraeus, and, given the fact that he also commands NATO forces, U.S. Admiral James Stavridis, NATO's Supreme Allied Command (a job once held by Jones). But because Obama has summoned McChrystal to the White House, McChrystal is likely to refrain from offering his resignation formally until he meets with Obama. "He has not," this officer says, "officially tendered his resignation yet to anyone." Unfortunately for Obama, the Rolling Stone story coincides with growing alarm over the situation on the ground in Afghanistan. The planned U.S.-led operation to secure Kandahar, the Taliban's spiritual capital, has been postponed, partly because of a lack of support among local Afghans for a military escalation there. And that delay and the difficulties it highlights have raised a question mark over Obama's vow to begin the drawdown of U.S. troops from Afghanistan next summer. Firing McChrystal would not improve matters, since the General handpicked by Obama to run the war has personally led much of the outreach to Afghans on which the strategy depends. "It's in the White House's interest to have a wounded McChrystal rather than a hero and a martyr," says one retired Admiral, speaking on background. "So I think he'll survive." Both Afghan President Hamid Karzai and NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen on Tuesday released statements of support for McChrystal. Other senior military veteran
 

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