考研英语阅读练习??10 类难句精选
五,被动语态 【难句】
  1. Car drivers can buy electro-petrol hybrids but aircraft are, 难句】 for now, stuck with kerosene, because its energy-density makes it the only practical fuel to carry around in the air. (The Economist Jun. 8, 20
  06) 结构分析】 【结构分析】 以连词 but 为切入点,本句包含两个并列分句.其中第二个并列分句 aircraft are, for now, stuck with kerosene, because its energy-density makes it the only practical fuel to carry around in the air 包含 because 引导的原因状语从句, 使用了 make it sth.(使它成为……)结构,主句 aircraft are, for now, stuck with kerosene 使用了被动语态,并由介词短语 for now 分隔,连接后得到 aircraft are stuck with kerosene,翻译时为符合汉语习惯译为主动. 参考译文】 【参考译文】 小汽车司机可以购买电力汽油混合动力的汽车,但是飞机只能用煤油, 因为它的能量密度使其成为唯一可以在空中携带的燃料.
  2. It can be plugged into a hand-held device (such as a mobile 【难句】 难句】 phone, music player or portable games console) to power or recharge it, and has sufficient capacity to provide around 30 hours of talk-time on a mobile phone, or 60~80 hours of playback time for an iPod music player. (The Economist Jun. 8, 20
  06) 结构分析】 【结构分析】 去掉括号内的举例补充说明,以 and 为切入点,得到 It can be plugged into a hand held device to power or recharge it, and has sufficient capacity to provide…, and 并列了两个谓语,前一谓语使用了被动语态 be plugged,翻译时我们可 转译为主动,后一谓语的宾语补足语 to provide 后的宾语由 or 并列,分别为 around 30 hours of talk-time on a mobile phone 和 60~80 hours of playback time for an iPod music player. 参考译文】 【参考译文】 它可以放入手持设备(比如手机,音乐播放器或便携式游戏机)给其提供能 源或充电,足以供一部手机通话 30 小时,或者一台 iPod 音乐播放器播放 60 到 80 小时. 【难句】
  3. Questions are increasingly being asked by the councils 难句】 about how they can be sure that misconduct is not taking place on the grants they provide.(The Guardian Oct. 3, 20
  07) 【 结构 分析 】 本句使用了被动语态的现在进行时结构,主干为 Questions are increasingly being asked about…,施动者 by the councils 构成了分隔结构.在翻译 时,我们可以化被动为主动,the councils are increasingly asking questions about…, 介词 about 后的宾语由 how 引导的从句 how they can be sure…充当,这里又包含一个 特殊的结构"主语+adj.+从句", that 引导的名词性从句 misconduct is not taking place on the grants they provide 中,grants 后是一个省略了关系代词 that/which 的定语从 句,关系代词在从句中作 provide 的宾语. 参考译文】 【参考译文】 各委员会越来越多地提出问题??关于他们如何能够确保在他们同意的 情况下避免发生处理不当的行为.
【 难句 】
  4. It's much easier to say "Great idea!" when a terrific solution has been put forward by someone on your team, than it is to take the time to explain why an employee's favorite brainchild isn't going anywhere except the circular file. (Business Week Feb. 5, 20
  07) 结构分析】 以逗号为切入点, 得到一个比较结构 It's much easier to 【结构分析】 本句成分复杂. say "Great idea!"…than….it 是形式主语,前半部分的真正主语由不定式结构 to say "Great idea!"…充当, 这里包含一个 when 引导的时间状语从句 when a terrific solution has been put forward by someone on your team,使用了被动语态的现在完成时. 后半部分真正主语为 to take the time to explain…,explain 后的宾语是 why 引导的宾 语从句 why an employee's favorite brainchild isn't going anywhere except the circular file.在翻译时,我们将状语提前,且化被动为主动. 参考译文】 【参考译文】 当团队中的某个人提出了极好的解决方案时,说"好主意"要比花时间解释 为什么一个职员最喜欢的想法最终被抛弃要容易得多.
 

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