考研应用文写作
应用文写作是一种比较容易应付的试题,短期内就可取得效果.应用文首先要格式正确,其次 要学会各类应用文的写作步骤.在考研快要临近的时候,可以有意识的记忆一些模板句型和 表达方式,这对成绩不好的学生来说非常重要.以下归纳了 12 类应用文的写作,考研应该就 在这范围之内.
一、感谢信
简介: 简介:感谢信是向对方表达谢意的书信。感谢对方的关心、支持、帮助或热情款待等。主要 内容是说明感谢的事由并表示真诚的谢意。 写作“三步走” 写作“三步走” 表示感谢?>说明事由?>再次表示真诚感谢 : 注意: 注意:表达的感激之情要恰到好处,不要草率,也不要过于夸张。言辞应真挚、得体。建议 在结尾尽量表达希望回报对方的愿望,显得更加真诚。 模板句型: 只要记一到两个就行,不要全部背下来) 模板句型:(只要记一到两个就行,不要全部背下来) 第一步:表示感谢 Thank you so much for… I warmly appreciate your hospitality. I am writing to express my thanks for… I am writing to extend my sincere/hearty gratitude/appreciation for… I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks to you for… 第二步:说明事由 Thank you very much for the gift you sent me. It’s one of the most wonderful gifts I got on my birthday. 第三步:再次表示感谢 Thanks again. Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude. Thanks again and I hope that I will have the opportunity to return/ repay your kindness. 作文范文: 作文范文: Directions: While your family was on vacation, your friend, Cathy looked after your dog, Smart. Now you came back, write a letter to her to show your gratitude. Your letter should be no less than 100 words. You don’t need to write the address. Don’t sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. Dear Cathy,(注意用逗号,不是冒号) I am writing to express our heartfelt thanks for your taking good care of Smart while we were on holiday. He was such a happy dog when we got home. We knew he must have had lots of loving attention. When we picked up him from the kennel in your home he would whimper and carry on for hours. You not only saved us some money, but also spared us the worry about him while we were away. Your kind help is very appreciated, not only by Smart, but also by our whole family as well. Please accept our thanks again. Yours truly,
Li Ming
二、道歉信
简介: 表明歉意,请求对方对自己的某种过失表示谅解。 简介:道歉信的目的是向收信人表明歉意 表明歉意 写作“三步走” 写作“三步走” 表示歉意?>说明具体原因、提出补救办法?>再次致歉、希望得到理解 : 注意: 注意:在写作过程中,尽可能提供比较合理的理由。如果违反生活常识将导致扣分。在解释 完原因后,尽量提供一个合适的补救办法,使行文更加完满。要言辞恳切,诚心诚意,切忌 对自己的过失作过多辩解。 模板句型: 模板句型: 第一部分:表示歉意 I’m writing this letter to express my regret for… I’m writing to apologize for… Please accept my sincere apology for… I am terribly sorry, but… I regret to inform you that I am unable to… 第二部分:说明具体原因、提出补救办法 The reason is that… 第三部分:再次致歉并希望得到理解 Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation. I am sorry to have put you to so much trouble. 例: Directions: You have already had a date with your friend but suddenly have another thing to do and you have to tell your friend that you can’t go. Express your reason clearly in about 100 words. Do not sign your name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. Don’t write the address. Dear Jane, I am sorry to tell you that I won’t be able to come this afternoon because I have to go to the airport at 2:00 p.m. to meet an overseas visitor from Australia. I really have kept our date in my mind all these days. However, I received my boss’ e-mail this morning, and he asked me to go to the airport to meet one of his friends from abroad. It’s sudden and urgent and I must go. Please forgive me. Would you please ring me up to make another time? Yours, Li Ming
三、申请信
求职申请: 求职申请: 简介: 简介:求职信是就某一职位向收信人提出申请。 写作“三步走” 写作“三步走” : 自我介绍,说明写信目的?>展示个人能力、经历及求职动机?>希望面试机会,表示感谢
注意: 注意:由于篇幅较短,而申请者需要尽可能地向用人单位推销自己,所以在求职信中宜笼统 概说自己的求学和工作经历,突出一至两个吸引眼球的闪光点即可。 模板句型: 模板句型: 第一部分:说明写信目的 I am writing in response to your advertisement in … I am writing this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in… I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised position for… I would like to apply for the vacancy of…advertised in… 第二部分:展示个人能力、经历及求职动机 I am now studying at … and will soon be graduated as a/an … major. Under the influence of the courses I have taken, I have developed a special interest in… Upon, I first worked as… The following job was… and currently I am working for… I feel I have the necessary qualifications and experience needed for the position of… Born in… in… I graduated from… University majoring in… I have been working in… since my graduation, and I have therefore attained a fair knowledge and experience in this field. It seems to me that this experience, together with my education, has given me preparation to assume the role of… in a firm such as yours. 第三部分:希望面试机会,表示感谢 Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to your reply. Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to meeting you in the near future. Your prompt response will be much appreciated. I should be pleased to attend for an interview at your convenience, when I could give you further details concerning myself. I am available for a personal interview at your convenience. Please contact me at… 求学申请: 求学申请: 简介:申请学位 简介:申请学位、留学或奖学金 写作“三步走” 写作“三步走” 说明写信目的?>展开申请原因?>期盼回复、表示感谢 : 注意: 注意:语言言简意赅,语气诚恳礼貌。要避免不符合事实的浮夸。 如果是留学申请和奖学金申请, 要注意提供以下信息: 写明申请学校和专业, 简介个人履历, 索取对方学校相关信息,附上个人经历等材料。 模板句型: 模板句型: 第一部分:说明写信目的 I would like to apply for admission to your college. I would like to further my studies in… department of your university. I hope to pursue my Master’s degree in your university. 第二部分:展开申请原因 My major interests are…, and I understand your university has a good program in those fields. I feel the need to study further in order to develop my potential in this field. 第三部分:期盼回复,表示感谢 Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to your reply. If my application could be taken into favorable consideration, I would be most grateful. I hope you will kindly send me an application form. I would greatly appreciate receiving copies of the required application forms and any instructions you may be so kind to give me regarding my possible admission.
Enclosed are my score reports on all subjects and two recommendations. 作文范文: 作文范文: Directions: You want to apply for a job as a personal secretary to the general manager of a company. Write a letter to the Human Resources Department of that company offering your services. Your letter should be no less than 100 words. You don’t need to write the address. Don’t sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised position for a personal secretary to the general manager. I am fully confident that I am the right person for the job. I have worked as the private secretary in an insurance company for two years and gained many experiences. It was easy for me to handle the job. I believe my qualifications and work experiences will combine to produce an excellent work performance. I would like to meet you to discuss the possibility of working in your company at a convenient time. I can be reached at 8976-56
  78. Thank you for considering my application. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 例二: 例二: Directions: You are planning to go to a foreign university for further study. Write a letter of application introducing yourself and inquiring some information about the university. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. Dear Sir/Madam, I am very interested in graduate study in your university. I have read research papers written by Dr. Thomas Haily. I would like to study under his guidance. Here is my education history. In September of 1998 I enrolled in Qinghua University as a computer major and maintained a GPA of no less than 95 during my study. Since graduation in 2002, I have been working in the Computation Center of Shanghai Jiaotong University. Now I feel the need to study further in order to develop my potential in this field. I would greatly appreciate receiving application forms and instructions you may be so kind to give me regarding my possible admission. Sincerely yours, Li Ming
四、推荐信
简介: 简介:结构要点推荐信是向收信人推荐某人做某事的信件。 写作“三步走” 写作“三步走” :
  1.指出被推荐的人及推荐的原因;
  2.介绍被推荐人的情况;
  3.总结说明被推荐人值得被推荐(例如能胜任工作)。 注意: 注意:推荐信应多写被推荐人的优点,肯定其成绩。但内容应真实可信,语言热情得体。切
忌夸大其实。 模板句型: 模板句型: 第一部分:指出被推荐人 I am writing to you to recommend…for… I take great pleasure in recommending to you … as … I would like to present… for your consideration in your search for… With reference to your requirements, I shall, without reservation, recommend…as an ideal candidate. 第二部分:介绍被推荐人的情况 He/She is a/an… 第三部分:总结说明 I am confident/ convinced that… I strongly recommend him to you with no reservation. Therefore, I do not hesitate to recommend her as an ideal candidate for the post you advertised. Therefore, I do not hesitate to recommend …as the right person for your consideration. 作文范文: 作文范文: Directions: Write a letter to recommend Wang Xin for his further study in a college. Write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter, using “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. Dear Sir, It is my pleasure to recommend Wang Xin for his application to graduate studies in your school. Mr. Wang has been my research assistant since September 19
  97. He is an enthusiastic and ambitious young man with extremely high potentiality. All the work handed to him was completed satisfactorily. With his help, I have been able to spend more time in writing the research paper. I really consider myself very fortunate to have such a capable assistant. I am certain his diligence, coupled with a good competence and pleasant personality, will assure him of academic achievements in his future academic pursuits. I strongly recommend his admission without any reservation. Sincerely yours, Li Ming
五、介绍/说明信
简介: 简介:向收信人介绍某人、某事,说明情况。 写作“三步走” : 写作“三步走”
  1. 说明被介绍人的身份及具体事由;
  2. 提出希望收信人做的事情;
  3. 如果是请收信人关照被介绍人,表示感谢;如果是请收信人与被介绍人共同工作,则对 合作表示乐观。 即:介绍被介绍人和具体事由?>提出希望收信人做的事?>表示谢意,期盼回复 模板句型: 模板句型: 第一部分:介绍被介绍人和具体事由
I’m writing to report… May I introduce…? This letter will introduce my best friend… Allow me to introduce to you the bearer, Miss Yang Fei, daughter of an intimate friend of mine, who is going to your city to study toward the end of this month. You both are interested in …once you meet her, you will really enjoy her company. 第二部分:提出希望收信人做的事(无) 第三部分:表示谢意,期盼回复 Any kindness to her will be duly appreciated by me. Thank you for your kindness. I must apologize for any inconvenience caused and look forward to hearing from you. 作文范文: 作文范文: Directions: One of your friends Mary Brown is going to enter Mr. Johnson’s school after her graduation. Write a letter to Mr. Johnso
 

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