n
  1. 审题 n
  2. 构思 n 段首句;举例。 n
  3. 动笔 n
  4. 检查 n
  1. 三段论; n
  2. 文章开头尽量避免错误; n
  3. 写好第二段基本层次结构; n
  4. 多运用关联词语; n
  5. 不能说空话,要举例子。 n 例文评分。 n
  1. 六级作文不要乱喊口号 n We must be honest and faithful to our classmates, party, country and the whole world . n
  2. 文章内容要展开,注意举例子和分析原因 。 n ( 1 )举例子 n ( 2 )分析原因 n ( 3 )万不得已凑字数 n
  1.The methodology suggested may not guarantee the ultimate success, but theeventual pay-off could be worth the effort. n
  2. Achieving even partial success will benefit mankind and contribute to creating a better world. n
  1. 大量看范文。 n
  2. 关注段首句的写法和举例子的写法。 n
  3. 适当的练习。 n
  1. 大量看范文。 n
  2. 关注段首句的写法和举例子的写法。 n
  3. 适当的练习。 n
  1. 开头直接切入正题。 n
  2. 议论文第二段的主题句要写好。 n
  3. 第二段要分层次展开。 n
  4. 用名言、举例、解释等手段充实第二段内容。 n
  5. 结尾要干脆有力。 n 第一段:起始段。 n 第二段:展开段。 n 第三段:结论段。 n 第一段:引出现象或引出话题。 n 引出现象 ?? 阐述题; n 引出话题 ?? 观点对立题。 n 现象 phenomenon ; n 话题 issue 。 n 模版句 1 : n People in growing numbers have become increasingly aware of the seriousness of the phenomenon . n 模版句 2 : n There is a growing concern over the seriousness of the phenomenon.
n 举例 (
  03.
  12) : the waste on campus n There is a growing concern over the seriousness of the waste on campus . n People in growing numbers have become increasingly aware of the seriousness of the waste on campus n 模版句: n Whether something should or should not be done is a much debated problem in that it affects many people (in their everyday life). n 举例 (20
  00.
  6) : n Whether the test of speaking English should or should not be taken is a much debated problem in that it affects many university students. n 举例 (
  97.
  6) : n Whether job-hopping should or should not be done is a much debated problem in that it affects many people. n 正方观点: n Some people argue that n 反方观点: n Others, on the contrary, claim that n 正方观点(
  97.6 ) : n Some people argue that doing one job does good to one’s career development. n 反方观点: Others, on the contrary, claim that job-hopping helps one acquire wide scope of knowledge and accumulate more work experience. n 我的观点: n Careful consideration leads me to believe that n I tend to think that… n It seems to me that… n I am of the opinion that… n I would take view that… n 第二段主题句: n The explanation for this phenomenon may include several factors and I will express only a few of the most important ones . n The reason why I cannot accept the job offered may include several factors andI will express only a few of the most important ones. n 三个层次: n first of all; n in addition; n furthermore. n first and foremost, n besides, n last but not least n In the first place n In the second place n In the third place n 个人层面
n
  1. 个人的兴趣爱好 n Doing something is of great interest, for it adds color to the dull routineof everyday life. n (
  02.6 ) A great many university students are fond of surfing online. n Surfing online is of great interest, for it adds color to the dull routine of everyday life. n As a result, a great many universitystudents indulge themselves in the internet. n
  2. 丰富 / 提高生活质量 n Something helps to improve the quality of people’s lives. n 例: The use of private cars helps to improve the quality of people’s lives. n
  3. 运动健身 n Regular exercises benefit both the body and mind . n
  4. 社会责任感 n Doing something will develop one’s strong sense of duty . n
  5. 参加活动,培养团队合作精神 n Participating in activities can develop a sense of team spirit and cooperation. n
  6. 人际关系 n Doing something will enhance mutual understanding . n 例: Talking with my roommates will enhance mutual understanding. n
  7. 个人能力和职业发展 n Doing something will develop one’s capability and helps one to start a new career. n 例: Working hard will develop one’s capability and helps one to start a new career. n Getting proper training will developone’s capability and helps one to start a new career. n 例: Working hard will develop one’s capability and helps one to start a new career. n Getting proper training will developone’s capability and helps one to start a new career. n 社会层面 n
  1. 促进经济发展 n It helps to improve the economic strength. 。 n 例: The recent policy helps to improve the economic strength . n
  2. 自然和社会资源 n It will lead to great extravagance of natural resources and social resources. n 例: Clear cutting will lead to greatextravagance of natural resources. n
  3. 科技发展 n It is a symbol of human progress and it extends the scope of human thinking. n 例: The development of science and technology is a symbol of human progress and it extends the scope of humanthinking 。 n 4 、交通 n Too many cars running on the streets lead to air pollution and noise pollution. n
  5. 教育 n 好处之一: Get oneself acquaintedwith the latest development in science and technology. n 好处之二: Broaden one’s scope of knowledge. n
  6. 旅游 n The tourist industry has played an important role in meeting the cultural needs of the public and carrying forward national culture. n
  7. 综合状况 n The progress of our society is based on harmony.
基本思路: 主题句 + 解释 + 举例(进一步拓展延伸) n Topic: n Some people suggest that the government should invest a small amount of money, others think the museum is a financial burden? What do you think of it? n 主题句: n 一个东西给我们带来的好处,对我们产生的影响,或人们普遍的对这一事物的看法。 n 主题句举例: n 博物馆可以记录国家的历史 n
  1. Museums play an essential role inrecording a country’s history. n
  1. Admittedly , museums, of course , play an essential role in recording a country’s history. n 对主题句解释: n 博物馆有很多代表一个国家过去的艺术品。 n
  2. Museums usually have great collections of artistic objects which are the symbols of a country’s glorious past. n
  2.As is known to the world , museums usually have great collections of artistic objects which are the symbols of a country’s glorious past. n 举例: n 故宫博物馆里有很多文物。 n
  3. For example, the Forbidden City Museum has a collection of antiques. n
  3. For example, the Forbidden City Museum has a huge collection of delicate antiques of artistic and historical value . n 进一步拓展: Museum 对人们的影响 n 影响之一:通过参观博物馆,人们可以学到关于历史和文化的东西。 n
  4. By visiting museums, we can learn a lot about our history and culture. n
  4. It is widely acknowledged that we can learn a lot about our history and culture by visiting museums in our leisure time. n It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife. n It is universally acknowledged that… n It is well accepted that… n It is widely believed that n It is generally maintained that… n 继续引申: n 有很多好处,例如可以完善人格 . n
  5. A clear understanding of our history and culture does good to the development of well-rounded character. n
  5. It is a clear understanding of our history and culture that does good to the development of well-rounded character. n 20
  06.12 首次英语新 6 级作文题 ??The Importance of Reading Classics( 阅读经典的重 要性) n 提纲:
  1. 阅读经典对人的成长至关重要; n
  2. 人们越来越少地阅读经典,原因是 …… n
  3. 作为大学生,你应该怎么做。
n 主题句: n
  1. There are a lot of reasons for it. n 理由之一:学生缺乏兴趣 ? 内容过时 n
  2. In the first place, many college students take no interest in reading classics, for they find classics outdated. n 理由一的延伸: n
  3. In other words, classics do not meet with their requirement of reading. n 理由二:学生太忙,没时间阅读经典著作 n
  4. In the second place, nowadays,many university students are occupied from morning till night. n
  5. As a result, it is quite difficult forthem to squeeze some time to read classics. n 理由二的延伸: n
  6. Since many students dedicate themselves to studying the course work, they pay no attention to reading classics. n 理由三:经典著作比较深奥,让人疲惫厌倦 n
  7. In the third place, the contents ofclassics are usually filled with abstruse concepts and ideas. n 理由三的延伸: n
  8. Therefore, college students invariably feel tired and bored in the process of reading. n 总结段落结构: 8 句话构成整个第二段 n ①主题句 n ②理由一 n ③理由一的延伸 n ④理由二 n ⑤理由二的延伸 n ⑥理由二的进一步解释 n ⑦理由三 n ⑧理由三的延伸 n ① improve people’s living standards n ② increase the government revenue n ③ improve the image of our country n ④ increase reputation and upgrade the status in the international community n ⑤ enhance mutual understanding n ⑥ play an educational role n ⑦ maintain world peace
 

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