Part B Directions: The following paragraph are given in a wrong order. For Questions 41-45, you are required to reor ganize these paragraphs into a coherent text by choosing from the list A-G to filling them into the numb ered boxes. Paragraphs E and G have been correctly placed. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) [A] No disciplines have seized on professionalism with as much enthusiasm as the humanities. You can, Mr Menand points out, became a lawyer in three years and a medical doctor in four. But the regu lar time it takes to get a doctoral degree in the humanities is nine years. Not surprisingly, up to half of all doctoral students in English drop out before getting their degrees. [B] His concern is mainly with the humanities: Literature, languages, philosophy and so on. These are disciplines that are going out of style: 22% of American college graduates now major in business co mpared with only 2% in history and 4% in English. However, many leading American universities want their undergraduates to have a grounding in the basic canon of ideas that every educated person should p osses. But most find it difficult to agree on what a “general education” should look like. At Harvard, Mr Menand notes, “the great books are read because they have been read”-they form a sort of social glue. [C] Equally unsurprisingly, only about half end up with professorships for which they entered grad uate school. There are simply too few posts. This is partly because universities continue to produce ever more PhDs. But fewer students want to study humanities subjects: English departments awarded more bac helor’s degrees in 1970-71 than they did 20 years later. Fewer students requires fewer teachers. So, at th e end of a decade of theses-writing, many humanities students leave the profession to do something for which they have not been trained. [D] One reason why it is hard to design and teach such courses is that they can cut across the in sistence by top American universities that liberal-arts educations and professional education should be kep t separate, taught in different schools. Many students experience both varieties. Although more than half of Harvard undergraduates end up in law, medicine or business, future doctors and lawyers must study a non-specialist liberal-arts degree before embarking on a professional qualification. [E] Besides professionalizing the professions by this separation, top American universities have prof essionalised the professor. The growth in public money for academic research has speeded the process: fe deral research grants rose fourfold between 1960and 1990, but faculty teaching hours fell by half as rese arch took its toll. Professionalism has turned the acquisition of a doctoral degree into a prerequisite for a successful academic career: as late as 1969a third of American professors did not possess one. But the key idea behind professionalisation, argues Mr Menand, is that “the knowledge and skills needed for a p articular specialization are transmissible but not transferable.”So disciplines acquire a monopoly not just o ver the production of knowledge, but also over the production of the producers of knowledge. [F] The key to reforming higher education, concludes Mr Menand, is to alter the way in which “t he producers of knowledge are produced.”Otherwise, academics will continue to think dangerously alike, i
ncreasingly detached from the societies which they study, investigate and criticize.”Academic inquiry, at l east in some fields, may need to become less exclusionary and more holistic.”Yet quite how that happens, Mr Menand dose not say. [G] The subtle and intelligent little book The Marketplace of Ideas: Reform and Resistance in the American University should be read by every student thinking of applying to take a doctoral degree. The y may then decide to go elsewhere. For something curious has been happening in American Universities, and Louis Menand, a professor of English at Harvard University, captured it skillfully. G →
  41. →
  42. → E →
  43. →
  44. →
  45. Part C Directions: Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your tra nslation should be written carefully on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (10 points) With its theme that “Mind is the master weaver,” creating our inner character and outer circumstan ces, the book As a Man Thinking by James Allen is an in-depth exploration of the central idea of self-h elp writing. (
  46) Allen’s contribution was to take an assumption we all share-that because we are not robots w e therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature. Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another. However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action a s the conscious mind, and (
  47) while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the cons cious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do th is or achieve that? ” Since desire and will are damaged by the presence of thoughts that do not accord with desire, All en concluded : “ We do not attract what we want, but what we are.” Achievement happens because you as a person embody the external achievement; you don’t “ get” success but become it. There is no gap between mind and matter. \Part of the fame of Allen’s book is its contention that “Circumstances do not make a person, they reveal him.” (
  48) This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploit ation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom. This ,however, would be a knee-jerk reaction to a subtle argument. Each set of circumstances, how ever bad, offers a unique opportunity for growth. If circumstances always determined the life and prospec ts of people, then humanity would never have progressed. In fat, (
  49)circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been “wronged” then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation .Nevertheless, as any biographer knows, a person’s early li fe and its conditions are often the greatest gift to an individual.
The sobering aspect of Allen’s book is that we have no one else to blame for our present conditio n except ourselves. (
  50) The upside is the possibilities contained in knowing that everything is up to us; where before we were experts in the array of limitations, now we become authorities of what is possibl e. Section Ⅲ Writing Part A
  51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to
  1) recommend one of your favorite movies and
  2) give reasons for your recommendation Your should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2 Do not sign your own name at the end of the leter. User “LI MING” instead. Do not writer the address.(10 points) Part B
  52. Directions: Write an essay of 160200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
  1) describe the drawing briefly,
  2) explain it’s intended meaning, and
  3) give your comments. Your should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)
 

相关内容

2010年考研英语真题

   普特英语听力网,免费英语学习网 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Directions: Use of English Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) In 1924 America's National Research C ...

2010考研英语真题点评

   考研英语真题点评: 2010 考研英语真题点评:夯实基础 关注热点 信息发布者:07 星火 2010 年的研究生考试已经降下帷幕, 在这里就今年的考研英语真题 进行简要的解析.从试卷整体难度来说,比 09 年要稍难.下面我 们将分项点评. 本次考研英语的完型填空是关于芝加哥的灯光试验, 并探 讨照明与工人工作效率之间的关系,是关于人类行为的研究.从知 识考察和题目设置来讲,题目略有难度.在做完形填空这类题目的 时候,考生一定要充分利用前后文的词汇暗示,过渡句,连接句, 固定搭配等语言元素进行 ...

关于考研英语真题写作话题评述分析

   一,历年真题作文话题汇总 历年真题作文话题汇总 【大作文】 大作文】 1. 文化火锅(2010 年考研英语一话题→精神文化) 2. 手机使用情况对比(2010 考研英语二→精神文化) 3. 网络的近与远(2009 年考研话题→精神文化) 4. 合作的重要性(2008 年考研话题→人生价值观) 5. 自信是成功的关键(2007 年考研话题→个人素质) 6. 偶像崇拜 (2006 年考研话题→精神娱乐) 7. 养老足球赛 (2005 年考研话题→道德观) 8. 终点又是新起点 (2004 年考研 ...

考研英语真题中出现超过10次的词汇总结

   考研英语真题中出现超过10次的词汇总结 - 中国考研网 联系方式 广告服务 加入收藏 中国考研网 教育新闻 院校信息 招生简章 专业硕士 考研指南 政策法规 复习指导 试题资料 我的考研 考研专业课试题库 专业试卷购买指南 ...

2009 历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(张剑编著)所有网上学习卡资料1994--★【汉魅】

   1994 年试题与分析 年试题与分析 与分 Section ⅠUse of English The first and smallest unit that can be discussed in relation to language is the word. In speaking, the choice of words is 1 the utmost importance. Proper selection will eliminate one source of 2 breakd ...

2009 历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(张剑编著)所有网上学习卡资料1993--★【汉魅】

   1993 年试题与分析 年试题与分析 Section ⅠUse of English Although interior design has existed since the beginning of architecture, its development into a specialized field is really quite recent. Interior designers have become important partly because of the man ...

新时代交互英语视听说2级答案PART1

   新时代交互英语视听说 2 级答案 PART1 因为伟大的百度将文库单篇文章设置了财富值上限,本该超过 2000 的收入,我却最多只能拿到可怜的 200,此答案被分为三部 分,这是第一部分,包含第二级的 unit3~6 和 section test A 的完 整答案 Unit3 3/12 1.frankie' homework 2.at home 5/12 1.Can you show* me how to use this math* program*? 2.You have to hit ...

新时代交互英语视听说2级答案PART3

   新时代交互英语视听说 2 级答案 PART3 因为伟大的百度将文库单篇文章设置了财富值上限,本该超过 2000 的收入,我却最多只能拿到可怜的 200,此答案被分为三部 分,这是第三部分,包含第二级的 unit12~13,section test C 和 LEVEL TEST 的完整答案 Unit12 3/12 Global Comprehension 1.Food 2.Emi's friend 5/12 What's this little* dish*? The what*? And-t ...

新时代交互英语视听说2级答案PART3

   详细答案 新时代交互英语视听说 2 级详细答案 PART3 Unit12 3/12 Global Comprehension 1.Food 2.Emi's friend 5/12 What's this little* dish*? The what*? And-this is the soy* sauce*, isn't-it? I'll try* it. It's very spicy*. I love* spicy* food. Wow, that is spicy*! Here, d ...

考研英语作文

   一. 私人信函 范文 1 Directions: One of your best friends, Mary, moved to another city a few da ys ago. Write a keep in touch letter to her, telling her you missed her, asking how she is going on, and introducing the latest information about yourself. Wr i ...

热门内容

忽视发音导致英语学习全盘走上艰难路

   忽视发音导致英语学习全盘走上艰难路 长期以来,在中国的英语教学界一直流传着一个没有明确出处但却几乎人人在传播的错误观点,那就是:“英语发音准不准没关系,能说清楚就行嘛”,而且还常有人辩解道:“你看汉语发音不就一个地方一个样吗,口音这么乱,大家还不是一样地交流说话”。 这个错误的观点,上到英语教学专家,下到普通的英语老师、英语学生,都能从大家的嘴里听到。这个错误观点不仅堂而皇之地流行着和存在着,而且还因流行和存在产生了“存在就是合理”的力量,知道的人越多,传说的人越多,就越显得这个观点 ...

英语手抄报 中文

   垃圾分类, 是将垃圾按可回收再使用和不可回收再使用的分类法为垃圾分类。 人类每日会产 生大量的垃圾,大量的垃圾未经分类回收再使用并任意弃置会造成环境污染。 从国内外各城市对生活垃圾分类的方法来看,大致都是根据垃圾的成分构成、产生量, 结合本地垃圾的资源利用和处理方式来进行分类。如日本一般分为可燃垃圾,不可燃垃圾 等等。如今中国生活垃圾一般可分为四大类:可回收垃圾、厨余垃圾、有害垃圾和其他 垃圾。目前常用的垃圾处理方法主要有:综合利用、卫生填埋、焚烧发电、堆肥、资源返还。 可回收垃圾 主要包括 ...

【强烈推荐】初二英语语法全真精讲讲义

   Unit 5 1. Every day Mr. Hu checks homework and corrects the mistakes we make. A. his B. her C. our D. its 2. ? are you going to London? ?By air. A. How B. When C. Where D. Why 3. her way home, Liu Mei helped a lost child find his mother. A. By B. I ...

2011考研英语(一)新大纲修订趋势预测

   万学海文教研中心英语教研室针对近几年考研英语大纲的修订趋势和命题规律,做出 2011 年考研英语(一)大纲的变化分析,具体如下: 一、2011 年考研大纲的修订趋势 今年英语考研大纲应该没有实质性变化。一般而言,大纲 5 年一大变,而去年已经经历 了 5 年来的一次大变化。比如,与 2009 年的大纲相比,2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考 试《英语考试大纲》最显著的变化是将考研英语分为考研英语(一)和考研英语(二) 。考 研英语 (一) 在往年考纲的基础上, 写作部分加入了依据中文写出英 ...

2009年山东省东营市中考英语试题及答案

   本资料来源于大家网中考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-213-1.html 我要中考网 www.51zhongkao.com 2009 年山东省东营市九年级 英语中考试题 第 I 卷(共 75 分) 一、听力测试(每小题 1 分,计 20 分) 听力测试( (一) 听句子,选择适当答语,每个句子仅读一遍。 等级 1. A. We go to school on Monday. B. We go to school on Friday. C. We go ...