1.When asked about the ongoing uproar involving U.S. President Bill Clinton , most people say the affair involves a purely private matter . But many other people regard his actions as deplorable . I personally think the president committed impeachable offences . 当被问及对现在有关美国总统比尔? 克林顿的沸沸扬扬的议论有什么看法时,大多数人认为这种暧昧关系纯 属私事。但是,还有很多人认为他的行为应当受到谴责。我个人认为总统犯了这些过错,应该被指控。

  2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing , some people think that use should be limited . Others argue that the opposite is true . There is probably some truth to both arguments,but emission controls must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles. 涉及北京机动车使用量增加这一问题,有的人认为应该限制使用。另一些人持相反意见。也许双方的观点 都有一定道理,但是,无论车辆多少,必须对废气排放实行控制。

  3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers . Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability . They believe that strict limits should be placed on migrants entering China ' s cities . But people who favor the influx of the cheap labor force , on the other hand , maintain that migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction program . 目前,针对流动工人的问题展开了普遍的争论。反对流动工人增加的人认为这会导致犯罪率升高,从而危 害社会稳定。他们主张应该严格限制进入中国城市的流动工人。但是,另一方面,支持廉价劳动力流入的 人主张,为了支持大规模的城市基础设施建设规划,流动人口是必需的。

  4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding . Experts argue that China must introduce a massive afforestation program . But I doubt whether afforestation alone will solve the problem . 人们普遍认为过度砍伐造成了夏季特大洪水。专家认为中国必须推行大规模的植树造林计划。但我对仅仅 植树造林就能解决问题表示怀疑。

  5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems . But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness . 大多数人认为财富为所有问题提供解决的办法。但是,我认为,尽管财富提供物质上的利益,一个人应该 放弃物质至上的追求,而是集中精力追求幸福。

  6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime . But although criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject , little evidence exists to support the claim . 很多人相信极刑能阻止犯罪。但是,虽然刑事学家就这一课题做了详尽的研究,几乎没有证据能支持这种 说法。

  7. An increasing number of people are joining the " Information Age " via the Internet . In reaction to the phenomenon , some say the Internet has removed barrters and provided people with immediate access to the world . But do they raelize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to intrusions of privacy ? 越来越多的人通过互联网进入了“信息时代”。针对这一现象,一些人认为互联网消除了障碍,为人们提供 了与世界即时链接的途径。但是,他们有没有意识到迅速发展的信息技术也能导致侵犯隐私?

  8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business , but is it a wise one ? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .利用关系是做生意的普遍做法,但这种做 法明智吗?现在,越来越多的人对这种方法提出了质疑。

  9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor . Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem . But has it ? Close examination fails to bear out the argument . 最近,我们经常听到贫富差距扩大了的说法。一些人认为发达世界完全忽略了这个问题。事实是这样吗? 细致的调查无法证实这一观点。

  10. We ' re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction . But is this really the case ? 我们经常被告知世界处于毁灭的边缘。但事实真是这样吗?

  11. One of the pressing problema facing our nation ( China ) today is overcoming disparities in urban and rural income levels . 我们国家(中国)如今面临的紧迫问题之一是克服城乡收入水平之间的差距。

  12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack of adequate housing space . 许多人谈论的一个最严重的问题集中在缺乏足够的居住空间。

  13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption , which is pervasive in all levels of government . 也许当今困扰国家的最危险的现象是遍布各级政府的官员腐败。

  14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face . 通货膨胀又是一个我们必须学会面对的痛苦的新情况。

  15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable cultivatable land , and led to a general recognition that development must not be carried at the cost of agriculture . The government has attached greater importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being terminated . 城区的迅速扩大在很多情况下侵占了宝贵的可耕地,使人们普遍认识到发展不能以牺牲农业为代价。政府 更加重视这个问题,越来越多的不必要的工程被终止。

  16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened environmental
protection . 世界上越来越多的人认识到加强环境保护的必要性。

  17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent years , with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over 30 million people worldwide by the year 2005 . 近年来,艾滋病蔓延的幅度进一步扩大,一项新的研究预测,到 2005 年,世界上有超过三千万人将 感染这一可怕的疾病。

  18. Working with the disabled cannot help but leave one impressed with their indefatigable desire . 与残疾人一起工作使一个人不得不对他们坚持不懈的渴望印象深刻。

  19. Perhaps no issues are more controversial than euthanasia and abortion , both of which involve taking the life of a human being . 也许没有问题比安乐死和人工流产更有争议性,它们都涉及结束一个人的生命。

  20. Never before in history has the issue of overpopulation been more evident than now . 历史上,人口过剩的问题从来没有比现在更加突出。

  21. Perhaps it is time to reexamine the idea that college degrees are a guarantee of intelligence . 也许现在是应该重新考虑大学为是智力的保证这种想法的时候了。

  22. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that wealth is not the sole prerequisite for happiness . 越来越多的人开始意识到财富不是幸福的惟一先决条件。

  23. In spite of the extraordinary progress made in science and technology , problems remain in terms of guaranteeing that achievements benefit the greatest number of people . 尽管科学技术取得了非凡的进步,但是在保证进步成果使尽可能多的人受益这方面还存在一些问题。

  24. A famous thinker once wrote that " the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself ! " If this is indeed the case , then the current situation should make us ponder our futuer existence . 一位著名的思想家曾经写道:“对人类最大的威胁是人类自身!”如果事实确实如此,那么,现状应该 促使我们对我们未来的生存进行思索了。

  25. U.S. President Harry Truman once remarked : " The buck stops here ! " His view has been confirmed by numerous world leaders who have assumed full responsibility for their actions . 美国总统杜鲁门曾经说过:“责任止于此!”(意为勿再把责任往别处推,这是杜鲁门办公室桌上的座 右铭)他的观点得到了很多对自己的行动承担完全责任的世界领袖的肯定。

  26. Large families were once seen as a blessing . Today , however , things are changing and an increasing number of Chinese parents realize that fewer is better . 大家庭曾经被看做是一种福气。然而,今天,情况改变了,越来越多的中国家长意识到家庭成员越少 越好。

  27. People used to place total reliance on the government . The so-called " iron rice bowl " prevailed in the past , but things are quite different today . 过去,人们习惯完全依靠政府。以前盛行所谓的“铁饭碗”,但今天的情况有很大的不同。

  28. Several years ago , Chinese streets were filled with people wearing identical drab clothing . Today , however , things are quite different and the streets are awash with people wearing fashionable bright colored outfits . Why has the change taken place ? 许多年前,中国大街上的人都穿一样的灰褐色衣服。然而,今天的情况大不一样了,街上满是一个个 身穿色彩艳丽的时髦衣服的人。出现这种变化的原因是什么呢?

  29. Years of observing human behavior has enabled me to conclude that the major difference between mediocrity and success lies solely with the individual concerned . Successful individuals consistently seek advancement , while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content with the status quo . 对人们行为的多年观察使我能够得出这样的结论:平庸和成功的主要区别仅仅在于相关的个人。成功 的个人不断寻求进步,而他们比较懒惰的同时代人仅仅满足于现状。

  30. Traditional way of thinking have changed dramatically . The pendulum has swung and people are exhibiting greater open-mindedness and a burning desire to detemine their own destiny . 传统的思维方式有了显著的变化。舆论发生了剧变,人们表现出更开放的思想以及决定他们自己命运 的强烈愿望
  31. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness ? 近年来出现了对社会有害的拜金主义倾向。最近的一项调查表明,X%的调查对象把致富作为他们的首选, 相比之下,就在几年前,只有 X%的人这样想。为什么人们没能意识到财富不一定带来幸福呢?

  32. Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving people dricing under the influence of alcohol . 几个月前,我的一个朋友死于一场与酒后驾车有关的悲惨车祸。这件事情一点儿也不罕见,事实上是数以 千计的案件的典型,这些案件与在酒精作用下开车的人有关。

  33. I recently read a newspaper article on the rampant spread of child abuse . The deplorable problem of the widespread abuse of innocent children has aroused public concern nationwide . 最近,我在报纸上读到一篇关于虐待儿童现象变得猖獗的文章。普遍虐待无辜儿童的问题令人深感遗憾, 它已经引起了全国公众的关注。
  34. Should parents spare the rod and spoil the child ? Opinions concerning strict parental discipline vary widely . Some view strict discipline as nothing more than a form of abuse , while others argue it is an essential factor for instilling appropriate social behavior . 家长应不应该闲了棍子、惯了孩子?针对严厉的家教的看法大相径庭。有的人就是把严厉的管教看成一种 虐待,而另外的人认为这是逐渐灌输得体的社会行为的要素。

  35. What do you think of the increasing openness accompanying the ongoing sexual revolution ? Do you ever fantasize ? Answers to these questions should be based on a determination between appropriate and inappropriate behavior . 你如何看待对现在的性革命越来越开放的态度?你曾经想像过吗?回答这些问题之前应先界定得体和不得 体的行为。

  36. Why do some governments persist in spending billions of dollars on space exploration when starvation and poverty continue to grip many countries throughout the world ? This particular question is being raised by an ever increasing number of people . 既然世界上许多国家仍被饥饿和贫困所困扰,为什么有的政府还坚持花费数十亿美元用于太空探索?现在 越来越多的人提出这个问题。

  37. Judging from the reams of evidence presented , we can safely conclude that the Three Gorge



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