[英语作文常用句型 英语作文常用句型] 英语作文常用句型
在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配能力非常强,基本上可以用在各种话题的议论文中,如果 能将这些句型掌握并熟练应用一定会使你的英文写作得心应手。想不想试一试呢? 一、开头句型 我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们颇有必要在作 文的开头花一番心思。 在写议论文时, 你通常以什么样的方式开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开门见山法。 也 就是说???直截了当地提出你对这个问题的观点,点出文章的中心思想。 I.. ..has both advantages and disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。例如:
  1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.
  2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages.
  3.Com pared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages. 举一反三:
  1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages.
  2.. ..has many advantages.For example,. ..However,just as every coin has two sides,. ..has its disadvantages. (本例将利弊分开讲,转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides 也很值得 背诵。 ) II.. ..play(s)an important role /part in..……在……中扮演重要角色/起重要作用。例如: .
  1.Computers play an important role in science and technology.
  2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life. Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies.
  3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind.
  4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness. 举一反三:
  1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.
  2.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication.But now ,telephone,email,fax have taken their place. III.With the development of.. .,随着……的发展,例如:
  1.With the developm ent of our econo- m y,m any Chinese fam ilies can afford a car.
  2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more
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and more serious.
  3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home.
  4.With the current social and technological developments,employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed. 举一反三:
  1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is becoming more and more serious. 随着中国人口的急剧增加,住房问题越来越突出。
  2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude towards women is changing. 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改变。
  3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an increasing number of Chinese families can afford a car. 随着中国改革开放的深入, 越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。 ( “越来越多” 除了常用的 more and more 外, 还可以用 an increasing number of, a growing number of, significant number of, a a great number of 等来表达。 ) 本结构看似固定,实则富于变化,只要记住 with 有“随着”的意思,相信大家可以根据实 际的需要造出更多的句子。 我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。不过在讨论某些 有争议性的问题时, 就显得有欠缺, 因为我们必须在文章的开头引出人们对要讨论的问题的 不同看法,然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。 IV.When it comes to.. .,some people think /believe that.. .,others argue /claim that opposite /reverse is true.There is probably some truth in both arguments /statements,but..当说到……,有些人认为……,但另一些人则持相反的观点……。这 . 两种观点可能都有点道理,但……。 本结构先用 when it comes to ..引出话题,再用 some..others . . ..这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点,然后说 There is some truth in . both..表明严谨公正的态度,最后用 but..很自然地引出了自己的论点。请看下面这个 . . 例子: TV,a good thing or bad thing When it comes to TV, some people believe that it is extremely valuable, it provides relaxation, as entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities.There is probably some truth in both sides.But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society.
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二、结尾句型 英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。 总结全文时除常用到 in one /a word,generally speaking 等外,没有固定模式。提出解决办法时却常使用下一句 型。 V.. ..take measures to do sth.例如:
  1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world.
  2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams.
  3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.
  4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks. 本文列举了英语作文中常用的几个句型, 当然不是要大家写出千篇一律的文章来, 而是希望 起到一种抛砖引玉的作用, 提醒大家在学习中注意多总结, 以使自己的写作水平更上一层楼。
考研短文写作常用句型和练习 考研短文写作常用句型和练习 “引言”段落中的常用句型:
  1.…is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by … 家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题, 不仅是城里人, 而且农民都经常谈 论这个问题。 Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well.
  2.There is no denying the fact that… 无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。 There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
  3.As is known to all,… 众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者的利益。 As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)
  4.More and more people are realizing the importance of … 现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重要性。 为了维护社会治安, 我们每人都应该接受法制 教育。 Tody an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order, very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.
  5.From what I have mentioned above we can see clearly that… 从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。 From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has (a) great influence on young adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ behavior 或 youngsters’ behavior) “正文”段落中常用的句型:
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  1.There are some good reasons for…(分析原因) two possible 人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。首先,我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其次,国民经 济正在迅速发展,而且出生率已经得到控制。 There are two reasons for the improvement in people’s living conditions. In the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy .Further-more, the birth rate has been put under control.
  2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… solve tackle relieve (提出建议) 我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先,迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次,有些濒临灭绝 的珍稀野生动物应该收捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后,对于捕猎珍稀野生动物的人必须严惩。 My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. Secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.
  3.Different people have different opinions on this question. Some people believe that … Others problem. matter. argue that… Still others assert that…(论述不同看法) 人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败,有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教训,并努力 去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退却了。 People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.
  4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable, convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. (发表意见) 人们希望建立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、电影院和其他公用设施来满足人民日益增 长的需求。 It is desirable to build more hospitals,shopping centres,recreation centres,cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people.
  5.As a popular saying goes “Everything has two sides.” (分析利弊) 常言道: “事物总是一分为二的”。 如今人们从科技发明中得到越来越多的好处。另一方面, 科技进步也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国家的人民饱尝公害之苦。 As a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides.” Now people (the public)are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. On the other hand,the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. People in many countries are srffering from public hazards.
  6.For example, … (举例阐述) For instance, … Let’s take …for example. 就拿汽车为例。汽车不仅污染城市空气,而且使城市拥挤不堪。此外,汽车造成许多交通事 故。汽车所产生的噪音使居住在街道两旁的居民日夜不得安宁。 Les’s take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowed.
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Furthermore, they cause a lot of traffic accidents. (…, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents.) The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.
  7.It is generally believed that … accepted (引证观点) thought held 普遍认为, 在发达国家人口增长的主要原因与其说是出生率的上升, 还不如说是由于医疗保 健的改善的使死亡率下降了。 It is generally believed (=thought) that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed coutries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.
  8. …causes (produces, brings about, leads to, results in …)(因果关系) 毫无疑问,需求的增长导致了价格的上涨。 There is no doubt that the increase in demand causes(results in/leads to) the rise in prices. 务必熟记的考研英语作文重点句式
  1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population.
  2. It is (has been) estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century.
  3. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.
  4. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome.
  5. As is known man is the product of labour.
  6. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed.
  7. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace.
  8. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.
  9. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable.
  10. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.
  11. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments.
  12. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years.
  13. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided.
  14. As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.
  15. It must be admitted that you haven't done what you promised to do.
  16. In my opinion, this computer is different from that one you saw.
  17. It is certain that we have a long way to go.
  18. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.
  19. As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book.
  20. It has been proved that every substance, no matter what it is, is made up of atoms.
  21. It has been decided that we are going to build a railway whose base must be completed within this year.
  22. It is obvious (evident) th
 

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