高分速成: 高分速成:考研英语作文超经典实用套句 2009-12-08 一、小作文 在考研英语小作文写作中,除了保持一般的议论文风格,还需要在三段中穿插信函相关的套句模板,来适应书信文体 的要求。 下面就帮大家整理了一些小作文最常用的经典套句,希望大家在考场上能够信手拈来,发挥作用。
  1. 一般开头句型 I’m writing to… 开门见山的开头模式 I’m writing to inform you that… (通知类型) I’m writing to seek your assistance in … (请求类型) I’m writing in response to your advertisement in … (回应类型) I’m writing to express my views on … (建议类型) I’m writing to apply for the scholarship that your department offers to students from other countries. (申请类型) I’m writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding… (咨询类型) I’m writing to express my disappointment/ dissatisfaction about… (投诉类型)
  2. 感谢类句型 thank-gratitude-grateful-appreciate 的多种变体 I’m most grateful to you for your… I’m writing this letter to express my sincere gratitude for… I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks for… I feel greatly indebted to you for… I’m writing to tell you how greatly I appreciate all you have done for me… But for your kind assistance, I would have … I must thank you again for your generous help。 Please accept my deepest gratitude。
  3. 道歉类句型 sorry-apologize-apology 的多种变体 I feel really sorry to you for… I must apologize to you for… I would like to express my deepest apology / regret for not being able to … Had I …, I would have…。 Please accept my sincere apology for… I want you to know how badly I feel about…
  4. 一般结尾句型 Any favorable consideration of my application will be highly appreciated. (申请/求职) We should be very pleased if you could honor us with your presence. (邀请函) Best wishes for your greater success in your career. (祝愿) Thank you for your patience and concern in reading this letter. I hope this does not cause you too much inconvenience. I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience。(套话组合) 虽然信函的套用句型还有很多的变化,但上面选取的这些句子在考试中都是非常实用的,无论什么样的话题,开头结 尾加上表示感谢和道歉的礼貌客气话总是必不可少的。 二、大作文 经过对各类考研作文的分析和挖掘,我们发现,在 200 词以下的短作文中,三段设置是一个比较合理的格局。特别是
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提纲三点出现的内容和规律,我们可以发现一共出现过十种常见的段落。这些功能段落通过组合,可以形成多种多样的考 法。由于考研写作相对来说比较模式化,因此段落的出现也很有规律。可以看出以下的情况: 第一段: 话题引出段 / 图画图表描述段 第二段: 观点列举段 / 利弊分析段 / 举例论证段 / 原因列举段 /意义阐释段 第三段: 归纳结论段 / 未来趋势段 / 建议措施段 任何一次考试,只要在以上段落中进行三段组合,就可以进行一种命题。把握住了这种规律,考生就可以解剖大作文。 把任何大作文看作三个部分的组合,如果有了各部分组合的固定精彩语言,就可以以不变应万变。以下列举出十大功能段 落的精彩句型,供大家背诵使用。
  1)话题引出段 话题引出段 Nowadays, there is a growing concern over the issue of …… People in growing numbers are directing their attention to …… With the development of ……, the problem of …has become increasingly serious。 When it comes to ……, people’s notions may vary from one to another。 Recently, a heated discussion has sprung up as to …… Traditional virtue/value has it that……, yet people are……currently。
  2)图画图表描述段 图画图表描述段 As is vividly shown in the picture,…… It is clearly depicted in the picture that…… This picture depicts a thought-provoking scene of …… According to the figures given in the chart,…。。 The chart above provides a series of essential figures, illustrating the changes taking place in a time span of …years。
  3) 观点对比段 Opposite voices are now rising in the debate. Some people firmly believe that……. On the contrary, quite a few people argue that…… The controversial issue has aroused opposite opinions. One focuses on …….. ;the other opinion revolves around……
  4)利弊列举段 利弊列举段 Every coin has two sides, and this issue is no exception. Above all, …In addition…More importantly… However, the negative influence it renders should not be neglected. ..not only …but also Is this phenomenon a blessing or a curse.? The following list of advantages and disadvantages can explain everything。
  5)举例论证段 举例论证段 For instance; Take…for an example; A case in point is…… The following illustrations can serve as strong evidence of the phenomenon。
  6)原因列举段 原因列举段 Why should this phenomenon take place? There are generally three factors accounting for it。 Having taken everything into consideration, we may attribute the sharp change to three aspects。
  7)意义阐释段 意义阐释段 The purpose of the picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to…。 The fact/phenomenon that…indicates that … … Having scrutinized the details of the picture, we can discuss the implications subtly conveyed from it。
  8)归纳结论段 归纳结论段
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In conclusion, In my opinion, As far as I am concerned, Taking into account all the analyses above, we may confidently come to the conclusion that……
  9)预测趋势段 预测趋势段 There is no denying that ……will continue increasing/decreasing in the better/worse direction。 Undoubtedly, the tendency reflected from the chart will undergo a continuous increase/decrease in the near future。
  10)建议措施段 建议措施段 Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some drastic measures。 As far as I am concerned, two effective measures must be immediately taken to pull through the crisis。 As a result, it is advisable to settle the problem by two means。 把握住了以上所列举的一些精彩句型,就可以达到任由提纲组合,句型同步组合的目的。只要作文中具备了高分句型, 其它部分随机应变或即兴发挥,都可以保障作文的语言水准是在高分级别。希望同学们利用好框架,在考试中游刃有余地 展开,取得高分。 考研作文必背 30 篇[精]
一、
Directions: ? Study the following cartoon carefully and write an essay in which you should?
  1) describe the cartoon,?
  2) interpret its meaning, and?
  3) point out its implications in our life.?? You should write about 160?200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)?? 量体裁衣 范文
  1:?? This cartoon is silly, and yet compelling: a large customer holds a hopelessly small piece of cloth as the tailor carefully measures. Such an image suggests that one needs to consider practical reality in the pursuance of goals. Merely acting on one's desires, while ignoring the facts at hand, cannot lead to success.? The fact that currently there are more graduates than jobs reminds us of the importance of rational thinking. Every year approximately 3 million students graduate from universities and begin looking for work. Many of them fail to find suitable employment because there are simply not enough opportunities to accommodate such great numbers of graduates. In addition, however, one might also cite flawed individual assessment as a reason. ? In order to create a realistic target for one's future, one must make rational decisions and prepare accordingly. A student who aims to be a surgeon, for example, must take care to acquire opportunities to do clinical practice and gain sufficient knowledge. In other words, customers would do well to take accurate measurements before purchasing their fabric. A small piece of cloth cannot adequately clothe a large person.
3
译文:这幅画很可笑,但引人注目。一位身体庞大的顾客在裁缝仔细地为他量尺寸准备做衣服时,手里却拿着一块小 得令人绝望的衣料。这幅画告诉我们,一个人在执行任务的过程中必须考虑到实际情况,仅从主观意愿出发而不顾眼前的 事实,是不可能成功的。? 当前大学生的就业率使我们意识到进行合理思考的重要性,每年有大约 300 万大学生从学校毕业,寻找工作,他们中 的很多人并没有找到一份适合自己的工作,有一个原因是没有足够的就业机会提供给数量如此庞大的毕业生。但除此而外, 过高的自我估计也是可能的原因之一。? 为了能够实现未来目标,一个人必须做出合理的决定,并做好相应的准备。比如一个志在成为外科医生的学生,就必 须确保自己有临床实习的机会和足够的知识,换句话说,顾客在购买衣料前必须先量好准确的尺寸,一个大块头是无法穿 上一小块布料的。 范文
  2:?? In the cartoon we can see a large person being measured by a tailor to get suitable clothes made. Anything to be done must be measured in advance so that we are able to find a proper way to do it. If the tailor does not take measurements of the man, then he would not be able to make suitable clothes for this person. ? This same principle applies to solving any other problem. Firstly, when we want to know the reality of something, we must describe it like it is, getting rid of our prejudices and exaggerations, so that we can have an unbiased view. Secondly, the object should be analyzed in a concrete way so that we can grasp the reasons and rules of it. Thirdly, we must adapt our approach to solving a problem, for each situation is different from the others. So we must view a problem from different perspectives. ? The cartoon implies different meanings to different people. A teacher should adopt different teaching methods according to the students in the class; a doctor should prescribe different treatments according to the patient's symptoms; a farmer should seed different plants according to the various conditions of the earth. From a philosophical point of view, dissimilar problems should be approached differently. Good results come from attentive analysis of a problem. 译文:?? 从图中我们可以看到,一个裁缝正在给一位身材高大的人量身定做一件合适的衣服。在做任何事情都应该预先筹划, 以便找到恰当的解决办法。如果这个裁缝不为这个人量尺寸,他就不能为他做出一件合适的衣服。 ? 这个道理同样适合解决其它任何问题。首先,当我们要了解某事的真相时,我们必须如实地对其描述,排除任何偏见 与夸张,以便我们能够得到真实的情况。其次,具体事物要具体分析,这样我们才能够抓住事物的规律。最后,事物的状 态是不断变化的,所以我们应当“因地制宜,同时制宜。”总之,我们要从不同的角度看待问题。 ? 图画的内涵对不同的人有着不同的意义。对于教师来说,面对不同的学生要采取不同的教学方法;对于医生来说,要 根据病人的不同病情采用相应的治疗方法;对于农民来说,面对不同的土地状况要种植不同的作物。从哲学角度来说,具 体问题要具体分析。好的结果总是来自对问题的仔细分析. 二、
Directions:? Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which you should?
  1) describe the picture,?
  2) interpret its meaning, and?
  3) support your view with examples.?? You should write about 160?200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)?? 4
金字塔是由一块块石头积累成的 范文
  1:?? One glance at a pyramid can leave the viewer in awe of its beauty and splend or. Upon closer examination, however, one might be surprised to discover that such a grandiose structure is composed entirely of ordinary stones.? Most people are familiar with the proverb: Rome was not built in a day. An object as grand as a pyramid is likewise not so quickly or easily constructed. Just as the greatness of the city of Rome is due to the combination of its smaller parts, a pyramid is only as strong as the stones it is comprised of. The image of a pyramid reminds us that great success is in fact an accumulation of small a chievements.? History proves that many famous artists and scientists are only successful because of their continued efforts, even after numerous failures. One might recall Leonardo DaVinci's drawing of an egg, Wang Xi Zhi practicing handwriting, or Thomas Edison inventing the light bulb, for example. The fable that tells us that even water can eventually pierce through stone also points to the importance of patience and diligence. We should take such stories and histories into account and remember the importance of fundamentals; remember that one can build a pyramid only if one is willing to work with small stones. People would be wise to abandon rash inclinations and instead try in earnest. Perseverance
 

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