曾经的理想不会远离我们,只要我们别让自己的心变得浮躁 ??声明: 本文乃 WHU Yoga 根据自己考研经历总结, 今共享, 谢绝商业用途, 对于转载不做声明者将追求责任
关于考研作文的思考
一. 小作文可能仍然以书信为主,备忘录、启事、商函等其他方面稍看,懂格式,会发 挥即可。主要注意称谓、格式、署名、字数等问题 二. 大作文一般宜写成三段式 : 第一部分(2~3 句)是描述所给材料、漫画的内容 第二部分(5~8 句)对材料多展示主题进行阐述 第三部分(2~4 句)作出结论、表明观点或提出解决方案 注意:合理选用句型、并要确保句子之间逻辑关系的严密性。最好少用简单句,否则 会降低文章层次。复杂句和简单句应交替出现,且应选用一些标示递进、解释、说明和转折 等关系的连词,可增加文章的文采、提高档次。平时多练笔,各种题型、题材写几篇,对照 范文,寻找差距,强化固定自己的写作模式,逐步完善文章构思、结构、句式、词汇等方面。 三. 写作基本程序五步骤:
  1)审题;
  2)确定写作方法;
  3)结构安排;
  4)确定主题句;
  5)材料选择与组织。 四. 图标类文章主要抓住数据变化特点(如起伏、平稳、峰、谷等) ,并思考其背后与 社会、经济、政治、生活等方面的原因。 注意: (
  1)抓趋势走向; (
  2)最重要核心的信息; (
  3)多采用一般现在时(已给具体时间参照时则应调整如一般过去时等) ; (
  4)若两幅以上,则应寻找其联系、区别等 (
  5)密切注意提示文字、数字说明 The table minimal rise chart shows small increase diagram indicates a/an (very) slight decrease bar presents slow decline figure gradual reduction pie steady fall marked drop large dip rapid trend sudden uncertain 注意:
  1)描述现象或其最主要特点/趋势可用: It can be seen from….that…. Why are there such big changes during 10years?
  2) 分析其中原因如:Two reasons contribute to it….
  3) 提出解决方法或希望
经典例句和句型示范
Manners are a reflection of one’s cultivation as well as one’s education.Well-bred people pay
much attention to their manners at any time in any place.Good manners constantly remind us that we are living in a highly civilized society,when struggling for the improvement of our finicial conditions,we should never ignore the virtures that we are supposed to be attached to civilized beings.(此句式我曾在四六级和考研中多次变换应用。谈到诚信、品质、自信、追 逐时尚、环保意识等都可以换用!) Many students are indulged in playing computer games,which greatly cut into their time for study and rest.(好好体会这种非限定性定语从句,学会用之!) All theories originate from/in practice,and in turn serve practice.任何理论来源于实践,反 过来又为实践服务(作文中谈负面影响、相关联系时可考虑用! ) As far /So long as I’m concerned,I also support the above idea that competition account for a large part in terms of one’success. We are now entering a new era which calls for……我们正进入一个需要如何如何的新时 代(新纪元)??漫画作文中段(第二段)时可套用之! There is the change who enable more people to enjoy larger living space and demand higher standard to our society.(There is ….who do ….and do…..??描述性句型可用的如此 美妙! ) 引言举例型句式:History offers numerous examples in this respect.历史上诸如此例不 及其数 事实证明句式:No one can deny the fact that….或 The idea is hardly supported by facts…..
模板格式示范
As is accurately revealed( 或 obviously betrayed)in the graph above, over the past years/decades…..has been developing from…..to…..,which is both cheerful and thought-provoking(或:which seems to be humorous but most thought-provoking). 附注:若斜线部分描述太冗长,可以换用??this cartoon pose a serious problem worthy of provoking thought and careful reflection. It goes without saying that the cartoonist/drawer(of the picture)aims at/revealing that……省 略号部分为提炼图画主旨、寓意,考虑内容为:
  1.快速思维发散,进行对比、剖析其正、反 面意义;
  2.联系社会、生活中相似的情况或事例(语言姚精炼,句式要灵活)??如“Good manners”句型。 图表类还可以用 The implied meaning of the graph above can be briefly/illustrately stated as follows.To begin with,the stastistics in the graph means……what’s more,…….Last but not least important,……At present,…….Therefore,we must prepare for a rainy day.Otherwise……In sum,we must……(根据题目图画表格等情况选用!) 末段可总结题旨,指出正确方式、态度,并适当联系自身情况、社会、国家、当前形 势,提出号召或解决办法! (如前面的例句或用!注意词汇的灵活更换、句子通顺程度等) 。 方式一:In my view,measures should be taken to ward off/avoid/guard against the negative consequences caused by……或用 Couter-measures should be taken to reserve the current grim situation (我们应该采取应对措施改变目前的严峻情况) .后文??我们自身应该怎样,政府、 企业、社会等应该怎样,等等。Only in this way can we enjoy the convenience brought about by modern civilization.或 Only in this way can we create a harmonious and healthy society. 方式二:Living in a world of comlexing and change,we should never be satisfied with the…..或 we should recongnize/be aware of……
方式三:
  1.结尾处核心句??From what has been discussed(或:Taking into account all these factors),we may safely draw/(come to/arrive at) the conclusion that…..
  2.We must look/(search/cry/call) for an immediate method/(action/measure),because the present/current situation/phenomenon/tendency of…..if permitted to continue/(proceed),will surely lead to/result in the end/(destruction/heavy cost )of…..
根据自己以前考研的总结,匆忙打起来的,有的地方也没仔细检查,如果有单词或者语 法及其他错误,还望指出交流。 希望这点小东西对英语的考研有微薄力量,也祝愿好好复习,在明年的一月成就梦想!
考上研究生并不意味着成功,我们还有很多路要走,但是通过努力完成自己 的心愿,将会是人生中最大的财富。 ??共勉!
 

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